VI International Congress IFUNA in Hiraizumi

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  • \n
  • Thank you for introduction, I would like to thank for Professor Duran, the president of IV international IFUNA congress, and Professor Gobornos, the president of IFUNA to invite me and give me this opportunity to introduce V IFUNA in Japan 2011. I’m Dr. Himuro of Ohu University from Japan. Now I talk about Hiraizumi, where the V IFUNA will be held. \n
  • That was a long time a go -◉ in the 11th and 12th centuries - just as Japan’s political power was shifting from the imperial court in Kyoto to the new military government in Kamakura.\n
  • Even the back-country town of Hiraizumi, ◉ headquaters of the wealthy Fujiwara clan, was involved in the story of this fastinating period of struggle for national power...\n
  • \n
  • According to Marco Polo, the Italian traveler and the writer of The Travels of Marco Polo in 1300, he described Hiraizumi as “Zipangu, the land of gold.”\n
  • This Golden Hall, which is made by the founder of flourish Hiraizumi kingdom, Fujiwara no Kiyohira, was appointed as one of the first Japan’s national treasure. \nSince Fujiwaras owned rich local gold mines, it is considered that Fujiwaras produced ◉ 100kg gold per year and ◉ 5.2t gold was dedicated to imperial court in Kyoto over 400 years. \n\n聖武天皇ー平時大末期にかけて400年あまり、年に350両の金が陸奥から朝廷に貢納された。(九州大学名誉教授資源工学 井澤英二)\n1両=37.5 g\n13kg\n総産出量はその数倍と仮定。\n年間100kg × 400年 = 40t \n
  • This Golden Hall, which is made by the founder of flourish Hiraizumi kingdom, Fujiwara no Kiyohira, was appointed as one of the first Japan’s national treasure. \nSince Fujiwaras owned rich local gold mines, it is considered that Fujiwaras produced ◉ 100kg gold per year and ◉ 5.2t gold was dedicated to imperial court in Kyoto over 400 years. \n\n聖武天皇ー平時大末期にかけて400年あまり、年に350両の金が陸奥から朝廷に貢納された。(九州大学名誉教授資源工学 井澤英二)\n1両=37.5 g\n13kg\n総産出量はその数倍と仮定。\n年間100kg × 400年 = 40t \n
  • The Fujiwaras were in power for only four generations, but the remains of their brief but glorious empire make the small town of Hiraizumi the most historically important place in Japan those days. The 4 generations of their mummies have been kept in Golden Hall.\n
  • During 11th and12th century, two main powers existed in Japan, divided by the line of the middle of main island ◉. The first half of power was in the south part, ◉ which established the imperial court in Kyoto, ◉ and the other half was north part ◉, Hiraizumi as the headquater. \nKyoto and Hiraizumi had a close relationship through cultural exchange.\n
  • During 11th and12th century, two main powers existed in Japan, divided by the line of the middle of main island ◉. The first half of power was in the south part, ◉ which established the imperial court in Kyoto, ◉ and the other half was north part ◉, Hiraizumi as the headquater. \nKyoto and Hiraizumi had a close relationship through cultural exchange.\n
  • During 11th and12th century, two main powers existed in Japan, divided by the line of the middle of main island ◉. The first half of power was in the south part, ◉ which established the imperial court in Kyoto, ◉ and the other half was north part ◉, Hiraizumi as the headquater. \nKyoto and Hiraizumi had a close relationship through cultural exchange.\n
  • During 11th and12th century, two main powers existed in Japan, divided by the line of the middle of main island ◉. The first half of power was in the south part, ◉ which established the imperial court in Kyoto, ◉ and the other half was north part ◉, Hiraizumi as the headquater. \nKyoto and Hiraizumi had a close relationship through cultural exchange.\n
  • \n
  • The founder, Fujiwara no Kiyohira was an extreamly rich from local gold mines, powerful, and independent ruler. At the urging of Kyoto priests, ◉ he used his wealth to create in his domain what was to be an ideal paradise on earth. In this earthly paradise, there would be no more fighting and people could become devoted practioners of Buddhism and Shinto-ism.\n
  • ◉\n
  • ◉ \nThe left, Minamoto no Yoritomo, on his way to becoming Japan’s first shogun, distrusted the independent northern power and the wealth of Fujiwaras in Hiraizumi. \n\nOn the other hand, his younger brother Minamoto no Yoshitsune (on the right) chose to spend his teenage years culture and to practice martial arts in Hiraizumi. \n\nA few years later, Yoshitsune’s military skills helped him to be victorious over the Taira clan, which greatly enhanced his family’s influence over the imperial Court. Yoritomo, jealous of his brother’s success in battle and fearful of the young warrior’s popularity, ordered him killed.\n◉ ◉\nYoshitsune escaped to Hiraizumi, the territory of Yoshitsune’s friends, the powerful Fujiwaras. ◉ Fujiwaras permitted the refugee to stay in Hiraizumi and offered him protection.\n
  • ◉ \nThe left, Minamoto no Yoritomo, on his way to becoming Japan’s first shogun, distrusted the independent northern power and the wealth of Fujiwaras in Hiraizumi. \n\nOn the other hand, his younger brother Minamoto no Yoshitsune (on the right) chose to spend his teenage years culture and to practice martial arts in Hiraizumi. \n\nA few years later, Yoshitsune’s military skills helped him to be victorious over the Taira clan, which greatly enhanced his family’s influence over the imperial Court. Yoritomo, jealous of his brother’s success in battle and fearful of the young warrior’s popularity, ordered him killed.\n◉ ◉\nYoshitsune escaped to Hiraizumi, the territory of Yoshitsune’s friends, the powerful Fujiwaras. ◉ Fujiwaras permitted the refugee to stay in Hiraizumi and offered him protection.\n
  • ◉ \nThe left, Minamoto no Yoritomo, on his way to becoming Japan’s first shogun, distrusted the independent northern power and the wealth of Fujiwaras in Hiraizumi. \n\nOn the other hand, his younger brother Minamoto no Yoshitsune (on the right) chose to spend his teenage years culture and to practice martial arts in Hiraizumi. \n\nA few years later, Yoshitsune’s military skills helped him to be victorious over the Taira clan, which greatly enhanced his family’s influence over the imperial Court. Yoritomo, jealous of his brother’s success in battle and fearful of the young warrior’s popularity, ordered him killed.\n◉ ◉\nYoshitsune escaped to Hiraizumi, the territory of Yoshitsune’s friends, the powerful Fujiwaras. ◉ Fujiwaras permitted the refugee to stay in Hiraizumi and offered him protection.\n
  • ◉ \nThe left, Minamoto no Yoritomo, on his way to becoming Japan’s first shogun, distrusted the independent northern power and the wealth of Fujiwaras in Hiraizumi. \n\nOn the other hand, his younger brother Minamoto no Yoshitsune (on the right) chose to spend his teenage years culture and to practice martial arts in Hiraizumi. \n\nA few years later, Yoshitsune’s military skills helped him to be victorious over the Taira clan, which greatly enhanced his family’s influence over the imperial Court. Yoritomo, jealous of his brother’s success in battle and fearful of the young warrior’s popularity, ordered him killed.\n◉ ◉\nYoshitsune escaped to Hiraizumi, the territory of Yoshitsune’s friends, the powerful Fujiwaras. ◉ Fujiwaras permitted the refugee to stay in Hiraizumi and offered him protection.\n
  • The fujiwaras lasted only 4 generations over 100 years, ◉ and the kingdom of Fujiwaras faded away. \nAt the same time, ◉ Imperial court in Kyoto lost its function as the political capital of Japan shifting to Kamakura initiated by Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. \n◉ After 80 years went past, Marco Polo traveled Asia and Middle East, and in 1300, he published The Travels of Marco Polo. \n◉ In 1689, the best known haiku poet, Matsuo Basho visited Hiraizumi. \n\n
  • The fujiwaras lasted only 4 generations over 100 years, ◉ and the kingdom of Fujiwaras faded away. \nAt the same time, ◉ Imperial court in Kyoto lost its function as the political capital of Japan shifting to Kamakura initiated by Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. \n◉ After 80 years went past, Marco Polo traveled Asia and Middle East, and in 1300, he published The Travels of Marco Polo. \n◉ In 1689, the best known haiku poet, Matsuo Basho visited Hiraizumi. \n\n
  • The fujiwaras lasted only 4 generations over 100 years, ◉ and the kingdom of Fujiwaras faded away. \nAt the same time, ◉ Imperial court in Kyoto lost its function as the political capital of Japan shifting to Kamakura initiated by Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. \n◉ After 80 years went past, Marco Polo traveled Asia and Middle East, and in 1300, he published The Travels of Marco Polo. \n◉ In 1689, the best known haiku poet, Matsuo Basho visited Hiraizumi. \n\n
  • The fujiwaras lasted only 4 generations over 100 years, ◉ and the kingdom of Fujiwaras faded away. \nAt the same time, ◉ Imperial court in Kyoto lost its function as the political capital of Japan shifting to Kamakura initiated by Shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo. \n◉ After 80 years went past, Marco Polo traveled Asia and Middle East, and in 1300, he published The Travels of Marco Polo. \n◉ In 1689, the best known haiku poet, Matsuo Basho visited Hiraizumi. \n\n
  • Due to the short duration of Fujiwaras influence, Basho made a poet. This means “The glory of three generations of Fujiwara is now but a breif-remembered dream”.\n
  • ◉ \n
  • The congress will start from 14th of August. The first day is going to be Takigi noh - a torchlight performance of Noh given outdoors in the evening. Day 2 will be congress dinner. Day 3. Folk performing arts called “Ennnen-no-mai” meaning of an old woman’s eternity. \n
  • You will enjoy Japanese cuisine, Sake and hot springs as well. \n
  • Hiraizumi is surrounded by stunning nature. Genbikei is a pretty but ◉ not spectacular small gorge formed by a clear and surging river making its way through a tumble of angular rock cliffs and water-smoothed boulders. You can enjoy by going downstream in a boat. \n
  • Hiraizumi is now under assessment as a World Heritage by UNESCO and the result will come up in ◉ June 2011. If it is accepted, you will be the first visitors of the international congress held in Hiraizumi. \n
  • You can fly to Sendai airport via ◉ Tokyo or ◉ Seoul and catch a shinkansen to Hiraizumi. \nYou have many options to get to Hiraizumi. The details will be announced by V IFUNA website launched later this year.\n
  • You can fly to Sendai airport via ◉ Tokyo or ◉ Seoul and catch a shinkansen to Hiraizumi. \nYou have many options to get to Hiraizumi. The details will be announced by V IFUNA website launched later this year.\n
  • Finally, 14-16th of August is hot & humid summer in Japan, and traditional festivals are concentrated on the days of the congress. Please come to visit Hiraizumi and explore another Japanese history. Thank you for your attention.\n
  • VI International Congress IFUNA in Hiraizumi

    1. 1. Hiraizumi, JAPANVI IFUNA25-28th October 2012
    2. 2. In 11th & 12th centuries,just as Japan’s politicalpower was shifting from theimperial court in Kyoto tothe new militarygovernment in Kamakura.
    3. 3. Hiraizumi, headquatersof the wealthy Fujiwaraclan, was involved in thestory of this fastinatingperiod of struggle fornational power...
    4. 4. Marco Polo “Zipangu, the land of gold.”The Travels of Marco Polo (1300) 1254 – 1324
    5. 5. Konjiki-do (Golden Hall) Japan’s first national treasure
    6. 6. Konjiki-do (Golden Hall) Japan’s first national treasure100kg gold per year
    7. 7. Konjiki-do (Golden Hall) Japan’s first national treasure 100kg gold per year5.2t gold over 400 years dedicated to Kyoto
    8. 8. Mummy of Fujiwara Family1st Kiyohira 2nd Motohira 3rd Hidehira
    9. 9. Where isHiraizumi?
    10. 10. Where isHiraizumi?
    11. 11. Where isHiraizumi?
    12. 12. Where isHiraizumi?
    13. 13. Where isHiraizumi?
    14. 14. All precious historicevidences show thatHiraizumi, a 12thcentury town growingin strategicimportance, enjoyed ahigh cultural standardeven when comparedto that of Kyoto, thepalace capital of thattime.
    15. 15. Motsuji Garden
    16. 16. Motsuji GardenThe founder, Fujiwara no Kiyohira used his wealthto create ideal paradise on earth.No more fighting and people could becomedevoted practitioners of Buddhism and Shintoism.
    17. 17. However, the Fujiwaras kingdomwas about to be destroyed...
    18. 18. The tragedy of Fujiwaras started from... Minamoto no Yoritomo Minamoto no Yoshitsune- Japan’s first shogun (general) - Legendary warrior
    19. 19. The tragedy of Fujiwaras started from... the Minamoto brothers born of different mothers Minamoto no Yoritomo Minamoto no Yoshitsune- Japan’s first shogun (general) - Legendary warrior
    20. 20. The tragedy of Fujiwaras started from... the Minamoto brothers born of different mothers Minamoto no Yoritomo Minamoto no Yoshitsune- Japan’s first shogun (general) - Legendary warrior
    21. 21. The tragedy of Fujiwaras started from... Minamoto no Yoritomo Minamoto no Yoshitsune- Japan’s first shogun (general) - Legendary warrior
    22. 22. The tragedy of Fujiwaras started from...The third Fujiwara no Minamoto no Yoritomo Minamoto no Yoshitsune- Japan’sHidehira (general) first shogun - Legendary warrior
    23. 23. History of Hiraizumi Hiraizumi Japan WorldAD 792 源氏 V.S. 東北 Heian Period 768 Charlemagne - Emperor700 1051~62 前九年の役(安倍氏滅亡) 794 Heian Palace - of Romans 1083 後三年の役 (Kyoto) 814 arnd The Tale ofAD 1087 Fujiwara family 1000 Genji written by Middle Age1000 1105 1st Kiyohira Murasakishikibu 1095 1st Crusade built Chuson-ji The Kingdom of Aragon 1124 Kiyohira built 1137 & the Country of Golden hall Barcelona merged 1189 Yoshitsune Kamakura Period died & Cenghis Qan 1192 1st shogun Fujiwara family died 1206 founded Mongol Minamoto Yoritomo out Empire 1271 Marco Polo traveled - Asia/Persia/China/ 1291 Indonesia The Travels of Marco 1300 1397 Kinkakuji built in Kyoto Polo published.AD The poet Matsuo Edo Period1600 Basho visited 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu 1689 Hiraizumi
    24. 24. History of Hiraizumi Hiraizumi Japan WorldAD 792 源氏 V.S. 東北 Heian Period 768 Charlemagne - Emperor700 1051~62 前九年の役(安倍氏滅亡) 794 Heian Palace - of Romans 1083 後三年の役 (Kyoto) 814 arnd The Tale ofAD 1087 Fujiwara family 1000 Genji written by Middle Age1000 1105 1st Kiyohira Murasakishikibu 1095 1st Crusade built Chuson-ji The Kingdom of Aragon 1124 Kiyohira built 1137 & the Country of Golden hall Barcelona merged 1189 Yoshitsune Kamakura Period died & Cenghis Qan 1192 1st shogun Fujiwara family died 1206 founded Mongol Minamoto Yoritomo out Empire 1271 Marco Polo traveled - Asia/Persia/China/ 1291 Indonesia The Travels of Marco 1300 1397 Kinkakuji built in Kyoto Polo published.AD The poet Matsuo Edo Period1600 Basho visited 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu 1689 Hiraizumi
    25. 25. History of Hiraizumi Hiraizumi Japan WorldAD 792 源氏 V.S. 東北 Heian Period 768 Charlemagne - Emperor700 1051~62 前九年の役(安倍氏滅亡) 794 Heian Palace - of Romans 1083 後三年の役 (Kyoto) 814 arnd The Tale ofAD 1087 Fujiwara family 1000 Genji written by Middle Age1000 1105 1st Kiyohira Murasakishikibu 1095 1st Crusade built Chuson-ji The Kingdom of Aragon 1124 Kiyohira built 1137 & the Country of Golden hall Barcelona merged 1189 Yoshitsune Kamakura Period died & Cenghis Qan 1192 1st shogun Fujiwara family died 1206 founded Mongol Minamoto Yoritomo out Empire 1271 Marco Polo traveled - Asia/Persia/China/ 1291 Indonesia The Travels of Marco 1300 1397 Kinkakuji built in Kyoto Polo published.AD The poet Matsuo Edo Period1600 Basho visited 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu 1689 Hiraizumi
    26. 26. History of Hiraizumi Hiraizumi Japan WorldAD 792 源氏 V.S. 東北 Heian Period 768 Charlemagne - Emperor700 1051~62 前九年の役(安倍氏滅亡) 794 Heian Palace - of Romans 1083 後三年の役 (Kyoto) 814 arnd The Tale ofAD 1087 Fujiwara family 1000 Genji written by Middle Age1000 1105 1st Kiyohira Murasakishikibu 1095 1st Crusade built Chuson-ji The Kingdom of Aragon 1124 Kiyohira built 1137 & the Country of Golden hall Barcelona merged 1189 Yoshitsune Kamakura Period died & Cenghis Qan 1192 1st shogun Fujiwara family died 1206 founded Mongol Minamoto Yoritomo out Empire 1271 Marco Polo traveled - Asia/Persia/China/ 1291 Indonesia The Travels of Marco 1300 1397 Kinkakuji built in Kyoto Polo published.AD The poet Matsuo Edo Period1600 Basho visited 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu 1689 Hiraizumi
    27. 27. History of Hiraizumi Hiraizumi Japan WorldAD 792 源氏 V.S. 東北 Heian Period 768 Charlemagne - Emperor700 1051~62 前九年の役(安倍氏滅亡) 794 Heian Palace - of Romans 1083 後三年の役 (Kyoto) 814 arnd The Tale ofAD 1087 Fujiwara family 1000 Genji written by Middle Age1000 1105 1st Kiyohira Murasakishikibu 1095 1st Crusade built Chuson-ji The Kingdom of Aragon 1124 Kiyohira built 1137 & the Country of Golden hall Barcelona merged 1189 Yoshitsune Kamakura Period died & Cenghis Qan 1192 1st shogun Fujiwara family died 1206 founded Mongol Minamoto Yoritomo out Empire 1271 Marco Polo traveled - Asia/Persia/China/ 1291 Indonesia The Travels of Marco 1300 1397 Kinkakuji built in Kyoto Polo published.AD The poet Matsuo Edo Period1600 Basho visited 1603 Tokugawa Ieyasu 1689 Hiraizumi
    28. 28. Matsuo Basho“The summer grassTis all that’s leftOf ancient warrior’sdreams.” 1644 - 1694
    29. 29. Here we are. VI IFUNAin Hiraizumi will be...
    30. 30. Day 1: October 25 Opening CeremonyDay 2:October 26Social PartyDay 3:October 27Farewell Party
    31. 31. Japanese Dinner & Onsen (hot springs)
    32. 32. Geibi-kei
    33. 33. Geibi-keiNot spectacular small gorge formed bya clear and surging river making itsway through a tumble of angular rockcliffs and water-smoothed boulders.
    34. 34. Hiraizumi as a World Heritage
    35. 35. Hiraizumi as a World Heritage Registered in 2011!
    36. 36. Access
    37. 37. Access
    38. 38. Access
    39. 39. VI IFUNA 2012

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