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Open Ed: A “Simple” Introduction
David Wiley, PhD
CAO, Lumen Learning
Education Fellow, Creative Commons
#openls
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
Education is Sharing
Faculty with students
Students with teachers
Faculty Share With Students
Knowledge and skills
Feedback and criticism
Encouragement
Students Share With Faculty
Questions in Class
Assignments
Exams
Successful Educators
Share most compeltely
with the most students
2008 Professor in Southern US
Claimed (c) of his class lectures,
declared student notes derivative works,
and asserted con...
“Demented with the mania of owning things”
Walt Whitman
If there is no sharing…
...there is no education.
Interlude: A Riddle
What can you give without giving it away?
Ideas are Magical (Non-rival)
Can be given without being given away
“He who receives
ideas from me,
receives instruction
himself without
lessening mine; as he
who lights his taper
at mine re...
Physical Expressions Are Not
To give a book you must give it away
Expressions Are Different
To give a book you must give it away
When Expressions Are Digital
They also become magical
Unprecedented Capacity
We can share (and educate)
as never before
Except We Can’t
© regulates copying, adapting,
and distributing those copies
Internet
Enables
What to do?
Copyright
Forbids
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
Incredible Financial Pressure
Incredible Financial Pressure
Tuition Changes...
Involve the State Legislature,
the State Board of Regents
Tuition Changes...
Involve the State Legislature,
the State Board of Regents
Extremely complex politically
$0
$200
$400
$600
$800
$1,000
$1,200
$1,400
$1,600
$1,800
Tuition Textbooks
Annual Costs
$1288
$1666
Textbook Pricing in Context
Provider Cost
Netflix – 20,000 Movies (and TV) $7.99 / month
Hulu Plus – 45,000 TV (and Movies...
A Wizard of Earthsea
Studying from texts
written in
disappearing ink
“Disappearing Ink” Strategies
Buyback
Rental
E-books
Online subscriptions
Mixed Messages...
“This GE course is critically important”
“You’ll never need this book again”
The Access Compromise
Students trade ownership for access
As digital grows, this provides publishers
with perfect control
60% Sometimes
23% Regularly
skip
Textbook Changes...
Involve individual faculty,
sometimes a department
Textbook Changes...
Involve individual faculty,
sometimes a department
Relatively straightforward
Internet
Enables
What to do?
Copyright
Forbids
Insane or Immoral Textbook Costs
plus
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
Use copyright to enable sharing
http://creativecommons.org/
Open Educational Resources
What are
Open Educational Resources (OER)?
Any kind of teaching materials –
textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans,
videos, read...
What are
Open Educational Resources (OER)?
(1) Are free for anyone to access, and
(2) Include free copyright permission
to...
• Make and own copiesRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
Internet
Enables
OER
Allows
Leveraging the full technical capability
of the internet
Over 500M OER in the World
Over half a billion pieces of content
use Creative Commons licenses
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
“You may not take any Online
Course offered by Coursera or use
any Statement of Accomplishment
as part of any tuition-base...
Open Educational Resources
Open
Course
Ware
Open
Courses
Open
Textbooks
Open
Course
Frame-
works
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
Two Stories
Developmental Math
From textbook and MyMathLab ($170)
To OER and MyOpenMath ($0 / $3)
% Completing with C or Better
48.4%
60.2%
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
Spring
2011
No OER
Spring
2013
All OER
“Golden Ratio”
48% / $170 = 0.28% succeeding per dollar
60% / $3 = 20% succeeding per dollar
Associates of Business
“Z Degree”
Graduate without ever buying a textbook
World’s first “all-OER” degree
% Dropping in Fall 2013
8.2%
2.3%
0%
1%
2%
3%
4%
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
Traditional
Sections
Z Degree
Sections
When a student drops, it..
Slows down their graduation
Costs the institution tuition dollars
Utah 7-12
Method
Quasi-experimental design with:
• Treatment and Control Group
• Pre and Post Test
• Dependent variable: Score on 20...
Propensity Score Matching
Increased group balance by 98%
Results
• IRT scaled scores increased with
open textbooks, p < .001
• Multiple r squared = .635
(variance in scores accoun...
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
The World is Changing
How are our institutions responding?
Analog  Digital
Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers,
Movies, Journals, &c.
Tethered  Mobile
Phones, Internet Access,
Employment
Concealing  Sharing
Photos, Videos, Journal Entries
Isolated  Connected
People, Content, Systems
Generic  Personal
Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
Consuming  Creating
Newspapers / Blogs
Movies & TV / YouTube
Closed  Open
Research (Articles, Journals)
Data (Government, Weather, GIS)
Content (Open Educational Resources)
Then vs Now
Analog  Digital
Tethered  Mobile
Concealing  Sharing
Isolated  Connected
Generic  Personal
Consuming  Cr...
Education vs Everyday
Analog  Digital
Tethered  Mobile
Concealing  Sharing
Isolated  Connected
Generic  Personal
Cons...
“Daily Divide”
(As opposed to the digital divide)
“Academic”
(This is where the common usage derives)
“Academic”
(This is where the common usage derives)
What About Online Learning?
What About Online Learning?
Very innovative in 1993!
Online Learning
Analog or Digital
Tethered or Mobile
Concealing or Sharing
Isolated or Connected
Generic or Personal
Consu...
What About MOOCs?
MOOCs
Analog or Digital
Tethered or Mobile
Concealing or Sharing(?)
Isolated or Connected
Generic or Personal
Consuming or...
Open is Fundamental
Why?
• Make and own copiesRetain
• Use in a wide range of waysReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRem...
Online Learning/MOOCs
Analog or Digital
Tethered or Mobile
Concealing or Sharing
Isolated or Connected
Generic or Personal...
Connecting
It’s “hard” to connect to something if
you don't have access to it
Personalizing
It’s “hard” to personalize something
if you don't have permission to modify it
Creating and Sharing
It’s “hard” to make and share things when
you’re constantly worried about being sued
When You Can Assume “Open”
These problems disappear
OER-based Learning
Analog or Digital
Tethered or Mobile
Concealing or Sharing
Isolated or Connected
Generic or Personal
Co...
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
“Disposable Assignments”
Students hate doing them
You hate grading them
Huge waste of time and energy
Assignments that Contribute
Students see value in doing them
You see value in grading them
Contribute to the greater good
Open Pedagogy
What can we do differently
when all content is open?
What’s Effective?
Hattie’s “Visible Learning”
Scope of the Research
Over 800 meta-analyses
Over 50,000 studies
Over 80,000,000 learners
Effect Size
Measure of magnitude of impact
Independent of sample size
Popular for meta-analyses
Organizing and Transforming (0.85)
“Overt or covert rearrangement of
instructional materials to improve
learning. (e.g., m...
Reciprocal Teaching (0.74)
“The emphasis is on teachers enabling
their students to learn and use
cognitive strategies such...
Feedback (0.73)
“The major discriminator is whether
feedback is clearly directed to the
various levels of task, process, o...
Teacher Student Relationships (0.72)
“Developing relationships requires skills
by the teacher – such as the skills of
list...
Worked Examples (0.57)
“Worked examples reduce the cognitive
load for students such that they
concentrate on the processes...
Formative Evaluation of Teaching (.9)
“When teachers were required to use
data and evidence-based models, effect
sizes wer...
1. OER as Worked Example
Help students understand the design
of the OER you’ve assigned
2. Remix OER
Assign students to organize and transform OER
to more teach effectively
3. Provide Feedback on Remixes
Offer multiple types of feedback on student
remixes and require revisions
4. Reciprocal Teaching
Have students teach each other
using their remixes
5. Continuous Improvement
At end of term, engage in data-based
formative evaluation of the course. Incorporate
student wor...
Simple Gifts
'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free
'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be,
And whe...
Each and Every Interaction
Recorded, stored, and analyzed
in order to get better
If Only We Could Get Data!
We could do analyses (aka research) too!
Canvas
Even the Grocer!
Almost every industry (1) gathers and
(2) uses data more effectively than we do
What Kind of Data?
Assessment data
Construct-relevant behavioral data
Assessment Data
Difficulty estimates
Discrimination estimates
Per standard expertise estimates
(Not just “grades”)
Behavioral Data
When they logged in, read, and worked
How long they logged in, read, and worked
Pathway information
Social...
Analytics
Tell you what to change
But don’t give you permission to make changes
OER
Give you permission to make changes
But don’t tell you what to change
OER + Analytics
Continuous improvement
Instructional Design &
Learning Sciences
Tell you how to change it
Faculty Feedback
“I wish I had this for every class I
teach, for every module! The
feedback and recommendations are
positi...
Coda
OER can dramatically
improve a range of
educational
outcomes
OER can drastically
reduce the cost of
education
We’re not “on the edge”
of this capability.
We’re doing it now.
More Discussion
#openls
@opencontent
david@lumenlearning.com
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction
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Slides supporting a pre-meeting workshop for the OpenEd Leadership Summit, introducing people to OER for the first time.

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Open Education: A "Simple" Introduction

  1. 1. Open Ed: A “Simple” Introduction David Wiley, PhD CAO, Lumen Learning Education Fellow, Creative Commons
  2. 2. #openls
  3. 3. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  4. 4. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  5. 5. Education is Sharing Faculty with students Students with teachers
  6. 6. Faculty Share With Students Knowledge and skills Feedback and criticism Encouragement
  7. 7. Students Share With Faculty Questions in Class Assignments Exams
  8. 8. Successful Educators Share most compeltely with the most students
  9. 9. 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (c) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
  10. 10. “Demented with the mania of owning things” Walt Whitman
  11. 11. If there is no sharing… ...there is no education.
  12. 12. Interlude: A Riddle What can you give without giving it away?
  13. 13. Ideas are Magical (Non-rival) Can be given without being given away
  14. 14. “He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
  15. 15. Physical Expressions Are Not To give a book you must give it away
  16. 16. Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
  17. 17. When Expressions Are Digital They also become magical
  18. 18. Unprecedented Capacity We can share (and educate) as never before
  19. 19. Except We Can’t © regulates copying, adapting, and distributing those copies
  20. 20. Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids
  21. 21. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  22. 22. Incredible Financial Pressure Incredible Financial Pressure
  23. 23. Tuition Changes... Involve the State Legislature, the State Board of Regents
  24. 24. Tuition Changes... Involve the State Legislature, the State Board of Regents Extremely complex politically
  25. 25. $0 $200 $400 $600 $800 $1,000 $1,200 $1,400 $1,600 $1,800 Tuition Textbooks Annual Costs $1288 $1666
  26. 26. Textbook Pricing in Context Provider Cost Netflix – 20,000 Movies (and TV) $7.99 / month Hulu Plus – 45,000 TV (and Movies) $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $20.25 / month
  27. 27. A Wizard of Earthsea Studying from texts written in disappearing ink
  28. 28. “Disappearing Ink” Strategies Buyback Rental E-books Online subscriptions
  29. 29. Mixed Messages... “This GE course is critically important” “You’ll never need this book again”
  30. 30. The Access Compromise Students trade ownership for access As digital grows, this provides publishers with perfect control
  31. 31. 60% Sometimes 23% Regularly skip
  32. 32. Textbook Changes... Involve individual faculty, sometimes a department
  33. 33. Textbook Changes... Involve individual faculty, sometimes a department Relatively straightforward
  34. 34. Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids Insane or Immoral Textbook Costs plus
  35. 35. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  36. 36. Use copyright to enable sharing
  37. 37. http://creativecommons.org/
  38. 38. Open Educational Resources
  39. 39. What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
  40. 40. What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? (1) Are free for anyone to access, and (2) Include free copyright permission to engage in the 5R activities
  41. 41. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  42. 42. Internet Enables OER Allows Leveraging the full technical capability of the internet
  43. 43. Over 500M OER in the World Over half a billion pieces of content use Creative Commons licenses
  44. 44. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  45. 45. “You may not take any Online Course offered by Coursera or use any Statement of Accomplishment as part of any tuition-based or for- credit certification or program for any college, university, or other academic institution without the express written permission from Coursera.”
  46. 46. Open Educational Resources Open Course Ware Open Courses Open Textbooks Open Course Frame- works
  47. 47. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  48. 48. Two Stories
  49. 49. Developmental Math From textbook and MyMathLab ($170) To OER and MyOpenMath ($0 / $3)
  50. 50. % Completing with C or Better 48.4% 60.2% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Spring 2011 No OER Spring 2013 All OER
  51. 51. “Golden Ratio” 48% / $170 = 0.28% succeeding per dollar 60% / $3 = 20% succeeding per dollar
  52. 52. Associates of Business “Z Degree” Graduate without ever buying a textbook World’s first “all-OER” degree
  53. 53. % Dropping in Fall 2013 8.2% 2.3% 0% 1% 2% 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% Traditional Sections Z Degree Sections
  54. 54. When a student drops, it.. Slows down their graduation Costs the institution tuition dollars
  55. 55. Utah 7-12
  56. 56. Method Quasi-experimental design with: • Treatment and Control Group • Pre and Post Test • Dependent variable: Score on 2012 statewide standardized science exam • Independent variable: Textbook condition • 15 Covariates: including age, gender, special education, English language proficiency, 2011 test data, 2011 GPA, and race
  57. 57. Propensity Score Matching Increased group balance by 98%
  58. 58. Results • IRT scaled scores increased with open textbooks, p < .001 • Multiple r squared = .635 (variance in scores accounted for in our model)
  59. 59. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  60. 60. The World is Changing How are our institutions responding?
  61. 61. Analog  Digital Music, Phones, TV, Newspapers, Movies, Journals, &c.
  62. 62. Tethered  Mobile Phones, Internet Access, Employment
  63. 63. Concealing  Sharing Photos, Videos, Journal Entries
  64. 64. Isolated  Connected People, Content, Systems
  65. 65. Generic  Personal Cars, Computers, Mobile Phones
  66. 66. Consuming  Creating Newspapers / Blogs Movies & TV / YouTube
  67. 67. Closed  Open Research (Articles, Journals) Data (Government, Weather, GIS) Content (Open Educational Resources)
  68. 68. Then vs Now Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Concealing  Sharing Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consuming  Creating Closed  Open
  69. 69. Education vs Everyday Analog  Digital Tethered  Mobile Concealing  Sharing Isolated  Connected Generic  Personal Consuming  Creating Closed  Open
  70. 70. “Daily Divide” (As opposed to the digital divide)
  71. 71. “Academic” (This is where the common usage derives)
  72. 72. “Academic” (This is where the common usage derives)
  73. 73. What About Online Learning?
  74. 74. What About Online Learning? Very innovative in 1993!
  75. 75. Online Learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  76. 76. What About MOOCs?
  77. 77. MOOCs Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing(?) Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  78. 78. Open is Fundamental Why?
  79. 79. • Make and own copiesRetain • Use in a wide range of waysReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 5Rs
  80. 80. Online Learning/MOOCs Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  81. 81. Connecting It’s “hard” to connect to something if you don't have access to it
  82. 82. Personalizing It’s “hard” to personalize something if you don't have permission to modify it
  83. 83. Creating and Sharing It’s “hard” to make and share things when you’re constantly worried about being sued
  84. 84. When You Can Assume “Open” These problems disappear
  85. 85. OER-based Learning Analog or Digital Tethered or Mobile Concealing or Sharing Isolated or Connected Generic or Personal Consuming or Creating Closed or Open
  86. 86. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  87. 87. “Disposable Assignments” Students hate doing them You hate grading them Huge waste of time and energy
  88. 88. Assignments that Contribute Students see value in doing them You see value in grading them Contribute to the greater good
  89. 89. Open Pedagogy What can we do differently when all content is open?
  90. 90. What’s Effective? Hattie’s “Visible Learning”
  91. 91. Scope of the Research Over 800 meta-analyses Over 50,000 studies Over 80,000,000 learners
  92. 92. Effect Size Measure of magnitude of impact Independent of sample size Popular for meta-analyses
  93. 93. Organizing and Transforming (0.85) “Overt or covert rearrangement of instructional materials to improve learning. (e.g., making an outline before writing a paper).... The types of strategies included in this category (such as summarizing and paraphrasing) promote a more active approach to learning tasks.” Pp. 190-191
  94. 94. Reciprocal Teaching (0.74) “The emphasis is on teachers enabling their students to learn and use cognitive strategies such as summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting.... The effects were highest when there was explicit teaching of cognitive strategies before beginning reciprocal teaching.” P. 204
  95. 95. Feedback (0.73) “The major discriminator is whether feedback is clearly directed to the various levels of task, process, or regulation, and not directed to the level of ‘self.’”
  96. 96. Teacher Student Relationships (0.72) “Developing relationships requires skills by the teacher – such as the skills of listening, empathy, caring, and having positive regard for others.... Teachers should learn to facilitate students’ development by demonstrating that they care for the learning of each student as a person and empathizing with students.” Pp. 118-119
  97. 97. Worked Examples (0.57) “Worked examples reduce the cognitive load for students such that they concentrate on the processes that lead to the correct answer and not just providing an answer.” P. 172
  98. 98. Formative Evaluation of Teaching (.9) “When teachers were required to use data and evidence-based models, effect sizes were higher than when data were evaluated by teacher judgment. In addition, when the data was graft, effect sizes were higher than when data were simply recorded.” P. 181
  99. 99. 1. OER as Worked Example Help students understand the design of the OER you’ve assigned
  100. 100. 2. Remix OER Assign students to organize and transform OER to more teach effectively
  101. 101. 3. Provide Feedback on Remixes Offer multiple types of feedback on student remixes and require revisions
  102. 102. 4. Reciprocal Teaching Have students teach each other using their remixes
  103. 103. 5. Continuous Improvement At end of term, engage in data-based formative evaluation of the course. Incorporate student work in new version as appropriate.
  104. 104. Simple Gifts 'Tis the gift to be simple, 'tis the gift to be free 'Tis the gift to come down where we ought to be, And when we find ourselves in the place just right, 'Twill be in the valley of love and delight. When true simplicity is gained, To bow and to bend we shan't be ashamed, To turn, turn will be our delight, Till by turning, turning we come 'round right.
  105. 105. Each and Every Interaction Recorded, stored, and analyzed in order to get better
  106. 106. If Only We Could Get Data! We could do analyses (aka research) too!
  107. 107. Canvas
  108. 108. Even the Grocer! Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do
  109. 109. What Kind of Data? Assessment data Construct-relevant behavioral data
  110. 110. Assessment Data Difficulty estimates Discrimination estimates Per standard expertise estimates (Not just “grades”)
  111. 111. Behavioral Data When they logged in, read, and worked How long they logged in, read, and worked Pathway information Social network analysis &c.
  112. 112. Analytics Tell you what to change But don’t give you permission to make changes
  113. 113. OER Give you permission to make changes But don’t tell you what to change
  114. 114. OER + Analytics Continuous improvement
  115. 115. Instructional Design & Learning Sciences Tell you how to change it
  116. 116. Faculty Feedback “I wish I had this for every class I teach, for every module! The feedback and recommendations are positive, specific and are changes that I can implement quickly with minimal effort on my part.”
  117. 117. Coda
  118. 118. OER can dramatically improve a range of educational outcomes OER can drastically reduce the cost of education
  119. 119. We’re not “on the edge” of this capability. We’re doing it now.
  120. 120. More Discussion #openls @opencontent david@lumenlearning.com
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Slides supporting a pre-meeting workshop for the OpenEd Leadership Summit, introducing people to OER for the first time.

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