OpenStack and the Articles of Confederation

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OpenStack and the Articles of Confederation

  1. 1. OpenStack &the Articles of ConfederationPaul HollandOpenStack Summit, April 2013© Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  2. 2. Overview  Parallels between OpenStack and 1787 • Articles of Confederation & the OpenStack Foundation • Federation of states vs. projects • Central governance • Coordination among “states”  Additional Learnings • Work as one • Make a difference • Communicate http://www.infusezeal.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/My-Key- Takeaways.jpg • Adapt • Move the community forward2 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  3. 3. Who I Am• Lover of history …• Who attempts to draw parallels to current events with examples from the past• Counting Havana, I have been to the last three OpenStack Summits • There is a buzz around here • At the last summit, I felt it and was asking myself “how are we like the Continental Congress in 1787”? http://www.readingpl.org/wp-content/uploads/j0411674.jpg• Also an HP manager, aligning OpenStack efforts across the company3 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  4. 4. Recognize this time?• Unparalleled changes in political systems and upheavals among the nations (wars, revolutions, new governments, worldwide trade, …)• Political unrest• Political and world systems in flux and high levels of instability• Massive innovation in many areas http://images4.wikia.nocookie.net/__cb20111219053329/popdemandmod/images/3/33/Revolution1848.jpg 2013? No, the year was 1787 4 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  5. 5. Historical Background• The United States “started” with a Declaration of Independence in 1776• The 13 Colonies won independence from Britain • The last military battle was at Yorktown in 1781 • Independence came officially via the Treaty of Paris in 1783• United States was “established” by its first system of governance, called the Articles of Confederation (passed in 1777 and ratified in 1781)• The Articles of Confederation were replaced by http://journal.borderlands.com/wp- content/uploads/1995/01/Articles- the Constitution, ratified by the 9th state in 1788 of-Confederation-title.jpg and by the 13th state in 17915 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  6. 6. Key Characteristics of the Articles of Confederation Characteristic Outcome Each state only had one vote in Congress, A small state had the same power as a regardless of size 1 large state in all affairs Congress did not have the power to tax The government was always short of 2 money and couldn’t repay its war debts Congress did not have the power to Each state managed its own commerce, so regulate foreign and interstate commerce 3 it was difficult to trade with other nations There was no executive branch to enforce The laws were inconsistently enforced by any acts passed by Congress 4 the individual states There was no national court system There was no way to settle disputes 5 Amendments to the Articles of In all practical terms, there were no new Confederation required a unanimous vote 6 changes to the government structure Laws required a 9/13 majority to pass in 7 New laws were difficult to pass Congress6 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. http://americanhistory.about.com/od/government andpolitics/f/articles_of_confederation_fails.htm
  7. 7. The Articles of Confederation & OpenStack Weakness Outcome OpenStackEach state only had one vote in Congress, A small state had the same power as a Different weighting for core, incubated, regardless of size 1 large state in all affairs 1 and new projects Congress did not have the power to tax The government was always short of The OpenStack Foundation has revenue 2 money and couldn’t repay its war debts 2 and manages the budget Congress did not have the power to Each state managed its own commerce, so The OpenStack Foundation handles theregulate foreign and interstate commerce 3 it was difficult to trade with other nations 3 cross-project relationshipsThere was no executive branch to enforce The laws were inconsistently enforced by The Board enforces the bylaws and the any acts passed by Congress 4 the individual states 4 TC handles the technical questions There was no national court system There was no way to settle disputes The TC and Board handle their 5 5 respective disputes Amendments to the Articles of In all practical terms, there were no new The bylaws allow for amendments andConfederation required a unanimous vote 6 changes to the government structure 6 new projects are added as neededLaws required a 9/13 majority to pass in New laws were difficult to pass The bylaws allow for changes Congress 7 7 7 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  8. 8. So, what else can we learn from the Articles of Confederation to strengthen communities and help OpenStack?8 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  9. 9. Work as one© Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  10. 10. It is about the whole community working together (understand the people: users, developers, admins, devops, …) http://www.nps.gov/inde/historyculture/images/Constitutional-Convention.jpg10 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  11. 11. Governance (centralized and distributed authority, foundation board and project governance) http://www.colonizationfans.com/Congress.html11 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  12. 12. Common “currency” (APIs, common language, processes, etc) http://sidoxia.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/foreign-exchange.jpg12 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  13. 13. Make a difference© Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  14. 14. Innovate (do something new – be part of the first) http://www.innovationmanagement.se/wp- content/uploads/2010/12/forget-your-customers-develop- innovative-business-models.jpg14 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  15. 15. Challenge the status quo (convention attendees came to revise the Articles of Confederation and ended up writing a new constitution) http://constitution-a.wikispaces.com/file/view/constitutional- convention.jpg/138974849/946x492/constitutional-convention.jpg15 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  16. 16. Communicate© Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  17. 17. Collaborate (bring together pieces for agreater whole: states in 1787,core compute, storage, etc in 2013) http://chiefexecutive.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/01/multinational.jpg17 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  18. 18. Support open dialog/debate (grand compromise) http://gulagbound.com/wp- content/uploads/2011/07/constitutionburning.jpg18 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  19. 19. Adapt© Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  20. 20. Be adaptable (plan for adaptation and extension, broader vision often evolves)20 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  21. 21. Think ahead where possible (framework for things to come, like incubated projects) http://mrnussbaum.com/13colonies/13map13a.gi f21 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  22. 22. Move the community forward© Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  23. 23. Evolutionary or revolutionary, it is forward progress (standing still is not an option) http://natylo.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/standingstill.jpg23 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  24. 24. Sometimes, good enough is the best (can’t please everyone all the time – some reps were angry, left unhappy and refused to sign; will evolve with collaboration and willingness to improve) “I confess that there are several parts of this constitution which I do not at present approve, but I am not sure I shall never approve them… I doubt too whether any other Convention we can obtain, may be able to make a better Constitution… Thus I consent, Sir, to this Constitution because I expect no better, and because I am not sure, that it is not the best.” – Benjamin Franklin http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/documents/a7s3.html24 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  25. 25. Warning http://www.bbwhite.com/Images/ShaysMakingNation.jpg “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” – George Santayana Reason in Common Sense, volume 1 of The Life of Reason25 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.
  26. 26. Summary• Work as one• Make a difference• Communicate• Adapt• Move the community forward http://www.healthcare-informatics.com/sites/healthcare- informatics.com/files/imagecache/570x360/key%20takeaways.jpg26 © Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.

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