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BIBFRAME
Linked Data: what cataloguers need to know #cigld
CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group (CIG)
25 November 2013
Tho...
BIBFRAME
BIBliographic FRAMEwork Initiative
Capitalisation

BIBFRAME or Bibframe
Why?
• On the Record / Library of Congress Working
Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control
(January 2008)
• Report an...
Who
Library of Congress

Consultants:
• Zepheira
Partners (Early Experimenters) and among others:
• British Library,
• Deu...
BIBFRAME Model
FRBR and BIBFRAME Models
FRBR

BIBFRAME

Work
Expression

Work

Manifestation

Instance

Item

Annotation
Karen Coyle's FRBR Cake
BIBFRAME Model: Resource
A BIBFRAME Resource can be anything: a Work, Instance, Authority, or
Annotation

bf:authorizedAcc...
BIBFRAME Model: Work 1/2
Work: A resource reflecting a conceptual essence of the cataloging resource. (A FRBR Work/Express...
BIBFRAME Model: Work 2/2 (FRBR)
bf:relatedWork
bf:hasInstance
bf:hasExpression
bf:expressionOf

http://bibframe.org/vocab/...
BIBFRAME Model: Instance 1/2
Instance: A resource reflecting an individual, material embodiment of
the Work. (A FRBR Manif...
BIBFRAME Model: Instance 2/2 (pub)
ex:wk17082740

a bf:Work ;
hasInstance _:inst001 .

_:inst001

a bf:Instance ;
bf:publi...
BIBFRAME Model: Authority (Person)
Authority: A resource reflecting key authority concepts that have defined
relationships...
More on BIBFRAME Authorities
Direct Approach
ex:wk666

a bf:Work ;
bf:creator lc_names:no97080492 .

Indirect Approach, or...
Even More on BIBFRAME Authorities

Work

Work

creator

creator

Bibframe

LC

hasAuthority

LC
BIBFRAME Model: Annotation
Annotation: A resource that decorates other BIBFRAME resources with additional
information, e.g...
BIBFRAME Annotations Example
ex:wk005 a bf:Work ;
bf:hasAnnotation ex:ann010 .
ex:ann010 a bf:Annotation ;
bf:describes ex...
Getting BIBFRAME Examples
1. BIBFRAME Compare:
http://bibframe.org/tools/compare/
2. Enter an LC number (e.g. 10342843).
3...
BIBFRAME Example
Legend: Work, Instance, Authority
@prefix bf: <http://bibframe.org/vocab/> .
@prefix dcterms: <http://pur...
BIBFRAME Example 1/4: Prefixes
Legend: Work, Instance, Authority
@prefix bf: <http://bibframe.org/vocab/> .
@prefix dcterm...
Bibframe Example 2/4: Work
<http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> a bf:LanguageMaterial,
bf:Work ;
bf:authorizedAcces...
Bibframe Example 3/4: Instance
bf:hasInstance [ a bf:Instance ;
bf:contributor [ a bf:Organization ;
bf:authorizedAccessPo...
Bibframe Example 4/4: Work cont'd
bf:note ""A conference under the auspices of the United Kingdom Automation Council organ...
Find Out More
BIBFRAME.org
http://bibframe.org/
BIBFRAME Model and vocabulary.
http://bibframe.org/vocab/
BIBFRAME Model P...
References
• On the Record / Library of Congress Working Group on the Future
of Bibliographic Control (January 2008).
http...
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BIBFRAME

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From: Linked Data: what cataloguers need to know. A CIG event. 25 November 2013, Birmingham. #cigld

http://www.cilip.org.uk/cataloguing-and-indexing-group/events/linked-data-what-cataloguers-need-know-cig-event

Accompanying write-up from Catalogue & Index 174: http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1449460/

Published in: Education
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BIBFRAME

  1. 1. BIBFRAME Linked Data: what cataloguers need to know #cigld CILIP Cataloguing and Indexing Group (CIG) 25 November 2013 Thomas Meehan tom@aurochs.org @orangeaurochs
  2. 2. BIBFRAME BIBliographic FRAMEwork Initiative
  3. 3. Capitalisation BIBFRAME or Bibframe
  4. 4. Why? • On the Record / Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control (January 2008) • Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee (June 2011) "Demonstrate credible progress towards a replacement for MARC".
  5. 5. Who Library of Congress Consultants: • Zepheira Partners (Early Experimenters) and among others: • British Library, • Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, • George Washington University, • National Library of Medicine, • OCLC, • and Princeton University
  6. 6. BIBFRAME Model
  7. 7. FRBR and BIBFRAME Models FRBR BIBFRAME Work Expression Work Manifestation Instance Item Annotation
  8. 8. Karen Coyle's FRBR Cake
  9. 9. BIBFRAME Model: Resource A BIBFRAME Resource can be anything: a Work, Instance, Authority, or Annotation bf:authorizedAccessPoint bf:identifier bf:label bf:relatedTo http://bibframe.org/vocab/Resource.html
  10. 10. BIBFRAME Model: Work 1/2 Work: A resource reflecting a conceptual essence of the cataloging resource. (A FRBR Work/Expression) bf:classificationLcc bf:contains bf:creator bf:hasDerivative bf:note bf:language bf:originalVersion bf:relatedWork bf:series bf:title bf:workTitle bf:subject
  11. 11. BIBFRAME Model: Work 2/2 (FRBR) bf:relatedWork bf:hasInstance bf:hasExpression bf:expressionOf http://bibframe.org/vocab/Work.html
  12. 12. BIBFRAME Model: Instance 1/2 Instance: A resource reflecting an individual, material embodiment of the Work. (A FRBR Manifestation) bf:contributor bf:dimensions bf:extent bf:isbn10 bf:isbn13 bf:isbn bf:publication bf:instanceOf bf:titleStatement http://bibframe.org/vocab/Instance.html
  13. 13. BIBFRAME Model: Instance 2/2 (pub) ex:wk17082740 a bf:Work ; hasInstance _:inst001 . _:inst001 a bf:Instance ; bf:publication _:pub002 . _:pub002 a bf:Provider ; bf:providerDate "©2011."; bf:providerName "Research Association"; bf:providerPlace "Piscataway, New Jersey" . (Example adapted from http://bibframe.org/vocab/Work.html)
  14. 14. BIBFRAME Model: Authority (Person) Authority: A resource reflecting key authority concepts that have defined relationships reflected in the Work and Instance. bf:hasAuthority bf:authorizedAccessPoint http://bibframe.org/vocab/Authority.html http://bibframe.org/documentation/bibframe-authority/
  15. 15. More on BIBFRAME Authorities Direct Approach ex:wk666 a bf:Work ; bf:creator lc_names:no97080492 . Indirect Approach, or, The lightweight abstraction layer ex:wk666 ex:person99 a bf:Work ; bf:creator ex:person99 . a bf:Person ; authorizedAccessPoint "Waugh, Evelyn,1903-1966." ; hasAuthority lc_names:no97080492 .
  16. 16. Even More on BIBFRAME Authorities Work Work creator creator Bibframe LC hasAuthority LC
  17. 17. BIBFRAME Model: Annotation Annotation: A resource that decorates other BIBFRAME resources with additional information, e.g. holdings, cover art, reviews. bf:annotates bf:annotationAssertedBy bf:annotationBody bf:annotationSource bf:annotationDate http://bibframe.org/vocab/Annotation.html http://bibframe.org/documentation/annotations/
  18. 18. BIBFRAME Annotations Example ex:wk005 a bf:Work ; bf:hasAnnotation ex:ann010 . ex:ann010 a bf:Annotation ; bf:describes ex:wk005 ; bf:annotationAssertedBy <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/organizations/ukluc> ; bf:payloadSource <http://dbpedia.org/resource/Dbpedia> ; bf:payloadSourceLink < http://dbpedia.org/resource/ Decline_and_Fall > ; dateOfAssertion "20131125" ; bf:beginningOfDescription "Decline and Fall is a novel by the English author Evelyn Waugh, first published in 1928. It was Waugh's first published novel; an earlier attempt, entitled The Temple at Thatch, was destroyed by Waugh while still in manuscript form. Decline and Fall is based in part on Waugh's undergraduate years at Hertford College, Oxford, and his experience as a teacher in Wales. It is a social satire that employs the author's characteristic black humour in lampooning various features of British society in the 1920s. The novel's title is a contraction of Edward Gibbon's The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. " .
  19. 19. Getting BIBFRAME Examples 1. BIBFRAME Compare: http://bibframe.org/tools/compare/ 2. Enter an LC number (e.g. 10342843). 3. Select BIBFRAME RDF/XML view 4. Copy the result and paste it into the Input Field at this RDF converter http://rdf-translator.appspot.com/ 5. Select N3 (i.e. Turtle) output. 6. Submit! 7. Figure out what's going on.
  20. 20. BIBFRAME Example Legend: Work, Instance, Authority @prefix bf: <http://bibframe.org/vocab/> . @prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> . @prefix madsrdf: <http://www.loc.gov/mads/rdf/v1#> . @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> . @prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> . @prefix xml: <http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace> . @prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> . <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> a bf:LanguageMaterial, bf:Work ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Berners-Lee, C. M. Models for decision;" ; bf:class-ddc "658.5" ; bf:class-lcc <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/classification/HF5548> ; bf:creator [ a bf:Person ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Berners-Lee, C. M." ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Berners-Lee, C. M." ] ; bf:label "Berners-Lee, C. M." ; bf:resourceRole "ed." ] ; bf:derivedFrom <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> ; bf:hasInstance [ a bf:Instance ; bf:contributor [ a bf:Organization ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "British Computer Society." ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "British Computer Society." ] ; bf:label "British Computer Society." ], [ a bf:Organization ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Operational Research Society." ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Operational Research Society." ] ; bf:label "Operational Research Society." ], [ a bf:Organization ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Institution of Electrical Engineers." ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Institution of Electrical Engineers." ] ; bf:label "Institution of Electrical Engineers." ] ; bf:derivedFrom <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> ; bf:derivedFromLccn <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/identifiers/lccn/66003612> ; bf:dimensions "23 cm." ; bf:extent "x, 149 p." ; bf:hasHolding [ a bf:Holding ; bf:callno-lcc "HF5548.2.B4" ; bf:label "HF5548.2.B4" ] ; bf:illustrativeContentNote "illus." ; bf:instanceOf <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> ; bf:note ""A conference under the auspices of the United Kingdom Automation Council organised by the British Computer Society and the Operational Research Society." Held Oct. 13-14, 1964 at the Institute of Electrical Engineers, London." ; bf:oclc-number <http://oclc.org/oclc-number/1162695> ; bf:publication [ a bf:ProviderEntity ; bf:providerDate "1965" ; bf:providerName "English Universities Press" ; bf:providerPlace "London" ] ; bf:title "Models for decision;" ] ; bf:note ""A conference under the auspices of the United Kingdom Automation Council organised by the British Computer Society and the O perational Research Society." Held Oct. 13-14, 1964 at the Institute of Electrical Engineers, London." ; bf:primaryLanguage <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/languages/eng> ; bf:subject [ a bf:Topic ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Public administration--Data processing" ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority, madsrdf:ComplexSubject ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Public administration--Data processing"@en ] ; bf:label "Public administration--Data processing" ], [ a bf:Topic ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Electronic data processing" ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority, madsrdf:Topic ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Electronic data processing"@en ] ; bf:label "Electronic data processing" ] ; bf:title "Models for decision;" .
  21. 21. BIBFRAME Example 1/4: Prefixes Legend: Work, Instance, Authority @prefix bf: <http://bibframe.org/vocab/> . @prefix dcterms: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> . @prefix madsrdf: <http://www.loc.gov/mads/rdf/v1#> . @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> . @prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> . @prefix xml: <http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace> . @prefix xsd: <http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#> .
  22. 22. Bibframe Example 2/4: Work <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> a bf:LanguageMaterial, bf:Work ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Berners-Lee, C. M. Models for decision;" ; bf:class-ddc "658.5" ; bf:class-lcc <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/classification/HF5548> ; bf:creator [ a bf:Person ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Berners-Lee, C. M." ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Berners-Lee, C. M." ] ; bf:label "Berners-Lee, C. M." ; bf:resourceRole "ed." ] ; bf:derivedFrom <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> ;
  23. 23. Bibframe Example 3/4: Instance bf:hasInstance [ a bf:Instance ; bf:contributor [ a bf:Organization ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "British Computer Society." ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "British Computer Society." ] ; bf:label "British Computer Society." ], bf:derivedFrom <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> ; bf:derivedFromLccn <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/identifiers/lccn/66003612> ; bf:dimensions "23 cm." ; bf:extent "x, 149 p." ; bf:hasHolding [ a bf:Holding ; bf:callno-lcc "HF5548.2.B4" ; bf:label "HF5548.2.B4" ] ; bf:illustrativeContentNote "illus." ; bf:instanceOf <http://id.loc.gov/resources/bibs/10342843> ; bf:note ""A conference under the auspices of the United Kingdom Automation Council organised by the British Computer Society and the Operational Research Society." Held Oct. 13-14, 1964 at the Institute of Electrical Engineers, London." ; bf:oclc-number <http://oclc.org/oclc-number/1162695> ; bf:publication [ a bf:ProviderEntity ; bf:providerDate "1965" ; bf:providerName "English Universities Press" ; bf:providerPlace "London" ] ; bf:title "Models for decision;" ] ;
  24. 24. Bibframe Example 4/4: Work cont'd bf:note ""A conference under the auspices of the United Kingdom Automation Council organised by the British Computer Society and the Operational Research Society." Held Oct. 13-14, 1964 at the Institute of Electrical Engineers, London." ; bf:primaryLanguage <http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/languages/eng> ; bf:subject [ a bf:Topic ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Public administration--Data processing" ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority, madsrdf:ComplexSubject ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Public administration--Data processing"@en ] ; bf:label "Public administration--Data processing" ], [ a bf:Topic ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Electronic data processing" ; bf:hasAuthority [ a madsrdf:Authority, madsrdf:Topic ; madsrdf:authoritativeLabel "Electronic data processing"@en ] ; bf:label "Electronic data processing" ] ; bf:title "Models for decision;" .
  25. 25. Find Out More BIBFRAME.org http://bibframe.org/ BIBFRAME Model and vocabulary. http://bibframe.org/vocab/ BIBFRAME Model Primer (pdf). http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/pdf/marcld-report-11-212012.pdf BIBFRAME mailing list. http://listserv.loc.gov/listarch/bibframe.html
  26. 26. References • On the Record / Library of Congress Working Group on the Future of Bibliographic Control (January 2008). http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/news/lcwg-ontherecordjan08-final.pdf • Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee. Executive Summary (June 2011). http://www.loc.gov/bibliographic-future/rda/source/rdaexecsummary-public-13june11.pdf • A Bibliographic Framework for the Digital Age (October 31, 2011). http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/news/framework-103111.html • FRBR as cake / Karen Coyle (Coyle's InFormation, 2011) http://kcoyle.blogspot.co.uk/2011/04/frbr-as-cake.html • Open Annotations Model / W3C. http://www.w3.org/ns/oa

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