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The $5 Textbook

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The $5 Textbook

      David Wiley
Brigham Young University
     Digital Promise

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http://slideshare.net/opencontent/

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The $5 Textbook

  1. 1. The $5 Textbook David Wiley Brigham Young University Digital Promise
  2. 2. Download These Slides http://slideshare.net/opencontent/
  3. 3. <1>
  4. 4. Education Is Sharing the context
  5. 5. Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  6. 6. Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  7. 7. If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  8. 8. Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  9. 9. Knowledge is Magical can be given without being given away
  10. 10. Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  11. 11. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  12. 12. When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  13. 13. An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  14. 14. Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without giving away
  15. 15. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  16. 16. Unprecedented Capacity we can educate as never before
  17. 17. What Does “Share” Mean? online it means copy and distribute
  18. 18. Cost of “Copy” For one 250 page book: • Copy by hand - $1,000 • Copy by print on demand - $4.50 • Copy by computer - $0.00084
  19. 19. Cost of “Distribute” For one 250 page book: • Distribute by mail - $5.20 • Distribute by internet - $0.00072
  20. 20. Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  21. 21. Educational Sharing also means adapting or editing
  22. 22. Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  23. 23. Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  24. 24. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  25. 25. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  26. 26. Except We Can’t © forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  27. 27. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  28. 28. Internet Copyright Enables Forbids what to do?
  29. 29. Use copyright to enforce sharing
  30. 30. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatim Redistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  31. 31. Over 400 Million Items using CC licenses at end of 2010
  32. 32. The “Open” in OER free permission to do the 4Rs
  33. 33. Internet OER Enables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  34. 34. </1>
  35. 35. <2>
  36. 36. $80 average HS science textbook cost
  37. 37. 7 Years average life of HS textbook in UT
  38. 38. Absolutely No highlighting, underlining, note taking
  39. 39. Classroom Sets 1 laptop per child? < 1 textbook per child
  40. 40. “Open” Textbooks free 4R permissions
  41. 41. 4Rs reuse, revise, remix, redistribute
  42. 42. Digital or Print whatever local infrastructure supports
  43. 43. Direct Engagement highlighting, underlining, note taking
  44. 44. Take It Home in fact, just keep it
  45. 45. Free, Right? what does it cost?
  46. 46. You Get What You Pay For, Right? will students learn less?
  47. 47. UOT Pilot, Year 1 7 teachers, 1200 students
  48. 48. 4Rs PD 2 days with teachers
  49. 49. 20% 250 / 1250 pages
  50. 50. What Not To Do ignore 4Rs, use 3 ring binders, print booklets, print small #s
  51. 51. Learning Impacts?
  52. 52. Statistics mean = +3% median = -1%
  53. 53. UOT Pilot, Year 2 22 teachers, 2700 students
  54. 54. 20% 250 / 1250 pages
  55. 55. $5.35 $14,400 / 2690
  56. 56. 7 Year Cycle Open Biology $10.57 $5.16 Chemistry $10.86 $4.89 Earth Systems $10 $4.61 Physics $11.43 N/A
  57. 57. 53% savings in year 2
  58. 58. From Lulu to CreateSpace price for year 3 will drop $1+
  59. 59. Calculator http://opencontent.org/calculator/
  60. 60. USOE Stewardship statewide strategy winter 2012
  61. 61. Grades 6-12 = 278,000 language arts math science
  62. 62. Cost of Traditional Books Over Cycle $61,875,000 Cost of Open Books Over Cycle $28,875,000 Potential Savings Over Entire Cycle $33,000,000 Potential Savings Per Year (at 53%) $4,714,286
  63. 63. </2>
  64. 64. <3>
  65. 65. Some Related Items not just UT, of course
  66. 66. WA HB 2337 “provide professional development programs that offer support, guidance, and instruction regarding the creation, use, and continuous improvement of open courseware”
  67. 67. Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150+ per book 300,000 students have saved $39M+
  68. 68. Postsecondary Students Pay $35 instead of $150 per book 300,000 students have saved $39M+
  69. 69. Project Kaleidoscope (NGLC) Preliminary research results
  70. 70. “How would you rate the quality of the texts used for this course?” Answer Response % WORSE than… 4 3% About the SAME AS… 67 56% BETTER than… 49 41%
  71. 71. “How do you feel about the online format of the texts used…?” Answer Response % I like it MORE than … 65 52% I have no preference 38 31% I like it LESS than… 21 17%
  72. 72. “Imagine a future course you are required to take. If two different sections were offered…” Answer Response % I would enroll in the section with 17 13% TRADITIONAL PUBLISHED TEXTS I would enroll in the section with 93 74% TEXTS LIKE THOSE OFFERED IN THIS COURSE I would have no preference 16 13%
  73. 73. </3>
  74. 74. <4>
  75. 75. What Does It All Mean? future implications
  76. 76. Transition to Digital Chairman Genachowski and Secretary Duncan how do open textbooks support?
  77. 77. Digital diagnostic and adaptive (interactive)
  78. 78. Open free full local control (4Rs)
  79. 79. What If? what would a digital + open future look like?
  80. 80. </4>
  81. 81. Thank You http://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent

Editor's Notes

  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/

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