Job Search Process


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  • Job Search Process

    2. 2. <ul><li>Topics </li></ul><ul><li>Job advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>Writing a cover letter </li></ul><ul><li>Types of resumes </li></ul><ul><li>Types of interviews </li></ul><ul><li>Dress Code </li></ul><ul><li>At a job interview </li></ul>
    3. 3. Take a poll via TEXT or WEB TEXT response to 73300 WEB response at Ready? Go! ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE
    4. 4. TYPES OF ORGANISATIONS MNC – Multinational National Corporation GLC – Government Linked Company SME – Small and Medium Enterprise
    5. 5. ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE POWER CULTURE - decisions are centralized and power rests on one or a small number of individuals, usually found in small to medium enterprise ROLE CULTURE - exists in a large organisation in which each individual is assigned a clear role
    6. 6. ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE TASK CULTURE - project teams are formed to complete particular tasks PERSON CULTURE - individuals are fully allowed to express themselves and make decisions for themselves
    7. 7. HOW TO FIND A JOB <ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Online job search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Company website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct mail (unsolicited application letter) </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. DISSECTING A JOB AD Blind Ad: Job agency Title and level of position Type of company: MNC Location Job description Qualifications and skills required Cover letter and resume should highlight relevant experience for job, qualifications and skills. Eligibility Add. Info: current/expected salary and photo Email address
    9. 9. APPLICATION LETTER <ul><li>Types of cover letters </li></ul><ul><li>Ad-response </li></ul><ul><li>Referral / Networking </li></ul><ul><li>Cold-call / Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>Format – Print and post / email as message or attachment / upload to website </li></ul><ul><li>Language – Formal; NO COLLOQUIALISM (e.g. my fren told me about this job) </li></ul><ul><li>Brevity – max. one A4 page </li></ul>
    10. 10. APPLICATION LETTER <ul><li>Direct approach </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. “I would like to apply for the position of Sales Manager.” </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect approach </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. “ I believe that my experience and education will make me a competitive candidate for the position. ” </li></ul><ul><li>Style – Persuasive </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. highlighting to the employer the benefits of hiring you </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; I believe that my knowledge of . . .  would be of great value/benefit to this position . . .&quot; </li></ul>
    11. 11. What are the parts of an application letter?
    12. 12. APPLICATION LETTER <ul><li>Ad-response </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to advertisement </li></ul><ul><li>Express interest in job </li></ul><ul><li>Self-introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Key qualifications to match employer’s requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Key abilities </li></ul><ul><li>Request for interview, contact details </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of appreciation </li></ul>
    13. 14. APPLICATION LETTER <ul><li>Referral </li></ul><ul><li>Personalize opening paragraph with name of person who referred you </li></ul><ul><li>Reference to job opening </li></ul><ul><li>Brief summary of qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>Request for interview </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of appreciation </li></ul>
    14. 15. APPLICATION LETTER <ul><li>Cold-call </li></ul><ul><li>Introductory paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Brief summary of your background </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Selling’ paragraph (your achievements) </li></ul><ul><li>Request for interview </li></ul><ul><li>Statement of appreciation </li></ul>
    16. 17. How many types of resumes are there? Which one should YOU use?
    17. 18. TYPES OF RESUMES <ul><li>Targeted resume </li></ul><ul><li>used when you already know the exact position you are applying for </li></ul><ul><li>need to list your abilities and qualifications on top of the usual information </li></ul>
    18. 19. RESUMES <ul><li>Inventory resume </li></ul><ul><li>used when you cannot identify your target audience </li></ul><ul><li>highlight your achievements and skills in a more general way </li></ul><ul><li>suitable for people who are conducting extensive job search </li></ul>
    19. 20. RESUME FORMATS <ul><li>Chronological resume </li></ul><ul><li>most common because it shows advancement </li></ul><ul><li>start with the most current position and work back in time </li></ul><ul><li>suits people who have progressive career and major accomplishments </li></ul>
    20. 21. RESUME FORMATS <ul><li>Functional resume </li></ul><ul><li>emphasizes skills, qualifications and abilities at the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>dates and track record are not emphasized </li></ul><ul><li>not very popular among recruiters but is suitable for inexperienced workers, job hoppers and career changers </li></ul>
    21. 22. RESUME FORMATS <ul><li>Combination resume </li></ul><ul><li>combines chronological and functional formats </li></ul><ul><li>summary of your most impressive skills and qualification (functional) then add an employment section history (chronological) </li></ul><ul><li>well received by hirers and is suitable for people who have steady career progression and for people targeting a specific job </li></ul>
    22. 23. SAMPLE LAYOUT
    23. 24. RESUME CONTENTS <ul><li>Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>2 - 3 pages </li></ul><ul><li>white paper </li></ul><ul><li>single-side printing </li></ul><ul><li>no grammar mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>suitable font type and size </li></ul><ul><li>use action words </li></ul>
    24. 25. RESUME CONTENTS <ul><li>Resume content </li></ul><ul><li>photo (only if requested) </li></ul><ul><li>contact details </li></ul><ul><li>objectives, introduction, qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>work experience, skills </li></ul><ul><li>achievements, interests </li></ul><ul><li>list of references (optional) </li></ul>
    25. 26. RESUME CONTENTS <ul><li>SAMPLE SUMMARY OF QUALIFICATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>Accomplished sales professional known for delivering strong and sustainable revenue and profit gains in highly competitive markets. Seeking a Regional Sales Manager position with a leading pharmaceutical company. Select strengths encompass: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15 years of cross-industry experience and accomplishments with leading start-up and high-growth bio-medical companies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategically build and maintain profitable business relationships. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong communicator and team leader with a pulse on ever-changing industry trends. </li></ul></ul>Taken from
    26. 27. RESUME CONTENTS <ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>a reference is someone who can verify your credentials and part of the information you wrote in your resume </li></ul><ul><li>do not list your references unless it is specified in the ad </li></ul><ul><li>references can be former teachers, clients or supervisors </li></ul><ul><li>list 2 – 4 references </li></ul><ul><li>inform your references beforehand </li></ul>
    27. 28. RESUME CONTENTS <ul><li>Electronic Resume </li></ul><ul><li>usually hirers will ask for MS Word document to be attached to your email </li></ul><ul><li>some sources say it is better to copy the text resume directly into the email body to reduce technical glitches </li></ul>
    28. 29. RESUME CONTENTS <ul><li>Online recruitment portals </li></ul><ul><li>submit details online </li></ul><ul><li>may require candidate to upload documents such as resume and cover letter </li></ul>
    29. 30. VIDEO: RESUME
    30. 31. GROUP WORK Identify …. Gp: 1Types of Interviews Gp 2: Types of Interview Structures Gp 3: Types of Interview Questions Gp 4: Three things to note about dress code
    31. 32. TYPES OF INTERVIEWS <ul><li>Panel interview </li></ul><ul><li>One-on-one interview </li></ul><ul><li>Screening interview </li></ul><ul><li>Telephone interview </li></ul>
    32. 33. INTERVIEW STRUCTURES <ul><li>Unstructured </li></ul><ul><li>no predetermined questions or topic </li></ul><ul><li>Semi-structured </li></ul><ul><li>questions based on predetermined topics </li></ul><ul><li>Structured </li></ul><ul><li>same set of questions for all candidates </li></ul>
    33. 34. INTERVIEW QUESTIONS <ul><li>Situational </li></ul><ul><li>focus on how the candidate would behave for a given situation </li></ul><ul><li>Technical </li></ul><ul><li>assess technical knowledge essential to job performance </li></ul>
    34. 35. INTERVIEW QUESTIONS <ul><li>Work requirement </li></ul><ul><li>- refer to characteristics and duties associated with the position e.g. shift duty, travelling </li></ul><ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><li>- e.g. career objective, strengths & weaknesses, achievements </li></ul>
    35. 36. DRESS CODE <ul><li>Better to dress more conservatively / formally, especially when in doubt </li></ul><ul><li>Even if interviewing for a job in a creative industry (e.g. advertising), do not under dress / over accessorise </li></ul><ul><li>NO jeans, T-shirts, flip flops, sneakers, etc. </li></ul>
    36. 37. <ul><li>GROUP WORK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gp 1: Men: Types of clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gp 2: Men: Grooming and accessories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gp 3: Women: Types of clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gp 4: Women: Grooming and accessories </li></ul></ul>
    37. 38. DRESS CODE Taken from
    38. 39. DRESS CODE Taken from
    39. 40. DRESS CODE
    40. 41. BODY LANGUAGE <ul><li>Positive Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>firm handshake </li></ul><ul><li>sit up straight to maintain an alert position </li></ul><ul><li>smile to affirm your enthusiasm and good nature </li></ul><ul><li>maintain regular and attentive eye contact </li></ul><ul><li>respond by leaning forward to show attention </li></ul><ul><li>adopt an open, honest and confident attitude </li></ul>
    41. 42. BODY LANGUAGE <ul><li>Negative Body Language </li></ul><ul><li>slumped posture / foot tapping / arms folded </li></ul><ul><li>head down / frowning / finger pointing </li></ul><ul><li>eyes averted / touching face </li></ul><ul><li>shifting uncomfortably in your seat </li></ul><ul><li>fiddling with tie or accessories </li></ul><ul><li>doodling </li></ul>
    42. 43. SPEECH <ul><li>Speak clearly and audibly </li></ul><ul><li>Vary your tone and dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Watch your pitch (high-pitched voices are tough on the ears) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid instinctively reacting and saying wrong things </li></ul><ul><li>Speak slightly slower than normal </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your hands away from your mouth as you speak </li></ul><ul><li>Let your voice show enthusiasm and keenness </li></ul>
    44. 45. PERSONALITY TYPES <ul><li>Self-awareness helps determine job fit / allows you to talk knowledgeably about it during interview </li></ul><ul><li>Companies may ask you to complete personality type test as part of interview and thereafter discuss it during face-to-face interview </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Myers Briggs Type Indicator </li></ul>
    45. 46. STRENGTHS & WEAKNESSES <ul><li>Identify and elaborate on them </li></ul><ul><li>Share details about how you used your strengths </li></ul><ul><li>Share details about what you are doing or did to overcome your weaknesses </li></ul><ul><li>Show how strengths/weaknesses are important to job </li></ul>
    46. 47. Marking Criteria Interview Roleplay