World Cup 2010


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World Cup 2010

  1. 1. FIFA World Cup 2010 Elena Hamm, Christiane Hoy, Daniela Bartel, Julia Klingenberg, Henning Kötter
  2. 3. World Cup 2010 <ul><li>FIFA members around the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>207 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Active Soccer Players around the world: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>265 000 000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estimated viewers around the world (2010): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 500 000 000 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 4. Overview <ul><ul><li>Sports in South Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World Cup 2010: The Good </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stadiums, Infrastructure, Jobs, Tourism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World Cup 2010: The Bad </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prostitution and Soccer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controversies surrounding the World Cup </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. Sports in South Africa <ul><li>Rugby </li></ul><ul><li>Cricket </li></ul><ul><li>Soccer </li></ul>
  5. 6. What does soccer mean to SA?
  6. 7. Notable Teams <ul><li>Bafana Bafana </li></ul><ul><li>Banyana Banyana </li></ul><ul><li>Kaizer Chiefs </li></ul><ul><li>Orlando Pirates </li></ul><ul><li>Mamelodi Sundowns </li></ul>
  7. 8. Vuvuzela
  8. 9. World Cup 2010: General Information
  9. 10. World Cup 2010 <ul><li>Kick-Off: 11 June </li></ul><ul><li>at Soccer City, Johannesburg </li></ul><ul><li>32 teams </li></ul><ul><li>prize money: $420 million </li></ul>
  10. 11. World Cup 2010 <ul><li>Expected to produce </li></ul><ul><li>500 000 jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Total expediture: </li></ul><ul><li>30 billion Rand </li></ul><ul><li>($ 4 billion) </li></ul><ul><li>Total revenue: </li></ul><ul><li>50 billion Rand </li></ul><ul><li>($ 6.6 billion) </li></ul>
  11. 12. World Cup 2010
  12. 13. World Cup 2010: Stadiums, Infrastructure, Jobs, Tourism
  13. 14. Stadiums <ul><li>Total cost: R8.352bn </li></ul><ul><li>cost is over three and half times higher than the R2.3bn estimate made in 2004 (when the country won its bid to become the first African host of the World Cup tournament) </li></ul><ul><li>expected construction of new stadiums last between 30 to 34 months and refurbishment of existing venues take up to 20 months </li></ul>
  14. 15. Stadiums <ul><li>New stadiums: Cape Town, Durban, Nelspruit, Polokwane and Port Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li>Renovated and modernized: Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Rustenburg, and two stadiums in Johannesburg </li></ul>
  15. 18. Infrastructure <ul><li>Gautrain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>route between the airport and Sandton, completed by May, 27 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>will link Johannesburg, Pretoria and OR Tambo International Airport </li></ul></ul>
  16. 19. Infrastructure <ul><li>Rea Vaya </li></ul><ul><ul><li>new Bus Rapid Transit system (“we are moving”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>estimated R2-billion project (Rea Vaya) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expected to transport 430 000 passengers (daily) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>effective security, including closed-circuit television cameras, will be incorporated into the system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>will span some 330 km across the Johannesburg landscape </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. Infrastructure <ul><li>Airports were upgraded with about R19.5 billion for central terminal buildings, parking lots, etc. </li></ul>
  18. 21. Security & Safety <ul><li>special measures to ensure the safety and security of local and international tourists attending the matches in accordance with standard FIFA requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Spent R640 million to increase the police force </li></ul><ul><li>security teams worked at World Cup 2006, Euro 2008 and the Beijing Olympics </li></ul><ul><li>the country has recruited more than 140,000 extra police, with 100,000 more in reserve, backed up by more vehicles and water cannons </li></ul>
  19. 22. Jobs <ul><li>the World Cup will pump around R21.3-billion into South Africa's economy </li></ul><ul><li>160,000 direct jobs are expected to be created from hosting the World Cup, according to the organizing committee, and construction companies </li></ul><ul><li>majority of the workers receive R2500 per month </li></ul><ul><li>70,000 construction workers who were supposed to be working on the new stadiums walked off their jobs in July 2009 </li></ul>
  20. 23. Tourism <ul><li>South Africa is expecting nearly half a million foreign tourists during the World Cup </li></ul><ul><li>tourism officials say they fear visitors will be put off by exorbitant costs as hotels and guest lodges raise their prices </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 290,000 extra visitors are expected to come over the five years after the tournament because of South Africa's heightened visibility </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We want returning visitors and tourists and the only way we can get that is if people feel a sense of fairness in the prices.“ (Danny Jordaan) </li></ul>
  21. 24. World Cup 2010: Prostitution and Soccer
  22. 25. Sex and Sports Events <ul><li>2006: World Cup in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>2008: Winter Olympics in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>2008: Olympic Games in China </li></ul><ul><li>2012: Olympic Games in the UK </li></ul>
  23. 26. Prostitution in South Africa <ul><li>since 1950s prostitution is illegal </li></ul><ul><li>different types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>entrepreneurial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>bar/club based prostitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>escort agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>street prostitution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>survival sex </li></ul></ul>
  24. 27. Prostitution in South Africa <ul><li>major areas: Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Johannesburg, Cape Town, Durban </li></ul><ul><li>main destination for trafficked children in Southern Africa (currently 28.000- 38.000) </li></ul><ul><li>women and children are lured across the border </li></ul>
  25. 28. Fears <ul><li>legalization of prostitution </li></ul><ul><li>spread of HIV (5 million people) </li></ul><ul><li>crime/increase of human trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>drugs (transit between South America & Asia) </li></ul>
  26. 29. Legalize it? <ul><li>ANDM : “against the word of God“ </li></ul><ul><li>“ it could become permanent“ </li></ul><ul><li>IFP: “It doesn‘t make sense!“ </li></ul><ul><li>SWEAT: “We would support it!“ </li></ul>
  27. 30. Benefit for Prostitutes? <ul><li>SWEAT: </li></ul><ul><li>regulated by the government (as in Germany) </li></ul><ul><li>new laws to protect the rights of sex workers/ access to labour law </li></ul>
  28. 32. World Cup 2010: Controversies
  29. 33. <ul><li>„ South Africa gets raped in many ways in 2010 and as usual it is the children and the poor that suffer while the big mouths put on their suits and cut another deal.“ Andy Campbell, December 13th, 2009 </li></ul>
  30. 34. Fast Facts <ul><li>¼ of SA‘s undereighteens are growing up without their biological parents </li></ul><ul><li>number of double orphans has doubled in the past 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>Number of children who lost one or both parents to aids is 1.4 million </li></ul><ul><li>Aids-> key cause of decline of conventional family </li></ul>
  31. 35. Fast Facts <ul><li>There were officially 36,190 rapes in 2007-08 and 14,201 carjackings, but many crimes go unreported. </li></ul><ul><li>About 50 people a day are murdered </li></ul>
  32. 36. Fast Facts <ul><li>This week the army has taken to the streets in armoured vehicles to raid 54 some of Johannesburg's most notorious areas. </li></ul>
  33. 37. Critical issues <ul><li>Hiding the homeless? Eviction and Housing Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Strikes – „We want a piece of the big cake, too!“ </li></ul><ul><li>Crime,HIV and human trafficking </li></ul>
  34. 38. Hiding the homeless?
  35. 39. Article in the Sunday Times <ul><li>electronic food vouchers </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;concentration camps&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>“ moving the problem out of sight “ </li></ul>
  36. 40. Hiding the homeless <ul><li>evictions meant to „beautify“ the city </li></ul><ul><li>Elimination and Prevention of Re-Emergence of Slums Act 2007 in KwaZulu-Natal </li></ul><ul><li> was found unconstitutional by South African Constitutional Court, abolished on October 14th 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>N2 Gateway housing project, CapeTown </li></ul>
  37. 41. Hiding the homeless
  38. 42. Hiding the homeless <ul><li>But the footballing extravaganza is a mystery to the poor. The image of people living without electricity or running water in the shadow of gleaming new stadiums is not something the government is anxious to show the world. It stands accused of evicting thousands of people from their homes to make way for new developments that will benefit only tourists. </li></ul>
  39. 43. Hiding the homeless <ul><li>S'bu Zikode, president of Abahlali baseMjondolo, the South African shack dwellers' movement: </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;We are supposed to be happy and excited to be hosting this major event but evictions are already taking place on a large scale. The government is focusing on the international visitors rather than poor communities. The role of the poor is seemingly to work hard in hotels, soccer stadiums and other facilities for the world's benefit, but then be kicked out of the cities and not share in the profits.&quot; </li></ul>
  40. 44. Hiding the homeless <ul><li>government will deepen poverty while hiding it from international fans and media. </li></ul><ul><li>government sees slums as image problem </li></ul><ul><li>In reality this is a human problem for the thousands of people who lose their homes </li></ul>
  41. 45. Strikes <ul><li>World Cup created estimated 415.000 jobs including 50,000 in construction </li></ul><ul><li>BUT: general worker earns 14 rand (~1,06 pounds) </li></ul><ul><li>Government plans for buses have angered minibus taxi drivers </li></ul>
  42. 46. HIV and human trafficking <ul><li>In SA, an estimated 40% of HIV-positive children are not able to get treatment </li></ul><ul><li>280000 children in SA infected </li></ul>
  43. 47. HIV and human trafficking <ul><li>authorities fear an increase in child trafficking during World Cup </li></ul><ul><li>247 000 children in SA work in exploitive labour </li></ul>
  44. 48. HIV and human trafficking <ul><li>Schools closed during World Cup  children left unattended </li></ul><ul><li> children loitering around, without much activity </li></ul><ul><li> high risk of trafficking and sexual exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Soccer fans and visitors spending money create whole network that criminal networks want to benefit from </li></ul>
  45. 49. Risky? <ul><li>Opporunity fraught with danger: </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa has never hosted an event on this scale or under such scrutiny. </li></ul><ul><li>If it backfires, the country‘s reputation will be set back years </li></ul>
  46. 50. Outlook <ul><li>„ Football is just a game, it only becomes important when it does something for humanity“ </li></ul><ul><li>(Joseph-Antoine Bell, former Cameroon goalkeeper) </li></ul><ul><li>Fifa give-away of thousands of World Cup Tickets </li></ul>
  47. 51. Outlook <ul><li> first beneficiaries of the free tickets: </li></ul><ul><li>-> the 20 000 construction workers who worked on stadium projects </li></ul><ul><li> in this way everyone is given a ‘piece of the cake’! </li></ul><ul><li> all these projects could be continued afterwards </li></ul>
  48. 52. Outlook <ul><li>The World‘s awareness of problems could force government to act. </li></ul>
  49. 53. What do we make of it? <ul><li>“ Foreigners attending the World Cup stand a chance of grasping the complexity between the two poles of the stereotypes.” </li></ul><ul><li>FEAR or HOPE? </li></ul>
  50. 54. These Germans again… <ul><li>The Noble Savage Myth </li></ul><ul><li>Blatter: “Africa as the country of music, dance, rhythm, hopes and dreams” </li></ul><ul><li>VS </li></ul><ul><li>German team adviced </li></ul><ul><li>to wear bullet-proof vests </li></ul>
  51. 55. And what do we make of it? <ul><li>reveal complexity despite coverage </li></ul><ul><li>(do not let journalists preform your opinion – make own experiences, look beyond!) </li></ul><ul><li>destroy stereotypes (let your own mindsets behind) </li></ul><ul><li>open up to new thinking for diversity and also contradictions of South Africa and it‘s people </li></ul>
  52. 56. World Cup 2010
  53. 57. Sources <ul><li>http://www. sairr </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fast Facts No 7 July 2009” by John Kane-Berman,06/07/09 in SAIRR research and publications </li></ul><ul><li> (02/12/09) “World Cup 2010: football brings defining moment for South Africa” by David Smith, Johannesburg, Friday 12th June 2009 in </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ SA tackles World Cup child-trafficking fears” by COURTNEY BROOKS | JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA - Dec 13 2009 08:00 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>wapedia. Wiki: KZN Slums Act modified: 2009-12-17 02:54:19 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>wapedia. Wiki: N2 Gateway modified: 2009-11-18 20:48:15 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Hiding the homeless” By SASHNI PATHER, NASHIRA DAVIDS and AGIZA HLONGWANE in Sunday Times Oct. 25th, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Aids: the terrible challenge facing Africa's children” </li></ul><ul><li>By Another View Oct 24, 2009 10:28 PM in Sunday Times online </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fifa to give away thousands of World Cup tickets” by KENICHI SERINO | JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA - Aug 15 2009 06:50 in Mail& </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shedding African stereotypes during the World Cup” by GUY BERGER - Oct 28 2009 08:04 in Mail& </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>“ African players see malaria fight as World Cup legacy” AFP CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA Dec 04 2009 15:10 </li></ul>
  54. 58. Sources <ul><li>http: //www . youtube . com/watch ? v=sBEAXgCtdbQ </li></ul><ul><li>BBC news (online) </li></ul><ul><li>Mail & Guardian (online) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>