Quick show of handsHow many people have a Facebook page?A Twitter account?Has anybody wrote a wikipedia article? Finallyhow many people have heard of Crowdsourcing?
IntroductionToday I’m going to introduce the concept of crowd sourcing to you,I want to provide you with a introduction to where the concept came from How it is usedAnd how you can get involved.This lecture focuses on live or active current case studies and examples ...so half way through with your help we are going to help Brooklyn Museum crowdsource some information for their collection from us.
Ok so a quick overview of the lecture.I’ve broken it into three parts.Half way through the second part at say 3.00 we’ll break for 15 minutes and when you come back we’ll have a go at Crowdsourcing.
Definition ‘Crowdsourcingis the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call.’ Jeff HoweTwo examples from this article : ‘Claudia Menashe needed pictures of sick people. A project director at the National Health Museum in Washington, DC, Menashe was putting together a series of interactive kiosks devoted to potential pandemics like the avian flu. In October 2004, she ran across a stock photo collection by Mark Harmel, a freelance photographer living in Manhattan Beach...After several weeks of back-and-forth, Menashe emailed Harmel to say that, regretfully, the deal was off. “I discovered a stock photo site called iStockphoto,” she wrote, “which has images at very affordable prices.” That was an understatement. The same day, Menashe licensed 56 pictures through iStockphoto – for about $1 each.Michael Hirschorn, executive vice president of original programming and production at VH1 and a creator of the cable channel’s hit show Web Junk 20... Web Junk 20 brings viewers all that and more, several times a week. In the new, democratic age of entertainment by the masses, for the masses, stupid pet tricks figure prominently... The show was the first regular program to repackage the Internet’s funniest home videos, but it won’t be the last.Hirschorn thinks the crowd will be a crucial component of TV 2.0. “I can imagine a time when all of our shows will have a user-generated component,” he says.’
Reliable, yes!Well designed crowd sourcing projects have Checks and measures are built inWikipedia warning ....Users can check the history of an article and can see who wrote the article....what their standing is, how many articles they have written etc
Time for free >>> volunteer management. Why are people giving their time? What are their motivations and expectations and how can you meet these? Ok so now that we have painted a picture of what crowd sourcing is, where the term came from and it’s problems and possibilities lets move on to look at some examples.
‘One morning last fall Judson Box woke up early to tend the horses at his farm near Leesburg, Fla. Before he could sit down to breakfast, however, his wife waved him over to the color TV that doubles as their home computer, thanks to an old WebTV setup. As Mr. Box leaned in closer to the grainy 17-inch screen, he started to make out the image of a fireman running through a tunnel.“I just was knocked for a loop,”’ he recalled. “I said, ‘That’s my son.’ ”Mr. Box’s son, Gary, died on Sept. 11, 2001, along with 11 of his fellow firefighters from Squad 1 in Park Slope, Brooklyn. Now, eight years later, Mr. Box has discovered the only known photo taken of his son that day. A few days earlier a Web user named Erik Troelsen had uploaded the image to Make History ’ ...Online it’s the mouse that runs the museum, ALEX WRIGHT
http://makehistory.national911memorial.org/videos/35314Play video The quality of the video may be bad but the video is in valuable.Quality and value in this case are polar opposites. Museums often struggle with the idea that this can successfully be the case.Think of the footage of CornalGadaffi being found, it is bad quality, shaky and low resolution....but it is historically and politically significant.The British government has since WW 11 ran a war artist programe and has sent artsists to everywhere from Iraq to Rwanda, they work they produce is consideredm reflective and technically a high quality visual response.The challenge now is to manage, collect and curate both official responses from the likes of war artists through to the footage shot by a local person on their camera phone.
Discuss the community guidelines
Project introduction on the Ancient Lives :Hi, I’m James Brusuelas, a Research Associate of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, and member of the Ancient Lives team. Welcome to Ancient Lives!This is a new area for the Zooniverse; Ancient Lives is putting hundreds of thousands of images of Greek papyri fragments online. Many of these papyri have remained unstudied since they were discovered more than a century ago, and the team is asking you to help expedite the process of transcription and cataloguing. Our goal is to increase the momentum by which scholars have traditionally identified known and unknown literary texts, and the private documents and letters that open up a window into the ancient lives of Graeco-Roman Egypt.....Because of the huge number of images involved, and since no one pair of eyes can see everything, researchers at Oxford and the Egypt Exploration Society, who own and oversee the collection, are inviting volunteers to help catalogue and transcribe the text using a simple web interface. So take a look – and explore Ancient Lives.
Talk through screen options
Talk through alternative task options to suit skills, interests and motivations
Notice boardCreates community,Creates momentum, drives interests levels through a desire to learn new skills, collaborate and problem solve.
Adding keywords ...search terms What you and I might call a train, a museum curator would call an engine. If you searched train it’s likely you would find nothing on a museums digital collectionhttp://www.brooklynmuseum.org/community/blogosphere/2008/08/01/tag-youre-it/Nina Kuriloff says:August 1, 2008 at 4:10 pmWell, this is fun to do!But, I don’t want to continue tagging if I am not doing a satisfactory job of it.Perhaps we could be notified if we are not on the right track, so to speak?Shelley Bernstein says:August 2, 2008 at 8:41 pmHi Nina,Thanks so much for coming by to tag – you were one of the first posse members and that’s really awesome. I think the thing with tagging is it is very flexible and there’s really no right way or wrong way to tag – everything will be helpful because the way you identify and object will be different from others. So, the more people from different backgrounds looking and tagging the objects will round out our keywords for better diversity which = better searching. As I browse posse member’s tag clouds, I’m pretty amazed at what I see – the clouds are as different as the people tagging and that’s the goal! Check out the posse profiles to see what I’m talking about.
BreakAfter the breakI want use to help my tag some of Brooklyn’ s collection ... And perhaps if we have time we can also flag up some tags that look like they might not be in the right place.
giants causewayOn your handout I’ve included links to these projects..I’m sure you’ve all heard of Wikipedia ...but did you know that only xxx % of museums in Northern Ireland have a Wikipedia page....you could write one for them. This would look great on your CV.National Maritime Museum website ‘Warship HistoriesThe National Maritime Museum holds information relating to over 20,000 British warships from about 1500 to 1950. The data includes the name, type and launch date of almost every British warship in the time period concerned. For many ships there is also data on the shipyard which built a vessel, and details of the service history and captains of the ship concerned. For some ships further technical details (for instance, construction materials or dimensions) are available....We would like to enlist the help of the public to help us enhance this data. ‘Flickr Commons website ‘The key goals of The Commons on Flickr are to firstly show you hidden treasures in the world's public photography archives, and secondly to show how your input and knowledge can help make these collections even richer.You're invited to help describe the photographs you discover in The Commons on Flickr, either by adding tags or leaving comments.*’ << like the Brooklyn example
London riots http://ukriotcleanup.crowdmap.com/
Crowdsourcing lecture pres
Crowdsourcing History Oonagh Murphy @OonaghTweetsPhoto credit: Oonagh Murphy Oonaghmurphy.com
Crowdsourcing Uses the wisdom of crowds to create a more accurate historical narrative. From the London riots to 9/11 Crowdsourcing has been used to capture multiple perspectives of world events The wisdom of crowds has also helped solve historical dilemmas from transcribing ancient scrolls to adding new voices to historical collections Image credit: Contagious MagazineImage Credit: David Levene for the Guardian
1. A brief history of Crowdsourcing2. Examples of Crowdsourcing: problems, possibilities and lessons learnt3. Crowdsourcing in action. Ways to get involved. Crowdsourcing as a research tool. Image credit: Openreflections.wordpress
1. What is Crowdsourcing? Crowd sourcing literally means sourcing knowledge, skills or solutions from a crowd of people. ‘Many hands make light work’ ‘This is my truth now tell me yours’ Jeff Howe coined the term ‘Crowdsourcing’ in an article called ‘The Rise of Crowdsourcing’ in Wired Magazine, June 2006 “Remember outsourcing? Sending jobs to India and China is so 2003. The new pool of cheap labor: everyday people using their spare cycles to create content, solve problems, even do corporate R & D.”Photo credit:Greg J. Smith
Benefits of crowdsourcing"under the right circumstances, groups are remarkablyintelligent, and are often smarter than the smartest peoplein them.” The Wisdom of Crowds, James Surowiecki
Problems with Crowdsourcing?• When people take part in a Crowdsourcing project they are donating their time, for free. As a result their participation can be erratic.• The skills and motivations of participants can effect the quality of the information gathered• Whilst you can steer a Crowdsourcing project, they can be difficult to ‘manage’. Image:Researchtoaction.org
2. Examples of Crowdsourcing Why do people take part in crowdsourcing projects?• To tell their story• To solve a problem• To play games 3 different case studies. 3 different motivating factors
• The 9/11 Make History project is an innovative way to capture multiple and evolving narratives• The project facilitates the collection and interpretation of modern, sensitive and raw history• It does not tell ‘the’ story of 9/11, instead it facilitates the sharing of the many stories of 9/11
• Ancient Lives allows the Indiana Jones in members of the public to be unleashed on a historical research project• Participants feel like they are solving a mystery, and they are• It would take historians years to work through these scrolls, by working with the public they can be transcribed in a quick, cost effective manner
? Playing games can be a fun way to blow of some steam... This game lets you root out rubbish tags other people have left.
In this game Brooklyn uses theprinciples of Gamification tomake people play longer andcome back more often. Stats and top 10 lists bring out Players competitive edge
3. Get involved• Use your knowledge and skills to help historical research projects• Start your own Crowdsourcing project Image: Ulster Folk and Transport Museum. Facebo
projects you can get involved with >>• Wikipedia i?• National Maritime Museum ‘Warship Histories’• Flickr Commons• National Trust: Giants Causeway• Children of the Lodz Ghetto• Europeana World War 1 Image: Flickr Commons. Railway Institute, Sydney
Start your own projectCrowdsourcing information could help you evaluate thehistorical significance of an object, building or place in a newand exciting way.*Upload a photo to Facebook, ask a question and see what your friends say*Tweet a link to the photo and ask for specific information from people in your local area*Place a photo in a local newspaper and ask people to contact you with details of their knowledge, experience or relationship with the object, building or place.
Go on get out there... Join the crowdImage: Openreflections.wordpress.com