Social Loafing

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Social Loafing

  1. 1. Misbehaviour in the Workplace: SOCIAL LOAFINGTuesday, November 8, 11 1
  2. 2. Social Loafing //ˈsōSHəәl . lōfing Tendency for individuals to exert less effort when working collectively. Individuals do not put in 100% effort.Tuesday, November 8, 11 definition . ... 2
  3. 3. Chapter 3: Individual-Organisation Adapted from Lim, G., Mathis, R. L., & Jackson, J. H. (2010). Human Resource Management: An Asian Edition. Effort Expended motivation & job design affects Individual affects Performance Individual Ability Organisation Support perceptions of own’s relationships with co-workers . ... ability relative to others perceptions of loafing in co-workers frameworkTuesday, November 8, 11 3
  4. 4. Social Loafing in Group Settings THE CAUSESTuesday, November 8, 11 4
  5. 5. 1 2 3 Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers AbilitiesTuesday, November 8, 11 the causes . ... 5
  6. 6. Disjunctive Tasks + lack of assessment increases Conjunctive Tasks reduced Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to loaf if group performance is assessed based on . ... pooled, collective efforts the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 6
  7. 7. Disjunctive Tasks + lack of assessment increases Conjunctive Tasks reduced Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to loaf if group performance is assessed based on Distributive Justice . ... pooled, collective efforts the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 7
  8. 8. meh Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to reduce own contribution so as not to be the . ... ‘sucker’ the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 8
  9. 9. meh meh meh meh Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to reduce meh own contribution so meh as not to be the . ... ‘sucker’ the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 9
  10. 10. 39% reduced efforts > 15% scolded co-worker Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to reduce own contribution so as not to be the . ... ‘sucker’ the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 10
  11. 11. 39% reduced efforts > 15% scolded co-worker Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to reduce Equity Theory own contribution so as not to be the . ... ‘sucker’ the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 11
  12. 12. co-worker’s ability ego-threatening ‘feels dispensable’ Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to compare abilities with others and adjust efforts . ... own ability accordingly the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 12
  13. 13. own ability tries to reduce perceived dispensability co-workers have of themselves Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities tendency to compare abilities with others and adjust efforts . ... co-worker’s ability accordingly the causesTuesday, November 8, 11 13
  14. 14. Social Loafing in Group Settings TAKEAWAYSTuesday, November 8, 11 14
  15. 15. cohesiveness Perceived Perceived Perceived Task Loafing of Relative Task Visibility Co-workers Abilities Intrinsic Personally Team Motivation + Valued Formation Job Design Outcomes (Selection)Tuesday, November 8, 11 takeaways . ... 15
  16. 16. THE END This work belongs to: Sarah Ong - U081640B - NUS Business SchoolTuesday, November 8, 11 16

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