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Digital_Fabrication_Studio.08
3D Printing –from bits to atoms
Massimo Menichinelli
massimo.menichinelli@aalto.f
@openp2pdesign
http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
Today:
* 3D printing: technologies
* 3D printing: examples
* Design techniques
01.
3D printing technologies:
atoms from bits
3D printing: becoming really popular
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1582-3D-Printing-Hits-the-Peak-of-the-Gartner-Hype-Cycle-for-Emerging-Technologies.html
3D printing is now reaching the peak of the Gartner Hype Cycle.
Technologies: 3D printing
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/7QP73uTJApw
Refers to object made using ink jet technology in 3 dimensions by
layering powder and binding it with pigmented glue.
Technologies: Fused Deposition Modeling
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/h8XJUqHXgls
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) creates models by heating and
extruding a flament of plastic material.
Technologies: Fused Deposition Modeling
Source: http://youtu.be/DQWyhezIze4
http://www.the3doodler.com/
Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) but with hand control: the frst
3D printing pen.
Technologies: materials for FDM
Source: http://www.protoparadigm.com/2011/11/filament-tolerances-and-print-quality/
Most of the 3D Printing community uses either ABS or PLA in either
3mm or 1.75mm diameters.
Technologies: Stereolitography
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/ygHVVKkJWlI
Stereolithography produces models by tracing a beam of UV light over a
photosensitive pool of liquid. Over time the part is lowered into the bath.
Technologies: Stereolitography
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/snOErpOP5Xk
Stereolithography produces models by tracing a beam of UV light over a
photosensitive pool of liquid. Over time the part is lowered into the bath.
Technologies: Selective Laser Sintering
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/lC0uVO_uT0s
Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is similar to stereolithography replacing the
UV light with a laser and a vat of liquid with a powdered base.
Technologies: Laminated Object Manufacturing
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/FjxI2HszHzo
Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) machines cut and glue thousands of
sheets of material together to form solids, sometimes with standard A4 paper.
Technologies: Laminated Object Manufacturing
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://www.mcortechnologies.com/gallery
Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) machines cut and glue thousands of
sheets of material together to form solids, sometimes with standard A4 paper.
Technologies: Electron Beam Melting
Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/
http://youtu.be/E7--ZWPVVdQ
Electron Beam Melting (EBM) is similar to SLS except the process is far more exact
and capable of producing implant grade parts to be used in orthopedic surgery.
3D Metal printing
Source: http://youtu.be/B9VOwqtOglg
http://www.shapeways.com/themes/stainless_steel_3dprinting_gallery
Now it is possible to print your model in stainless steel on Shapeways! The
material will be fnished in a shining stainless steel look and costs $10 / cm3.
3D Glass printing
Source: http://youtu.be/BtK-Hqd6Q2I
http://www.shapeways.com/materials/milky_white_matte_glass
The material is porous, opaque and fragile and made from recycled soda-lime
glass, the fne glass powder is glued together with a binder and then sintered.
3D Ceramics printing
Source: http://youtu.be/zZU7O1BHfyo
http://www.shapeways.com/materials/ceramics
Material properties are the same as standard ceramics. Fine ceramic powder
bound together with binder, fred, glazed with lead-free, non-toxic gloss fnish.
Big size 3D printing: Endless chair
Source: http://youtu.be/FvRTHynk9KA
http://www.dirkvanderkooij.nl/en
Printing an Endless Chair from recycled refrigerators.
Design by Dirk vander Kooij.
Big size 3D printing: D-Shape
Source: http://youtu.be/HBxx8XTpDZ4
http://d-shape.com/
D-Shape is a new robotic building system using new
materials to create superior stone-like structures.
Small size 3D printing: 2 photons polymerization
Source: http://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=26907
A promising 3D microfabrication method that has recently attracted considerable
attention is based on two-photon polymerization with ultrashort laser pulses.
Bio 3D Printing
Source: http://youtu.be/YOnIxcc0DW8
A new tissue engineering technology now has the ability to arrange culture cells
in three dimensions. It is now possible to manufacture tissue in demand.
Bio 3D Printing: Organovo
Source: http://www.organovo.com/
Organovo is focused on delivering breakthrough three-dimensional biology
capabilities to create tissue on demand for research and surgical applications.
Bio 3D Printing: Organovo
Source: http://www.organovo.com/products/novogen-mmx-bioprinter
The NovoGen MMX Bioprinter™ is a novel hardware and software platform at the
forefront of bioprinting research and development.
Drug 3D Printing
Source: http://www.gizmodo.co.uk/2012/04/who-needs-a-pharmacy-when-you-can-just-print-out-your-own-drugs-at-home/
Researchers from Scotland have made their own DIY 3D-printing drugstore and
you’ll be able to use them to print your own drugs right at your own home.
Food 3D Printing
Source: http://laughingsquid.com/choc-creator-the-chocolate-3d-printer-is-now-available-to-purchase/
http://youtu.be/r7xs-cHAt3I
Choc Creator, the world’s frst 3D chocolate printer was developed by a team of
researchers at the University of Exeter and is now available to purchase.
Food 3D Printing
Source: http://laughingsquid.com/choc-creator-the-chocolate-3d-printer-is-now-available-to-purchase/
http://youtu.be/r7xs-cHAt3I
CandyFab is a machine that can make arbitrary 3D solid objects at low cost from a
variety of low-melting point materials including pure sugar.
Ice 3D Printing
Source: http://www.wired.com/magazine/2011/12/st_3diceprinting/
http://www.3ders.org/articles/20120103-3d-ice-printer.html
Pieter Sijpkes, a professor at McGill University, has discovered since cobbling
together a machine that prints objects by building up ultrathin layers of ice.
Recycle plastic for your FDM machine
Source: http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/rocknail/filabot-plastic-filament-maker
A 3D plastic extrusion system for mostly any type of recyclable plastic, to make
usable 3D printing flament by grinding, melting, extruding the plastic flament.
Markus Kayser - Solar Sinter Project
Source: http://vimeo.com/25401444
In this experiment sunlight and sand are used as raw energy and material to
produce glass objects using a 3D printing process.
Open Source 3D printers: RepRap
Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/Mendel
It's the second, improved version of RepRap: small enough to ft on your
desk, but with a print volume large enough for you to make big things.
Open Source 3D printers: RepRap
Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRap_Family_Tree
Again, the evolution of an open source
project that's too big to ft into one slide...
Open Source 3D printers: RepRap
Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRap_Family_Tree
Again, the evolution of an open source
project that's too big to ft into one slide...
RepRap and its children... Makerbot
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makerbot
The frst user-friendly open source 3D
printer, from RepRap
RepRap and its children... Makerbot
Source: http://store.makerbot.com/replicator-404.html
The second edition of the Makerbot
RepRap and its children... Ultimaker
Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/Ultimaker
http://blog.ultimaker.com/
From the RepRap, the Ultimaker, the best resolution
and speed from an open source machine
RepRap and its children... Ultimaker
Source: http://www.hive76.org/insane-3d-printing-resolution-ultimaker-under-the-micro
The average layer height in that pic is
around 0.074 mm (that is 74 microns).
A portable 3D printer...
Source: http://www.core77.com/blog/digital_fabrication/a_suitcase-sized_3-in-1_cnc_multi-tool_23007.asp
http://vimeo.com/45911972
PopFab: at its heart is a computer-controlled motion platform
and a means of attaching various toolheads.
02.
3D printing: examples
what people are doing with it
Printable VELCRO
Source: http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:12798
The velcro is printed with 0.3mm ABS with a
MK6 extruder on a Makerbot.
3D Printing Flexible Grids
Source: http://lmnts.lmnarchitects.com/fabrication/printed-flexgrids/
Done with a Grasshopper defnition that used the grid components to
create a set of flexible triangular, square, and hexagonal grids.
3D Printing Flexible Grids
Source: http://lmnts.lmnarchitects.com/fabrication/printed-flexgrids/
Done with a Grasshopper defnition that used the grid components to
create a set of flexible triangular, square, and hexagonal grids.
Digi-Fabrics
Source: http://youtu.be/JSCDw6mThk4
http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/525-White-Strong-and-Suuuuper-Flexible..html
A test done by Shapeways with their White Strong & Flexible
material.
3D printed bikini
Source: http://www.continuumfashion.com/N12.html
The N12 bikini is the world's frst ready-to-wear, completely 3D-
printed cloth. All of the pieces are snap together without any sewing.
3D printed fashion design
Source: http://www.wired.com/design/2012/04/10-things-3d-printers-can-do-now?pid=167
Dutch designer Iris Van Herpen uses 3-D printers to create designer
fashion for Björk and Lady Gaga.
3D printed fashion design
Source: http://blog.ponoko.com/2012/04/24/a-fashion-show-of-3d-printed-hats/
http://i.materialise.com/challenge/the-hats-off-to-3d-printing-challenge/
A collection of 3D printed hats and acessories were shown on the runway as part
of the Materialise World Conference in Leuven, Belgium.
3D printed shoes
Source: http://blog.sculpteo.com/2012/03/29/3d-printing-for-green-fashion-melissas-footwear-experiments/
Melissas’ shoes are among the most amazing examples of what 3D printing can do
for style and design. Designer Andreia Chaves created the Invisible Shoes
3D printed characters
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1332-Lifes-Memorable-Moments-Captured-In-3D.html
Yoni Binstock is using front and side portrait photos together with 123D Catch to
reconstruct a facial model and texture this on to a cake topper design.
3D printing media...
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1179-Video-of-3D-Printed-Record-Playing-Still-Alive-from-Portal.html
A 3D printed record for the Fisher-Price record player playing 'Still Alive'.
The tune and model were all generated in Processing. Sold on Shapeways.
3D printing media...
Source: http://youtu.be/ElAJJnSvQtk
A 3D printed record for the Fisher-Price record player playing 'Still Alive'.
The tune and model were all generated in Processing. Sold on Shapeways.
3D printing media...
Source: http://youtu.be/ERiw664xMKE
The frst 3D printed prototype of the programmable kalimba sequencer.
Pegs can be set to produce different 16-step sequences of 5 tones.
3D printing media...
Source: http://youtu.be/aMfSGt6rHos
http://blog.ponoko.com/2011/12/11/3d-prints-in-stop-motion-animation/
3D printing of flm props has long been common in big budget movies, but now
its increased affordability is aiding its introduction to smaller budget productions.
3D printing media...
Source: http://youtu.be/_2F0PA7qUQE
With the help of technologies from Objet Geometries, the creative team behind
the feature flm, Coraline, broke new ground in stop-motion animation.
3D printing media...
3Drehkino took an animation in Blender, 3D printed it with Shapeways, hacked
some electronics and created his own zeotrope under a CC license.
Source: http://drehkino.de/3Drehkino_en.php
3D printing media...
Source: http://drehkino.de/3Drehkino_en.php
3Drehkino took an animation in Blender, 3D printed it with Shapeways, hacked
some electronics and created his own zeotrope under a CC license.
3D printing media...
Source: http://youtu.be/LVa_WwBFtA4
3Drehkino took an animation in Blender, 3D printed it with Shapeways, hacked
some electronics and created his own zeotrope under a CC license.
3D printing in media: Print magazine cover
Source: http://postspectacular.com/process/20080702_printmagcover
Print magazine August 2008 cover design generated
with Processing and 3D printed.
3D printing in media: Arkitypo
Source: http://johnsonbanks.co.uk/thoughtfortheweek/index.php?thoughtid=711
The idea was to 3D-print an entire alphabet derived from the historical
story of how a typeface beginning with the same letter came to be.
3D printing in media
Source: http://www.casualoptimist.com/2011/10/18/the-innovators-cookbook/
Printing the cover of the book The Innovator’s Cookbook
by Steven Johnson with a Makerbot.
3D printing in media
Source: http://youtu.be/S2EqxdvOKVc
http://www.casualoptimist.com/2011/10/18/the-innovators-cookbook/
Printing the cover of the book The Innovator’s Cookbook
by Steven Johnson with a Makerbot.
3D printing optics
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1671-Disney-Research-3D-Printed-Optics-and-Interfaces-VIDEO.html
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=eTeXTbXA6-Y
Disney Research is 3D printing optics, in order to create
more interesting and interactive product interface.
3D printing media from Video games
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1635-Mario-in-a-3D-Printed-Mobius-Strip-Runs-on-Forever,-and-Ever.html
A moebius strip out of a Super Mario videogame!
Successful transplant of a 3D printed jaw
Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-16907104
A 3D printer-created lower jaw has been ftted to an 83-year-old woman's face in
what doctors say is the frst operation of its kind.
3D printing data: Luke Jerram
Source: http://www.lukejerram.com/projects/t%C5%8Dhoku_earthquake
To create the sculpture a seismogram of the earthquake, was rotated and then
printed in 3 dimensions using rapid prototyping technology.
3D printing data: Facebook
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1881-turn-your-facebook-profile-into-3d-printed-art-with-the-creators-project-shapeways.html
Turn your Facebook data in a custom 3D printed sculpture.
3D printing data: sound
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/creator/thevibe
“Welcome to the era of mass customization in which anyone can
build a unique iPhone case for $25.”
3D printing data: sound
Source: http://www.protoparadigm.com/2011/11/filament-tolerances-and-print-quality/
“Welcome to the era of mass customization in which anyone can
build a unique iPhone case for $25.”
3D printed lamps
Source: http://www.freedomofcreation.com/
Freedom Of Creation is an edition of exclusive design objects,
furnishing complements, lighting and accessories.
3D fractal furniture design
Source: http://www.platform-net.com/
Fractal Table is a generative design table produced by Materialise as a single
piece SLA in epoxy resin. Its dimensions in cm are: L98 x W61 x H42.
3D fractal furniture design
Source: http://www.platform-net.com/
Fractal Table is a generative design table produced by Materialise as a single
piece SLA in epoxy resin. Its dimensions in cm are: L98 x W61 x H42.
3D printed furniture design
Source: http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/5-amazing-full-sized-furniture-pieces-made-with-3d-printing
The Throne of Paris (John Briscella)
3D printed guitar
Source: http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/16/view/20135/skeletal-3d-printed-guitar.html
Each guitar is fully customizable, as the designers remove or insert various
segments from the 3D model before each printing, with selectable colour.
03.
3D printing: design techniques
things to consider...
00: design with Blender
A good tutorial for designing the mesh
with Blender.
Source: http://cgcookie.com/blender/2013/02/04/modeling-3d-printing-shapeways/
00: check the mesh with Rhino 5
A good tutorial for analysing the mesh
with Rhino 5.
Source: http://vimeo.com/60897890
01: check the normals
They shold point outwards! The faces of
a mesh are only 1-side.
01: check the normals
Edit mode > W > Flip normals
02: check your technology
Check your specifc material and technology,
Shapeways is a good resource.
Source: http://www.shapeways.com/tutorials/design_rules_for_glass_3d_printing
03: Yes to moving parts and undercuts
But not with FDM!!!
Source: http://youtu.be/guTSrF7J6Y0
03: FDM: use support material
PVA is the best option, it is water soluble.
Source: http://youtu.be/FqhBmNyvNhQ
http://store.makerbot.com/makerbot-pva-1kg-spool.html
04: Clean it with Netfabb / Meshlab
And you may need to import it into Blender again.
Source: http://meshlab.sourceforge.net/
3D printing: what could go wrong?
Too fast: we cannot achieve the full cylinder.
We had to slow the speed down and rise a bit the temperature.
3D printing: what could go wrong?
Too fast: we cannot achieve the full cylinder.
We had to slow the speed down and rise a bit the temperature.
3D printing: what could go wrong?
Too fast: the material does not have the time to solidify.
Also: too thin, and the roof collapses. On the right: slower and bigger detail.
Think about the speed
Each different material melt at a different temperature,
mixing them means slowing down the process.
Resolution
0.5 or 0.25 or 0.125 mm? Higher resolution =
more time for printing.
Skins and filling
You can add extra skins and reduce the
density of the flling, if you just need a shell.
123D Catch: result
See the orientation of the layers?
123D Catch: result
Support material (PLA) and object material
(ABS) mixed a bit.
Thank you!!
Massimo Menichinelli
Aalto Media Factory
massimo.menichinelli@aalto.f
@openp2pdesign
http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign

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Digital Fabrication Studio 0.3 3D Printing

  • 1. Digital_Fabrication_Studio.08 3D Printing –from bits to atoms Massimo Menichinelli massimo.menichinelli@aalto.f @openp2pdesign http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign
  • 2. Today: * 3D printing: technologies * 3D printing: examples * Design techniques
  • 4. 3D printing: becoming really popular Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1582-3D-Printing-Hits-the-Peak-of-the-Gartner-Hype-Cycle-for-Emerging-Technologies.html 3D printing is now reaching the peak of the Gartner Hype Cycle.
  • 5. Technologies: 3D printing Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/7QP73uTJApw Refers to object made using ink jet technology in 3 dimensions by layering powder and binding it with pigmented glue.
  • 6. Technologies: Fused Deposition Modeling Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/h8XJUqHXgls Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) creates models by heating and extruding a flament of plastic material.
  • 7. Technologies: Fused Deposition Modeling Source: http://youtu.be/DQWyhezIze4 http://www.the3doodler.com/ Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) but with hand control: the frst 3D printing pen.
  • 8. Technologies: materials for FDM Source: http://www.protoparadigm.com/2011/11/filament-tolerances-and-print-quality/ Most of the 3D Printing community uses either ABS or PLA in either 3mm or 1.75mm diameters.
  • 9. Technologies: Stereolitography Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/ygHVVKkJWlI Stereolithography produces models by tracing a beam of UV light over a photosensitive pool of liquid. Over time the part is lowered into the bath.
  • 10. Technologies: Stereolitography Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/snOErpOP5Xk Stereolithography produces models by tracing a beam of UV light over a photosensitive pool of liquid. Over time the part is lowered into the bath.
  • 11. Technologies: Selective Laser Sintering Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/lC0uVO_uT0s Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) is similar to stereolithography replacing the UV light with a laser and a vat of liquid with a powdered base.
  • 12. Technologies: Laminated Object Manufacturing Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/FjxI2HszHzo Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) machines cut and glue thousands of sheets of material together to form solids, sometimes with standard A4 paper.
  • 13. Technologies: Laminated Object Manufacturing Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://www.mcortechnologies.com/gallery Laminated Object Manufacturing (LOM) machines cut and glue thousands of sheets of material together to form solids, sometimes with standard A4 paper.
  • 14. Technologies: Electron Beam Melting Source: http://replicatorinc.com/blog/2009/02/4-types-of-3d-printing/ http://youtu.be/E7--ZWPVVdQ Electron Beam Melting (EBM) is similar to SLS except the process is far more exact and capable of producing implant grade parts to be used in orthopedic surgery.
  • 15. 3D Metal printing Source: http://youtu.be/B9VOwqtOglg http://www.shapeways.com/themes/stainless_steel_3dprinting_gallery Now it is possible to print your model in stainless steel on Shapeways! The material will be fnished in a shining stainless steel look and costs $10 / cm3.
  • 16. 3D Glass printing Source: http://youtu.be/BtK-Hqd6Q2I http://www.shapeways.com/materials/milky_white_matte_glass The material is porous, opaque and fragile and made from recycled soda-lime glass, the fne glass powder is glued together with a binder and then sintered.
  • 17. 3D Ceramics printing Source: http://youtu.be/zZU7O1BHfyo http://www.shapeways.com/materials/ceramics Material properties are the same as standard ceramics. Fine ceramic powder bound together with binder, fred, glazed with lead-free, non-toxic gloss fnish.
  • 18. Big size 3D printing: Endless chair Source: http://youtu.be/FvRTHynk9KA http://www.dirkvanderkooij.nl/en Printing an Endless Chair from recycled refrigerators. Design by Dirk vander Kooij.
  • 19. Big size 3D printing: D-Shape Source: http://youtu.be/HBxx8XTpDZ4 http://d-shape.com/ D-Shape is a new robotic building system using new materials to create superior stone-like structures.
  • 20. Small size 3D printing: 2 photons polymerization Source: http://www.photonics.com/Article.aspx?AID=26907 A promising 3D microfabrication method that has recently attracted considerable attention is based on two-photon polymerization with ultrashort laser pulses.
  • 21. Bio 3D Printing Source: http://youtu.be/YOnIxcc0DW8 A new tissue engineering technology now has the ability to arrange culture cells in three dimensions. It is now possible to manufacture tissue in demand.
  • 22. Bio 3D Printing: Organovo Source: http://www.organovo.com/ Organovo is focused on delivering breakthrough three-dimensional biology capabilities to create tissue on demand for research and surgical applications.
  • 23. Bio 3D Printing: Organovo Source: http://www.organovo.com/products/novogen-mmx-bioprinter The NovoGen MMX Bioprinter™ is a novel hardware and software platform at the forefront of bioprinting research and development.
  • 24. Drug 3D Printing Source: http://www.gizmodo.co.uk/2012/04/who-needs-a-pharmacy-when-you-can-just-print-out-your-own-drugs-at-home/ Researchers from Scotland have made their own DIY 3D-printing drugstore and you’ll be able to use them to print your own drugs right at your own home.
  • 25. Food 3D Printing Source: http://laughingsquid.com/choc-creator-the-chocolate-3d-printer-is-now-available-to-purchase/ http://youtu.be/r7xs-cHAt3I Choc Creator, the world’s frst 3D chocolate printer was developed by a team of researchers at the University of Exeter and is now available to purchase.
  • 26. Food 3D Printing Source: http://laughingsquid.com/choc-creator-the-chocolate-3d-printer-is-now-available-to-purchase/ http://youtu.be/r7xs-cHAt3I CandyFab is a machine that can make arbitrary 3D solid objects at low cost from a variety of low-melting point materials including pure sugar.
  • 27. Ice 3D Printing Source: http://www.wired.com/magazine/2011/12/st_3diceprinting/ http://www.3ders.org/articles/20120103-3d-ice-printer.html Pieter Sijpkes, a professor at McGill University, has discovered since cobbling together a machine that prints objects by building up ultrathin layers of ice.
  • 28. Recycle plastic for your FDM machine Source: http://www.kickstarter.com/projects/rocknail/filabot-plastic-filament-maker A 3D plastic extrusion system for mostly any type of recyclable plastic, to make usable 3D printing flament by grinding, melting, extruding the plastic flament.
  • 29. Markus Kayser - Solar Sinter Project Source: http://vimeo.com/25401444 In this experiment sunlight and sand are used as raw energy and material to produce glass objects using a 3D printing process.
  • 30. Open Source 3D printers: RepRap Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/Mendel It's the second, improved version of RepRap: small enough to ft on your desk, but with a print volume large enough for you to make big things.
  • 31. Open Source 3D printers: RepRap Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRap_Family_Tree Again, the evolution of an open source project that's too big to ft into one slide...
  • 32. Open Source 3D printers: RepRap Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/RepRap_Family_Tree Again, the evolution of an open source project that's too big to ft into one slide...
  • 33. RepRap and its children... Makerbot Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Makerbot The frst user-friendly open source 3D printer, from RepRap
  • 34. RepRap and its children... Makerbot Source: http://store.makerbot.com/replicator-404.html The second edition of the Makerbot
  • 35. RepRap and its children... Ultimaker Source: http://reprap.org/wiki/Ultimaker http://blog.ultimaker.com/ From the RepRap, the Ultimaker, the best resolution and speed from an open source machine
  • 36. RepRap and its children... Ultimaker Source: http://www.hive76.org/insane-3d-printing-resolution-ultimaker-under-the-micro The average layer height in that pic is around 0.074 mm (that is 74 microns).
  • 37. A portable 3D printer... Source: http://www.core77.com/blog/digital_fabrication/a_suitcase-sized_3-in-1_cnc_multi-tool_23007.asp http://vimeo.com/45911972 PopFab: at its heart is a computer-controlled motion platform and a means of attaching various toolheads.
  • 38. 02. 3D printing: examples what people are doing with it
  • 39. Printable VELCRO Source: http://www.thingiverse.com/thing:12798 The velcro is printed with 0.3mm ABS with a MK6 extruder on a Makerbot.
  • 40. 3D Printing Flexible Grids Source: http://lmnts.lmnarchitects.com/fabrication/printed-flexgrids/ Done with a Grasshopper defnition that used the grid components to create a set of flexible triangular, square, and hexagonal grids.
  • 41. 3D Printing Flexible Grids Source: http://lmnts.lmnarchitects.com/fabrication/printed-flexgrids/ Done with a Grasshopper defnition that used the grid components to create a set of flexible triangular, square, and hexagonal grids.
  • 43. 3D printed bikini Source: http://www.continuumfashion.com/N12.html The N12 bikini is the world's frst ready-to-wear, completely 3D- printed cloth. All of the pieces are snap together without any sewing.
  • 44. 3D printed fashion design Source: http://www.wired.com/design/2012/04/10-things-3d-printers-can-do-now?pid=167 Dutch designer Iris Van Herpen uses 3-D printers to create designer fashion for Björk and Lady Gaga.
  • 45. 3D printed fashion design Source: http://blog.ponoko.com/2012/04/24/a-fashion-show-of-3d-printed-hats/ http://i.materialise.com/challenge/the-hats-off-to-3d-printing-challenge/ A collection of 3D printed hats and acessories were shown on the runway as part of the Materialise World Conference in Leuven, Belgium.
  • 46. 3D printed shoes Source: http://blog.sculpteo.com/2012/03/29/3d-printing-for-green-fashion-melissas-footwear-experiments/ Melissas’ shoes are among the most amazing examples of what 3D printing can do for style and design. Designer Andreia Chaves created the Invisible Shoes
  • 47. 3D printed characters Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1332-Lifes-Memorable-Moments-Captured-In-3D.html Yoni Binstock is using front and side portrait photos together with 123D Catch to reconstruct a facial model and texture this on to a cake topper design.
  • 48. 3D printing media... Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1179-Video-of-3D-Printed-Record-Playing-Still-Alive-from-Portal.html A 3D printed record for the Fisher-Price record player playing 'Still Alive'. The tune and model were all generated in Processing. Sold on Shapeways.
  • 49. 3D printing media... Source: http://youtu.be/ElAJJnSvQtk A 3D printed record for the Fisher-Price record player playing 'Still Alive'. The tune and model were all generated in Processing. Sold on Shapeways.
  • 50. 3D printing media... Source: http://youtu.be/ERiw664xMKE The frst 3D printed prototype of the programmable kalimba sequencer. Pegs can be set to produce different 16-step sequences of 5 tones.
  • 51. 3D printing media... Source: http://youtu.be/aMfSGt6rHos http://blog.ponoko.com/2011/12/11/3d-prints-in-stop-motion-animation/ 3D printing of flm props has long been common in big budget movies, but now its increased affordability is aiding its introduction to smaller budget productions.
  • 52. 3D printing media... Source: http://youtu.be/_2F0PA7qUQE With the help of technologies from Objet Geometries, the creative team behind the feature flm, Coraline, broke new ground in stop-motion animation.
  • 53. 3D printing media... 3Drehkino took an animation in Blender, 3D printed it with Shapeways, hacked some electronics and created his own zeotrope under a CC license. Source: http://drehkino.de/3Drehkino_en.php
  • 54. 3D printing media... Source: http://drehkino.de/3Drehkino_en.php 3Drehkino took an animation in Blender, 3D printed it with Shapeways, hacked some electronics and created his own zeotrope under a CC license.
  • 55. 3D printing media... Source: http://youtu.be/LVa_WwBFtA4 3Drehkino took an animation in Blender, 3D printed it with Shapeways, hacked some electronics and created his own zeotrope under a CC license.
  • 56. 3D printing in media: Print magazine cover Source: http://postspectacular.com/process/20080702_printmagcover Print magazine August 2008 cover design generated with Processing and 3D printed.
  • 57. 3D printing in media: Arkitypo Source: http://johnsonbanks.co.uk/thoughtfortheweek/index.php?thoughtid=711 The idea was to 3D-print an entire alphabet derived from the historical story of how a typeface beginning with the same letter came to be.
  • 58. 3D printing in media Source: http://www.casualoptimist.com/2011/10/18/the-innovators-cookbook/ Printing the cover of the book The Innovator’s Cookbook by Steven Johnson with a Makerbot.
  • 59. 3D printing in media Source: http://youtu.be/S2EqxdvOKVc http://www.casualoptimist.com/2011/10/18/the-innovators-cookbook/ Printing the cover of the book The Innovator’s Cookbook by Steven Johnson with a Makerbot.
  • 60. 3D printing optics Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1671-Disney-Research-3D-Printed-Optics-and-Interfaces-VIDEO.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=eTeXTbXA6-Y Disney Research is 3D printing optics, in order to create more interesting and interactive product interface.
  • 61. 3D printing media from Video games Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1635-Mario-in-a-3D-Printed-Mobius-Strip-Runs-on-Forever,-and-Ever.html A moebius strip out of a Super Mario videogame!
  • 62. Successful transplant of a 3D printed jaw Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-16907104 A 3D printer-created lower jaw has been ftted to an 83-year-old woman's face in what doctors say is the frst operation of its kind.
  • 63. 3D printing data: Luke Jerram Source: http://www.lukejerram.com/projects/t%C5%8Dhoku_earthquake To create the sculpture a seismogram of the earthquake, was rotated and then printed in 3 dimensions using rapid prototyping technology.
  • 64. 3D printing data: Facebook Source: http://www.shapeways.com/blog/archives/1881-turn-your-facebook-profile-into-3d-printed-art-with-the-creators-project-shapeways.html Turn your Facebook data in a custom 3D printed sculpture.
  • 65. 3D printing data: sound Source: http://www.shapeways.com/creator/thevibe “Welcome to the era of mass customization in which anyone can build a unique iPhone case for $25.”
  • 66. 3D printing data: sound Source: http://www.protoparadigm.com/2011/11/filament-tolerances-and-print-quality/ “Welcome to the era of mass customization in which anyone can build a unique iPhone case for $25.”
  • 67. 3D printed lamps Source: http://www.freedomofcreation.com/ Freedom Of Creation is an edition of exclusive design objects, furnishing complements, lighting and accessories.
  • 68. 3D fractal furniture design Source: http://www.platform-net.com/ Fractal Table is a generative design table produced by Materialise as a single piece SLA in epoxy resin. Its dimensions in cm are: L98 x W61 x H42.
  • 69. 3D fractal furniture design Source: http://www.platform-net.com/ Fractal Table is a generative design table produced by Materialise as a single piece SLA in epoxy resin. Its dimensions in cm are: L98 x W61 x H42.
  • 70. 3D printed furniture design Source: http://i.materialise.com/blog/entry/5-amazing-full-sized-furniture-pieces-made-with-3d-printing The Throne of Paris (John Briscella)
  • 71. 3D printed guitar Source: http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/16/view/20135/skeletal-3d-printed-guitar.html Each guitar is fully customizable, as the designers remove or insert various segments from the 3D model before each printing, with selectable colour.
  • 72. 03. 3D printing: design techniques things to consider...
  • 73. 00: design with Blender A good tutorial for designing the mesh with Blender. Source: http://cgcookie.com/blender/2013/02/04/modeling-3d-printing-shapeways/
  • 74. 00: check the mesh with Rhino 5 A good tutorial for analysing the mesh with Rhino 5. Source: http://vimeo.com/60897890
  • 75. 01: check the normals They shold point outwards! The faces of a mesh are only 1-side.
  • 76. 01: check the normals Edit mode > W > Flip normals
  • 77. 02: check your technology Check your specifc material and technology, Shapeways is a good resource. Source: http://www.shapeways.com/tutorials/design_rules_for_glass_3d_printing
  • 78. 03: Yes to moving parts and undercuts But not with FDM!!! Source: http://youtu.be/guTSrF7J6Y0
  • 79. 03: FDM: use support material PVA is the best option, it is water soluble. Source: http://youtu.be/FqhBmNyvNhQ http://store.makerbot.com/makerbot-pva-1kg-spool.html
  • 80. 04: Clean it with Netfabb / Meshlab And you may need to import it into Blender again. Source: http://meshlab.sourceforge.net/
  • 81. 3D printing: what could go wrong? Too fast: we cannot achieve the full cylinder. We had to slow the speed down and rise a bit the temperature.
  • 82. 3D printing: what could go wrong? Too fast: we cannot achieve the full cylinder. We had to slow the speed down and rise a bit the temperature.
  • 83. 3D printing: what could go wrong? Too fast: the material does not have the time to solidify. Also: too thin, and the roof collapses. On the right: slower and bigger detail.
  • 84. Think about the speed Each different material melt at a different temperature, mixing them means slowing down the process.
  • 85. Resolution 0.5 or 0.25 or 0.125 mm? Higher resolution = more time for printing.
  • 86. Skins and filling You can add extra skins and reduce the density of the flling, if you just need a shell.
  • 87. 123D Catch: result See the orientation of the layers?
  • 88. 123D Catch: result Support material (PLA) and object material (ABS) mixed a bit.
  • 89. Thank you!! Massimo Menichinelli Aalto Media Factory massimo.menichinelli@aalto.f @openp2pdesign http://www.slideshare.net/openp2pdesign