W4A	                                                    WATER	  4	  ALL	  	                                              I...
Contents	        i. 	  Introduc:on:	  	                      a.        About	  WFA	  Integrated	  Services	  Ltd	         ...
About	  WATER	  FOR	  ALL	  	                                              Integrated	  Sources	  Ltd.	                   ...
About	  WFA	  	             !  WFA	  is	  a	  Nigerian	  company	  founded	  with	  the	  aim	  to	  bring	  innova>ve	   ...
About	  WFA:	  full	  set	  of	  capabili:es	  and	  services	       	  Master	  Planning	  and	  Feasibility	  Studies	 ...
WFA:	  Extensive	  Experience	  &	  Innova:ve	  Solu:ons	        Ancients	   (Egyp;ans,	   Romans)	   could	   bring	   fr...
WFA	  References	                                                        i. 	  Introduc:on:	  	                           ...
The	  Clean	  Water	  	  Challenge	  	                                                             i. 	  Introduc:on:	  	 ...
World	  Water	  quality	  –	  access	  to	  clean	  water	      Source:	  United	  Na;ons	  Environmental	      Programme	...
Water	  Poverty	  Index	  (WPI)	  -­‐	  UNEP	             WPI	  grades	  147	  countries	  according	  to	  five	  different...
Policy	  Recommenda:ons	  (1/2)	      We	  recommend	  a	  two-­‐pronged,	  incremental	  approach	  to	  tackle	  immedia...
Policy	  Recommenda:ons	  (2/2)	      We	  recommend	  a	  two-­‐pronged,	  incremental	  approach	  to	  tackle	  immedia...
Average	  daily	  Water	  consump:on	  and	  water	  footprint	               !  	  40	  litres/day	  of	  water	  is	  th...
Wastewater,	  a	  global	  issue	                                                Source:	  United	  Na;ons	  Environmental...
Clean	  Water	  in	  a	  clean	  Environment:	  priori:es	  and	  technical	  solu:ons	        1.  Clean	  water	  for	  a...
Water	  Poverty	  Index	  (WPI)	  -­‐	  CEH	      ! Resources:	  The	  physical	  availability	  of	  surface	  and	  grou...
Nigeria	  and	  the	  Clean	  Water	  Challenge	  (1/3)	      According	  to	  UN	  sta;s;cs,	  more	  than	  53%	  of	  N...
Nigeria	  and	  the	  Clean	  Water	  Challenge	  (2/3)	        People	  Life	  Quality	  :	  Human	  body	  is	  made	  ...
Nigeria	  and	  the	  Clean	  Water	  Challenge	  (3/3)	          Diseases	  outbreak.	  A	  large	  por;on	  of	  househ...
Nigeria	  Freshwater	  Resources	  	      The	  total	  rain	  precipita;on	  reaching	  Nigeria,	  can	  be	  separated	 ...
Cri:cali:es	  Limi:ng	  Clean	  Water	  Supply	  in	  Nigeria	         Integrated	  Water	  Management	  Policy	        ...
The	  Water	  Management	  Policy	  	                                               i. 	  Introduc:on:	  	                ...
The	  Central	  Role	  of	  Water	  Management	  in	  Sustainable	  Development	                      “...	  we	  can	  co...
The	  Central	  Role	  of	  Water	  Management	  in	  Sustainable	  Development	                                         …...
The	  Central	  Role	  of	  Water	  Management	  in	  Sustainable	  Development	  …key	  to	  success:	  immediate	  ac:on...
Key	  messages	  (1/4)	         1	               Wastewater	  produc>on	  is	  rising	        !          The	  Nigerian	  ...
Key	  messages	  (2/4)	         2	                  Wise	  and	  immediate	  investment	  will	  generate	  mul>ple	  futu...
Key	  messages	  (3/4)	                           Improved	  sanita>on	  and	  wastewater	  management	  are	  central	  t...
Key	  messages	  (4/4)	                           Successful	  and	  sustained	  water	  management	  will	  need	  an	  e...
Clean	  Water	                                              THE	  WAY	  FORWARD	  	                                       ...
The	  Way	  Forward	  (1/2)	      a)  Water	   Management	   Policy	   shall	   became	   a	   high	   priority	   to	   b...
The	  Way	  Forward	  (2/2)	        d)  Conduct	   a	   comprehensive	   FEASIBILITY	   STUDY	   and	   MASTER	   PHASING	...
The	  Water	  Management	  Cycle	                                                i. 	  Introduc:on:	  	                   ...
The	  Water	  Management	  Cycle	                                   “...	  we	  can	  contain	  it,	  divert	  it,	  colle...
The	  Water	  Management	  Cycle	                                                                                         ...
Adduc>on,	  purifica>on,	  distribu>on	  &	  use	                                                                          ...
Ins	  and	  outs	                                                                    today                                ...
Ins	  and	  outs	                                                                                                         ...
Water	  Cycles	  summary	                                                                                                 ...
boreholes	  Water	  Cycle	                                                 boreholes/Wells       Rain      Ground Water   ...
Lagoon	  Water	  Cycle	                                                             Salt Water Lagoon                     ...
River/Lake	  Cycle	                                                                                                       ...
(Water	  Management	  Systems	  &	  Plants)	  	                                                        Water	  Sources	   ...
Sources	  of	  Water	  Supply	        1.  Supply	  from	  groundwater	  or	  springs	        2.  Supply	  from	  superficia...
Collec:on	  by	  superficial	  flow	                                    Surface	  spring	                                   ...
Collec:on	  by	  natural	  or	  ar:ficial	                                              basins	  WFA	  Ltd	  –	  Official	  D...
Desalina:on	      The	  availability	  of	  natural	  freshwater	  on	  the	  planet	  is	  very	  small.	  97%	  is	  sal...
Desalina:on	        Desalina;on,	  desaliniza;on,	  or	  desalinisa;on	  refers	  to	  any	  of	  several	  processes	  th...
(Water	  Management	  Systems	  &	  Plants)	  	                                                   Water	  Depura:on	      ...
Clean	  Water	  for	  all	  	  -­‐	  TODAY	                                                          Nigeria	  situa>on	  ...
CASE	  1:	  	  Developing	  or	  Rural	  areas	  	      Problems:	                                      Solu>ons:	      a)...
CLEANING	  WATER	  SYSTEM	    1	            &	  CONTROL	  SYSTEM	                                              Exis;ng	   ...
NEW	  SOURCES	  &	  SOURCES	    2	            CONNECTIONS	                                        Storage	                ...
DISTRIBUTION	  NETWORK	  &	                         Distribu;on	  network	  &	  WASTE	  WATER	  COLLECTION	               ...
CASE	  2:	  	  	  Residen:al	  areas	  with	  exis:ng	  distribu:on	  network	      Problems:	                            ...
CONNECTION,	  INTEGRATION	  AND	     1	              DRINKING	  WATER	  SOURCES	                          Storage	        ...
DISTRIBUTION	  NETWORK	  &	                Distribu;on	  network	  &	                  WASTE	  WATER	  COLLECTION	        ...
CASE	  3:	  	  	  Urban	  areas	  with	  inefficient	  underground	  u:li:es	      Problems:	                               ...
PLANNING	  THE	  FUTURE	      Problems:	                                          Solu>ons:	      a) Increased	  consump;o...
(Water	  Management	  Systems	  &	  Plants)	  	                                                Clean	  Water	  Storage	  &...
Con:nuous	  Water	  Supply–	  Storage	  Water	  Tanks	                                                    	  	  Ground	  T...
Ground	  Tank:	  design	                                              1.  Maintenance	  (2	  tanks	  or	  by-­‐           ...
Tower	  Tank	  design	                                              1.  Maintenance	  (2	  tanks	  or	  by-­‐             ...
(Water	  Management	  Systems	  &	  Plants)	  	                             Quality	  Control,	  metering,	               ...
Flow	  control	  systems	                                                        Solar	  panels	  to	  supply	  con;nuity	...
Quality	  Control	  Systems	  1.        Turbidity	  2.        PH	  3.        Temperature	  4.        Dissolved	  oxygen	  ...
Metering	  and	  invoicing	                  Water	  management	  process	  is	  also	  composed	  by	  the	              ...
Control	  and	  metering	  system:	  an	  example	                                              Motorized	  valve	        ...
Remote	  Metering	  &	  Data	  Collec:on	                   	  Remote	  metering	  is	  a	  metering	  system	           ...
Metering	  and	  unsolved	  management	  (1/2)	        Remote	  meters	  could	  also	  be	  used	  	  to	  open/close	  	...
Metering	  and	  insolved	  management	  (2/2)	                                                PROS	                      ...
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati
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ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati

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Developing Living Lab Initiatives in Mozambique, Ivan Pilati, Rome 25-26 January 2011

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ENoLL FAO Joint Workshop Ivan Pilati

  1. 1. W4A   WATER  4  ALL     INTEGRATED  SOURCES  LTD.   Abuja,  October  2010  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  2. 2. Contents   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap   v.   Addendum  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   2  
  3. 3. About  WATER  FOR  ALL     Integrated  Sources  Ltd.   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap   v.   Addendum  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   3  
  4. 4. About  WFA     !  WFA  is  a  Nigerian  company  founded  with  the  aim  to  bring  innova>ve   solu>ons  to  win  the  challenge  of  Clean  Water  availability  in  Nigeria,  in   line  with  the  FG’s  developmental  goals.     !  WFA  built-­‐in  the  extensive  technical  exper>se/experience  of  its  prime   interna>onal   engineering   partners   together   with   the   deep   knowledge   of  the  local  context  of  its  Nigerian  stakeholders.   !  This   jointure   provides   WFA   with   the   comprehensive   competences,   experience   and   state-­‐of-­‐the-­‐art   technical   solu>ons   to   manage   all   the   aspects  of  the  most  challenging  Water  Management  Projects  in  Nigeria     …WATER  FOR  ALL  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   4  
  5. 5. About  WFA:  full  set  of  capabili:es  and  services      Master  Planning  and  Feasibility  Studies      Hydrologic  and  Geologic  Analysis        Satellite  and  Aerial  Photometrical      Socio-­‐Demographic  Analysis      Exis>ng  Water  Pipelines  detec>on,  mapping  and  maintenance      Design,  Procurement,  Construc>on,  Maintenance  and  Management  of:   o   Water  depura;on  plants  (depura;on/desaliniza;on/potabiliza;on)   o   Clean  Water  distribu;on  networks  (water  pipelines,  tanks,  aqueducts…)   o   Waste  Waters  collec;on  networks  (pipelines,  channels…)   o   Waste  Waters  Treatment  Plants  (for  re-­‐use  or  re-­‐emission  in  environment)   o   Energy  produc;on  plants  (from  sludge  and  garbage)      Financing  Planning  &  Funds  scou>ng/research/raising      Program  &  Project  Management      Design,  Procurement,  Implementa>on  of  management  and  maintenance  systems:   o   ICT  &  Geographic  Informa;on  Systems  (GIS)   o   Metering,  Invoicing  &  Insolvency  Management  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   5  
  6. 6. WFA:  Extensive  Experience  &  Innova:ve  Solu:ons   Ancients   (Egyp;ans,   Romans)   could   bring   fresh   water   to   their   houses   2.000   years   ago.   During   20   centuries,   technologies   and   competences   have   been   improved   and   consent   today  to  iden;fy  and  apply  the  most  viable  Water  Management  Solu/ons,  to  face  the  new   global  challenge  of    freshwater  availability  and  conserva;on   WATER  FOR  ALL  Integrated  Sources  Ltd.     With  its  prime  technical  partners  is  on  the  frontline  on  the  water  sector  and  can   introduce  innova/ve  Water  Management  Solu/ons  and  Water  Technology   Systems  to  win  the  challenge  of    water  for  all  in  Nigeria  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   6  
  7. 7. WFA  References   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on   systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   v.   Addendum   7  
  8. 8. The  Clean  Water    Challenge     i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   v.   Addendum   8  
  9. 9. World  Water  quality  –  access  to  clean  water   Source:  United  Na;ons  Environmental   Programme  (UNEP):    water  quality  -­‐   access  to  clean  water,  2010    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   9  
  10. 10. Water  Poverty  Index  (WPI)  -­‐  UNEP   WPI  grades  147  countries  according  to  five  different  measures:  resources,  access,  capacity,  use  and   environmental  impact.  It  helps  policy  makers  to  see  the  links  between  poverty,  social  depriva;on,   environmental  integrity,  water  availability  and  health   The  WPI  demonstrates  the  strong  connec>on  between     WATER  POVERTY  and  INCOME  POVERTY   Source:  United  Na;ons  Environmental  Programme  (UNEP)  World  Resources  Ins;tute.    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   10  
  11. 11. Policy  Recommenda:ons  (1/2)   We  recommend  a  two-­‐pronged,  incremental  approach  to  tackle  immediate  consequences   whilst  thinking  to  the  long  term   A   Tackle  immediate  consequences   !  Countries  must  adopt  a  mul>-­‐sectoral  approach  to  water  management  as  a  maXer  of  urgency,   incorpora>ng  principles  of  ecosystem-­‐based  management  from  the  watersheds  into  the  sea,   connec>ng  sectors  that  will  reap  immediate  benefits  from  beXer  water  management   !  Successful  and  sustainable  management  of  water  requires  a  cocktail  of  innova>ve  approaches  that   engage  the  public  and  private  sector  at  local,  na>onal  and  transboundary  scales.  Planning   processes  should  provide  an  enabling  environment  for  innova>on,  including  at  the  community   level  but  require  government  oversight  and  public  management   !  Innova>ve  financing  of  appropriate  water  infrastructure  should  incorporate  design,  construc>on,   opera>on,  maintenance,  upgrading  and/or  decommissioning.  Financing  should  take  account  of  the   fact  that  there  are  important  livelihood  opportuni>es  in  improving  water  treatment  processes,   whilst  the  private  sector  can  have  an  important  role  in  opera>onal  efficiency  under  appropriate   public  guidance  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   11  
  12. 12. Policy  Recommenda:ons  (2/2)   We  recommend  a  two-­‐pronged,  incremental  approach  to  tackle  immediate   consequences  whilst  thinking  to  the  long  term   B   Thinking  to  the  long  term   !  In  light  of  rapid  global  change,  communi>es  should  plan  water  management  against  future   scenarios,  not  just  current  situa>ons   !  Solu>ons  for  smart  water  management  must  be  socially  and  culturally  appropriate,  as  well   as  economically  and  environmentally  viable  into  the  future   !  Educa>on  must  play  a  central  role  in  water  management  and  in  reducing  overall  volumes   and  harmful  content  of  wastewater  produced,  so  that  solu>ons  are  sustainable  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   12  
  13. 13. Average  daily  Water  consump:on  and  water  footprint   !    40  litres/day  of  water  is  the  Minimun  Water  Right  per   person  declared    by  UN   !    165  litres/day  per  person  is  the  average  European   water  consume   !    250  l/d  per  person  is  the  Italian  average  water   consume   !    350l/d  of  water  per  person  is  the  average  consume  in   Canada  while  425l/d  per  person  is  the  average  in   United  States   !    40-­‐50l/d  are  used  for  cooking  and  washing  up   !    8-­‐30  litres  are  consumed  for  every  toilet  water  draw   !    100-­‐150litres  for  bathtub   !    6  litres  to  wash  one’s  hands/face   !    3  litres  to  brush  one’s  teeth     !  15  litres  for  shaving   !    Only  2  litres  for  drinking  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   13  
  14. 14. Wastewater,  a  global  issue   Source:  United  Na;ons  Environmental  Programme   (UNEP):    WHO  database,  data  for  2002;  FAO  database;   Babel  et  Walid,  2008:  European  Environment  Agency,   2009;  Diaz,  R.,  et  al.,  2008.    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   14  
  15. 15. Clean  Water  in  a  clean  Environment:  priori:es  and  technical  solu:ons   1.  Clean  water  for  all:  provision,  purifica;on,  adduc;on,  distribu;on  ,metering,  waste   water  collec;on,  depura;on   1.  Nigeria  Today   2.  New  Sources  for  Water  system   3.  Waste  water  collec;on  and  treatment   2.   The  supplying  problem   1.  How  much  water?   2.  Were  is  the  water?   3.  People  educa;on  and  environmental  management   3.  Waste  Water  reu>liza>on   1.  Reuse  for  irriga;on  (farming)   2.  Reuse  for  industrial  use  (industry)   4.  Reduc>on  and  op>miza>on  management  costs   1.  Energy  from  sludge   2.  Use  of  Informa;on  &  Communica;on  Technologies  (ICT)  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   15  
  16. 16. Water  Poverty  Index  (WPI)  -­‐  CEH   ! Resources:  The  physical  availability  of  surface  and  ground  water,   taking  account  of  the  variability  and  quality  of  the  resource  as  well   as  the  total  amount  of  water.       ! Access:  The  extent  of  access  to  water  for  human  use,  accoun;ng   for  not  only  the  distance  to  a  safe  source,  but  the  ;me  needed  for   domes;c  water  collec;on,  and  other  significant  factors.  Access   means  not  simply  safe  water  for  drinking  and  cooking,  but  water  for   irriga;ng  crops  or  for  industrial  use.       ! Capacity:  The  effec;veness  of  people’s  ability  to  manage  water.   Capacity  is  interpreted  in  the  sense  of  income  to  allow  purchase  of   improved  water,  and  educa;on  and  health  which  interact  with   income  and  indicate  a  capacity  to  lobby  for  and  manage  a  water   supply.       ! Use:  The  ways  in  which  water  is  used  for  different  purposes;  it   includes  domes;c,  agricultural  and  industrial  use.       ! Environment:  An  evalua;on  of  environmental  integrity  related  to   water  and  of  ecosystem  goods  and  services  from  aqua;c  habitats  in   the  area.       Source:  Center  for  Ecology  &  Idrology  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   16  
  17. 17. Nigeria  and  the  Clean  Water  Challenge  (1/3)   According  to  UN  sta;s;cs,  more  than  53%  of  Nigerians  is   not   using   an   improved   water   source   and   less   than   30%   have  access  to  safe  drinking  water   Source:  United  Na;ons  Development  Programme  (UNDP),  2010   The  scarcity  of  safe  drinking  water  has  assumed  a  crisis  propor;on  in   urban  and  rural  areas  taken  different  dimensions  in  various  regions.       The  deser;fica;on  in  the  northern  part,  the  pollu;on  of  the  swamps   in  the  Niger  Delta  just  to  men;on  a  few…   [Thisday  The  Horizon     Kayode  Komolafe  21st  July  2010]  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   17  
  18. 18. Nigeria  and  the  Clean  Water  Challenge  (2/3)     People  Life  Quality  :  Human  body  is  made  up  of  70%  water  and  not   having    access  to  Clean  Water  compromises  health  and  hygiene.       People   Welfare.   People   incomes   are   deeply   affected   due   to   lack/ pollu;on  of  water  for  irriga;on  and  fishery.     People   Cost   of   Life.   44%   of   households   have   their   own   private   boreholes,   and   many   rely   on   water   vendors   whose   high   prices   amount  to  more  than  30  %  of  household  income  for  the  poorest.     Pollu>on   of   water   sources.   Scarcity   of   Clean   Water   supply   caused   Indiscriminate   digging   of   boreholes,   with   long-­‐term   environmental   consequences  and  hydrogeological  implica;ons.  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   18  
  19. 19. Nigeria  and  the  Clean  Water  Challenge  (3/3)     Diseases  outbreak.  A  large  por;on  of  households  resort  to  drawing  water   from  unhygienic  sources,  contribu;ng  to  the  outbreak  of  Cholera  and  other   water  related  infec;ons     Na>on   development.   Nigeria   may   not   meet   up   to   one   of   the   Millennium   Development   Goals   on   increasing   access   to   Safe   water   by   the   2015   deadline  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   Business  World:  Thursday,  August  26th  2010     19  
  20. 20. Nigeria  Freshwater  Resources     The  total  rain  precipita;on  reaching  Nigeria,  can  be  separated   into  GREEN  and  BLUE  water.     GREEN  water  (79%)  is  the  frac;on  of  rainfall  that  generates  soil   moisture  and  which  supports  terrestrial  ecosystems.  It  is  not   returned  to  groundwater  and  rivers,  but  will  eventually   evaporate  or  transpire  through  plants.   BLUE  water  (21%),  is  the  frac;on  that  runs  into  rivers  and   aquifers,  and  that  has  a  poten>al  for  withdrawal  for  societal   use.    Out  of  this,  the  environmental  water  flow  is  the  amount   of  water  needed  to  sustain  ecosystem.   According  to  UN  studies,  in  Nigeria,  there   is  a  huge  poten>al  to  increase  the  water   withdrawal  to  meet  current  and  future   needs,  s>ll  in  respect  of  ecosystem.       [Author:  Hugo  Ahlenius,  UNEP/GRID-­‐Arendal]  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   20  
  21. 21. Cri:cali:es  Limi:ng  Clean  Water  Supply  in  Nigeria     Integrated  Water  Management  Policy     Availability  of  Data,  Feasibility  Studies  and  Water  Master  Plan       Funding  for  water  projects  and  infrastructures     Water  distribu;on  pipelines  and  wastewater  collec;on  networks     Ageing  of  exis;ng  water  distribu;on  networks       Maintenance  of  exis;ng  Water  Systems/Plants     High  Leakages  and  illegal  connec;ons       Clean  Water  and  Environmental  conserva;on/protec;on  policy   (emission  in  environment  of  contaminated  waste  waters)       Waste  Waters  management  (collec/on,  treatment,  re-­‐u/liza/on   and/or  re-­‐emission  in  the  environment  without  contamina/on)       Educa;on/Training  of  Water  Managers/Operators     POWER  blackouts  interrup;ng  water  plants/systems   Business  World:  Thursday,  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   Minister  of  Water  Resources,  50%  of  Water  supply  is  lost  to  wastages   [1]    According  to  the   August  26th  2010     21  
  22. 22. The  Water  Management  Policy     i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on   systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   v.   Addendum   22  
  23. 23. The  Central  Role  of  Water  Management  in  Sustainable  Development   “...  we  can  contain  it,  divert  it,  collect  it,   purify  it,  package  it,  transport  it  and   transform  it,  the  only  thing  we  can’t  do   is  manufacture  water,  which  makes   managing  it  an  impera/ve  ”     [World  Bank,  “Water  Program”,  2008]  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   23  
  24. 24. The  Central  Role  of  Water  Management  in  Sustainable  Development   …key  to  success:  immediate  ac:on  and  long  term  planning   !   Water  Management    refers  to  the  policies  and  ac>ons  necessary  to  improve  and   op>mize  the  availability  of  drinkable  water  as  well  as  to  protect  the  water  resources.       !   A  proper  Water  Management  needs  the  involvement  of  the  Federal,  States  and  Local   administra>ons  with  an  innova>ve  approach  that  engage  the  public  and  private   sector  at  na>onal  and  trans-­‐boundary  scale.   !   A  wise  Water  Management  shall  take  an  ecosystem-­‐based  approach  that  extends   from  the  watersheds  to  the  sea  and  from  the  conserva>on  of  freshwater  sources  to   the  depura>on  of  wastewater,  to  be  re-­‐used  or  to  be  discharged  in  the  environment   without  contamina>on.   !   Successful  Water  Management  requires  financing  of  appropriate  water  infrastructure   which  should  incorporate  design,  construc>on,  opera>on,  maintenance,  upgrading   and/or  decommissioning   Source:  United  Na:ons  Environmental  Programme  (UNEP),  Rapid  Response  Assessment  2009    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   24  
  25. 25. The  Central  Role  of  Water  Management  in  Sustainable  Development  …key  to  success:  immediate  ac:on  and  long  term  planning   !   Faced  with  rapid  global  change,  Water  Management  needs  to   be  planned  and  implemented  to  face  the  future  scenarios:   global  pollu>on  and  dras>c  reduc>on  of  fresh  water  resources     !   Water  Management  Planning  policies  and  processes  should   focus  to  realize  Water  Management  systems  socially  and   environmentally  oriented,  as  well  as  economically  viable   !   Educa>ng  people  is  crucial  to  reduce  the  waste  of  freshwater   resources,  the  indiscriminate  emission  of  polluted  wastewater   in  the  environment  and  preserve  the  quality/quan>ty  of  fresh   water   Source:  United  Na:ons  Environmental  Programme  (UNEP):    Rapid  Response  Assessment.    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   25  
  26. 26. Key  messages  (1/4)   1   Wastewater  produc>on  is  rising   !  The  Nigerian  popula>on  is  projected  to  be   204.900.000  people  by  2025  and  is  expected  to   exceed  281.600.000  people  by  2050  [1]   !  Major  growth  will  take  place  par>cularly  in  urban   areas  that  already  have  inadequate  wastewater   Infrastructure   !  The  financial,  environmental  and  social  costs  are   projected  to  increase  drama>cally  unless  wastewater   management  receives  urgent  aXen>on  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   26  
  27. 27. Key  messages  (2/4)   2   Wise  and  immediate  investment  will  generate  mul>ple  future  benefits   Immediate,  targeted  and  sustained  investments  should  take  mul>ple  forms.  They  should  be   designed  to:   !   provide  a  plaoorm  for  the  development  of  new  and  innova>ve  technologies  and  water   management  prac>ces,  network  and  plants   !   develop  an  efficient  Clean  Water  distribu>on  network   !   reduce  the  volume  and  extent  of  water  pollu>on  through  preventa>ve  prac>ces,  capture   water  once  it  has  been  polluted  and  treat  polluted  water  using  appropriate  technologies   and  techniques  for  return  to  the  environment   !   If  investments  such  as  these  are  scaled  up  appropriately  they  will  generate  social,  economic   and  environmental  dividends  far  exceeding  original  investments  for  years  to  come   Credits:  Corcoran,  E.,  C.  Nellemann,  E.  Baker,  R.  Bos,  D.  Osborn,  H.  Savelli  (eds).  2010.  Sick  Water?  The  central  role  of  wastewater  management  in  sustainable  development.  A  Rapid  Response  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   Assessment.  United  Na;ons  Environment  Programme,  UN-­‐HABITAT,  GRID-­‐Arendal.  www.grida.no   27  
  28. 28. Key  messages  (3/4)   Improved  sanita>on  and  wastewater  management  are  central  to  poverty   3   reduc>on  and  improved  human  health   !  The  poor  are  affected  first  and  foremost  by  the  wastewater  problem.  Over  half  of   the  world’s  hospital  beds  are  occupied  by  people  suffering  from  water  related   diseases.   !  Diarrhoeal  diseases  make  up  over  four  per  cent  of  the  global  disease  burden,  90   percent  of  which  is  linked  to  environmental  pollu>on,  a  lack  of  access  to  safe   drinking  water  and  sanita>on   !  Comprehensive  and  sustained  water  management  in  combina>on  with  sanita>on   and  hygiene  is  central  to  good  health,  food  security,  economic  development  and   jobs   !  In  terms  of  public  spending  on  health  issues,  inves>ng  in  improved  water   management  and  the  supply  of  safe  and  clean  water  provides  par>cularly  high   returns  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   28  
  29. 29. Key  messages  (4/4)   Successful  and  sustained  water  management  will  need  an  en>rely  new   4   dimension  of  investments,  to  start  now   !  Currently,  most  of  the  water  infrastructure  in  many  of  the  Nigerian  fastest  growing  ci>es  is   lacking.  It  is  outdated,  not  designed  to  meet  local  condi>ons,  poorly  maintained  and   en>rely  unable  to  keep  pace  with  rising  urban  popula>ons   !  Worldwide  experiences  have  shown  that  appropriate  investments  done  in  the  right  manner   can  provide  the  required  returns   !  However,  it  will  require  not  only  investments,  but  careful  and  comprehensive  integrated   water  planning  and  management  at  na>onal  and  municipal  levels   !  This  must  transcend  the  en>re  water  supply  and  disposal  chain  involving  ecosystem   management  (including  coastal  waters),  agricultural  efficiency  and  produc>on  and  a   stronger  focus  on  urban  planning  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   29  
  30. 30. Clean  Water   THE  WAY  FORWARD     i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap   v.   Addendum  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   30  
  31. 31. The  Way  Forward  (1/2)   a)  Water   Management   Policy   shall   became   a   high   priority   to   be   implemented   focusing   at   the   future   global   challenges,   such   as   the   climate  changes  and  fresh  water  scarcity   b)  Availability   of   drinkable   water   should   be   regarded   as   a   fundamental   Human  Right  and  as  an  index  of  Social  and  Economical  Development   c)  Fresh   Water   Preserva>on.   Consider   use   of   Depurated   Water   (not   drinkable   water)   for   farming/industry   and/or   re-­‐emission   in   the   environment   of   uncontaminated   water   as   an   essen;al   factor   for   conserva>on  of  water  sources,  environment  and  poverty  allevia>on   d) Adop/on  of  the  3  Rs’  policy:  Reduce,  Reuse  &  Recycle  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   31  
  32. 32. The  Way  Forward  (2/2)   d)  Conduct   a   comprehensive   FEASIBILITY   STUDY   and   MASTER   PHASING   PLAN   on   Nigeria,  gathering  all  the  crucial  datas,  hydrogeological  maps  of  water  sources,   water   distribu;on/collec;on   channels,   different   climates   and   regions,   etc.,   to   iden;fy  the  best  solu;on  for  Water  Management  in  each  zone  of  the  Na;on.   e)  Fast   implementa>on   of   the   Water   Systems   Infrastructures:   Water   Depura/on   or   Desaliniza/on   Plants,   Clean   Water   Distribu/on   Pipelines,   Metering/Invoicing   Systems,  Wastewater  Collec/on  Network,  Wastewater  Treatment  Plants,  re-­‐use   or  re-­‐emission  in  environment  of  Depurated  Water.   f)  Improve  Maintenance  and  Management  of  all  water  systems  (new  and  old).   g)  Training  of  Water  Managers/Operators   h)  Educa>ng  People  on  water  preserva;on  policy      WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   32  
  33. 33. The  Water  Management  Cycle   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap   v.   Addendum  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   33  
  34. 34. The  Water  Management  Cycle   “...  we  can  contain  it,  divert  it,  collect  it,  purify  it,   package  it,  transport  it  and  transform  it,  the  only   thing  we  can’t  do  is  manufacture  water  which  makes   MANAGING  it  an  impera;ve  ”    [World  Bank,  “Water  Program”,  2008]  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  35. 35. The  Water  Management  Cycle   4.  Waste  water   3.  Distribu>on/Use   Collec>on   2.   DEPURATION     -  CONSUMERS Metering   -  Waste Waters -  Civil -  Grey Waters -  Industrial Invoicing   -  Rain Water 1.SOURCES   -  Agriculture -  Depuration -  Potabilistion -  Rivers -  Desalination -  Lakes 6.  Reuse/ 5.   TREATMENT   -  Lagons -  boreholes Recyle   -  Underground -  Civil -  Rain -  Industrial -  … -  Agriculture CONSERVATION & -  Fish farming DECREASING OF WATER and/or Back in Environment SOURCES POLLUTIONWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  36. 36. Adduc>on,  purifica>on,  distribu>on  &  use   Untreated   •   Boreholes,  exis;ng  acqueducts   Waters   •   Lagoons,  Rivers,  Lakes,  Sea   Sources   •   Undergroud/  rain  collec;on  basin   Plants  &  distribu>on  Network  Maintenance   •  Potabilisa;on   Treatement   •  Depura;on/Desalinisa;on   Waters   Clean   The  Water  Management  Cycle   •   Clean  water  distribu;on  network   •   Metering/Invoicing   Distribu>on   •   Consumers     Collec>on,  Recycle,  Resue   •   Wastewater  collec;on  network   Waters   Waste   Waster   •   Savage  collec;on  network   Water   • Rain  Water  collec;on  basins   Collec>on   • Waste  Water    collec;on  network   • Waste  Water  depura;on/potabilisa;on   Treatement   • Energy  Produc;on  from  Sludge   Recycled Waters   •   Treated  Water  use  in    Agricolture  /  Industry/ Farming/Fish  farm   Treated   Waters   •   Re-­‐emission  in  the  Environment    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  37. 37. Ins  and  outs   today Drinkable    Water   (?)   -­‐boreholes   -­‐Rivers   Clean  Water  (?)   Waste  Waters   -­‐…   Others     aters ste  W Clean  Water(?)   WaWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  38. 38. Ins  and  outs   tomorrow Treated  Water   Drinkable     Water     Lagoons   Rivers   Waste  Water   Rain   Collec>on   Network   Treatement   Systems  &   Treated  Water   Waste  Waters   +   Treated  Water   Plants   Treatement   Systems  &   Plants   Distribu;on   Treated  Water   Networks  &   Collec;on   Basins   ers   Treated  Water    Wat WasteWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  39. 39. Water  Cycles  summary   OTHER  USES   •   Irriga;on   • Streets  cleaning   DISTRIBUTION •   Farming   NETWORK •   Others  (fish  farming)   WASTE WATER DRINKABLE WATER TREATEMENT PLANTS • .  Re-­‐immision  in  Env,   TREATEMENT PLANTS WATER COLLECTION CONSUMERS OTHER POINTS OF WATER COLLECTIONWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  40. 40. boreholes  Water  Cycle   boreholes/Wells Rain Ground Water OTHER  USES   •   Irriga;on   • Streets  cleaning   DISTRIBUTION •   Farming   NETWORK •   Others  (fish  farming)   WASTE WATER DRINKABLE WATER TREATEMENT PLANTS • .  Re-­‐immision  in  Env,   TREATEMENT PLANTS WATER COLLECTION CONSUMERS OTHER POINTS OF WATER COLLECTIONWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  41. 41. Lagoon  Water  Cycle   Salt Water Lagoon Rain DESALINATION   OTHER  USES   •   Irriga;on   • Streets  cleaning   DISTRIBUTION •   Farming   NETWORK •   Others  (fish  farming)   WASTE WATER DRINKABLE WATER TREATEMENT PLANTS • .  Re-­‐immision  in  Env,   TREATEMENT PLANTS WATER COLLECTION CONSUMERS OTHER POINTS OF WATER COLLECTIONWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  42. 42. River/Lake  Cycle   OTHER  USES   •   Irriga;on   • Streets  cleaning   DISTRIBUTION •   Farming   NETWORK •   Others  (fish  farming)   WASTE WATER DRINKABLE WATER TREATEMENT PLANTS • .  Re-­‐immision  in  Env,   TREATEMENT PLANTS WATER COLLECTION CONSUMERS OTHER POINTS OF WATER COLLECTIONWFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  43. 43. (Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants)     Water  Sources   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap   v.   Addendum   43  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  44. 44. Sources  of  Water  Supply   1.  Supply  from  groundwater  or  springs   2.  Supply  from  superficial  flow   1.  Rivers  and  lakes     2.  Ar;ficial  basins   3.  Sea   Superficial  groundwater(FF)   Deep  groundwater(FA)   Surface  spring  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   44  
  45. 45. Collec:on  by  superficial  flow   Surface  spring   River   Filtering  trench  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   45  
  46. 46. Collec:on  by  natural  or  ar:ficial   basins  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   46  
  47. 47. Desalina:on   The  availability  of  natural  freshwater  on  the  planet  is  very  small.  97%  is  salt  water,  while   most  of  the  remaining  3%  is  in  the  form  of  ice  or  otherwise  hardly  available.  It  is  es;mated   that  only  0.3%  of  the  planet  is  in  the  form  easily  drinkable,  and  at  this  availability  is  uneven   distributed  so  as  to  create  zones  of  absolute  cri;cality.   Therefore,  clearly  one  of  the  future   sources  of  drinking  water  can  only   be  the  sea  through  desalina;on   plants.  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   47  
  48. 48. Desalina:on   Desalina;on,  desaliniza;on,  or  desalinisa;on  refers  to  any  of  several  processes  that  remove   excess  salt  and  other  minerals  from  water.   Water  is  desalinated  in  order  to  convert  salt  water  to  fresh  water  so  it  is  suitable  for  human   consump;on  or  irriga;on.  Most  of  the  modern  interest  in  desalina;on  is  focused  on   developing  cost-­‐effec;ve  ways  of  providing  fresh  water  for  human  use  in  regions  where  the   availability  of  fresh  water  is,  or  is  becoming,  limited   Desaliniza:on  plant   Sources   Fresh  Water  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   48  
  49. 49. (Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants)     Water  Depura:on   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap   v.   Addendum   49  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  50. 50. Clean  Water  for  all    -­‐  TODAY   Nigeria  situa>on  –  COUNTLESS  CASE  STUDY   Scarcity  of  safe  Water  and  Waste   Ineffec>ve  and  wasteful   Water  systems   distribu>on  network    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   50  
  51. 51. CASE  1:    Developing  or  Rural  areas     Problems:   Solu>ons:   a)  Absent  or  inadequate  sources   Phase  A:   b) No/lean  purifica;on  and  control   1.  Purifica;on  and  quality  control   sta;ons   sta;ons   c)  No  adduc;on  network   2.  Individua;on  of  new  sources  and/or     sources  connec;on  (Adduc;on   d) No/lean  distribu;on  network   Network)   e)  No  in  home  network   Phase  B:   f)  No/lean  water  waste  collec;on   1.  Distribu;on  Network  &  Waste  Water   g)  Low  waste  water  depura;on     Network   Phase  C:   1.  Waste  water  reuse  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   51  
  52. 52. CLEANING  WATER  SYSTEM   1   &  CONTROL  SYSTEM   Exis;ng   source   Sanita;on   sta;on   A   New  distribu;on   point  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   52  
  53. 53. NEW  SOURCES  &  SOURCES   2   CONNECTIONS   Storage   water  Tank   New  source   A   Network   adduc;on  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  54. 54. DISTRIBUTION  NETWORK  &   Distribu;on  network  &  WASTE  WATER  COLLECTION   waste  water  collec;on   Depura;on   Point  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  55. 55. CASE  2:      Residen:al  areas  with  exis:ng  distribu:on  network   Problems:   Solu>ons:   a)  Un-­‐controlled  sources   Phase  A:   b) Not  integrated  sources   1.  Individua;on  of  new  sources  and/or     c)  Inefficient  network   sources  connec;on  (Adduc;on   d) Liule  storage  capacity   Network,  rain  included)   Phase  B:   e)  Low  consump;on  op;miza;on   f)  Environmental  problems   1.  Op;miza;on  Distribu;on  Network  &   Waste  Water  Network   Phase  C:   1.  Waste  water  reuse  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   55  
  56. 56. CONNECTION,  INTEGRATION  AND   1   DRINKING  WATER  SOURCES   Storage   water  Tank   New  source   Sanita;on   sta;on   Exis;ng   source   Network   adduc;on  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   56  
  57. 57. DISTRIBUTION  NETWORK  &   Distribu;on  network  &   WASTE  WATER  COLLECTION   waste  water  collec;on   Depura;on   Point  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document  
  58. 58. CASE  3:      Urban  areas  with  inefficient  underground  u:li:es   Problems:   Solu>ons:   a)  Problem  in  water  providing   Phase  A:   b) Networks  issue   1.  Verifica;on  and  adapta;on  of   exis;ng  networks   c)  Sewage  problem     2.  Integra;on  of  conveying  system  with   d) Recovery  problem   the  accumula;on  and  compensa;on   system   Phase  B:   1.  Distribu;on  Network  Op;miza;on  &   Waste  Water  Collec;on     Phase  C:   1.  Waste  water  reuse  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   58  
  59. 59. PLANNING  THE  FUTURE   Problems:   Solu>ons:   a) Increased  consump;on   1.  Planning  areas  of  development   b) Possible  reduc;on  of   with  savings  policy   freshwater  sources     a)  New  rules  for  the   c) Increased  pollu;on   development  areas     b)  Savings  educa;on   c)  Increased  efficiency  of     water  management  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   59  
  60. 60. (Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants)     Clean  Water  Storage  &   Distribu:on  Network   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   v.   Addendum   60  
  61. 61. Con:nuous  Water  Supply–  Storage  Water  Tanks      Ground  Tank            Tower  Tank  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   61  
  62. 62. Ground  Tank:  design   1.  Maintenance  (2  tanks  or  by-­‐ pass)   2.  Level  control,  pump  opera;on   and  quality   3.  Sizing    WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   62  
  63. 63. Tower  Tank  design   1.  Maintenance  (2  tanks  or  by-­‐ pass)   2.  Level  control,  pump  opera;on   and  quality   3.  Sizing  (height  and  volume)  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   63  
  64. 64. (Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants)     Quality  Control,  metering,   invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   i.   Introduc:on:     a.  About  WFA  Integrated  Services  Ltd   b.  WFA  references   c.  The  Clean  Water  Challenge     d.  The  Water  Management  Policy   e.  The  Way  Forward   ii.   The  Water  Management  Cycle   iii. The  Water  Management  Systems  &  Plants   a.  Water  Sources   b.  Water  Depura:on   c.  Clean  Water  Storage  &  Distribu:on  Network   d.  Quality  Control,  metering,  invoicing  &  informa:on  systems   e.  Waste  Water  Collec:on     f.  Waste  Water  Treatment   iv.   Proposed  Roadmap  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   v.   Addendum   64  
  65. 65. Flow  control  systems   Solar  panels  to  supply  con;nuity   Flow  control    spring   Flow  control  and  quality   accumula>on   Flow  control   Quality  control   C.P.U   Data  transmission  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   65  
  66. 66. Quality  Control  Systems  1.  Turbidity  2.  PH  3.  Temperature  4.  Dissolved  oxygen  5.  Residual  chlorine  6.  Electrical  conduc;vity  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   66  
  67. 67. Metering  and  invoicing   Water  management  process  is  also  composed  by  the   following  phases:      metering      invoicing      unsolved  management   Due  to  the  high  number  of  water  consumers,  a  remote   metering  system  is  suggested,  in  order  to  gain  a  more   effec;ve  and  ;me  saving  invoicing  process  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   67  
  68. 68. Control  and  metering  system:  an  example   Motorized  valve   Consump;on   measure   C.P.U   Data  transmission  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   68  
  69. 69. Remote  Metering  &  Data  Collec:on      Remote  metering  is  a  metering  system   that  allows  to  the  Water  management   Company  to  control  and  manage  by  radio-­‐ frequency  signals  all  the  data  related  to   water  consume      Remote  metering  could  be  walk-­‐by,  drive-­‐ by,  or  steady,  depending  from  the  kind  of   installed  meters  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   69  
  70. 70. Metering  and  unsolved  management  (1/2)   Remote  meters  could  also  be  used    to  open/close    water  distribu>on  pipes  in  case  of  unsolved   invoices  and  payment  claims  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   70  
  71. 71. Metering  and  insolved  management  (2/2)   PROS   CONS   •   Remote  control  and  metering   •   high  cost  of  realiza;on   •   Remote  control  of  the  pipeline  network  condi;on     •   power  con;nuity  not  garanted  even  with  solar   •   leaking  and  spilling  detec;on   energy  system  (solar  panels)   •   Geographic  Informa;on  System  alimenta;on   •   cost  of  sensor    maintenance/replacement  in  case  of   •   Remote  closure  in  case  of  unsolved     damage   •   Enables  pre-­‐paid  card  payment  systems   •   Auto  diagnos;c  meters  (in  case  of  removal  or   damage)   We  would  suggest:   1.   remote  metering  and  invoicing   2.   “flying  squad”  for  open/closure  of   the  water  supply  in  case  of  billing   non-­‐  payment  WFA  Ltd  –  Official  Document   71  

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