New Formats & Models for Scholarly Communication


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New Formats and Models for Scholarly Communication: Publication and Access - for Bergren Forum at Alfred University (April 2009)

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New Formats & Models for Scholarly Communication

  1. 1. New Formats and Models for Scholarly Communication: Publication and Access
  2. 2. Scope Note: For the purposes of discussion today we primarily refer to: publication of scholarship, in electronic formats, available on the internet And on these, we merely scratch the surface
  3. 3. Beyond Paper:
  4. 4. .. and More Less Obvious Benefits ! you work is more likely to be actually discovered   ! and cited (and reused)   ! permits metrics of usage   ! extends paper bibliography into a “knowledge network” (linking content,   citations, scholars & readers to be come an exchange)
  5. 5. "We're living through—in our historical generation—the largest increase in human expressive capability in history." - Clay Shirky, Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations. Penguin, 2008.
  6. 6. ...  “but  is  not  without  its  issues”  ...     !   access, cost and distribution models !   preservation !   intellectual property and rights management !   media/medium literacy !   impact on teaching, learning the research process !   implications for authors institutions !   evaluation the peer review process !   promotion tenure
  7. 7. Same Old Wine Brand New Bottle !   Retained traditional distribution/economic model: (subscriptions, memberships, pay per article, bundled titles) !   Scholar writes, the publisher “prints” the user pays !   Transition works without disruption is familiar !   Electronic copy became a “value-added” product or “new” pay service
  8. 8. The Forest For The Trees “But That’s How We’ve Always Done It” ! You donate your IP to publishers in return for peer review and   dissemination. ! You also donate service as reviewers and editors   !  You’ve surrendered your rights to share it !  and you, your colleagues, your libraries ... are increasingly unable to buy it back! ! and we just can’t afford it !  
  9. 9. A Convergence !   Costs Unsustainable !   The Technology Is Here !   Opportunity to Rethink What We Do
  10. 10. Some Advantages of OA !   Remove barriers to access !   Re-establish author rights !   Cost efficiencies less time to ”press” !   Facilitate broad pre post pub review !   Encourages collaboration and data sharing !   Greatly increased visibility
  11. 11. Unfortunate Misconceptions !   OA is incompatible with peer review. !   Retaining rights is a reflection of lack of quality
  12. 12. OA Journals
  13. 13. Repositories Digital Archives
  14. 14. Tipping Point
  15. 15. Making A Statement !   philosophical commitment to removal of access barriers !   raising the level of understanding conversation !   re-affirming the rights of authors !   inspire action on policy and practice !   celebrate the value of scholarship to a home institution
  16. 16. Creative Commons
  17. 17. Recap !  New formats = new communication opportunities !  Legacy publ. models ill-suited unsustainable !  Opportunities to assert author rights, re-use rights remove access barriers !  Your work, which you gladly donate, is the currency we will use to buy advances in scholarly communication ... where/ how will you spend it?
  18. 18. An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet.