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Selenium (1)

Course Description
Within fast moving agile software development teams it becomes important to test user interfaces as they are being coded. Automated Testing techniques using Selenium 2 allow for test replay of important features as development progresses. Selenium IDE and Selenium Web Driver are important tools for any tester or developer to use in ensuring software quality and making changes with confidence. This interactive, hands-on workshop provides an understanding and advanced techniques in the use of Selenium 2 with hands on practice. The practice exercises are tailored to various skill levels and type of application being tested, from simple forms to complex web applications.
The class will teach participants to:
Understand trade-offs of automated vs. manual testing.
Record, edit and play back Selenium IDE tests against multiple types of web applications.
Minimize test failure due to normal changes to code.
Understanding of basic Selenium commands to get through common issue with web applications.
Use of Eclipse to run tests individually and as a group to generate test failure reports.
Learn how to help developers understand the importance of making applications more testable to improve usability.


Overview of automated testing
Selenium Suite Overview
Selenium 2 Limitations
Selenium IDE
HTML Locator strategy and false test failure
Firefox Firebug and reading HTML
Selenium Web Driver setup
Eclipse and JUnit (Don't Panic it's just code)
Convert Selenium IDE tests into Selenium 2 Java WebDriver tests
Working with unsupported commands from Selenium IDE
Dealing with security and certificates
Selenium Web Driver practice workshop
Learn how to test in multiple browsers and generate metrics and reports
Discussion of setting up Selenium Web Driver for continuous integration

Bonus Features:

Sample Selenium Web Driver code
Scripts to run JUnit test suites on multiple browsers and generate reports and metrics
List of web resources and blogs for reference
Laminated CSS selector cheat sheet
Laminated Selenium 2 command reference
Courses Offered in Our Training Institute:

3)SharePoint 2010
4)Testing TOOLs - QTP, QC , Load Runner, Selenium

Visit for the course Details
Mail us for details:
Call me at: +91-9502991277.

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Selenium (1)

  1. 1. Selenium – Testing Tool
  2. 2. What is Selenium? • Selenium is a robust set of tools that supports rapid development of test automation for web-based applications. • Works anywhere JavaScript is supported • Hooks for many other languages - Java, Ruby, Python • Can simulate a user navigating through pages and then assert for specific marks on the pages • All you need to really know is HTML to start using it right
  3. 3. Selenium • You can use open source - Selenium tool • Selenium IDE is a plug-in to Firefox to record and playback tests (like WinRunner, QTP). • You can then export the recorded test in most language e.g. HTML, Java , .NET , Perl , Ruby etc. • The exported test can be run in any browser and any platform using "selenium remote control".
  4. 4. Where to get it? • You can use Selenium-Core and customize everything – deprecated. • But it is easier to just get a Firefox plug-in “Selenium-IDE” that helps you “record” test Cases. • You can record how an app is being used and then playback those recordings followed by asserts. • Get everything
  5. 5. Selenium Components
  6. 6. Selenium-IDE • Integrated Development Environment for building Selenium test cases. • Operates as a Firefox add-on and provides an interface for developing and running individual test cases or entire test suites. • Selenium-IDE has a recording feature, which will keep account of user actions as they are performed and store them as a reusable script to play back. • It also has a context menu (right-click) integrated with the Firefox browser, which allows the user to pick from a list of assertions and verifications for the selected location. • Offers full editing of test cases. • Although it is a Firefox only add-on, tests created in it can also be run against other browsers by using Selenium-RC & specifying the name of the test suite on the command line.
  7. 7. Selenium-RC (Remote Control) • Selenium-RC provides an API (Application Programming Interface) and library for each of its supported languages: HTML, Java, C#, Perl, PHP, Python, and Ruby. • This ability to use Selenium-RC with a high-level programming language to develop test cases also allows the automated testing to be integrated with a project’s automated build environment.
  8. 8. Selenium-Grid Selenium-Grid allows the Selenium-RC solution to scale for test suites or test suites to be run in multiple environments. • With Selenium-Grid multiple instances of Selenium-RC are running on various operating system and browser configurations, each of these when launching register with a hub. When tests are sent to the hub they are then redirected to an available Selenium-RC, which will launch the browser and run the test. • This allows for running tests in parallel, with the entire test suite theoretically taking only as long to run as the longest individual test.
  9. 9. Steps to start with Selenium! 1) Begin: write and run tests in Firefox. Selenium IDE is a Firefox add-on that records clicks, typing, and other actions to make a test, which you can play back in the browser. 2) Customize: your language, your browser. Selenium Remote Control (RC) runs your tests in multiple browsers and platforms. Tweak your tests in your preferred language. 3) Deploy: scale out, speed up Selenium Grid extends Selenium RC to distribute your tests across multiple servers, saving you time by running tests in parallel.
  10. 10. Browser Selenium-IDE Selenium-RC Operating Systems Firefox 3 1.0 Beta-1 & 1.0 Beta-2: Record and playback tests Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac Firefox 2 1.0 Beta-1: Record and playback tests Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac IE 8 Under development Windows IE 7 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Windows Safari 3 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Mac Safari 2 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Mac Opera 9 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac Opera 8 Test execution only via Selenium-RC Start browser, run tests Windows, Linux, Mac Google Chrome Test execution only via Selenium-RC(Windows) Start browser, run tests Windows Others Test execution only via Selenium-RC Partial support possible As applicable Supported Browsers * Tests developed on Firefox via Selenium-IDE can be executed on any other supported browser via a simple Selenium-RC command line.
  11. 11. Selenium Commands – Selenese 1) Actions are commands that generally manipulate the state of the application. They do things like “click this link” and “select that option”. • Can be called with “AndWait” suffix, e.g. “clickAndWait”. 2) Accessors examine the state of the application and store the results in variables, e.g. “storeTitle”. • They are also used to automatically generate Assertions. 3) Assertions are like Accessors, but verify that the state of the application conforms to what is expected. Eg. “make sure the page title is X”, “verify that this checkbox is checked”. • All Selenium Assertions can be used in 3 modes: “assert”, “verify”, and ” waitFor”. For example, you can “assertText”, “verifyText” and “waitForText”.
  12. 12. Selenium IDE The list of actions in the actual test case to execute The root of web application you want to test The log of the events that were executed, including any errors or warning that may have occurred
  13. 13. Selenium IDE Execution Commands Record test actions Try the test in the Web based TestRunner Specify commands, including asserts Reference of the currently selected command
  14. 14. Test Suite Execution Control Test Cases Steps of the test case Application being tested
  15. 15. TestRunner Control
  16. 16. TestRunner Control Pause/Play Execution Step through Execution Control Speed of Execution Summary of the Test View the log of the current execution View the DOM of the current Page being tested Highlight Elements in the Execution Run All Tests Run Selected Test
  17. 17. Test Creation Demo in
  18. 18. Login to Click on Tools || Selenium IDE www.Swww.Sewww.Seleniumonli
  19. 19. Selenium IDE in recording Mode Wseleniumonlinetraining.infoww.S
  20. 20. Add Consultant Details
  21. 21. Click On Submit fo
  22. 22. Inserted Successfully
  23. 23. Selenium IDE records the Test Steps Stop Recording sss
  24. 24. Save Test Case/Test Suite ss
  25. 25. Make the required changes to the Test Case change Click to clickAndWait command s
  26. 26. Make the required changes to the Test Case – change the email id in the second parameter Make other changes s
  27. 27. Second Test Case: searchConsultant 1) Record 2) Stop Recording 3) Save with a Name 4) Make Required Changes to parameters or Commands 5) Play
  28. 28. Run the entire Test Suite/Each Test Case See RESULT Here
  29. 29. Test Suite on Firefox www.Seleniumonlinetrasselenium
  30. 30. addConsultant Test Case
  31. 31. Changes made to addConsultant Test Case
  32. 32. searchConsultant Test Case
  33. 33. Test Case Saved in HTML Tabular Format www.Swww.Seleniumonlinetrainin
  34. 34. Creating a Test Suite A Test Suite in Selenium is just an HTML file that contains a table of links to tests <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" ""> <html xmlns="" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> <head> <meta content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" http-equiv="content-type" /> <title>Test Suite</title> </head> <body> <table id="suiteTable" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" border="1" class="selenium"> <tbody> <tr><td><b>Test Suite</b></td></tr> <tr><td><a href="addConsultant.html">addConsultant</a></td></tr> <tr><td><a href="searchConsultant">searchConsultant</a></td></tr> </tbody> </table> </body> </html>
  35. 35. TestRunner Demo Execute Tests created inside the Firefox TestRunner.
  36. 36. addConsultant TestRunner Mode
  37. 37. searchConsultant in Execution Mode - TestRunner
  38. 38. Questions?