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BIBFRAME : the future of cataloguing?

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Talk delivered for the Cambridge Cataloguing Advisory Group at the Divinity School, University of Cambridge, 7 December 2016.

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BIBFRAME : the future of cataloguing?

  1. 1. BIBFRAME : the future of cataloguing? / Thomas Meehan. Cambridge Cataloguing Advisory Group Divinity Faculty 7 December 2016 tom@aurochs.org @orangeaurochs
  2. 2. BIBFRAME BIBliographic FRAMEwork initiative
  3. 3. BIbFRamE BIBFRAME or Bibframe
  4. 4. Linked Data: The Web of Data 1. Use URIs as names for things. 2. Use HTTP URIs so that people can look up those names. 3. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF, SPARQL). 4. Include links to other URIs so that they can discover more things. Tim Berners-Lee (2006)
  5. 5. English Sentence Brideshead Revisited was created by Evelyn Waugh
  6. 6. Entities and Relationship
  7. 7. Adding URIs…
  8. 8. RDF! <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no97080492> dct:creator <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79049248> .
  9. 9. British Library model (used for the BNB) <http://bnb.data.bl.uk/doc/resource/015771460> dct:creator <http://bnb.data.bl.uk/id/person/WaughEvelyn1903-1966> .
  10. 10. Some library Linked Data releases 2008 Swedish National Library 2010 German National Library (authority data) 2011 BNB Cambridge University Library Europeana French National Library 2012 OCLC Worldcat (using schema.org) Spanish National Library 2014 RLUK (as part of the European Library)
  11. 11. Ordnance Survey Linked Data http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/doc/7000000000000887
  12. 12. Ordnance Survey Linked Data @prefix rdfs: <http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#> . @prefix foaf: <http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/> . @prefix dct: <http://purl.org/dc/terms/> . @prefix rdf: <http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#> . <http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/id/7000000000000893> rdfs:label "Mogerhanger" . <http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/id/7000000000000898> rdfs:label "Potton" . <http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/id/7000000000000887> a <http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ontology/admingeo/CivilParish> ; rdfs:label "Sandy" ; <http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ontology/admingeo/gssCode> "E04011979" ; <http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ontology/admingeo/hasAreaCode> "CPC" ; … continued …
  13. 13. British Library Model (used for the BNB) <http://bnb.data.bl.uk/doc/resource/015771460> dct:creator <http://bnb.data.bl.uk/id/person/WaughEvelyn1903-1966> .
  14. 14. British Library Model (used for the BNB) <http://bnb.data.bl.uk/id/person/WaughEvelyn1903-1966> rdfs:label "Waugh, Evelyn, 1903-1966" ; owl:sameAs <http://viaf.org/viaf/68937142> .
  15. 15. BIBFRAME: Why? “Most felt any benefits of RDA would be largely unrealized in a MARC environment. MARC may hinder the separation of elements and ability to use URIs in a linked data environment.” Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee. Executive Summary. 2011.
  16. 16. BIBFRAME: Scope "Demonstrate credible progress towards a replacement for MARC." Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee. Executive Summary. 2011. “a foundation for the future of bibliographic description, both on the web, and in the broader networked world.” BIBFRAME website.
  17. 17. BIBFRAME 1.0: Model
  18. 18. BIBFRAME 1.0: Comparison with FRBR
  19. 19. BIBFRAME 1.0 Model: bf:creator <http://www.ucl.ac.uk/example/cat17450240> bf:creator <http://www.ucl.ac.uk/example/v68937412> .
  20. 20. BIBFRAME 1.0 Model: Authorities <http://www.ucl.ac.uk/example/v68937412> bf:authorizedAccessPoint "Waugh, Evelyn, 1903-1966" ; bf:hasAuthority <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n79049248> .
  21. 21. BIBFRAME 2.0: Comparison with FRBR Work Instance Item Event
  22. 22. BIBFRAME: Variations BIBFRAME Profiles Version 2.0 Zepheira’s Bibframe Lite, or, bibfra.me
  23. 23. BIBFRAME 1.0: Vocabulary ex:work1 bf:creator [ a bf:Person, a bf:Authority ; bf:authorizedAccessPoint “Holland, Tom” ; bf:hasAuthority <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004033017> ] ex:instance1 bf:instanceTitle [ a bf:Title ; bf:titleValue “Rubicon” ; bf:subtitle “the last years of the Roman Republic” ].
  24. 24. BIBFRAME: Vocabulary 2.0 ex:work1 rdau:P60434 <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004033017> . <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004033017> a bf:Person ; rdfs:label “Holland, Tom” . ex:instance1 bf:title [ a bf:Title; bf:mainTitle “Rubicon” ; bf:subtitle “the last years of the Roman Republic” ] .
  25. 25. BIBFRAME: Bibfra.me ex:work1 bflite+relation:author [ a bfLite:Person ; bfLite:authorityLink <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/nb2004033017> ; bfLite:name “Holland, Tom” ] Ex:instance1 bfLite:title “Rubicon” ; bfLite+library “the last years of the Roman Republic” .
  26. 26. BIBFRAME: Experiments and Projects Library of Congress trial, including work on the Bibframe Editor (BFE) and transformation service. National Library of Medicine Libhub and Bibflow OCLC and schema.org LD4L
  27. 27. Worldcat Linked Data using schema.org
  28. 28. BIBFRAME: Editor
  29. 29. What is it all for? • Googling (see schema.org etc) • Storage • Editing • Openness • Ending the library silo • APIs! • A lifeboat to allow us to kill off MARC
  30. 30. When is it all going to happen? https://www.flickr.com/photos/andreboeni/7882212230/
  31. 31. Standards and Vocabularies British Library. Free Data Services. 1, Linked Open BNB. http://www.bl.uk/bibliographic/datafree.html#lod Dublin Core Metadata Initiative. DCMI Metadata Terms. http://dublincore.org/documents/2012/06/14/dcmi-terms/ LD4L. LD4L : Linked Data for Libraries. https://www.ld4l.org/ Library of Congress. BIBFRAME Model and Vocabulary. http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/docs/index.html Library of Congress. LC Linked Data Service : Authorities and Vocabularies. http://id.loc.gov/ Schema.org. Schema.org. http://schema.org/ W3C. RDF. https://www.w3.org/RDF/ Zepheira. Bibframe Vocabulary Navigator. http://www.bibfra.me/
  32. 32. Reports and Articles Berners-Lee. Linked Data : Design Issues. 2006. https://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData.html Godby, Carol Jean. The Relationship Between BIBFRAME and OCLC’s Linked-Data Model of Bibliographic Description: A Working Paper. 2013. http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2013/2013-05.pdf Greenall, Rurik. Is A Common Framework for Library Data A Dead End? 2013. https://brinxmat.wordpress.com/2013/08/08/is-a-common-framework-for- library-data-a-dead-end/ Greenall, Rurik. Oslo Public Library Cataloguing Linked Data. 2016. https://vimeo.com/192831354 Library of Congress. Bibliographic Framework as a Web of Data: Linked Data Model and Supporting Services. 2012. http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/pdf/marcld-report-11-21-2012.pdf Library of Congress. A Bibliographic Framework for the Digital Age. 2011. http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/news/framework-103111.html Library of Congress. Bibliographic Framework Initiative. http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/ Malssen, Kara Van. BIBFRAME AV Modeling Study: Defining a Flexible Model for Description of Audiovisual Resources. 2014. http://www.loc.gov/bibframe/pdf/bibframe-avmodelingstudy-may15-2014.pdf Fallgren, Nancy. NLM BIBFRAME Update. 2015. https://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/techbull/mj15/mj15_bibframe.html U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee. Report and Recommendations of the U.S. RDA Test Coordinating Committee. Executive Summary. 2011. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/tsd/cataloging/RDA_report_executive_summary.pdf Zepheira. Bibframe Vocabulary Navigator [BIBFRAME lite]. http://www.bibfra.me/ Welsh, Anne, Bikakis, Antonis, Garea Garcia, Natalia, Mahony, Simon, Inskip, Charles, Vogel, Mira. Work in Progress: the Linked Open Bibliographic Data Project. Catalogue and Index (178) p. 15-19. 2014. http://discovery.ucl.ac.uk/1466469/
  33. 33. Photos Meehan, Thomas. Cat and books. https://www.flickr.com/photos/orangeaurochs/30568200516/ (CC-BY 2.0) Bone, Andrew. GWR No.22 AEC Diesel Railcar with Firefy Broad Gauge Steam Loco Replica at Didcot Great Western Railway Centre. https://www.flickr.com/photos/andreboeni/7882212230/ (CC-BY 2.0) Meehan, Thomas. Sleepy cat, books, and tinsel. https://www.flickr.com/photos/orangeaurochs/8332159067/ (CC-BY 2.0)
  34. 34. BIBFRAME : the future of cataloguing? / Thomas Meehan. Cambridge Cataloguing Advisory Group Divinity Faculty 7 December 2016 tom@aurochs.org @orangeaurochs

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