Timothy Vollmer's keynote at CityCamp Oakland


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Timothy Vollmer's keynote at CityCamp Oakland

  1. 1. Legal Standards: Boring, Necessary Timothy Vollmer | Creative Commons |
  2. 2. Digital sharing = easy as hell Copyright = automatic, have to ask permission, painful
  3. 3. Licenses
  4. 4. Public Domain Tools CC0 Public Domain Dedication Public Domain Mark
  5. 5. Sweet spot
  6. 6. Anatomy of a CC license
  7. 7. Human readable deed
  8. 8. Lawyer readable code
  9. 9. Machine readable metadata
  10. 10. Cities are sharing data. But how? 1. publishing online 2. releasing in useable, machine-readable formats 3. explaining what it is (metadata) 4. legal standards!
  11. 11. Why legal standards in the first place? ●  Assumption: if government data is not clearly marked as legally open it will be used less ●  Need for legal clarity ●  Or else! chilling effects ●  Legal problems = huge timesuck ●  Make it invisible ●  Posting online not enough ●  Put in public domain or attach open license ●  Machine-readable license ●  It’s not so difficult!
  12. 12. Various legal principles for open data ●  No restrictions on use ●  License free ●  Public domain ●  CC0 ●  CC BY is default ●  Most open licensing terms available ●  Enable commercial reuse ●  Open Definition is baseline
  13. 13. Minimize restrictions, maximize reuse.
  14. 14. What is enabled by clarifying legal standards? ●  Efficient reuse; don’t have to ask permission ●  Effective gov’t spending of public money ●  Citizen participation, collaboration, transparency? ●  Promote creativity, innovation, unexpected uses and apps ●  Spur economic activity ●  Internal gov access!
  15. 15. How do cities adopt legal standards? ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  ●  Oakland - standard license (CC0, some N/A) San Francisco - standard (CC0, some N/A) Vancouver - custom license Toronto - custom license Boston - custom license Paris - custom license Helsinki - custom license D.C. - terms of use NYC - terms of use London - terms of use Chicago - terms of use Hong Kong - terms of use
  16. 16. Legal principles for open data (2007) Maximal openness includes clearly labeling public information as a work of the government and available without restrictions on use as part of the public domain.
  17. 17. Oakland Open Data Policy RESOLVED: The City of Oakland shall license any Open Data it publishes for free re-use to ensure clarity of copyright without legal responsibility or liability for publishing such data...
  18. 18. So what should we do? •  Push for most progressive policies possible, as fewer restrictions leads to increased reuse •  CC0 to waive copyright worldwide •  Open Definition as baseline o  means, reuse for any purpose (even commercial), with at most requirement to attribute and sharealike
  19. 19. This work is dedicated to the public domain. https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/. Attribution is optional, but if desired, please attribute to Creative Commons. Some content such as screenshots may appear here under exceptions and limitations to copyright and trademark law--such as fair use--and may not be covered by CC0 Graphics Credits ●  Question Icon - by Rémy Médard, from The Noun Project - CC BY