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BPM und SOA machen mobil - Ein Architekturüberblick


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Smartphones haben unsere Welt im Schnellgang erobert. Die Tablets folgen nicht minder schnell nach. Was fasziniert uns so daran? Welche neuen Möglichkeiten bieten sich für das Business? Welchen Einfluss wird das allgegenwärtige HTML5 haben? Wie bekomme ich mobile Lösungen architektonisch optimal in meine SOA-Landschaft integriert, und welche Vorteile gewinne ich bei der Prozessautomatisierung? Diese Session liefert sowohl einen Überblick als auch Antworten für eine neue Klasse von Architekturfragen.

Die SOA-Experten Torsten Winterberg und Guido Schmutz hielten diesen Fachvortrag bei der DOAG Konferenz und Ausstellung am 20.11.2013 in Nürnberg.

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BPM und SOA machen mobil - Ein Architekturüberblick

  1. 1. BPM and SOA Are Going Mobile An Architectural Perspective Guido Schmutz Trivadis Torsten Winterberg OPITZ CONSULTING Deutschland GmbH DOAG, November 2013
  2. 2. Mobile Development What does this mean today? An architectural point of view
  3. 3. We need an iPhone App! 2008
  4. 4. Cloud-Services become more and more important Dropbox, Evernote, …
  5. 5. We need an Android App! 2010
  6. 6. Market share mobile OS
  7. 7. Acceptance of Android Versions
  8. 8. The Web: Cross-Plattform Write Once, run everywhere
  9. 9. HTML5 is the evolution of web development HTML elements JavaScript HTML5 CSS
  10. 10. Classical Architecture User Interface Rendering Request Business Logic Response Storage Frontend Backend
  11. 11. Single Page Web-Apps User Interface Presentation Logic REST Calls REST Backend Storage Local Storage Frontend Backend
  12. 12. Hybrid Apps Native App WebView HTLM CSS JavaScript
  13. 13. Start process from mobile device 1 2 3 Start process for insurance immediately 4
  14. 14. Mobile Tasklist
  15. 15. Mobile Dashboards
  16. 16. Mobile Processdesign
  17. 17. Mobile process documentation
  18. 18. Mobile Alarm / Monitoring
  19. 19. Warning: Avoid the Many-cheap-Apps-Architecture-Maintenance-Hell
  20. 20. Mobile Integration Technologies SOAP REST • Has a reputation for being complex and heavyweight • Has a formal contract language to define message formats • Supports standardized security approaches and tools • Supports XML and Binary • Has a reputation for being simple and lightweight • No formal contract language to define message formats • Security is a major challenge due to lack of standardization • Supports multiple data types (JSON, Text, XML, Binary)
  21. 21. Mobile Integration Patterns SOAP Style 34 REST Style
  22. 22. REST API Schema Aktion Typ URI Schema customerByUsername GET /api/customers?username=fred rentalsByCustomerId GET /api/rentals?customerId=7 carTypes GET /api/cartypes cities GET /api/cities availableCars GET /api/availableCars?cityId=1 &startDate=2011-10-28-… &endDate=2011-10-30-… &maxPrice=90 rentCar POST /rental/ Body: {carId=...,startDate=...,endDate=...} Date format: "yyyy-MM-ddTHH:mm:ss.SSSZ"
  23. 23. Mobile Integration Technologies XML • “Native” format for enterprise data exchange • Highly formal structure • Content CAN be validated • Formats can change only when all parties agree • Supports multiple data types (Text, Binary) JSON • “Native” format for web pages • No formal structure • Content cannot be validated • Easy to change • Text only
  24. 24. Mobile Integration Patterns REST: URI addressing and data representation 37
  25. 25. JSON as exchange format for data Request: $ curl --user fred:pass http://localhost:8484/... .../rylc-html5/backend/api/customers?username=fred Response: { "city":"Steintal", "email":"", "enabled":true, "id":1, "name":"Fred Feuerstein", ... }
  26. 26. The Web is evolving… old new Documents Declarative HTML Templates Request/Response Thin Client Applications Programmatic DOM APIs Synchronization Thick Client
  27. 27. Digital Natives
  28. 28. Back to terminator vision
  29. 29. Google Glasses Google Glasses ©
  30. 30. Internet of Things
  31. 31.
  32. 32. Data Driven Applications as new breed “It’s about using data to make our customer touch points more engaging, more interactive, more data-driven.”
  33. 33. Central vs. Application Databases • Central Database • Application Database • • • • • • • • Using SQL as the integration mechanism between applications applications store data in common DB Improves communication, all applications operate on consistent set of data Structure ends up to be more complex Changes need to be coordinated with all other applications using the database Side-effects (i.e. adding database index) Application 1 Application 2 DB Application 3 • • • • Only accessed by a single application Only the application using the database needs to know about the structure Easier to maintain and evolve the schema More freedom to choose the database Applicable to SOA (i.e. Data Service/Entity Service) with good Service Autonomy Ready for the cloud Application 1 Application 2 Application 3 DB DB DB 48
  34. 34. Relational vs. Aggregate Data Models • The relational model takes the information and divides it into tuples (rows) • A tuple is a limited data structure – no nesting of tuples – no list of values • Aggregate is a term that comes from Domain-Driven Design (Evans) • An aggregate is a collection of related objects, that should be treated as a unit – Unit for data manipulation and management of consistency 49
  35. 35. NoSQL Databases Big Data frameworks are often associated with the term NoSQL • • • • • • Not only SQL The power of SQL is not needed for all problems Specialized solutions may be faster or more scalable Bring the ability to handle semi-structured and unstructured data NoSQL complements RDBMS Different types of NoSQL today: • Key-value, Column-Family, Document, Graph Big Data frameworks and NoSQL are related but not necessarily the same • Some big data problems may be solved relationally
  36. 36. Polyglot Persistence Defines a hybrid approach to persistence • • Using multiple data storage technologies Selected based on the way the data is used by an application Decisions • • Have to decide what data storage technology to use (Relational or NoSQL) Today it‘s easier to go with relational New Data Access APIs • Service-Oriented Polygot Persistence Model Each data store has its own mechanisms for accessing the data Solution • Wrap data access code into services (Data/ Entity Service) exposed to applications E-commerce Application Shopping cart data Key-Value Shopping Cart Service 51 User Session Service Completed Order Product Catalog Recomendations RDMBS User Sessions Document Graph Order Service Product Catalog Service Recomendation Service
  37. 37. Unified (Mobile) Architecture Web Apps 53 Oracle ADF DB Internet of Java Embedded Things HTTP/JSON Oracle WebLogic Application Server Server LDAP Oracle IDM / Enterprise IDM Oracle Event Processing (OEP) / Complex Event Processing (CEP) CEP Fast Data OEP Embedded NoSQL / BigNoSQL Oracle Data Database (Big) Data Oracle BigData Analytics Appliance (BDA) Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) Service Gateway Oracle API Gateway (OAG) Oracle ADF DB Mobile Oracle Service Bus (OSB) RDMBS Oracle GoldenGate Oracle Database Mobile Apps Mobile Server Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) Mobile Server (C2DM) External Cloud Service Providers BPM und SOA Oracle BPM Suite Platform Oracle SOA Suite SOAP REST Enterprise Applications Oracle ADF Business SOAP Local ESB Oracle Cloud Sockets Web to Device Messaging Database Logic JMS Oracle WebLogic Server RDMBS REST EJB Oracle RDBMS NoSQL Oracle NoSQL DB Oracle Business Intelligence Analytical Applications Foundation Suite Data Integration Data Warehouse Oracle Business Activity Monitoring (BAM)
  38. 38. Conclusion
  39. 39.  Mobile Apps today  Think in new architecture pattern   Native Apps, mobile Web-Apps, Hybride Apps HTML5, Single-Page-Apps, Many-Cheap-Apps-Hell,…  Mobile Apps tomorrow   Not only B2C and B2B, but M2M Explosion of    Number of Devices Data / Events Need for Integration  Combination of Cloud, Big Data, Fast Data / Event Processing, Mobile, IoT is the future
  40. 40. Oracle products fitting in this architecture
  41. 41. Oracle ADF Mobile • Enables Customers to mobile-enable enterprise applications – One common platform for desktop and mobile applications (Android & iOS) – Handle multiple channels and network: browser, native, and hybrid applications • Technology foundation for future Oracle applications mobile development
  42. 42. Oracle ADF • End-to-end development framework for Java EE • Based on industry standards • Full model-view-controller implementation • Rich web, mobile and desktop UI • Focus on reusability • Visual and declarative development • Integrated security and customization
  43. 43. Oracle Database Mobile Server • Secure, efficient, resilient mobile data synchronization with Oracle Database • Remote application, user and device management • Standards-based encryption for remote data, in both storage and transit • Robust and reliable mobile data synchronization over unreliable networks • Highly scalable server configuration, supporting large and growing mobile or remote deployments • Integration with ADF Mobile
  44. 44. Oracle API Gateway (OAG) • Serves REST APIs and SOAP Web Services to clients – Converts REST to SOAP – Converts XML to JSON • Supports other protocols also – FTP, SFTP, FTPS – TIBCO Rendezvous and EMS – JMS (to IBM WebSphere MQ, ActiveMQ, JBOSS Messaging, etc) • Applies security rules – Authentication: OAuth, HTTP Auth, Certificate Auth, WS-Security – Content Filtering: Detection of SQL Injection, XSS, Viruses • • Monitoring of API and Service usage Caching and Traffic Management (routing, throttling)
  45. 45. Oracle Service Bus (OSB) – Message & Service Integration • Embedded access to service result caching • Intelligent content and identity based routing • Rich set of transports/adapters • Data-oriented services and REST support • Dynamic message transformation and streaming • Built-in monitoring, management and QoS • Configuration-driven message and service integration • Optimized, pluggable, policy-driven transport and message security
  46. 46. Oracle Data Integrator (ODI) – Data Integration • • • • • • • Out-of-the-box integration with databases, ERPs, CRMs, B2B systems, flat files, XML data, LDAP, JDBC, ODC Knowledge module framework for extensibility In-database transformations and data integrity controls on all databases Rich ETL for Oracle databases Integrates with Oracle GoldenGate for real-time data warehousing Metadata-driven data lineage and impact analysis Integrates with Oracle Enterprise Data Quality for advanced profiling, cleansing, matching and data governance needs
  47. 47. Oracle Goldengate – Data Replication • High performance data replication • Heterogeneous sources and targets • Conflict detection and resolution • Real-time and deferred apply • Event marker infrastructure • Flexible topology support • Data encryption • ETL and JMS integration • Routing and • compensation • Initial load capability
  48. 48. Oracle SOA Suite – Service Integration • Unifies Oracle and 3rd party Cloud applications with onpremises • Enables rapid delivery of existing applications into mobile channel • Improves partner collaboration with better B2B and API Management • Fast Data support with embeddable real-time event platform • Optimized integration to Oracle Applications running on Oracle Exalogic
  49. 49. Oracle BPM Suite – Business Process Management • Business driven design, execution and improvement • Common process model facilitates Business-IT collaboration • Complete support for any type of process, including Adaptive Case Management • Modernize and unify existing applications • Time-to-value & packaged best practices with Process Accelerators
  50. 50. Oracle Event Processing (OEP) • Lightweight Java Application server • Deployable stand-alone, integrated in SOA stack or lightweight on Embedded Java • Continuous Query Language (CQL) based on SQL syntax • Easy to use Development Environment • Enterprise class High Availability, Scalability, Performance and Reliability • Various Integration Opportunities using AQ, JMS and HTTP Publish/Subscribe Connectivity… • Coherence Integration
  51. 51. Oracle Business Activity Monitoring (BAM) • Monitor business processes & services in real-time – – • Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) Service-Level Agreements (SLAs) Analyze events as they occur Correlate events & KPIs – Identify trends as they emerge – Alert users to bottlenecks & solutions – • Act on current conditions Event-driven alerts – Real-time dashboards – BPEL processes & web services integration –
  52. 52. Oracle Big Data Appliance • • • • • • • • Massively scalable infrastructure to store and manage big data Big Data Connectors delivers load rates up to 12TB per hour between Data Applicance and Oracle RDMBS Based on Cloudera’s distribution Integrated into Oracle Enterprise Manager Advanced analytics with Oracle R on Hadoop data Handle low-latency unstructured workload with the pre-installed Oracle NoSQL database Infiniband connectivity between node and across racks Flexible configuration choices allowing flexible growth for Haddop and Oracle NoSQL databases
  53. 53. Oracle NoSQL Database • Simple Data Model • Key-value pair with major+sub-key paradigm • Read/insert/update/delete operations • Scalability • Dynamic data partitioning and distribution • Optimized data access via intelligent driver • High availability • One or more replicas • Disaster recovery through location of replicas • Resilient to partition master failures • No single point of failure • Transparent load balancing • Reads from master or replicas • Driver is network topology & latency aware • Elastic • Online addition/removal of Storage Nodes • Automatic data redistribution
  54. 54. Oracle WebLogic Server  Java EE 6 application server  Java SE 6 and 7 certification  High Performance Platform for Mission Critical Cloud Applications  Deep Integration with Oracle Database 12c Multitenant and RAC  Real-time data processing through GoldenGate HotCache & Live Events  Built-in support for HTML5 and WebSockets for rich mobile and cloud applications Oracle Database 12c
  55. 55. Oracle Identity Management • Simplified Identity Governance – – – • Complete Access Management – – – – • Access Request Portal with Catalog and Shopping cart UI In product, durable customization of UIs, forms and work flows Privileged Account Management – leverage Identity connectors, workflows, audit Integrated SSO, Federation, API Management, Token Management, Granular Authorization Mobile application security with SSO, device finger printing and step up authentication Social identity log-in from popular social media sites REST, OAuth, XACML Directories that Scale – OUD optimized on T4 hardware delivering 3x performance gain and 15% of set up time
  56. 56. Contact
  57. 57. Contact Torsten Winterberg Business Development & Innovation OPITZ CONSULTING Deutschland GmbH Kirchstr. 6, 51647 Gummersbach, Germany Phone: +49 173 54 79 302 @t_winterberg Mobile Lösungen und BPM © OPITZ CONSULTING GmbH 2011 Seite 73
  58. 58. Contact Guido Schmutz Technology Manager Trivadis AG Europa-Strasse 5, 8152 Glattbrugg, Schweiz Phone: +49 173 54 79 302 @gschmutz Mobile Lösungen und BPM © OPITZ CONSULTING GmbH 2011 Seite 74