In manufacturing companies, managers face numerous challenges every day. Some are listed here – in no particular order. This is assortment of business challenges faced by various departments and in different management levels. Based on which management function you are handling, - Top, middle, or operational level - you might be directly dealing many of these problems.
The root cause of many of these challenges are linked to one or more of these areas. This evening, we will look at - how effective PLANning, using scientific methods – such as optimization and analytics – and Information Technology (IT) can be used to address some of the challenges.
Poll ? What kind of planning system your company has? No planning Manual planning – done separately for each function – paper & pencil Excel based planning – done separately for each function Planning using ERP extension tools. Advanced planning tools – separate for each function Integrated Planning Platform
Planning is all about resource allocation and task allotment across time and space to achieve certain objectives. Many of these challenges are attributed to lack proper planning. We fail to get best plans for various reasons:  – the data is not fully available.  – The data is there is many places, in different forms and formats, and not sure how to use it effectively for planning.  – We have the data, but it is so large that we are not sure where to start.  – Business goals and objectives are not clear.  – Problem size too large and complex to handle manually. Many of these issues can be resolved by using Optimization and Automation in planning. Optimization is about - how to achieve the business objectives with minimal resources. Automation in planning deals with how to get these plans in minutes using computers and software rather than spending hours or days to get such plans manually.
There are different types of plans That are done for different time periods, And by different management levels. Strategic Planning – done once a year or once in every two to five years, By the top management. And the impact of the plan is felt for many years.
In a Manufacturing company, manager undertake various planning exercises, Some of which are listed here.  – Supply Chain Network Optimization This is a planning exercise, undertaken yearly or once in every few years, to find out the best places to locate plants and warehouses, considering Various cost, supply and demand patterns, so that the Overall production and distribution cost is minimized.  – Sourcing selection Given a demand pattern and production target, and various suppliers location, cost, transportation, Taxes, and service level, whom to pick and how much To order, and in what lot sizes.  – Production Planning Given a production target and resources, Come up with a production plan and schedule that leads to overall least production cost.  – Revenue / Yield management Based on flucation in demand, competition, and The inventory build-up, identify best prices, discounts, and Commissions to increase the sales and profit.  – Transportation scheduling
<< Two clicks>> With respect to planning, what does optimization mean? Optimization is a decision making process. It employs mathematics and algorithms. It can generate better plans, which requires less resources for a given business objective. And, It can come up with plans faster than humans.
Demand - location - Quantity - change over time Risk << on the right sode International Natural calamities War Oil Crisis Local Political Regulatory Employee relationship DONE