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Nuclear Security:
Looking Ahead
Howard L. Hall
ORAU Annual Meeting, Oak Ridge, TN
March 6, 2014
UT established the Institute for Nuclear
Security in 2012
 INS fosters multi-
organizational collaborations
to conduct in...
Nuclear security cannot be satisfactorily
addressed by any one entity…
 How do we assure that R/N material and technology...
One of the hardest problems
Nuclear benefits abound…
 Implementing
lower carbon-
emitting energy
 Providing baseload
electricity in the
developing w...
… but each brings issues of concern.
Fukushima Daiichi
environmental impact
Suspected DPRK
enrichment facility
US security...
Significant progress has been made
NNSA packaging
nuclear materials
NNSA Pu
recovery mission
2012 Nuclear
Security Summit
...
But challenges yet remain
Strategic arms
Cybercrime and
Information Security
Terrorism
Stolen source (Mexico)
Y-12 intrusi...
Hard problems remain unresolved
Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen, "Global
nuclear stockpiles, 1945-2006," Bulletin ...
Key issues looking forward
 Continuing risk
reduction activities
 Nuclear arms control
and
reduction, strengthenin
g reg...
Nuclear Security:  
Looking Ahead
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Nuclear Security: 
Looking Ahead

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Howard Hall presentation to the 2014 ORAU Council Meeting

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Nuclear Security: 
Looking Ahead

  1. 1. Nuclear Security: Looking Ahead Howard L. Hall ORAU Annual Meeting, Oak Ridge, TN March 6, 2014
  2. 2. UT established the Institute for Nuclear Security in 2012  INS fosters multi- organizational collaborations to conduct interdisciplinary work critical to national and global needs in nuclear security.
  3. 3. Nuclear security cannot be satisfactorily addressed by any one entity…  How do we assure that R/N material and technology is where it is supposed to be, being used for its intended purpose, and properly protected – anywhere in the world?  How do we detect things outside the bounds of appropriate use?  How do we effectively deal with bad events?  How well can we understand the line between what we do know and what we think we know?  How do we effectively acculturate good nuclear security values?
  4. 4. One of the hardest problems
  5. 5. Nuclear benefits abound…  Implementing lower carbon- emitting energy  Providing baseload electricity in the developing world Beijing skyline Temelin NPS Czech Republic
  6. 6. … but each brings issues of concern. Fukushima Daiichi environmental impact Suspected DPRK enrichment facility US security forces
  7. 7. Significant progress has been made NNSA packaging nuclear materials NNSA Pu recovery mission 2012 Nuclear Security Summit Final “Megatons to Megawatts” shipment
  8. 8. But challenges yet remain Strategic arms Cybercrime and Information Security Terrorism Stolen source (Mexico) Y-12 intrusion
  9. 9. Hard problems remain unresolved Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen, "Global nuclear stockpiles, 1945-2006," Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists 62, no. 4 (July/August 2006), 64-66. IAEA: During 2012, 160 nuclear trafficking incidents. Insider threats
  10. 10. Key issues looking forward  Continuing risk reduction activities  Nuclear arms control and reduction, strengthenin g regional security  Global standards, transparenc y, and accountability  Nuclear security culture  Stronger incident response capabilities  Reducing opportunity for diversion/theft in future plans  Human-in-the-loop system reliability  Broaden NS partnership with industry, NGOs, and academia  Strengthen norms and international laws/regulations on nuclear security  Sustainability

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