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The International Budget Partnership


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The International Budget Partnership by Warren Krafchik

Published in: Education
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The International Budget Partnership

  1. 1. The International Budget Partnership<br />From Analysis to Impact: <br />Case Studies<br />
  2. 2. What is the Problem?<br />We have sufficient public resources to eliminate extreme poverty and inequality.<br />The problem is the distribution and management of available resources!<br />
  3. 3. Transparent and Accountable Public Finance is an important part of any solution<br /> Emerging evidence and practice shows that “Transparent, Inclusive, and Accountable Public Finance” practices improve governance and service delivery by increasing equity, efficiency and effectiveness of public finance management.<br />
  4. 4. Multi-country Case Studies Reveal Critical Pathway<br />
  5. 5. The Top 6 List: <br />Ways in Which <br />Transparent and Accountable <br />Public Finance <br />Improves Governance and Reduces Poverty<br />
  6. 6. #6: Improving fiscal discipline and access to international credit markets<br />Countries including Brazil, India, and South Africa used greater budget transparency during fiscal crises to successfully reign in sub-national government spending. <br />Recent research from the IMF and elsewhere shows that countries with more transparent public finances enjoy easier and cheaper access to international credit. <br />
  7. 7. #5: Strengthening the impact of formal oversight institutions<br /> Civil society working to track and amplify the results of Auditors General reports reduced audit disclaimers from 90 to 30 percent in South Africa’s poorest province. <br />
  8. 8. #4: Harnessing innovation<br /> Philippine boy and girl scouts working with government and the private sector ensure major improvements in school text-book quality and delivery through innovative monitoring processes. <br />
  9. 9. #3: Improving efficiency in service delivery<br /> Community monitoring of public health and education flows improves the quality of health (medicine availability and doctor distribution) and education (teacher retention and attendance, rural – urban disparities and quality of school buildings) services in Uganda and Malawi. <br />
  10. 10. #2: Reducing corruption and other leakages<br />Social audits in Andhra Pradesh reclaim $20 million in corruption losses in five years.<br />National Campaign for Dalit Human Rights identifies Rs 6.78 billion ($150 million) diverted from social programs for marginalized castes to spending on the Commonwealth Games. <br />
  11. 11. #1: Aligning public spending with public priorities<br />A public database produced by local CSO, Fundar, analyzing the incidence of state agricultural subsidies leads Mexican government to cap benefits to richest farmers and substantially increase benefits to poor farmers.<br />The Treatment Action Campaign strengthened the hand of reformists in government by producing convincing budget analysis showing that ARV’s was a necessary and affordable treatment option for South Africa’s large HIV/AIDS population. This led to a massive increase in effective treatment for a further 1.2 million people. <br />
  12. 12. Case study: Innovative partnership between government and civil society improves education in the Philippines<br />
  13. 13. Case study: the problem<br />In the Philippines education sector, the textbook procurement process faced a crisis of corruption.<br />Some books were not delivered to students, while some of those that were, were of poor quality.<br />
  14. 14. Case study: the response<br />In response, the Department of Education partnered with a number of civil society organizations<br />G-Watch and Transparency and Accountability Network<br />Faith-based groups<br />National Citizen’s Movement for Free Elections<br />Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts<br />
  15. 15. Case study: methodology<br />Teams of both government officials and civil society representatives monitored every stage of the procurement and distribution process<br />Bidding<br />Inspection of books at printers and warehouses<br />Delivery and distribution<br />
  16. 16. Case study: results<br />Introduction of competitive bidding process, cutting the cost of textbooks in half.<br />62,000 defective books were replaced.<br />Delivery of books to schools improved significantly, up from a low of only 60% of textbooks being delivered. <br />
  17. 17. Conclusions <br /> In paying attention to the critical role of transparent and accountable public finance, citizens, governments, and oversight institutions, working in tandem, can significantly improve the management and distribution of public resources.<br />