Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures

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Talk delivered at the NYU Information Futures forum. November, 2012.

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  • The primary function of writing is to allow a person to leave an idea behind. Writing enabled the first asynchronous communication.
  • Books are a technology that made access to writing, and consequently ideas, more affordable by many orders of magnitude.
  • Affordability increased participation - more people leave ideas behind in the book era.
  • Today, we have access to several technologies that allow a person to leave an idea behind. In addition to writing, we can now use images, audio, and video.
  • Moving from the original analog / physical formats of writing, images, audio, and video to digital formats makes access to ideas more affordable by many orders of magnitude again. Digital is to analog what print was to handwriting.
  • Affordability increases participation again - many more people leave ideas behind in the internet era.
  • As if Superman stayed on Krypton his whole life
  • Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures

    1. 1. Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures David Wiley, PhD Brigham Young University
    2. 2. The $100M QuestionStandard deviations or people?
    3. 3. Textbook Market is Broken Chooser is not the payer
    4. 4. Textbooks – How Overpriced?Provider CostNetflix – 20,000 Movies and TV $7.99 / monthHulu Plus – 45,000 Movies and TV $7.99 / monthSpotify – 15 million Songs $9.99 / monthCourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $20.25 / month
    5. 5. WritingLeaving an idea behind
    6. 6. BooksMake writing affordable
    7. 7. AffordabilityIncreases participation
    8. 8. New MediaLeaving behind ideas as images, audio, and video
    9. 9. Analog to DigitalBigger than handwriting to print
    10. 10. AffordabilityIncreases participation
    11. 11. Cost to CopyFor a 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
    12. 12. Cost to DistributeFor a 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
    13. 13. Copy and Distribute are FreeWe can share ideas like never before
    14. 14. Except We Can’t© forbids copying and distributing
    15. 15. © Cancels the Possibilities Of the internet
    16. 16. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids What to do?
    17. 17. Use copyright to enforce sharing
    18. 18. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
    19. 19. The “Open” in OERFree permission to do the 4Rs
    20. 20. Internet OEREnables Allows Sharing at unprecedented scale
    21. 21. Participation + Digital Economics “Drake Equation” for OER
    22. 22. Drake Equation for OER Number of ideas left behind …that use an open license …about a given topic …high quality
    23. 23. Drake Equation for OER Number of ideas left behind …that use an open license …about a given topic …high quality
    24. 24. Past the Tipping Point There are “enough” OER
    25. 25. Open High School of Utah Online public charter school Top online high school in UT Top 10% of all high schools Uses only OER
    26. 26. Utah Open Textbooks < $5 > 5% 6,000 as of 2012-2013 75,000 in 2013-2014
    27. 27. Kaleidoscope College-level10 general education courses $0 required textbooks > 10%
    28. 28. Textbook ZeroEntire Associate’s Degree program $0 required textbooks 30% off cost of degree Fall 2013
    29. 29. Innovation in the Future Not just increasing effectivenessIncreasing access and participation
    30. 30. Whew!http://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent

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