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-Onkar Telang

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  2. 2. What is E-waste ? E• - waste includes computers, e ntertainmentelectronics,• mobile phones and other items• that have been discarded by• their original users.While there is no generally accepted definitionof e-waste, in most cases e-waste consists ofexpensive and more or less durable productsused for data processing, telecommunicationsor entertainment in private households andbusinesses. 2
  3. 3. Let us see where do this waste comefrom ?Rapid changes in technology.Falling prices and planned obsolescenceDisplay units (CRT, LCD, LED monitors), Processors (CPU chips,RAM), Mobile phones, Audio components etc.Americans upgrade their cell phones about Every 18 months.That adds 140 million unwanted cell phones in 2010 year. 3
  4. 4. “One Man trash is another’s man treasure.” Hmm make sense..Televisions and computer monitors that contain cathode raytubes:2.LCD desktop monitors3.Laptop computers with LCD displays4.LCD televisions5.Plasma televisions6.Portable DVD players with LCD screens. 4
  5. 5. ¤ T issue is l r beca oft TOXIC nature of electronic he age use hecomponents .¤ourl ndfils ae becoming polut a t toxins ae seeping int a l r l ed nd hese r oUNDE RWA TE R RE S E RVIOUR. he ed aes nd ur ‐ a e¤ In t Unit St t a E ope, Ew st is RIS ING a v yhigh r t t er ae.¤Inst d ofinv ing moneyt dev op apr t ea est o el ocess oRE C YC LE t w st is shipping itoutt ot counties. his a e o her r 5
  6. 6. Manufactures need to use certain chemicals,elements and compounds Years of R&D, multiple product generations, andconsumers willingness to “UPGRADE”. UPGRADE Items contain numerous electrical components generate the largest amount of E‐waste. 6
  7. 7. “CASH FOR LAPTOP” is the first ever company offer toBuy used laptop online.• The countries are dumping between 300 million and 400 million electronic items per year, and less than 20% of that e-waste is recycled.• In the European Union alone, 9.3 million tones of electronic equipment was put on the market in 2005.• Large amounts of e-waste have been sent to countries such as China, India and Kenya, where lower environmental standards and working conditions make processing E-waste more profitable.• Around 80 % of the E-waste in the U.S is exported to Asia.• About 50 millions cell phones are replaced worldwide a month, and only 10% are recycled. 7
  8. 8. E-waste presents difficulties for recycling because many ofthe plastics used in electronic equipment contains“FLAME RETARDANTS ” . E-waste is of largely concern due to the toxicity nature ofsome of the substances which is due to lead,mercury, cadmium and a no of other substances. Recycling and disposal of E-waste may involve significantrisk to workers and communities and great care must betaken to avoid unsafe exposure in recycling operations. 8
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  11. 11. Electronic devices are manufactured from human-madeand natural materials. Many are valuable and hazardoussuch as sulphur, lead, cadmium. The most complex mix of substances is usually present inthe printed wiring boards. When toxics are exposed, potential human impactsinclude lung cancer ,damage to the heart and liver. 11
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  14. 14. Recycling as a way of avoiding resource depletion.Raising awareness.Financing E-waste. 14
  15. 15. Apple recycled 13 million pounds of E-waste in 2006, whichis equal to 9.5% of the weight of all products Apple soldseven years earlier R.I.P Steve Jobs► Sony of Canada Ltd. has launched a recycling programfor all its end-of-life products at no cost to the consumer. Nopurchase is necessary. Just send in your old equipment.►Dell Inc. CEO Michael Dell and Sprint CEO DanHesse signed a voluntary commitment agreement  topromote a U.S. based electronics recycling market.►Michael Dell, chairman and CEO, set goal recycling 1billion pounds by 2014 and becoming more responsiblerecycling E-waste to protect our planet. 15
  16. 16. % of Weight of total products Recycled by Apple Inc. In addition to eliminating toxins, Apple Inc. are designingproducts with highly recyclable aluminum enclosures. Internal fan assemblies use advanced materials derived from repolymerized plastic bottles. 16
  17. 17.  Despite a wide range of environmental legislation in India there are NO specific laws or guidelines for electronic waste or computer waste. Waste Rules (1989), E-waste is NOT treated as hazardous unless proved to have Higher concentration of certain substances. The preferred practice to get rid of obsolete electronic items in India is to get them in Exchange from retailers when purchasing a new item. Widespread E-waste recycling in the informal sector Acid leaching and Open air burning is resulting in severe environmental damage. The business sector is estimated to account for 78% of all installed computers in India and these are sold by Auctions. 17
  18. 18. “ Total waste from electronic equipment in India has estimated to be 1,46,180 tones in Why so frivolous….? 2009” Awareness amongst manufactures and consumers regarding the hazards of incorrect e-waste disposal is low.  Additionally considerable quantities of E-waste are reported to beimported as ‘DONATION’ from developed nations. Land filling of E-wastes in India can lead to the leaching of lead into theground water. Recovery of metals, plastic, glass and other materials reduces the magnitude of E-waste. Although awareness for implementing improvements is increasing rapidly, the major obstacles to manage the E-wastes safely and effectively remain. 18
  19. 19. Can u “Digest”…?The collection and Re-cycling of electronic wastes is being d one by theinform al sector in the country at present, the Governm ent has taken thefollowing action/ steps to enhance awareness about environm entally soundm anagem ent of electronic waste. Several Workshops on Electronic Waste M anagem ent was organized bythe C entral Pollution C ontrol Board (C PC B) in collaboration with ToxicsL ink, C II etc. Action has been initiated by C PC B for rapid assessm ent of the E -Wastegenerated in m ajor cities of the country. A N ational Working Group has been constituted for form ulatinga strategy for E-Waste m anagem ent. 19
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  21. 21. The future and more to come….. E ‐waste is a growing environm ental concern, there are strict wasteguid elines acted by certain countries, however hum an society need toaware this issue globally.C orporations need to take greater initiatives in recycling prod ucts thatexceed their shelf life.Technology is ad vancing everyd ay and solutions in the m anufacturingof electronics continues to im prove as they generate less and less waste.In term s of sustainability, there are only a finite num ber of resourcesavailable to us, and recycling e ‐waste helps conserve a lot of them . 21
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  23. 23. Developed by:Onkar 23