Yarmouth in the 20th Century

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Created and presented by Kevin Shaw, at the Royal Solent Yacht Club in Yarmouth on 19th January 2013.

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Yarmouth in the 20th Century

  1. 1. Yarmouth ~ Life & Changes In the Earlier 20 Century th
  2. 2. The Norman grid-work layout of Baldwin de Redvers new Town of Yarmouth in 1135
  3. 3. When Yarmouth’s first tidal mill was built in the 1660s, the flowof water between the River Yar and Thorley Brook was blockedby an embankment which created a mill pond behind it on theThorley side. Here is the ‘new’ 1793 tidal mill - for making flour.
  4. 4. Yarmouth in 1718 – Two MPs ‘served’ this tiny community for nearly 250 years!
  5. 5. A strong north wind produces troubles off shore in the 1830s or early 1840s
  6. 6. Yarmouth in 1838 (by Brannon)Notable: the Old Sand House (Hayles Boatyard, one of the oldest buildings in Yarmouth), the Mill (1793) and in the distance Freshwater Church
  7. 7. Yarmouth in 1865 (the same Brannon print amended and updated !!)Now Note: the new Breakwater and Harbour (built1843-47) and the new Bridge connecting with Norton (opened 1860)
  8. 8. Yarmouth from the old bridge (opened 1860), photographed c. 1875
  9. 9. Some 40 years on (c.1906) and little had changed!
  10. 10. Photograph of the Pier entrance c. 1890 – Note the‘Posting Establishment’ on the left and the Dolphin Inn beyond.
  11. 11. The Impressively Smart Post Office Staff c.1910
  12. 12. The Pier Staff in the early 1920s
  13. 13. The Pier Staff with local Transport Men c. 1930
  14. 14. The Solent Yacht Club justmonths after its openingin 1898
  15. 15. ‘Red Wings’ at the Solent Yacht Club Regatta of 1902
  16. 16. The Square, looking towards the Solent, in c.1890
  17. 17. The Buildings in today’s PierSquare, which were demolishedin 1894
  18. 18. Quay Street and thefront of The GeorgeHotel in 1867The George wasenlarged to replacethe buildings on theright in the 1890sand was re-openedin 1897 as the PierHotel, which itremained until 1929.
  19. 19. The Pier Hotel c. 1905 – with today’s familiar George having been extended
  20. 20. The ‘George’ in 1905 – Renamed the Pier Hotel between 1897 and 1929
  21. 21. The paddle-steamer ‘Freshwater’The end of the Pier was the point of entry & departure for foot passengers
  22. 22. The passenger p/s ‘Freshwater’ : in service from 1927 to 1959
  23. 23. YarmouthSlipwayin 1912
  24. 24. Cars being carried in ‘Tow-Boats’ across the Solent in the mid-1930s
  25. 25. Loading Transport Boats at the Quay in the early 1930s
  26. 26. Notice the GasometersPreparation of the New Quay and Slipway in 1938
  27. 27. Unloading on the new Slipway in 1938 –the year the first car ferry was introduced
  28. 28. The Lymington – The first (roll-on-roll-off) Car Ferry –for which the new Quay was built, entered service in 1938
  29. 29. Harry Mills’s‘Supply Store’in c. 1913N.B. Notice allthe local shopfronts stretchingup the HighStreet
  30. 30. Fryer’sButcher Shopin the HighStreetc. 1913
  31. 31. Mr. Jack Fryer in c.1920
  32. 32. Harry Mills & Son c 1930
  33. 33. Mr. Elderfield with his Donkey and ‘Dust Cart’ c. 1930
  34. 34. The Mew Langton Dray in Yarmouth (where?) between the Wars, probably in the 1920s
  35. 35. Farm Workers at Thorley – thought to be c 1912
  36. 36. Watching the Meet of the IW Foxhounds in 1909
  37. 37. Across the Road at the same Meet in 1909
  38. 38. The Cast of the Yarmouth Pageant – ‘Pier’ Hotel Garden, c.1928
  39. 39. IOW League WinnersYarmouth United F.C. 1921-22
  40. 40. The Opening of the Recreation Ground in 1935
  41. 41. ‘Dolphin Cottages’, one-time tea rooms, being visited by royalty – perhaps Queen Mary or Princess Beatrice in the 1920s?
  42. 42. YarmouthCarnival Queenof 1912Miss Rita Hall
  43. 43. Mr Jim Cooper –with a largeballoonYarmouth CarnivalCelebrations in1948
  44. 44. The Common and The Mount c. 1914
  45. 45. The Mount - from the South side
  46. 46. The Last of the Dashwoods: Theresa, Cuthbert, Caroline & Constance (d.1966)
  47. 47. A Garden Partyat Westhillin 1908 Note: HMS Gladiator being salvaged in the background
  48. 48. First Motor Lifeboat ‘B.A.S.P.’ which served Yarmouth from 1924 – 1934. It was 45 feet long and could do 8 knots
  49. 49. The Lifeboat Crew in 1925
  50. 50. Yarmouth School in 1867
  51. 51. Planting the Coronation Oak – August 9th 1902
  52. 52. Yarmouth Schoolgirls - 1921
  53. 53. Effy Pitman and her cousins c.1930?
  54. 54. St James’s ChurchCompleted in 1626The main entrance to the churchwas, in line with most, at thewestern end. Only when motortraffic made that too dangerousdid the side (Northern door)become the entrance which westill use.
  55. 55. A beach outing for the Rector and group of Sunday School teachers
  56. 56. The locomotive ‘Freshwater’ on a trial tripon the new Railway at Yarmouth in 1888
  57. 57. Yarmouth StationThe Railway embankment across the modern marshes probably ruined themillpond and possibly explained the final decline of the Mill in the late C19th
  58. 58. A Train steaming across the flooded Marshes (of Thorley Haven) in October 1909
  59. 59. The Island had a good Railway Network by the mid 20th century,though with only one line to the West Wight, which closed in 1953
  60. 60. A train from Newport arriving at Yarmouth Station
  61. 61. Yarmouth Harbour c.1867Notice how much of it was silted up – and here not even at low tide
  62. 62. Aerial View from the West in the 1920s
  63. 63. Yarmouth in 1937* Notice the main road from the Old Bridge ran straight into the Square* There was no Ticket Office (or Shenanigans) hiding the Castle wall By 1986-7 much new land had been reclaimed, including* Nearly all of theextended quay for the ferry and the new public the widely current Slipway area, along with the Green, the Car Park and the Main Road skirting Yarmouth from the roundabout ring-road sytem linking with the new bridge were still under water … at least at high tide
  64. 64. Back Lane (Tennyson Road) c.1920 which led to ‘The Mount’ until 1966
  65. 65. To Conclude ….Yarmouth Square – abuzz with activity – in the late 1950s
  66. 66. 1000900800 POPULATION700 NO of HOUSES600500400300200100 0 1000 1150 1250 1350 1450 1550 1650 1750 1850 1900 1950 2000 Best Estimates of the Fluctuating Population of Yarmouth over the Past 1000 Years
  67. 67. Other Pictures for Inclusion Next Time Smiths welcomed 1948 Passenger Shelter – Sandhard The Common 1912 The Home Guard The Scouts 1918 The Common End of High Street (inc Milkman)
  68. 68. The grid lay-out of the original Norman town of Yarmouth The SolentSea EastGate Gate The Square River Hither Gate Yar
  69. 69. ‘Sea Birds’ at the Solent Yacht Club Regatta of 1902
  70. 70. An Aerial View looking across Yarmouth Harbour pre-1938

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