www.lumenlearning.com
Leadership in the Context of Open
David Wiley, PhD
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Overview
• Nice and Open
• The Power of Open
• On MOOCs (#fail)
• Leadership and Openness
www.lumenlearning.com
Nice and Open
Meanings matter
www.lumenlearning.com
“Nice” - late 13c.
"foolish, stupid"
www.lumenlearning.com
“Nice” - late 20c.
"kind, thoughtful"
www.lumenlearning.com
What If…
Someone famous revived the old meaning?
www.lumenlearning.com
"Nice people are certain to fail
my course."
Which “nice”?
www.lumenlearning.com
“Open” – Early 70s
”no admission requirements"
www.lumenlearning.com
“Open” – Late 00s
Evolved into a much more robust,
nuanced, specific meaning
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Educational Resources?
(1) Any kind of teaching materials –
textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans,
v...
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Educational Resources?
(2) Free and unfettered access, and
(3) Free permission to engage in the...
www.lumenlearning.com
• Use a verbatim copyReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRemix
• Share wit...
www.lumenlearning.com
What If…
Someone famous revived the old meaning?
www.lumenlearning.com
“I’m teaching an open online
course this fall.”
Which “open”?
(Thanks, MOOCs.)
www.lumenlearning.com
Genuine Confusion
Open = free!
www.lumenlearning.com
Deliberate Misappropriation
“Openwashing”
www.lumenlearning.com
Why Does It Matter?
Open is extremely powerful
Fauxpen is not
www.lumenlearning.com
Power of Openness in Education
• Alignment with goals of education
• Alignment with nature of knowle...
www.lumenlearning.com
Power of Openness in Education
• Alignment with goals of education
• Alignment with nature of knowle...
www.lumenlearning.com
Education is Sharing
Faculty with students
Students with teachers
www.lumenlearning.com
Faculty Share With Students
Knowledge and skills
Feedback and criticism
Encouragement
www.lumenlearning.com
Students Share With Faculty
Questions in Class
Assignments
Exams
www.lumenlearning.com
Successful Educators
Share most compeltely
with the most students
www.lumenlearning.com
2008 Professor in Southern US
Claimed (c) of his class lectures,
declared student notes derivative w...
www.lumenlearning.com
“Demented with the mania of owning things”
Walt Whitman
www.lumenlearning.com
If there is no sharing…
there is no education.
www.lumenlearning.com
Interlude: A Riddle
What can you give without giving it away?
www.lumenlearning.com
Knowledge is Nonrivalrous
Can be given without being given away
www.lumenlearning.com
“He who receives
ideas from me,
receives instruction
himself without
lessening mine; as he
who light...
www.lumenlearning.com
Physical Expressions Are Not
To give a book you must give it away
www.lumenlearning.com
Expressions Are Different
To give a book you must give it away
www.lumenlearning.com
When Expressions Are Digital
They also become nonrivalrous
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Unprecedented Capacity
We can share as never before
www.lumenlearning.com
Except We Can’t
© regulates copying, adapting,
and distributing those copies
www.lumenlearning.com
Internet
Enables
What to do?
Copyright
Forbids
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Use copyright to enforce sharing
www.lumenlearning.com
http://creativecommons.org/
www.lumenlearning.com
What are Open Educational
Resources (OER)?
(1) Any kind of teaching materials –
textbooks, syllabi, ...
www.lumenlearning.com
What are Open Educational
Resources (OER)?
(2) Are free for anyone to access, and
(3) Include free p...
www.lumenlearning.com
• Use a verbatim copyReuse
• Adapt, modify, and improveRevise
• Combine two or moreRemix
• Share wit...
www.lumenlearning.com
Internet
Enables
OER
Allows
Leveraging the full technical capability
of the internet
www.lumenlearning.com
Power of Openness in Education
• Alignment with goals of education
• Alignment with nature of knowle...
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Tuition and Fees are Political
What about textbook adoptions?
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Textbook Costs
The lowest hanging fruit
www.lumenlearning.com
e.g., Developmental Math
$180, MyMathLab, and
a financial aid check
www.lumenlearning.com
Textbook Costs
$1229 year ($3131 tuition)
60% sometimes skip
23% regularly skip
www.lumenlearning.com
Are They Really THAT Expensive?
Provider Cost
Netflix – 20,000 Movies $7.99 / month
Hulu Plus – 45,0...
www.lumenlearning.com
Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative
NGLC funding
8 community colleges / OA colleges
www.lumenlearning.com
Core Activity
Defining and aggregating outcomes
Finding and aligning OERs to outcomes
Creating 100% ...
www.lumenlearning.com
X-Institutional Collaboration Goals
Cover 10 GE courses and 4,000 students
Drop required textbook co...
www.lumenlearning.com
Phase 1 Results
Covered 11 GE courses and 9,000 students
Dropped required textbook cost to $0
Increa...
www.lumenlearning.com
Displacing Adoptions
Make the required textbook cost $0
www.lumenlearning.com
Phase 2
Cover 35 GE courses
28 Institutional partners
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Course Frameworks
Making OER Simple to Adopt
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Course Frameworks
• Start from learning outcomes,
• curated collections of OER,
• openly licens...
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Course Frameworks
Making OER Simple to Adopt
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Course Frameworks
Making OER Simple to Adopt
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Course Frameworks
Making OER Simple to Adopt
www.lumenlearning.com
Open Course Frameworks
Making OER Simple to Adopt
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Textbook Zero
Entire degree program based on OER
Up to 40% off the cost to graduate
First pilot open...
www.lumenlearning.com
Power of Openness in Education
• Alignment with goals of education
• Alignment with nature of knowle...
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Wither MOOCs?
How did we get off the rails?
www.lumenlearning.com
“OpenCourseWare”
2002
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
OpenCourseWare Consortium
www.lumenlearning.com
Self-paced Open Online Courses
2002
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
OER as Video + Practice
2006
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Open University Courses
2007
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
MOOC
2008
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
Most MOOCs are Fauxpen
No admission requirements, but…
Full copyright – No 4Rs
Draconian TOS
www.lumenlearning.com
“You may not take any Online
Course offered by Coursera or use
any Statement of Accomplishment
as pa...
www.lumenlearning.com
Leadership
Imagining and demonstrating what’s possible
with OER and open approaches
www.lumenlearning.com
Making Education Affordable
Axe 25% - 40% off the cost to graduate
www.lumenlearning.com
“Personalized Learning”
Imagine if Netflix…
Trapped in algorithm hell
www.lumenlearning.com
Personalized Learning
Learning that’s interesting and relevant
Faculty revise/remix for their class
...
www.lumenlearning.com
Killing “Disposable Assignments”
http://pm4id.org/
www.lumenlearning.com
Data + OER
Continuous improvement
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
www.lumenlearning.com
What Happens If We Don’t Lead?
Someone else does
c.f., MOOCs
www.lumenlearning.com
Discussion
http://davidwiley.org/
@opencontent
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  • Public domain photo from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:T_Jefferson_by_Charles_Willson_Peale_1791_2.jpg
  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
  • CC licensedphoto http://www.flickr.com/photos/62693815@N03/6277209256/
  • http://measuringup2008.highereducation.org/commentary/callan.php
  • http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702303812904577295930047604846.html
  • http://www.urbanohio.com/forum2/index.php?topic=25321.0
  • Leadership in the Context of Open

    1. 1. www.lumenlearning.com Leadership in the Context of Open David Wiley, PhD
    2. 2. www.lumenlearning.com
    3. 3. www.lumenlearning.com Overview • Nice and Open • The Power of Open • On MOOCs (#fail) • Leadership and Openness
    4. 4. www.lumenlearning.com Nice and Open Meanings matter
    5. 5. www.lumenlearning.com “Nice” - late 13c. "foolish, stupid"
    6. 6. www.lumenlearning.com “Nice” - late 20c. "kind, thoughtful"
    7. 7. www.lumenlearning.com What If… Someone famous revived the old meaning?
    8. 8. www.lumenlearning.com "Nice people are certain to fail my course." Which “nice”?
    9. 9. www.lumenlearning.com “Open” – Early 70s ”no admission requirements"
    10. 10. www.lumenlearning.com “Open” – Late 00s Evolved into a much more robust, nuanced, specific meaning
    11. 11. www.lumenlearning.com Open Educational Resources? (1) Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
    12. 12. www.lumenlearning.com Open Educational Resources? (2) Free and unfettered access, and (3) Free permission to engage in the “4R activities”
    13. 13. www.lumenlearning.com • Use a verbatim copyReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 4Rs
    14. 14. www.lumenlearning.com What If… Someone famous revived the old meaning?
    15. 15. www.lumenlearning.com “I’m teaching an open online course this fall.” Which “open”? (Thanks, MOOCs.)
    16. 16. www.lumenlearning.com Genuine Confusion Open = free!
    17. 17. www.lumenlearning.com Deliberate Misappropriation “Openwashing”
    18. 18. www.lumenlearning.com Why Does It Matter? Open is extremely powerful Fauxpen is not
    19. 19. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    20. 20. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    21. 21. www.lumenlearning.com Education is Sharing Faculty with students Students with teachers
    22. 22. www.lumenlearning.com Faculty Share With Students Knowledge and skills Feedback and criticism Encouragement
    23. 23. www.lumenlearning.com Students Share With Faculty Questions in Class Assignments Exams
    24. 24. www.lumenlearning.com Successful Educators Share most compeltely with the most students
    25. 25. www.lumenlearning.com 2008 Professor in Southern US Claimed (c) of his class lectures, declared student notes derivative works, and asserted control over their use
    26. 26. www.lumenlearning.com “Demented with the mania of owning things” Walt Whitman
    27. 27. www.lumenlearning.com If there is no sharing… there is no education.
    28. 28. www.lumenlearning.com Interlude: A Riddle What can you give without giving it away?
    29. 29. www.lumenlearning.com Knowledge is Nonrivalrous Can be given without being given away
    30. 30. www.lumenlearning.com “He who receives ideas from me, receives instruction himself without lessening mine; as he who lights his taper at mine receives light without darkening me.” Thomas Jefferson
    31. 31. www.lumenlearning.com Physical Expressions Are Not To give a book you must give it away
    32. 32. www.lumenlearning.com Expressions Are Different To give a book you must give it away
    33. 33. www.lumenlearning.com When Expressions Are Digital They also become nonrivalrous
    34. 34. www.lumenlearning.com
    35. 35. www.lumenlearning.com
    36. 36. www.lumenlearning.com Unprecedented Capacity We can share as never before
    37. 37. www.lumenlearning.com Except We Can’t © regulates copying, adapting, and distributing those copies
    38. 38. www.lumenlearning.com Internet Enables What to do? Copyright Forbids
    39. 39. www.lumenlearning.com
    40. 40. www.lumenlearning.com Use copyright to enforce sharing
    41. 41. www.lumenlearning.com http://creativecommons.org/
    42. 42. www.lumenlearning.com What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? (1) Any kind of teaching materials – textbooks, syllabi, lesson plans, videos, readings, exams
    43. 43. www.lumenlearning.com What are Open Educational Resources (OER)? (2) Are free for anyone to access, and (3) Include free permission to engage in the 4R activities
    44. 44. www.lumenlearning.com • Use a verbatim copyReuse • Adapt, modify, and improveRevise • Combine two or moreRemix • Share with othersRedistribute The 4Rs
    45. 45. www.lumenlearning.com Internet Enables OER Allows Leveraging the full technical capability of the internet
    46. 46. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    47. 47. www.lumenlearning.com
    48. 48. www.lumenlearning.com
    49. 49. www.lumenlearning.com Tuition and Fees are Political What about textbook adoptions?
    50. 50. www.lumenlearning.com
    51. 51. www.lumenlearning.com Textbook Costs The lowest hanging fruit
    52. 52. www.lumenlearning.com e.g., Developmental Math $180, MyMathLab, and a financial aid check
    53. 53. www.lumenlearning.com Textbook Costs $1229 year ($3131 tuition) 60% sometimes skip 23% regularly skip
    54. 54. www.lumenlearning.com Are They Really THAT Expensive? Provider Cost Netflix – 20,000 Movies $7.99 / month Hulu Plus – 45,000 TV Shows $7.99 / month Spotify – 15M Songs $9.99 / month Total $25.97 / month CourseSmart – 1 Biology Textbook $20.25 / month
    55. 55. www.lumenlearning.com Kaleidoscope Open Course Initiative NGLC funding 8 community colleges / OA colleges
    56. 56. www.lumenlearning.com Core Activity Defining and aggregating outcomes Finding and aligning OERs to outcomes Creating 100% OER textbook replacements
    57. 57. www.lumenlearning.com X-Institutional Collaboration Goals Cover 10 GE courses and 4,000 students Drop required textbook cost by 50%
    58. 58. www.lumenlearning.com Phase 1 Results Covered 11 GE courses and 9,000 students Dropped required textbook cost to $0 Increased success rate by 14% average
    59. 59. www.lumenlearning.com Displacing Adoptions Make the required textbook cost $0
    60. 60. www.lumenlearning.com Phase 2 Cover 35 GE courses 28 Institutional partners
    61. 61. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    62. 62. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks • Start from learning outcomes, • curated collections of OER, • openly licensed with detailed attribution, • organized in a way that looks and feels like an online course, • intended to be modified before use, • compatible with ImprovOER continuous quality improvement service.
    63. 63. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    64. 64. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    65. 65. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    66. 66. www.lumenlearning.com Open Course Frameworks Making OER Simple to Adopt
    67. 67. www.lumenlearning.com
    68. 68. www.lumenlearning.com Textbook Zero Entire degree program based on OER Up to 40% off the cost to graduate First pilot opens Fall 2013 at Tidewater CC
    69. 69. www.lumenlearning.com Power of Openness in Education • Alignment with goals of education • Alignment with nature of knowledge • Alignment with technical capability of the net • Decreasing costs • Improving learning outcomes • Empowering faculty • Facilitating the unexpected
    70. 70. www.lumenlearning.com
    71. 71. www.lumenlearning.com
    72. 72. www.lumenlearning.com
    73. 73. www.lumenlearning.com
    74. 74. www.lumenlearning.com
    75. 75. www.lumenlearning.com Wither MOOCs? How did we get off the rails?
    76. 76. www.lumenlearning.com “OpenCourseWare” 2002
    77. 77. www.lumenlearning.com
    78. 78. www.lumenlearning.com
    79. 79. www.lumenlearning.com OpenCourseWare Consortium
    80. 80. www.lumenlearning.com Self-paced Open Online Courses 2002
    81. 81. www.lumenlearning.com
    82. 82. www.lumenlearning.com OER as Video + Practice 2006
    83. 83. www.lumenlearning.com
    84. 84. www.lumenlearning.com
    85. 85. www.lumenlearning.com Open University Courses 2007
    86. 86. www.lumenlearning.com
    87. 87. www.lumenlearning.com MOOC 2008
    88. 88. www.lumenlearning.com
    89. 89. www.lumenlearning.com
    90. 90. www.lumenlearning.com
    91. 91. www.lumenlearning.com
    92. 92. www.lumenlearning.com
    93. 93. www.lumenlearning.com Most MOOCs are Fauxpen No admission requirements, but… Full copyright – No 4Rs Draconian TOS
    94. 94. www.lumenlearning.com “You may not take any Online Course offered by Coursera or use any Statement of Accomplishment as part of any tuition-based or for- credit certification or program for any college, university, or other academic institution without the express written permission from Coursera.”
    95. 95. www.lumenlearning.com Leadership Imagining and demonstrating what’s possible with OER and open approaches
    96. 96. www.lumenlearning.com Making Education Affordable Axe 25% - 40% off the cost to graduate
    97. 97. www.lumenlearning.com “Personalized Learning” Imagine if Netflix… Trapped in algorithm hell
    98. 98. www.lumenlearning.com Personalized Learning Learning that’s interesting and relevant Faculty revise/remix for their class Students revise/remix for each other
    99. 99. www.lumenlearning.com Killing “Disposable Assignments” http://pm4id.org/
    100. 100. www.lumenlearning.com Data + OER Continuous improvement
    101. 101. www.lumenlearning.com
    102. 102. www.lumenlearning.com
    103. 103. www.lumenlearning.com What Happens If We Don’t Lead? Someone else does c.f., MOOCs
    104. 104. www.lumenlearning.com Discussion http://davidwiley.org/ @opencontent

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