During 2012, 160 incidents were confirmed to the ITDB. Of these, 17 involved possession and related criminal activities, 24 involved theft or loss and 119 involved other unauthorized activities. Two incidents in the period involved HEU in non-criminal but unauthorized activities. There were also three incidents involving IAEA Category 1-3 radioactive sources2, two of which were thefts.
Nuclear Security: Looking Ahead
Howard L. Hall
ORAU Annual Meeting, Oak Ridge, TN
March 6, 2014
UT established the Institute for Nuclear
Security in 2012
INS fosters multi-
to conduct interdisciplinary
work critical to national and
global needs in nuclear
Nuclear security cannot be satisfactorily
addressed by any one entity…
How do we assure that R/N material and technology is where it is
supposed to be, being used for its intended purpose, and properly
protected – anywhere in the world?
How do we detect things outside the bounds of appropriate use?
How do we effectively deal with bad events?
How well can we understand the line between what we do know and
what we think we know?
How do we effectively acculturate good nuclear security values?
Nuclear benefits abound…
electricity in the
Beijing skyline Temelin NPS
… but each brings issues of concern.
US security forces
Significant progress has been made
Final “Megatons to
But challenges yet remain
Stolen source (Mexico)
Hard problems remain unresolved
Robert S. Norris and Hans M. Kristensen, "Global
nuclear stockpiles, 1945-2006," Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists 62, no. 4 (July/August 2006), 64-66.
During 2012, 160
Key issues looking forward
Nuclear arms control
g regional security
y, and accountability
Nuclear security culture
Reducing opportunity for
diversion/theft in future
Broaden NS partnership
with industry, NGOs, and
Strengthen norms and