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Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures

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Talk delivered at the NYU Information Futures forum. November, 2012.

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Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures

  1. 1. Beyond the Textbook: Information Futures David Wiley, PhD Brigham Young University
  2. 2. The $100M QuestionStandard deviations or people?
  3. 3. Textbook Market is Broken Chooser is not the payer
  4. 4. Textbooks – How Overpriced?Provider CostNetflix – 20,000 Movies and TV $7.99 / monthHulu Plus – 45,000 Movies and TV $7.99 / monthSpotify – 15 million Songs $9.99 / monthCourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $20.25 / month
  5. 5. WritingLeaving an idea behind
  6. 6. BooksMake writing affordable
  7. 7. AffordabilityIncreases participation
  8. 8. New MediaLeaving behind ideas as images, audio, and video
  9. 9. Analog to DigitalBigger than handwriting to print
  10. 10. AffordabilityIncreases participation
  11. 11. Cost to CopyFor a 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  12. 12. Cost to DistributeFor a 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  13. 13. Copy and Distribute are FreeWe can share ideas like never before
  14. 14. Except We Can’t© forbids copying and distributing
  15. 15. © Cancels the Possibilities Of the internet
  16. 16. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids What to do?
  17. 17. Use copyright to enforce sharing
  18. 18. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  19. 19. The “Open” in OERFree permission to do the 4Rs
  20. 20. Internet OEREnables Allows Sharing at unprecedented scale
  21. 21. Participation + Digital Economics “Drake Equation” for OER
  22. 22. Drake Equation for OER Number of ideas left behind …that use an open license …about a given topic …high quality
  23. 23. Drake Equation for OER Number of ideas left behind …that use an open license …about a given topic …high quality
  24. 24. Past the Tipping Point There are “enough” OER
  25. 25. Open High School of Utah Online public charter school Top online high school in UT Top 10% of all high schools Uses only OER
  26. 26. Utah Open Textbooks < $5 > 5% 6,000 as of 2012-2013 75,000 in 2013-2014
  27. 27. Kaleidoscope College-level10 general education courses $0 required textbooks > 10%
  28. 28. Textbook ZeroEntire Associate’s Degree program $0 required textbooks 30% off cost of degree Fall 2013
  29. 29. Innovation in the Future Not just increasing effectivenessIncreasing access and participation
  30. 30. Whew!http://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent

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