THE MEDIA AND INTERNET IN 

R E G I O N A L C O O P E R AT I O N F O R P E AC E A N D S TA B I L I T Y
O N N I K J A M E S...
T H E S O U T H C AU C A S U S
Twe n t y ye a r s a f t e r t h e e n d o f t h e S ov i e t U n i o n , t h e S o u t h
C...
AZERBAIJAN FROM THE TBILISI-BAKU FLIGHT © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2013
ATTITUDES

DATA: CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC)
POST-ELECTION OPPOSITION PROTEST, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2003
THE MEDIA

DATA: 	

FREEDOM HOUSE

CAUCASUS
RESEARCH RESOURCE
CENTERS (CRRC)
THE MEDIA

DATA: 	

CAUCASUS
RESEARCH RESOURCE
CENTERS (CRRC)
THE MEDIA
How well TV journalists inform the population (%) CB 2012

Armenia

4%

Azerbaijan

Georgia

16%

42%

14%

6%

...
THE INTERNET
THE INTERNET
50

59

60
42

38

45
29

33

24

25

49

46

30

16

26
19

15

13

15

9

11

15

19
12
6

2

0
Internet ac...
THE INTERNET
RUSSIAN MILITARY ROAD BLOCK, ROAD TO GORI © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2008
C AU C AS U S S TABIL IT Y
Tu r ke y ’s r o l e i n t h e S o u t h C a u c a s u s i s d e p e n d e n t o n i t s
r ela ...
AR M E N IA - T U RK E Y

(TOP) BURNING OF THE TURKISH FLAG,
ARMENIA. (RIGHT) ARMENIA-TURKEY BORDER
GATES © ONNIK JAMES KR...
ARME N I A - T U R K E Y BO R D E R
GYUMRI, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2005
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
•

2 5, 0 00 D EA D U NTI L 1994 CE A SE FI R E 	


•

1 MI L L IO N RE F U G EES AND I DP S
D I...
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
[…] people are often inclined to consider their
ex ist in g a t tit u d e s and b e l i efs to b...
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
[A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness,
which hinder s dialogue and mutual un...
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
A N OT H ER ALTERNATIVE?
Throughout histor y, war has affected media, with
conflict often creating an infor mation void. I...
R U S S I A - G E O R G I A WA R
Anyo n e wh o be l ie ve s t h at a ll ci t i ze n med ia a r e ob je ct i ve
and impar t...
AR M E N IA - T U RK E Y
What merely sur vives in mar ginal paper s with some thousands
of c ir cula tio n, liter ally flo...
AN OT HER ALT E R N AT I V E ?

H T T P : / / W W W. C O N F L I C T- VO I C E S . N E T
ALTE RNAT I VE N AR R AT I V ES
ALTE RNAT I VE N AR R AT I V ES
We hear far too little of what I call this “third nar r ative” of
the Ar menian-Azerbaijan...
THE MEDIA AND ICT4D

http://www.Elva.org
T H A N K YO U

TBILISI, GEORGIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2014
CONTACT
EMAIL

onewmphoto@gmail.com

!
WEB

http://www.onnik-krikorian.com	

http://www.conflict-voices.net	



FACEBOOK
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The Media and Internet in Regional Cooperation for Peace and Stability

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The Media and Internet in Regional Cooperation for Peace and Stability

  1. 1. THE MEDIA AND INTERNET IN 
 R E G I O N A L C O O P E R AT I O N F O R P E AC E A N D S TA B I L I T Y O N N I K J A M E S K R I KO R I A N H T T P :// W W W . O N N I K - K R I KO R I A N . C O M
  2. 2. T H E S O U T H C AU C A S U S Twe n t y ye a r s a f t e r t h e e n d o f t h e S ov i e t U n i o n , t h e S o u t h Caucasus countr ies can no longer be considered ‘in tr ansition.’ Ar menia, Azerbaijan, and Geor gia have built f u n c t i o n i n g s ove r e i g n s t a t e s . B u t m a ny q u e s t i o n s r e m a i n about how well they are far ing […] THE SOUTH CAUC AS US 20 YEARS AFTER INDEPENDENCE
 T H O M A S D E WA A L , C A R N E G I E E N D OW M E N T F O R I N T E R N AT I O N A L P E AC E
 H T T P : / / C A R N E G I E E N D OW M E N T. O R G / 2 0 1 1 / 1 1 / 2 8 / S O U T H - C AU C A S U S - 2 0 - Y E A R S - A F T E R IN DEPENDENCE/6NRL ?RE LOADFLAG=1
  3. 3. AZERBAIJAN FROM THE TBILISI-BAKU FLIGHT © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2013
  4. 4. ATTITUDES DATA: CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC)
  5. 5. POST-ELECTION OPPOSITION PROTEST, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2003
  6. 6. THE MEDIA DATA: FREEDOM HOUSE
 CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC)
  7. 7. THE MEDIA DATA: CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC)
  8. 8. THE MEDIA How well TV journalists inform the population (%) CB 2012 Armenia 4% Azerbaijan Georgia 16% 42% 14% 6% 33% 21% Very well DATA: CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC) 19% 28% 49% Quite well In the middle 11% 9% 8% Quite poorly Very poorly 8% 8% 4% 7% 12% Don't know
  9. 9. THE INTERNET
  10. 10. THE INTERNET 50 59 60 42 38 45 29 33 24 25 49 46 30 16 26 19 15 13 15 9 11 15 19 12 6 2 0 Internet access from PC Armenia Azerbaijan Georgia 0 Internet access from a cell phone 70 Every day Don't know what the Internet is 70 53 54 50 50 DATA: CAUCASUS RESEARCH RESOURCE CENTERS (CRRC) Never 59 53 ! Less frequently 46 37 35 34 31 30 24 22 18 25 22 16 19 22 0 Social Networks Skype Search Email News Music/Videos
  11. 11. THE INTERNET
  12. 12. RUSSIAN MILITARY ROAD BLOCK, ROAD TO GORI © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2008
  13. 13. C AU C AS U S S TABIL IT Y Tu r ke y ’s r o l e i n t h e S o u t h C a u c a s u s i s d e p e n d e n t o n i t s r ela ti o ns w it h e ac h c o u n tr y. Ther e has p r ob ably b een only o ne i nst an c e o f Tur ke y a d d r e ssi ng the r egion as a w hole and this was Tur key’s proposal for a Caucasus Stability and Cooper ation Platfor m following the August 2008 ar med c o nfl ic t be twe e n R us s i a a n d Geor gi a. T UR KE Y’ S S OU T H C AU C A S U S AG E N DA : T H E RO L E O F STAT E A N D N O N - STAT E AC TO RS , AYB ARS GÖRGÜLÜ AND ONNIK KRIKORIAN, T E S E V, 2 0 1 2 ! h t t p : / / w w w. t e s e v. o r g . t r / a s s e t s / p u bl i c a t i o n s / fi l e / S o u t h C a u c a s u s A g e n d a . p d f
  14. 14. AR M E N IA - T U RK E Y (TOP) BURNING OF THE TURKISH FLAG, ARMENIA. (RIGHT) ARMENIA-TURKEY BORDER GATES © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2009
  15. 15. ARME N I A - T U R K E Y BO R D E R
  16. 16. GYUMRI, ARMENIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2005
  17. 17. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H • 2 5, 0 00 D EA D U NTI L 1994 CE A SE FI R E • 1 MI L L IO N RE F U G EES AND I DP S D I S P L AC E D F RO M T H E I R H O M E S • 1 6 PE R C E N T O F A ZE R B AI J A N CONTROLLED BY ARMENIAN FORCES • BORDER SKIRMISHES AND CLASHES, IN C R EA S E IN S NI PE R INCI DE NT S • N EW G ENE R AT I ONS LIVI NG WI T HOU T CONTACT WITH THE OTHER • CONFLICT USED AS A POLITIC AL TOO L I N A R M ENIA AND A ZE R B A I J A N • PEACE STILL ELUSIVE
  18. 18. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H […] people are often inclined to consider their ex ist in g a t tit u d e s and b e l i efs to b e t r ue and filter the news through this lens. Thus, they accept m es sa g e s i n o r d e r t o mai nt ain their or iginal perceptions. […] bias in the local media [...] ser ves as a means to fuel and per petuate hatred. This is a ro le t he me d ia ha s and c onti nues to p lay w ith re g a rd s t o t h e c o n fl i c t ove r N agor no Kar ab akh. ! A R M E N I A N A N D A Z E R B A I J A N I I N T E R N AT I O N A L N E WS COV E R AG E , C AU C AS U S R E S E A R C H R E S O U R C E CENTERS (CRRC) http://epfound.am/files/mb_fg_report_finalized_edited_12.27.2008.doc

  19. 19. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H [A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness, which hinder s dialogue and mutual under standing [...] Without more accur ate and unbiased infor mation [...] free of negative rhetor ic and stereotypes, Ar menians and Azerbaijanis will continue to see themselves as enemies without any common ground. ! A R M E N I A N A N D A Z E R B A I J A N I I N T E R N AT I O N A L N E WS COV E R AG E , C AU C AS U S R E S E A R C H R E S O U R C E CENTERS (CRRC) http://epfound.am/files/mb_fg_report_finalized_edited_12.27.2008.doc

  20. 20. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
  21. 21. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
  22. 22. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
  23. 23. NAGO R NO K A R A B A K H
  24. 24. A N OT H ER ALTERNATIVE? Throughout histor y, war has affected media, with conflict often creating an infor mation void. In the 21st centur y, media has begun to affect war more than ever before . Digital media technologies [...] have increased communication and infor mation dissemination in conflict settings [...]. These new tools can be used to foment violence or to foster peace , and it is possible to build communication systems that encour age dialogue and nonviolent political solutions. ! DIGITAL MEDIA IN CONFLICT PRONE SOCIETIES http://cima.ned.org/publications/research-reports/digital-media-conflict-prone-societies
  25. 25. R U S S I A - G E O R G I A WA R Anyo n e wh o be l ie ve s t h at a ll ci t i ze n med ia a r e ob je ct i ve and impar tial is either mad or hasn't actually read any c i t ize n m e d ia . [ … ] W h at ' s be com e ve r y d if fic u lt i s u s in g c i t ize n m e d ia t o u n de r s t an d w h a t 's a c t u a lly h a p pe n in g o n the ground. As we all know, some of the repor ts from both c a m p s in t h e S ou t h Os s e t i a n c o n fl i c t we r e l ike ly m anu f a c t u r e d an d i n ac c u r at e . Th i s s or t o f si t u a t io n ca n g e t e ve n m o r e c o mp li c at e d w h en t h e r e a r en ' t imp a r t ia l j o ur na li s t s on t h e gr ou n d. ETHAN ZUCKERMAN 
 h t t p : / / w w w. e n g . k av k a z - u ze l . r u / a r t i c l e s / 1 3 1 4 9 / 

  26. 26. AR M E N IA - T U RK E Y What merely sur vives in mar ginal paper s with some thousands of c ir cula tio n, liter ally flo u r ish in th e c yb er-wor ld of the in ter net. S o c ia l net wo r ks like Fac ebo ok and var ious mai l groups, some created and oper ated by the best educated segment s o f th e p op u latio n , ar e r ife wit h i r r ati onal sp ecul ati on, c on spir a c y the o r ie s an d h ate . T hey ar e wid ely ci rc ulat ed, and n ove l a d d i t i o n s s p r e a d o u t l i ke w i l d fi r e s . Ye t t h e y g o m o s t ly u n n o t i c e d by o u t s i d e r s . T h i s p a r a l l e l u n i ve r s e w i t h i t s s h a d ow y actor s should be the subject of fur ther sur veys. A S U RV E Y O N T U R K I S H - A R M E N I A N R E L AT I O N S A N D A R M E N I A I N T U R K I S H M E D I A
 h t t p : / / w w w. e p fo u n d . a m / fi l e s / g p o t _ a n a ly s i s . p d f 

  27. 27. AN OT HER ALT E R N AT I V E ? H T T P : / / W W W. C O N F L I C T- VO I C E S . N E T
  28. 28. ALTE RNAT I VE N AR R AT I V ES
  29. 29. ALTE RNAT I VE N AR R AT I V ES We hear far too little of what I call this “third nar r ative” of the Ar menian-Azerbaijani conflict, a nar r ative of peace . It s pi ns t he i d e a t ha t t h e t wo p eopl e ar e cap able of getting along fine , have lived together in the past and, if politicians are able to overcome differences on the Kar abakh conflict, c an li ve to g e th e r i n th e fut u re . I nter national m ed iator s ar e too times to speak this nar r ative or feel that is not their bu si ne s s. T h e m e d ia in bo th countr ies suppr esses it. C AU C A S U S CO N F L I C T VO I C E S , M AY 2 0 1 1
 T H O M A S D E WA A L , C A R N E G I E E N D OW M E N T F O R I N T E R N AT I O N A L P E AC E ! H T T P : / / P E AC E . O N E WO R L D. A M / C O N F L I C T _ VO I C E S _ M AY _ 2 0 1 1 . H T M L
  30. 30. THE MEDIA AND ICT4D http://www.Elva.org
  31. 31. T H A N K YO U TBILISI, GEORGIA © ONNIK JAMES KRIKORIAN 2014
  32. 32. CONTACT EMAIL
 onewmphoto@gmail.com ! WEB
 http://www.onnik-krikorian.com http://www.conflict-voices.net 
 FACEBOOK http://www.facebook.com/onewmphoto http://www.facebook.com/conflictvoices ! TWITTER
 http://www.twitter.com/onewmphoto http://www.twitter.com/caucasusproject ! ! ! !

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