SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 31
Beyond the Textbook:
 Information Futures
     David Wiley, PhD
 Brigham Young University
The $100M Question

Standard deviations or people?
Textbook Market is Broken

    Chooser is not the payer
Textbooks – How Overpriced?

Provider                           Cost
Netflix – 20,000 Movies and TV     $7.99 / month
Hulu Plus – 45,000 Movies and TV   $7.99 / month
Spotify – 15 million Songs         $9.99 / month

CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $20.25 / month
Writing

Leaving an idea behind
Books

Make writing affordable
Affordability

Increases participation
New Media

Leaving behind ideas as images,
       audio, and video
Analog to Digital

Bigger than handwriting to print
Affordability

Increases participation
Cost to Copy
For a 250 page book:

• Copy by hand - $1,000

• Copy by print on demand - $4.50

• Copy by computer - $0.00084
Cost to Distribute
For a 250 page book:

• Distribute by mail - $5.20

• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
Copy and Distribute are Free

We can share ideas like never before
Except We Can’t

© forbids copying and distributing
© Cancels the Possibilities

       Of the internet
Internet                 Copyright
Enables                   Forbids

           What to do?
Use copyright to enforce sharing
The 4Rs

    Reuse – copy verbatim
Redistribute – share with others
    Revise – adapt and edit
 Remix – combine with others
The “Open” in OER

Free permission to do the 4Rs
Internet                  OER
Enables                  Allows

  Sharing at unprecedented scale
Participation + Digital Economics

       “Drake Equation” for OER
Drake Equation for OER

 Number of ideas left behind

 …that use an open license

    …about a given topic

        …high quality
Drake Equation for OER

 Number of ideas left behind

 …that use an open license

    …about a given topic

        …high quality
Past the Tipping Point

  There are “enough” OER
Open High School of Utah

  Online public charter school
  Top online high school in UT
   Top 10% of all high schools
         Uses only OER
Utah Open Textbooks

           < $5
           > 5%
  6,000 as of 2012-2013
   75,000 in 2013-2014
Kaleidoscope

        College-level
10 general education courses
   $0 required textbooks
           > 10%
Textbook Zero

Entire Associate’s Degree program
      $0 required textbooks
      30% off cost of degree
             Fall 2013
Innovation in the Future

 Not just increasing effectiveness

Increasing access and participation
Whew!

http://davidwiley.org/
    @opencontent

More Related Content

What's hot

Best Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OER
Best Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OERBest Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OER
Best Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OER
Una Daly
 
Libraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open Policies
Libraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open PoliciesLibraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open Policies
Libraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open Policies
Una Daly
 
Adopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & Courses
Adopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & CoursesAdopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & Courses
Adopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & Courses
Una Daly
 

What's hot (20)

Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" IntroductionOpen Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
 
Open Educational Resources: Increasing Student Learning and Academic Freedom
Open Educational Resources: Increasing Student Learning and Academic FreedomOpen Educational Resources: Increasing Student Learning and Academic Freedom
Open Educational Resources: Increasing Student Learning and Academic Freedom
 
Open Educational Resources: Implementation and Impact
Open Educational Resources: Implementation and ImpactOpen Educational Resources: Implementation and Impact
Open Educational Resources: Implementation and Impact
 
Best Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OER
Best Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OERBest Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OER
Best Practices for Faculty Development to Promote Adoption of OER
 
LCC Community College OER Panel
LCC Community College OER PanelLCC Community College OER Panel
LCC Community College OER Panel
 
OER: Relieving the Pressure
OER: Relieving the PressureOER: Relieving the Pressure
OER: Relieving the Pressure
 
Lansing Community College OER summit 091915
Lansing Community College OER summit 091915Lansing Community College OER summit 091915
Lansing Community College OER summit 091915
 
Tools and Techniques for High Impact OER Adoption
Tools and Techniques for High Impact OER AdoptionTools and Techniques for High Impact OER Adoption
Tools and Techniques for High Impact OER Adoption
 
Affordability is Too Low a Bar: The Future of the Textbook
Affordability is Too Low a Bar: The Future of the TextbookAffordability is Too Low a Bar: The Future of the Textbook
Affordability is Too Low a Bar: The Future of the Textbook
 
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational ResourcesThe Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
 
The $5 Textbook
The $5 TextbookThe $5 Textbook
The $5 Textbook
 
A Preliminary Exploration of the Relationships Between Student-Created OER, S...
A Preliminary Exploration of the Relationships Between Student-Created OER, S...A Preliminary Exploration of the Relationships Between Student-Created OER, S...
A Preliminary Exploration of the Relationships Between Student-Created OER, S...
 
Thoughts on Open
Thoughts on OpenThoughts on Open
Thoughts on Open
 
Libraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open Policies
Libraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open PoliciesLibraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open Policies
Libraries Lead the Way: Open Courses, Open Educational Resoursces, Open Policies
 
Adopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & Courses
Adopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & CoursesAdopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & Courses
Adopting OER for Pathways, Certificates, & Courses
 
27 mar17
27 mar1727 mar17
27 mar17
 
Why Open Education? Three Arguments
Why Open Education? Three ArgumentsWhy Open Education? Three Arguments
Why Open Education? Three Arguments
 
Finding and adopting oer with CanvasCommons, OpenStax, and Saylor
Finding and adopting oer with CanvasCommons, OpenStax, and SaylorFinding and adopting oer with CanvasCommons, OpenStax, and Saylor
Finding and adopting oer with CanvasCommons, OpenStax, and Saylor
 
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER InitiativesLibrarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
Librarians as Leaders and Partners in OER Initiatives
 
OER Update for FACTC Oct 2014
OER Update for FACTC Oct 2014OER Update for FACTC Oct 2014
OER Update for FACTC Oct 2014
 

Similar to Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures

Lower columbia technology days presentation
Lower columbia technology days presentationLower columbia technology days presentation
Lower columbia technology days presentation
scottwdennis
 
2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk
2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk
2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk
Tom Caswell
 

Similar to Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures (20)

Why Be Open?
Why Be Open?Why Be Open?
Why Be Open?
 
Openness: Arguments and Examples
Openness: Arguments and ExamplesOpenness: Arguments and Examples
Openness: Arguments and Examples
 
The Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational ResourcesThe Power of Open Educational Resources
The Power of Open Educational Resources
 
Blackboard World 2012 Talk
Blackboard World 2012 TalkBlackboard World 2012 Talk
Blackboard World 2012 Talk
 
!2012 OER Talk
!2012 OER Talk!2012 OER Talk
!2012 OER Talk
 
High Impact OER Adoption
High Impact OER AdoptionHigh Impact OER Adoption
High Impact OER Adoption
 
Impacting Student Success with OER Adoption
Impacting Student Success with OER AdoptionImpacting Student Success with OER Adoption
Impacting Student Success with OER Adoption
 
Lower columbia technology days presentation
Lower columbia technology days presentationLower columbia technology days presentation
Lower columbia technology days presentation
 
ULearn Spotlight 1
ULearn Spotlight 1ULearn Spotlight 1
ULearn Spotlight 1
 
OER: Equity and Effectiveness in Education
OER: Equity and Effectiveness in EducationOER: Equity and Effectiveness in Education
OER: Equity and Effectiveness in Education
 
Crossing the OER chasm: From "sharing to learn" to "learning to share"
Crossing the OER chasm: From "sharing to learn" to "learning to share"Crossing the OER chasm: From "sharing to learn" to "learning to share"
Crossing the OER chasm: From "sharing to learn" to "learning to share"
 
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open PoliciesGOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
GOING OPEN: The Case for OER & Open Policies
 
Another Arrow for Your Quiver: OER
Another Arrow for Your Quiver: OERAnother Arrow for Your Quiver: OER
Another Arrow for Your Quiver: OER
 
Webinar 2: Open Licensing & Copyright in Education
Webinar 2: Open Licensing & Copyright in EducationWebinar 2: Open Licensing & Copyright in Education
Webinar 2: Open Licensing & Copyright in Education
 
Let's Make a Plan: An OER Initiative for Your Institution
Let's Make a Plan: An OER Initiative for Your InstitutionLet's Make a Plan: An OER Initiative for Your Institution
Let's Make a Plan: An OER Initiative for Your Institution
 
Developing Open Content Like Open Software
Developing Open Content Like Open SoftwareDeveloping Open Content Like Open Software
Developing Open Content Like Open Software
 
2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk
2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk
2012 Florida Distance Learning Talk
 
Open Textbooks and OER for Open Access Week 2016 at UH Manoa
Open Textbooks and OER for Open Access Week 2016 at UH ManoaOpen Textbooks and OER for Open Access Week 2016 at UH Manoa
Open Textbooks and OER for Open Access Week 2016 at UH Manoa
 
Open Education Ontario Summit 2017 - Summary
Open Education Ontario Summit 2017 - SummaryOpen Education Ontario Summit 2017 - Summary
Open Education Ontario Summit 2017 - Summary
 
Hyperspace Engage - Hawaii Library Association Annual Conference 2013
Hyperspace Engage - Hawaii Library Association Annual Conference 2013Hyperspace Engage - Hawaii Library Association Annual Conference 2013
Hyperspace Engage - Hawaii Library Association Annual Conference 2013
 

More from David Wiley

Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of AssessmentOpenness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
David Wiley
 

More from David Wiley (9)

OER 101
OER 101OER 101
OER 101
 
5R Open Course Design Framework, Fall 2015 version
5R Open Course Design Framework, Fall 2015 version5R Open Course Design Framework, Fall 2015 version
5R Open Course Design Framework, Fall 2015 version
 
Why Should You Offer an OER-based Degree Program?
Why Should You Offer an OER-based Degree Program?Why Should You Offer an OER-based Degree Program?
Why Should You Offer an OER-based Degree Program?
 
High Impact OER Adoption: Ambitions, Practical Considerations, and Outcomes
High Impact OER Adoption: Ambitions, Practical Considerations, and OutcomesHigh Impact OER Adoption: Ambitions, Practical Considerations, and Outcomes
High Impact OER Adoption: Ambitions, Practical Considerations, and Outcomes
 
The Open Education Infrastructure
The Open Education InfrastructureThe Open Education Infrastructure
The Open Education Infrastructure
 
AECTx: You Have Superpowers
AECTx: You Have SuperpowersAECTx: You Have Superpowers
AECTx: You Have Superpowers
 
Effective Practices and Open Pedagogy
Effective Practices and Open PedagogyEffective Practices and Open Pedagogy
Effective Practices and Open Pedagogy
 
Leadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of OpenLeadership in the Context of Open
Leadership in the Context of Open
 
Openness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of AssessmentOpenness and the Future of Assessment
Openness and the Future of Assessment
 

Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures

Editor's Notes

  1. The primary function of writing is to allow a person to leave an idea behind. Writing enabled the first asynchronous communication.
  2. Books are a technology that made access to writing, and consequently ideas, more affordable by many orders of magnitude.
  3. Affordability increased participation - more people leave ideas behind in the book era.
  4. Today, we have access to several technologies that allow a person to leave an idea behind. In addition to writing, we can now use images, audio, and video.
  5. Moving from the original analog / physical formats of writing, images, audio, and video to digital formats makes access to ideas more affordable by many orders of magnitude again. Digital is to analog what print was to handwriting.
  6. Affordability increases participation again - many more people leave ideas behind in the internet era.
  7. As if Superman stayed on Krypton his whole life