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The $5 Textbook      David WileyBrigham Young University     Digital Promise
Download These Slideshttp://slideshare.net/opencontent/
<1>
Education Is Sharing      the context
Teachers Share With Students       knowledge and skills      feedback and criticism         encouragement
Students Share With Teachers           questions          assignments              tests
If There Is No Sharing   there is no education
Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
When Expressions Are Digital     they also become magical
An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
Both Knowledge and Expressions    can be given without giving away
Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
Copy and Distribute are “Free”      this changes everything
Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
Sense-making, Meaning-making    connecting to prior knowledge      relating to past experience     (in an appropriate lang...
Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine       is difficult and expensive
Free Copy, Distribute, Edit  we can share as never before
Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
© Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
Internet                 CopyrightEnables                   Forbids           what to do?
Use copyright to enforce sharing
The 4Rs    Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others    Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
Internet                 OEREnables                 Allows    sharing and educating at      unprecedented scale
</1>
<2>
$80average HS science textbook cost
7 Yearsaverage life of HS textbook in UT
Absolutely Nohighlighting, underlining, note taking
Classroom Sets 1 laptop per child?< 1 textbook per child
“Open” Textbooks free 4R permissions
4Rsreuse, revise, remix, redistribute
Digital or Printwhatever local infrastructure supports
Direct Engagementhighlighting, underlining, note taking
Take It Homein fact, just keep it
Free, Right?what does it cost?
You Get What You Pay For, Right?       will students learn less?
UOT Pilot, Year 17 teachers, 1200 students
4Rs PD2 days with teachers
20%250 / 1250 pages
What Not To Doignore 4Rs, use 3 ring binders, print booklets, print small #s
Learning Impacts?
Statisticsmean = +3%median = -1%
UOT Pilot, Year 222 teachers, 2700 students
20%250 / 1250 pages
$5.35$14,400 / 2690
7 Year Cycle   Open     Biology $10.57         $5.16   Chemistry $10.86         $4.89Earth Systems $10           $4.61    ...
53%savings in year 2
From Lulu to CreateSpace  price for year 3 will drop $1+
Calculatorhttp://opencontent.org/calculator/
USOE Stewardship  statewide strategy     winter 2012
Grades 6-12 = 278,000     language arts         math        science
Cost of Traditional Books Over Cycle   $61,875,000Cost of Open Books Over Cycle          $28,875,000Potential Savings Over...
</2>
<3>
Some Related Items  not just UT, of course
WA HB 2337“provide professional development   programs that offer support,guidance, and instruction regarding the creation...
Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150+ per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150 per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
Project Kaleidoscope (NGLC)    Preliminary research results
“How would you rate the quality of the texts used for this course?”Answer               Response   %WORSE than…          4...
“How do you feel about the online   format of the texts used…?”Answer                  Response   %I like it MORE than …  ...
“Imagine a future course you are   required to take. If two different       sections were offered…”Answer                 ...
</3>
<4>
What Does It All Mean?    future implications
Transition to DigitalChairman Genachowski and Secretary Duncan     how do open textbooks support?
Digitaldiagnostic and adaptive     (interactive)
Open           freefull local control (4Rs)
What If?what would a digital + open     future look like?
</4>
Thank Youhttp://davidwiley.org/    @opencontent
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The $5 Textbook

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The $5 Textbook

  1. 1. The $5 Textbook David WileyBrigham Young University Digital Promise
  2. 2. Download These Slideshttp://slideshare.net/opencontent/
  3. 3. <1>
  4. 4. Education Is Sharing the context
  5. 5. Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  6. 6. Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  7. 7. If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  8. 8. Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  9. 9. Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  10. 10. Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  11. 11. Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
  12. 12. When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  13. 13. An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  14. 14. Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without giving away
  15. 15. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  16. 16. Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  17. 17. What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  18. 18. Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.50• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  19. 19. Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  20. 20. Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  21. 21. Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
  22. 22. Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  23. 23. Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  24. 24. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  25. 25. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  26. 26. Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  27. 27. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  28. 28. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  29. 29. Use copyright to enforce sharing
  30. 30. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  31. 31. Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
  32. 32. The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
  33. 33. Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  34. 34. </1>
  35. 35. <2>
  36. 36. $80average HS science textbook cost
  37. 37. 7 Yearsaverage life of HS textbook in UT
  38. 38. Absolutely Nohighlighting, underlining, note taking
  39. 39. Classroom Sets 1 laptop per child?< 1 textbook per child
  40. 40. “Open” Textbooks free 4R permissions
  41. 41. 4Rsreuse, revise, remix, redistribute
  42. 42. Digital or Printwhatever local infrastructure supports
  43. 43. Direct Engagementhighlighting, underlining, note taking
  44. 44. Take It Homein fact, just keep it
  45. 45. Free, Right?what does it cost?
  46. 46. You Get What You Pay For, Right? will students learn less?
  47. 47. UOT Pilot, Year 17 teachers, 1200 students
  48. 48. 4Rs PD2 days with teachers
  49. 49. 20%250 / 1250 pages
  50. 50. What Not To Doignore 4Rs, use 3 ring binders, print booklets, print small #s
  51. 51. Learning Impacts?
  52. 52. Statisticsmean = +3%median = -1%
  53. 53. UOT Pilot, Year 222 teachers, 2700 students
  54. 54. 20%250 / 1250 pages
  55. 55. $5.35$14,400 / 2690
  56. 56. 7 Year Cycle Open Biology $10.57 $5.16 Chemistry $10.86 $4.89Earth Systems $10 $4.61 Physics $11.43 N/A
  57. 57. 53%savings in year 2
  58. 58. From Lulu to CreateSpace price for year 3 will drop $1+
  59. 59. Calculatorhttp://opencontent.org/calculator/
  60. 60. USOE Stewardship statewide strategy winter 2012
  61. 61. Grades 6-12 = 278,000 language arts math science
  62. 62. Cost of Traditional Books Over Cycle $61,875,000Cost of Open Books Over Cycle $28,875,000Potential Savings Over Entire Cycle $33,000,000Potential Savings Per Year (at 53%) $4,714,286
  63. 63. </2>
  64. 64. <3>
  65. 65. Some Related Items not just UT, of course
  66. 66. WA HB 2337“provide professional development programs that offer support,guidance, and instruction regarding the creation, use, and continuousimprovement of open courseware”
  67. 67. Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150+ per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
  68. 68. Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150 per book300,000 students have saved $39M+
  69. 69. Project Kaleidoscope (NGLC) Preliminary research results
  70. 70. “How would you rate the quality of the texts used for this course?”Answer Response %WORSE than… 4 3%About the SAME AS… 67 56%BETTER than… 49 41%
  71. 71. “How do you feel about the online format of the texts used…?”Answer Response %I like it MORE than … 65 52%I have no preference 38 31%I like it LESS than… 21 17%
  72. 72. “Imagine a future course you are required to take. If two different sections were offered…”Answer Response %I would enroll in the section with 17 13%TRADITIONAL PUBLISHED TEXTSI would enroll in the section with 93 74%TEXTS LIKE THOSE OFFERED INTHIS COURSEI would have no preference 16 13%
  73. 73. </3>
  74. 74. <4>
  75. 75. What Does It All Mean? future implications
  76. 76. Transition to DigitalChairman Genachowski and Secretary Duncan how do open textbooks support?
  77. 77. Digitaldiagnostic and adaptive (interactive)
  78. 78. Open freefull local control (4Rs)
  79. 79. What If?what would a digital + open future look like?
  80. 80. </4>
  81. 81. Thank Youhttp://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent

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