Successful K–12STEM EducationIdentifying EffectiveApproaches in Science,Technology, Engineering,and Mathematics           ...
SUCCESSFUL STEM COMMITTEEAdam Gamoran, Sociology, U of Wisconsin (Chair)Julian Betts, Economics, UC-San DiegoJerry P. Goll...
BACKGROUND TO THE REPORT Demand from Congress What is NSF doing about K-12 STEM education? A series of NRC reports Ris...
THE NEED TO IMPROVE STEMLEARNING Successful K-12 STEM is essential for  scientific discovery and economic growth Too man...
Average 2007 TIMSS Scores,              Grade 4 MathSource: Gonzales et al. 2008
Average 2007 TIMSS Scores,       Grade 4 Math
Average 2007 TIMSS Scores,       Grade 4 Math
Average 2007 TIMSS Scores,       Grade 4 Math
CHARGE TO THE NRC Identify criteria for determining success in K-  12 STEM education Two steps 1. Specify goals 2. Asses...
GOALS FOR U.S. STEM EDUCATION1. Expand the number of students who pursue  STEM careers, and increase women and minority  p...
THREE TYPES OF CRITERIA FOR            SUCCESS1. Student outcomes2. STEM-focused schools3. STEM instruction and school con...
STUDENT OUTCOMES AS CRITERIA FOR            SUCCESS Achievement tests Test scores are not the whole story  Example: Tho...
STEM-FOCUSED SCHOOLS Three types of specialized schools 1. Selective STEM schools    Mainly high schools that enroll sma...
STEM-FOCUSED SCHOOLS Limited research base to compare  effectiveness Potentially promising findings for each type of  sc...
EFFECTIVE STEM INSTRUCTION Research base is much stronger Effective instruction capitalizes on students’  early interest...
KEY ELEMENTS OF EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION   1. A coherent set of standards and curriculum   2. Teachers with high capacity to ...
SCHOOL CONDITIONS THAT SUPPORT           LEARNING1. School leadership as the driver for change2. Professional capacity of ...
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DISTRICTS Consider all models of STEM-focused and  comprehensive schools Devote adequate instruction...
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POLICY MAKERS   Elevate science to the same level of    importance as reading and mathematics   Deve...
KEY AREAS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH Research that links organizational and  instructional practices to longitudinal data on  st...
FOLLOW-UP ACTIVITIES Presentations to research, policy, and  practitioner audiences Briefings to NSF leadership and staf...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Adam Gamoran - Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

552 views

Published on

Presented by Adam Gamoran at the 67th Annual ORAU Council of Sponsoring Institutions on March 15, 2012

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
552
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
27
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Adam Gamoran - Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

  1. 1. Successful K–12STEM EducationIdentifying EffectiveApproaches in Science,Technology, Engineering,and Mathematics Committee on Highly Successful Schools or Programs for K-12 STEM Education Board on Science Education and Board on Testing and Assessment Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education
  2. 2. SUCCESSFUL STEM COMMITTEEAdam Gamoran, Sociology, U of Wisconsin (Chair)Julian Betts, Economics, UC-San DiegoJerry P. Gollub, Biology/Physics, HaverfordMax McGee, Illinois Academy of Mathematics and ScienceMilbrey W. McLaughlin, Education, StanfordBarbara M. Means, Ctr for Technology in Learning, SRISteven A. Schneider, STEM Program, WestEdJerry D. Valadez, Teacher Education, Fresno State
  3. 3. BACKGROUND TO THE REPORT Demand from Congress What is NSF doing about K-12 STEM education? A series of NRC reports Rising above the gathering storm Taking science to school America’s lab report: Investigations in high school science Systems of state science assessment On evaluating curricular effectiveness
  4. 4. THE NEED TO IMPROVE STEMLEARNING Successful K-12 STEM is essential for scientific discovery and economic growth Too many students leave school unprepared  75% of 8th graders are not proficient in mathematics  10% of 8th graders meet international benchmarks in science  Gaps among students from different race/ethnic and economic backgrounds are wide
  5. 5. Average 2007 TIMSS Scores, Grade 4 MathSource: Gonzales et al. 2008
  6. 6. Average 2007 TIMSS Scores, Grade 4 Math
  7. 7. Average 2007 TIMSS Scores, Grade 4 Math
  8. 8. Average 2007 TIMSS Scores, Grade 4 Math
  9. 9. CHARGE TO THE NRC Identify criteria for determining success in K- 12 STEM education Two steps 1. Specify goals 2. Assess the evidence Note: Most evidence on math and science, little on technology and engineering education
  10. 10. GOALS FOR U.S. STEM EDUCATION1. Expand the number of students who pursue STEM careers, and increase women and minority participation.2. Expand the STEM-capable workforce and increase women and minority participation.3. Increase STEM literacy for all students.
  11. 11. THREE TYPES OF CRITERIA FOR SUCCESS1. Student outcomes2. STEM-focused schools3. STEM instruction and school conditions
  12. 12. STUDENT OUTCOMES AS CRITERIA FOR SUCCESS Achievement tests Test scores are not the whole story  Example: Thomas Jefferson High School of Science & Technology  Inspire joy  Foster innovation  Promote ethical behavior and the shared interests of humanity Ability to use STEM knowledge outside of school
  13. 13. STEM-FOCUSED SCHOOLS Three types of specialized schools 1. Selective STEM schools  Mainly high schools that enroll small numbers of highly talented and motivated students 1. Inclusive STEM schools  Organized around STEM disciplines but without selective admissions criteria 1. STEM-focused CTE schools  Mainly high schools, aim to foster engagement and to prepare students for STEM-related careers
  14. 14. STEM-FOCUSED SCHOOLS Limited research base to compare effectiveness Potentially promising findings for each type of school  Success in selective schools occurs through student research experiences  Inclusive schools promote engagement and modestly lift test scores  Mathematics instruction and occupational education can be successfully integrated in CTE schools Specialized programs in regular schools such as AP and IB may also promote advanced study and career preparation
  15. 15. EFFECTIVE STEM INSTRUCTION Research base is much stronger Effective instruction capitalizes on students’ early interest, builds on what they know, provides experiences to engage in the practice of science  Vision consistent with the Conceptual Framework for New Science Education Standards  Evidence presented at workshop and drawn from past NRC reports Effective instruction can occur in all school types
  16. 16. KEY ELEMENTS OF EFFECTIVE INSTRUCTION 1. A coherent set of standards and curriculum 2. Teachers with high capacity to teach in their disciplines 3. A supportive system of assessment and accountability 4. Adequate instructional time 5. Equal access to high-quality learning opportunities
  17. 17. SCHOOL CONDITIONS THAT SUPPORT LEARNING1. School leadership as the driver for change2. Professional capacity of faculty and staff3. Parent-community ties4. Student-centered learning climate5. Instructional guidance for teachers
  18. 18. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR DISTRICTS Consider all models of STEM-focused and comprehensive schools Devote adequate instructional time and resources to K-5 science Ensure that STEM curricula are focused on core topics, are rigorous, and articulated as a sequence Enhance K-12 teacher capacity Provide instructional leaders with professional development to create supportive conditions
  19. 19. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR POLICY MAKERS  Elevate science to the same level of importance as reading and mathematics  Develop science assessments aligned with standards and emphasize science practices  Invest in a coherent, focused, and sustained set of supports for STEM teachers  Support research that addresses key gaps in current knowledge
  20. 20. KEY AREAS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH Research that links organizational and instructional practices to longitudinal data on student outcomes Research on student outcomes other than achievement Research on STEM schools and programs that:  Disentangles school effects from characteristics of students  Identifies distinctive aspects of educational practices  Measures long-term effectiveness relative to goals Research on effects of STEM teacher professional development and school culture on student achievement
  21. 21. FOLLOW-UP ACTIVITIES Presentations to research, policy, and practitioner audiences Briefings to NSF leadership and staff Congressional staff briefing Public release event with congressional sponsors Congressional hearing NSF is to evaluate whether the recommendations have been implemented

×