Social Media in Online & Cross Border Activism in Azerbaijan


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Social Media in Online & Cross Border Activism in Azerbaijan

  1. 1. SOCIAL MEDIA IN ONLINE AND CROSS-BORDER ACTIVISM IN AZERBAIJAN YEREVAN, ARMENIA Onnik Krikorian Caucasus Regional Editor, Global Voices [email_address] [email_address]
  2. 2. What is Global Voices? Global Voices is a community of more than 300 bloggers and translators around the world who work together to bring readers reports from blogs and citizen media everywhere, with an emphasis on voices that are not ordinarily heard in the mainstream media. Global Voices is translated into more than 15 languages by volunteer translators, who have formed the Lingua project. Additionally, Global Voices has an Advocacy website and network to help people speak out online in places where their voices are censored. We also have an outreach project called Rising Voices to help marginalized communities use citizen media to be heard.
  3. 3. Global Voices Impact Four websites most consistently account for links between countries: YouTube , Wikipedia , the BBC and, a distant fourth, Global Voices Online . The last of these, launched at Harvard University in 2005 […] works to create links between bloggers in different countries, and to find what it calls “bridge bloggers” […] The Economist, 2 September 2010 Working relationships with BBC, Reuters, Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting, La Stampa and many others. Frequently quoted by CNN, BBC, New York Times, The Economist etc.
  4. 4. Russia-Georgia War
  5. 5. Caucasus BarCamp
  6. 6. Progressive Youth Movements
  7. 8. Perpetuating Conflict [A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness, which hinders dialogue and mutual understanding […] Without more accurate and unbiased information […] free of negative rhetoric and stereotypes, Armenians and Azerbaijanis will continue to see themselves as enemies without any common ground. Report on media in Armenia and Azerbaijan , Caucasus Resource Research Centers
  8. 9. Perpetuating Conflict [...] people are often inclined to consider their existing attitudes and beliefs to be true and filter the news through this lens . Thus, they accept messages in order to maintain their original perceptions. […] bias in the local media [...] serves as a means to fuel and perpetuate hatred . This is a role the media has and continues to play with regards to the conflict over Nagorno Karabakh. Report on media in Armenia and Azerbaijan , Caucasus Resource Research Centers
  9. 10. Attitudes in Armenia
  10. 11. Attitudes in Azerbaijan
  11. 12. Another Alternative? Throughout history, war has affected media, with conflict often creating an information void. In the 21st century, media has begun to affect war more than ever before. Digital media technologies [...] have increased communication and information dissemination in conflict settings [...]. These new tools can be used to foment violence or to foster peace , and it is possible to build communication systems that encourage dialogue and nonviolent political solutions. Ivan Sigal, Global Voices Executive Director, Digital media in conflict-prone societies, Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA)
  12. 13. Caucasus Conflict Voices
  13. 14. Caucasus Conflict Voices
  14. 16. Tweeting Protests
  15. 18. Twitter Communication
  16. 19. International Networks
  17. 20. Alternative Voices
  18. 21. Eurovision 2009
  19. 22. Eurovision 2011
  20. 23. Real & fake identities
  21. 24. Eynulla Fatullayev Campaign
  22. 25. Cyber Utopian or Skeptic? The reason why the KGB wants you to join Facebook is because it allows them to learn more about you from afar. It allows them to identify certain social graphs and social connections between activists. Many of these relationships are now self-disclosed by activists by joining various groups. Evgeny Morozov , author of The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom
  23. 26. Exposing networks
  24. 27. Cyber Realism Mary Joyce of the Meta Activism project has warned that a key factor in successful online activism appear to be novelty – it’s hard to articulate “best practices” because one of the best practices is to be the first to try a particular technique. If we take the lesson from Fatullayev’s release that Twitter campaigns, focused on individual public figures who use Twitter, leveraging offline media attention are a useful strategy, it seems likely that campaign organizations will adopt the technique and use it to the point where future implementations aren’t worth an article or a blog post. Ethan Zuckerman , Global Voices Co-founder Who freed Eynulla Fatullayev? And what does his release mean for Twitter activism?
  25. 29. Shameless plugs Global Voices Online Global Voices Caucasus Conflict Voices Global Voices Advocacy Rising Voices Caucasus Conflict Voices