Resistor)                                                  31)                      FixedResistor)                        ...
2)                   AdjustableResistor)            22.1)                              Selected Resistor)2.2)             ...
Thermistor)           LDR : Light Dependent Resistor)3.1)  Non-Linear)3.2)                        CdS)CdSe)               ...
VariableResistor           resistor                                             2        1)                               ...
5 W J 2.2 MΩ =                         2.2                   5%                       51.2)                               ...
1.3)                              Colour Band)               1     4        5                                  3          ...
IC      integrated circuit (IC)                   semiconductor)                                                          ...
Transistor (                                             3   Bell Laboratories          1947          gate                ...
(         N-type        p-type)                                         IntegratedCircuit   IC)                           ...
Close Switch)Short Circuit) Id                                  Open Switch)             Open Circuit)       Id           ...
(Turn-on Voltage ; Vt )                            Depletion Region                     (Leakage Current)                 ...
; Vz)                                Vz                                                           (Avalance Breakdown Volt...
Zener Diode)                        Zener Breakdown Voltage ; Vz)                                                   Vr)   ...
Variable Bandpass Filter)       Light Emitting Diode ; LED)LEDGallium Arsenide Phosphide ; GaAsP)                         ...
Power Diode)
Heat Sinks):::        Capacitor) Charge)                    Discharge)                         Filter),              By-pa...
Capacitor)Charge)                              Discharge)                      2Dielectric)                               ...
Farad)         3.2                        31.     A2.                      d
3.
31.   Fixed Capacitor)2.     Variable Capacitor)3.      Select Capacitor)
Fixed Capacitor)             FixedCapacitor)                     5          PF) 10uF)                                     ...
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อุปกรณ์อิเล็กทรอนิคส์

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อุปกรณ์อิเล็กทรอนิคส์

  1. 1. Resistor) 31) FixedResistor) Carbon Composition)Wire Wound) Zmetal Film)Carbon Film) TappedResistor) 2
  2. 2. 2) AdjustableResistor) 22.1) Selected Resistor)2.2) Variable Resistor)3) SpecialResistor)
  3. 3. Thermistor) LDR : Light Dependent Resistor)3.1) Non-Linear)3.2) CdS)CdSe) 2 VariableResistor Resistor
  4. 4. VariableResistor resistor 2 1) 2)1.1) Tolerance)A - +0.05% B - +0.10% C - +0.25% D - +0.50% F - +1% G -+2% J - +5% K - +10% L - +15% M - +20%
  5. 5. 5 W J 2.2 MΩ = 2.2 5% 51.2) 4 3 1 2 3 21.1)312D 1 3 3 3 2 1 1 31 3 2 00 3100 4 D 0.5% 0.5% 3,100 3.1 0.5%
  6. 6. 1.3) Colour Band) 1 4 5 3 4 31 2 Multiple) 4 1, 2 3 45 6 6) 1
  7. 7. IC integrated circuit (IC) semiconductor) IC amplifier)ICIC IC audio-frequencyAF) radio-frequency RF)IC IC logic gate 0) 1)
  8. 8. Transistor ( 3 Bell Laboratories 1947 gate 3 semi-enthusiastic"doping doping N-type p-type 3 N-type P-type(PNP) P-type 1 N-type (NPN) 1 1 gate Complementary Metal OxideSemiconductor (CMOS) COMS gate
  9. 9. ( N-type p-type) IntegratedCircuit IC) DIODE) p-n 2 Anode ; A) p Cathode ; K) n Ideal Diode)
  10. 10. Close Switch)Short Circuit) Id Open Switch) Open Circuit) Id Practical Diode) (Ge >= 0.3V ; Si >= 0.7V )
  11. 11. (Turn-on Voltage ; Vt ) Depletion Region (Leakage Current) (ReverseSaturation Current ; Is ) (Breakdown Voltage) (Zener Breakdown Voltage
  12. 12. ; Vz) Vz (Avalance Breakdown Voltage) Temperature Effects) Is Si 2 10 Ge Is1 2 micro-amp 25 100 Is 100 micro-amp Id
  13. 13. Zener Diode) Zener Breakdown Voltage ; Vz) Vr) Vz Varactor or Varicap Diode) Ct) Reverse Bias Voltage ; Vr)Depletion Region Ct Vr Depletion Region Ct Automatic Fine Tunning ; AFC)
  14. 14. Variable Bandpass Filter) Light Emitting Diode ; LED)LEDGallium Arsenide Phosphide ; GaAsP) Gallium Phosphide ; GaP) p n Si Ge LED Electroluminescence) LED , Photo Diode) p-n
  15. 15. Power Diode)
  16. 16. Heat Sinks)::: Capacitor) Charge) Discharge) Filter), By-pass), Starter), Coupling) 3 C) Farad) 1. 2. 3. 4.
  17. 17. Capacitor)Charge) Discharge) 2Dielectric) , , , 3.1 3.1 1 2 3Charge) Discharge) Coulomb)
  18. 18. Farad) 3.2 31. A2. d
  19. 19. 3.
  20. 20. 31. Fixed Capacitor)2. Variable Capacitor)3. Select Capacitor)
  21. 21. Fixed Capacitor) FixedCapacitor) 5 PF) 10uF) , ,

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