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OpenMed Torino Week: Spotlight on Open Education in Egypt

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Spotlight on Open Education in Egypt

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OpenMed Torino Week: Spotlight on Open Education in Egypt

  1. 1. www.OpenMedproject.eu
  2. 2. www.OpenMedproject.eu Open Education (Learning) in Egypt; Past & FutureOpen Education (Learning) in Egypt; Past & Future An Assessment and an Approach to ImprovementsAn Assessment and an Approach to Improvements Cairo University
  3. 3. www.OpenMedproject.eu Why Open Education in Egypt?Why Open Education in Egypt? • The increase in the number of students seeking higherThe increase in the number of students seeking higher education.education. • The Government strategy to absorb about 40% of youthThe Government strategy to absorb about 40% of youth between the age of 18-23 in higher education.between the age of 18-23 in higher education. • Limited capacity of governmental universities.Limited capacity of governmental universities. • Limited ability to establish new governmental universities.Limited ability to establish new governmental universities. • The high cost for students to join private universities.The high cost for students to join private universities. • Government responsibility to make education available toGovernment responsibility to make education available to every one.every one. • Providing a best quality of higher educationProviding a best quality of higher education
  4. 4. www.OpenMedproject.eu
  5. 5. www.OpenMedproject.eu Historical BackgroundHistorical Background • In 1990In 1990, the first distance learning program was, the first distance learning program was established at Alexandria University. It wasestablished at Alexandria University. It was meant to follow the methodology of the Openmeant to follow the methodology of the Open University of UK.University of UK. • The main philosophy was to make educationThe main philosophy was to make education available to every one without geographical oravailable to every one without geographical or time boundaries.time boundaries. • A year later,A year later, Cairo University and Ain ShamsCairo University and Ain Shams University established their own open learningUniversity established their own open learning programs.programs.
  6. 6. www.OpenMedproject.eu • CurrentlyCurrently, there are open learning programs at all, there are open learning programs at all governmental universities in the fields ofgovernmental universities in the fields of business,business, law, literature, mass communication, tourism andlaw, literature, mass communication, tourism and hospitality management, social work, education,hospitality management, social work, education, agriculture, and fine arts.agriculture, and fine arts. • In 2007,In 2007, the Egyptian e-Learning University wasthe Egyptian e-Learning University was established and started its operations in 2009 withestablished and started its operations in 2009 with two programs: Computer and Informationtwo programs: Computer and Information Technology, and Business AdministrationTechnology, and Business Administration
  7. 7. www.OpenMedproject.eu
  8. 8. www.OpenMedproject.eu Positive Aspects of the Current SystemPositive Aspects of the Current System • Makes education available for thousands ofMakes education available for thousands of students who are welling to complete their higherstudents who are welling to complete their higher education.education. • It adds to financial resources of universities.It adds to financial resources of universities.
  9. 9. www.OpenMedproject.eu Negative Aspects of the Current SystemNegative Aspects of the Current System • The lack of vision and clear ILOs in most programs,The lack of vision and clear ILOs in most programs, and emphasis is placed on programs as a source ofand emphasis is placed on programs as a source of funding.funding. • Using the traditional lecturing strategy withUsing the traditional lecturing strategy with printed material instead of OERs made theprinted material instead of OERs made the programs similar to regular education programs.programs similar to regular education programs. • Ignoring continued education.Ignoring continued education. • Limited capacities at most universities to supportLimited capacities at most universities to support development of OERsdevelopment of OERs
  10. 10. www.OpenMedproject.eu • Most programs lack the practical component.Most programs lack the practical component. • Lack of communication between students andLack of communication between students and instructors.instructors. • Assessment of student’s performance is based onAssessment of student’s performance is based on a single exam at the end of the semester.a single exam at the end of the semester. • Degraded social view of the open learningDegraded social view of the open learning graduates.graduates.
  11. 11. www.OpenMedproject.eu Alternative Approaches Considered toAlternative Approaches Considered to Improve the Current SituationImprove the Current Situation 1.1. E-LearningE-Learning  Makes learning available across boundaries.Makes learning available across boundaries.  Lack of direct communication between students andLack of direct communication between students and instructors and the academic environment.instructors and the academic environment. 1.1. Blended LearningBlended Learning  E-Learning (Virtual Learning)E-Learning (Virtual Learning)  Face-to-FaceFace-to-Face • The SCU has decided to adopt a blended learningThe SCU has decided to adopt a blended learning strategy with emphasis on learning outcomesstrategy with emphasis on learning outcomes..
  12. 12. www.OpenMedproject.eu
  13. 13. www.OpenMedproject.eu Actions Taken - 1Actions Taken - 1 • In 2015, the SCU has made a decision that allIn 2015, the SCU has made a decision that all universities have to stop accepting students inuniversities have to stop accepting students in their existing open learning programs starting thetheir existing open learning programs starting the academic year 2015/2016.academic year 2015/2016. • Universities were encouraged to establish one orUniversities were encouraged to establish one or two-year professional blended learning programstwo-year professional blended learning programs for students who are welling to get a diploma infor students who are welling to get a diploma in their fields after the high school. Such programstheir fields after the high school. Such programs were to start in September 2016.were to start in September 2016.
  14. 14. www.OpenMedproject.eu • Universities were also encouraged to submit newUniversities were also encouraged to submit new undergraduate programs to start in Septemberundergraduate programs to start in September 2017, after approval by the SCU.2017, after approval by the SCU. • Some universities have submitted programs thatSome universities have submitted programs that are currently subject to evaluation.are currently subject to evaluation.
  15. 15. www.OpenMedproject.eu Actions Taken - 2 • Recognizing the insufficiency of the ICT infrastructure at many Egyptian universities, the SCU has decided in June 2016 to establish a national technical support center for distance learning (NCDL) to be a service provider to all universities, to reduce the cost and maintain the quality of the learning process. • In the mean time, each university is to establish a distance learning center that runs its programs in coordination with the national center for distance learning.
  16. 16. www.OpenMedproject.eu • A technical committee has been formed by the SCU to suggest the rules and set the requirements for starting new programs (technical, spatial, and human resources). • Open educational sources will be considered to support the SCU strategy.
  17. 17. www.OpenMedproject.eu The Role of the NCDL • Prepares a matrix of courses that can be used to form different programs that satisfy required ILOs and meet international standards. • Makes the course matrix available to universities to prepare their own programs following the National Accreditation Standards. • Prepares, in coordination with the universities, course material in printed, digital, and televised forms using experts in each field
  18. 18. www.OpenMedproject.eu • Makes the material for each program available on the Internet and on the educational satellite channels. • Prepares test banks for all available courses. • Charges each university for the service provided based on the number of courses and the number of students registered in each course.
  19. 19. www.OpenMedproject.eu Advantages to universities • Establishing a service provider helps improve theEstablishing a service provider helps improve the quality of the learning process through:quality of the learning process through: • Making available a matrix of courses based onMaking available a matrix of courses based on blended learning and meet the internationalblended learning and meet the international distance learning standards.distance learning standards. • Preparing, in coordination with universities, thePreparing, in coordination with universities, the educational materials (printed, digital, andeducational materials (printed, digital, and televised) in high quality and low cost due to thetelevised) in high quality and low cost due to the economies of scale.economies of scale.
  20. 20. www.OpenMedproject.eu • Preparation of test banks for the chosen courses.Preparation of test banks for the chosen courses. • Training faculty members, students, andTraining faculty members, students, and administrators on using the portal that supportsadministrators on using the portal that supports blended learning (Capacity Building).blended learning (Capacity Building). • Allows flexibility for colleges to prepare its ownAllows flexibility for colleges to prepare its own programs in different fields and interdisciplinaryprograms in different fields and interdisciplinary programs. Students can choose to take doubleprograms. Students can choose to take double major or a major and a minor depending on his/hermajor or a major and a minor depending on his/her needs.needs. ..
  21. 21. www.OpenMedproject.eu • Allows for continuing education programs.Allows for continuing education programs. • Each college maintains it independence in choosingEach college maintains it independence in choosing the programs that are suitable for its communitythe programs that are suitable for its community
  22. 22. www.OpenMedproject.eu Advantages to Faculty Members 1.1. Capacity building in ICT.Capacity building in ICT. 2.2. Saving the time needed to prepare the educationalSaving the time needed to prepare the educational materials for each course, allowing more time formaterials for each course, allowing more time for research.research. 3.3. The availability of test banks help instructors writingThe availability of test banks help instructors writing exams on more scientific bases to better assessexams on more scientific bases to better assess students performance.students performance. 4.4. The proposed approach allows faculty members toThe proposed approach allows faculty members to propose new programs and new courses, it encouragespropose new programs and new courses, it encourages innovation.innovation.
  23. 23. www.OpenMedproject.eu Advantages to Students 1.1. Makes available learning programs that areMakes available learning programs that are flexible and of high quality to allow student toflexible and of high quality to allow student to choose his/her education load each semester.choose his/her education load each semester. 2.2. Provides low-cost education opportunity forProvides low-cost education opportunity for students.students. 3.3. Use of ICT enhances student’s skills, and helpsUse of ICT enhances student’s skills, and helps student to get a better opportunity in the jobstudent to get a better opportunity in the job market.market.
  24. 24. www.OpenMedproject.eu 1.1. Students can choose to study in either Arabic orStudents can choose to study in either Arabic or English if a university elects to provide programsEnglish if a university elects to provide programs in the two languages. This allows for betterin the two languages. This allows for better opportunity in the job market.opportunity in the job market. 2.2. Engages students in a virtual learningEngages students in a virtual learning environment based on information economicsenvironment based on information economics enhances students’ capabilities and motivatesenhances students’ capabilities and motivates them to continue their education.them to continue their education.
  25. 25. www.OpenMedproject.eu
  26. 26. www.OpenMedproject.eu OPENING UP EDUCATION IN SOUTH-MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License CONTACTS general inquires: info@OpenMedproject.eu website: www.OpenMedproject.eu

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