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The Internet of Things and some introduction to the Technological Empowerment Institute

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The Internet of Things and some introduction to the Technological Empowerment Institute

  1. 1. What do we need to make the Internet of Things really happen? Opher Etzion Head – Technological Empowerment Institute (in establishment phases) opher.etzion@gmail.com
  2. 2. OUTLINE “Internet of Things” – what is it, what are the difficulties in making it “Internet”? What can be done about it? Introducing TEM How does the “Technological Empowerment Institute” get into the picture?
  3. 3. The Internet of everything for situation awareness None of the authorized drivers location is near the car’s location theft is concluded Whom to notify; whether to activate stopper Use a built-in car stopper to slow the intruder and dispatch the security company A person enters a car and the car starts moving; the person does not look like one of the authorized drivers Such applications become possible since everything is connected
  4. 4. Anatomy of situation awareness system Becoming aware of an event and then doing something about it. Derive Mechanisms Single Event Multiple Events Ancillary Info May need multiple iterations May require addition reference / state information Something we want to react to A Situation Detect Mechanism Feedback Events Decide Mechanism Do Mechanism Event of Interest Order Should be indicating Entity State Change Should be indicating Decisions Derived Event Trigger sensors Actuators 4
  5. 5. Does the “Internet of everything” really exhibit the benefits of the Internet? The success of the Internet is attributed to its relative simplicity  to connect  to create content  to search Imagine that any search in the Internet would have been done using SQL queries… How pervasive do you think the Internet would have been?
  6. 6. For situational awareness…. we are not even in the SQL era Event Patterns Listing 1.1 Example of the MonitorScript event programming language from Apama if isAuto then { DeliveryBid db; on DeliveryBid(store=dr.store):db within(ASSIGNMENT_TIME){ #1 assignmentTimer.quit(); route Assignment(dr.requestId, #2 dr.store, db.driver, dr.addresseeLocationPointX, dr.addresseeLocationPointY, db.committedPickUpTime, dr.requiredDeliveryTime); watchForPickUp(dr, db.driver, db.committedPickUpTime); watchForDelivery(dr, db.driver); } } Most of the event-based programming today is still ad- hoc and hand-coded; existing languages are rather low level
  7. 7. “There is no Internet of Things yet”
  8. 8. While people typically are event-driven we tend to think about computerized systems in request driven way Searching the web, database queries, use of web services, use of mobile applications
  9. 9. Difficulties in the way that most people would approach it The event-driven vs. request-driven nature Effectiveness and Efficiency issues The temporal oriented behavior The hidden state handling
  10. 10. The vision for Internet of Things Shift governance from the programmer to the knowledge worker or customer Governance occurs through development and maintenance of program code Governance occurs through development and maintenance of event models TODAY TOMORROW CODE LEVEL
  11. 11. The basic requirements of event modeling 4. Automatic translation to code in regular or specific engine language 3. Free of implementation assumptions 1. Rigorous verifiable structure 2. Represented as a collection of tables
  12. 12. Eliminating noise from the model Current models are close to the implementation models – and from pure logic view contain “noise”. Bringing data from current state Query Enrichment Inclusion in events Examples: Determine what food-type the container carries Fetch the temperature regulations for a specific food type Other noise : workarounds
  13. 13. The Technological Empowerment Institute in a nutshell Empowerment of people: empowerment of wellness and quality of life of people within developing areas, such as: elderly people. Empowerment of business: typical for developing areas such as agriculture, food industry, and small manufactures. Empowerment of opportunities: Empowerment of R&D and education in developing areas by creating R&D partnerships and enhance education systems in various levels. Smart sensor-based system for situation awareness is the means to empower.
  14. 14. The means – three legs The multi-disciplinary research leg: world class excellence center around smart systems – with researchers cover the technology aspect, the human aspect, and the different domains aspect The implementation leg: Partnership between academic institutes that will carry out students' projects, the high-tech industry that will contribute platforms and products, domain experts, and potential customers The education leg: employ dedicated curriculum of courses in the undergraduate level, focused graduate program, second chance education for degree holders, and education for the community. It will aid to establish similar programs in developing areas.
  15. 15. Example of some target applications Assistance for elderly or disabled people in independent living by situational awareness that may alert them (e.g. to take medications), alert their families, or alert healthcare staff. A family or caretaker will be able to personalize the alerts to an individual patient. Monitoring of vibrations, strokes, container openings or cold chain maintenance to improve quality of deliveries over the supply chain Control of humidity and temperature levels in alfalfa, hay, straw, etc. to prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants Monitoring of water quality and leaks
  16. 16. OUR DRIVING FORCE IS TO HELP EVERYBODY REALIZE THE POWER OF EVENTS TO CREATE A BETTER WORLD For more details: opher.etzion@gmail.com

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