<ul><li>CAUCASUS CONFLICT VOICES </li></ul><ul><li>http://peace.oneworld.am </li></ul><ul><li>http://globalvoicesonline.or...
What is Global Voices? <ul><li>Global Voices  is a community of more than 300 bloggers and translators around the world wh...
Global Voices Impact <ul><li>Four websites most consistently account for links between countries:  YouTube ,  Wikipedia , ...
Armenia-Turkey Coverage Twitter @gvcaucasus
Armenia-Turkey Coverage Twitter @gvcaucasus
Caucasus Coverage Twitter @gvcaucasus
http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org http://threatened.globalvoicesonline.org Twitter @advox
Russia-Georgia War
New & Social Media in Conflict <ul><li>Anyone who believes that all citizen media are objective and impartial is either ma...
Nagorno Karabakh <ul><li>1994 ceasefire </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 25,000 dead </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 1 million refugees a...
Nagorno Karabakh Above:  Azerbaijani Prisoner of War (PoW) Right:  Azerbaijani PoW and Civilian Hostages  Photos © Onnik K...
Media & Civil Society <ul><li>Media practices self-censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective and/or selective reporting, mis...
Media Perpetuating Conflict? <ul><li>[A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness, which hinders dialogue and...
Media Perpetuating Conflict? <ul><li>[...] people are often inclined to consider their existing attitudes and beliefs to b...
Attitudes in Armenia
Attitudes in Azerbaijan
Attitudes in Georgia
Another Alternative? <ul><li>Throughout history, war has affected media, with conflict often creating an information void....
Social Media Crossing Borders
Catalysts <ul><li>BarCamp Caucasus </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest, detention and eventual  imprisonment of Azeri video blogging ...
Social Media Crossing Borders <ul><li>Facebook allowed insight into lives, interests and concerns across ceasefire line </...
Twitter Communication
Alternative Narratives
 
 
http://peace.oneworld.am Caucasus Conflict Voices
http://peace.oneworld.am Caucasus Conflict Voices
Alternative Narratives <ul><li>Nowhere in the world can you find two groups of people closer to each other. That is why we...
Alternative Narratives <ul><li>We hear far too little of what I call this “third narrative” of the Armenian-Azerbaijani co...
Alternative Narratives Twitter @gvcaucasus
Poignant Thoughts For Love Of The Caucasus http://thecaucasus.tumblr.com/
Ooops... Above:  Gori under Russian control, Georgia Right:  Russian Roadblock, Gori, Georgia Photos © Onnik Krikorian 2008
Cyber Utopian or Skeptic? <ul><li>The reason why the KGB wants you to join Facebook is because it allows them to learn mor...
Identifying Networks
Imaginary Cosmopolitanism <ul><li>I study the ways new media shapes people's perceptions of the world. It's my fond hope t...
Imaginary Cosmopolitanism <ul><li>[...]  we could well see a big jump in citizen to citizen diplomacy across this next yea...
Internet Use Household Surveys, Caucasus Resource Research Centers http://crrccenters.org Internet Frequency in the Caucas...
Internet Use Armenia 2011 Media Public Opinion and Preference Survey,  Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC)
Cyber Realism <ul><li>New media tools will certainly help in getting people better acquainted with each other, but at the ...
Cyber Realism <ul><li>I think you can’t do it just with social media tools, but as we’ve seen over the past 15 years, you ...
Questions & Discussion <ul><li>[…] the internet is not magic; it is a tool . Anyone who wants to use it to bring nations c...
Links <ul><li>Global Voices Online http://www.globalvoicesonline.org </li></ul><ul><li>Caucasus Conflict Voices http://pea...
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Caucasus Conflict Voices

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Presentation on Caucasus Conflict Voices and Global Voices coverage of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey conflict/relations.

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Caucasus Conflict Voices

  1. 1. <ul><li>CAUCASUS CONFLICT VOICES </li></ul><ul><li>http://peace.oneworld.am </li></ul><ul><li>http://globalvoicesonline.org / </li></ul><ul><li>Onnik Krikorian </li></ul><ul><li>Journalist, Photojournalist, Online Media Consultant Caucasus Regional Editor, Global Voices http://www.globalvoicesonline.org [email_address] http://twitter.com/onewmphoto </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is Global Voices? <ul><li>Global Voices is a community of more than 300 bloggers and translators around the world who work together to bring readers reports from blogs and citizen media everywhere, with an emphasis on voices that are not ordinarily heard in the mainstream media. </li></ul><ul><li>Global Voices is translated into more than 30 languages by volunteer translators, who have formed the Lingua project. Additionally, Global Voices has an Advocacy website and network to help people speak out online in places where their voices are censored. </li></ul><ul><li>We also have an outreach project called Rising Voices to help marginalized communities use citizen media to be heard. Technology for Transparency examines the use of online tools in increasing transparency and accountability globally. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Global Voices Impact <ul><li>Four websites most consistently account for links between countries: YouTube , Wikipedia , the BBC and, a distant fourth, Global Voices Online . The last of these, launched at Harvard University in 2005 […] works to create links between bloggers in different countries, and to find what it calls “bridge bloggers” […] </li></ul><ul><li>The Economist, 2 September 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Working relationships with BBC, Reuters, Pulitzer Center for Crisis Reporting, La Stampa and many others. Frequently quoted by CNN, BBC, New York Times, The Economist etc. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Armenia-Turkey Coverage Twitter @gvcaucasus
  5. 5. Armenia-Turkey Coverage Twitter @gvcaucasus
  6. 6. Caucasus Coverage Twitter @gvcaucasus
  7. 7. http://advocacy.globalvoicesonline.org http://threatened.globalvoicesonline.org Twitter @advox
  8. 8. Russia-Georgia War
  9. 9. New & Social Media in Conflict <ul><li>Anyone who believes that all citizen media are objective and impartial is either mad or hasn't actually read any citizen media . […] What's become very difficult is using citizen media to understand what's actually happening on the ground. As we all know, some of the reports from both camps in the South Ossetian conflict were likely manufactured and inaccurate . This sort of situation can get even more complicated when there aren't impartial journalists on the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethan Zuckerman, Global Voices co-founder http://www.eng.kavkaz-uzel.ru/articles/13149/ </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nagorno Karabakh <ul><li>1994 ceasefire </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 25,000 dead </li></ul><ul><li>Approx 1 million refugees and IDPs </li></ul><ul><li>14-16 percent of Azerbaijan controlled by Armenian and Nagorno Karabakh forces </li></ul><ul><li>Border skirmishes and clashes, increase in sniper incidents </li></ul><ul><li>New generations living without contact with the other side </li></ul><ul><li>Peace deal still elusive </li></ul><ul><li>Threat of new war </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nagorno Karabakh Above: Azerbaijani Prisoner of War (PoW) Right: Azerbaijani PoW and Civilian Hostages Photos © Onnik Krikorian 1994
  12. 12. Media & Civil Society <ul><li>Media practices self-censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Subjective and/or selective reporting, misinformation and propaganda </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalist narratives and terminology over objectivity and neutrality </li></ul><ul><li>Image of the enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Rumor and speculation becomes accepted as 'fact' </li></ul><ul><li>Civil Society – Usual Suspects and Closed Circles </li></ul><ul><li>Political forces manipulate conflict for domestic political gain </li></ul><ul><li>Communication and/or contact with the 'enemy' discouraged </li></ul>
  13. 13. Media Perpetuating Conflict? <ul><li>[A] negative context [is set] in the public consciousness, which hinders dialogue and mutual understanding […] Without more accurate and unbiased information […] free of negative rhetoric and stereotypes, Armenians and Azerbaijanis will continue to see themselves as enemies without any common ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Armenian and Azerbaijani International News Coverage – Empirical Findings and Recommendations for Improvement , Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC) http://epfound.am/files/mb_fg_report_finalized_edited_12.27.2008.doc </li></ul>
  14. 14. Media Perpetuating Conflict? <ul><li>[...] people are often inclined to consider their existing attitudes and beliefs to be true and filter the news through this lens . Thus, they accept messages in order to maintain their original perceptions. […] bias in the local media [...] serves as a means to fuel and perpetuate hatred . This is a role the media has and continues to play with regards to the conflict over Nagorno Karabakh. </li></ul><ul><li>Armenian and Azerbaijani International News Coverage – Empirical Findings and Recommendations for Improvement , Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC) http://epfound.am/files/mb_fg_report_finalized_edited_12.27.2008.doc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Attitudes in Armenia
  16. 16. Attitudes in Azerbaijan
  17. 17. Attitudes in Georgia
  18. 18. Another Alternative? <ul><li>Throughout history, war has affected media, with conflict often creating an information void. In the 21st century, media has begun to affect war more than ever before. Digital media technologies [...] have increased communication and information dissemination in conflict settings [...]. These new tools can be used to foment violence or to foster peace , and it is possible to build communication systems that encourage dialogue and nonviolent political solutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Ivan Sigal, Global Voices Executive Director, Digital media in conflict-prone societies, Center for International Media Assistance (CIMA) http://cima.ned.org/publications/research-reports/digital-media-conflict-prone-societies </li></ul>
  19. 19. Social Media Crossing Borders
  20. 20. Catalysts <ul><li>BarCamp Caucasus </li></ul><ul><li>Arrest, detention and eventual imprisonment of Azeri video blogging youth activists </li></ul><ul><li>Increased use of Facebook, Twitter, and blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Faster connection speeds making audio/video communication possible </li></ul><ul><li>Coverage on Global Voices Online </li></ul>
  21. 21. Social Media Crossing Borders <ul><li>Facebook allowed insight into lives, interests and concerns across ceasefire line </li></ul><ul><li>Additional connections made with like-minded Armenians and Azerbaijanis </li></ul><ul><li>Global Voices covered stories ignored by Armenian and Azerbaijani media </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitated translation of stories from Armenian and Azerbaijani </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of alternative narratives ignored by Armenian and Azerbaijani media </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs requesting contacts for their own cross-border projects </li></ul><ul><li>Showed that Armenian-Azerbaijani communication and cooperation was possible </li></ul><ul><li>Additional tools such as Skype, Twitter etc. facilitate daily communication </li></ul>
  22. 22. Twitter Communication
  23. 23. Alternative Narratives
  24. 26. http://peace.oneworld.am Caucasus Conflict Voices
  25. 27. http://peace.oneworld.am Caucasus Conflict Voices
  26. 28. Alternative Narratives <ul><li>Nowhere in the world can you find two groups of people closer to each other. That is why we often have these stupid disputes between Armenians and Azeris. &quot;This house is Armenian&quot; or &quot;this house is Azeri.&quot; Or &quot;this music is Armenian or Azeri.&quot; This is exactly because the two have so much in common. [...] I normally say, and people don't like this, that Armenians are just Christian Azeris and Azeris are just Muslim Armenians . That is how much they are alike. </li></ul><ul><li>Seymur Baycan , Re-arming the Caucasus, Al Jazeera English http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cz47DkYn4Kk </li></ul>
  27. 29. Alternative Narratives <ul><li>We hear far too little of what I call this “third narrative” of the Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict, a narrative of peace. It spins the idea that the two peoples are capable of getting along fine, have lived together in the past and, if politicians are able to overcome differences on the Karabakh conflict, can live together in the future. International mediators are too timid to speak this narrative or feel that it is not their business. The media in both countries suppresses it . </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas de Waal, senior associate in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment and author of Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War http://peace.oneworld.am/conflict_voices_may_2011.html </li></ul>
  28. 30. Alternative Narratives Twitter @gvcaucasus
  29. 31. Poignant Thoughts For Love Of The Caucasus http://thecaucasus.tumblr.com/
  30. 32. Ooops... Above: Gori under Russian control, Georgia Right: Russian Roadblock, Gori, Georgia Photos © Onnik Krikorian 2008
  31. 33. Cyber Utopian or Skeptic? <ul><li>The reason why the KGB wants you to join Facebook is because it allows them to learn more about you from afar. It allows them to identify certain social graphs and social connections between activists. Many of these relationships are now self-disclosed by activists by joining various groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Evgeny Morozov , author of The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom http://www.rferl.org/content/interview_morozov_internet_democracy_promotion/2284105.html </li></ul>
  32. 34. Identifying Networks
  33. 35. Imaginary Cosmopolitanism <ul><li>I study the ways new media shapes people's perceptions of the world. It's my fond hope that social networks such as Facebook will help users broaden their perspectives by listening to a different set of people than they encounter in their daily life. But I fear services such as Facebook may be turning us into imaginary cosmopolitans. </li></ul><ul><li>[...] </li></ul><ul><li>Is Facebook a space for cross-cultural interaction? For fomenting reactionary hatred? Or is it primarily a space for online interaction with our local, offline friends? </li></ul><ul><li>Ethan Zuckerman, Global Voices co-founder, Does Facebook unite us or divide us? http://edition.cnn.com/2010/OPINION/08/03/zuckerman.facebook.global/index.html </li></ul>
  34. 36. Imaginary Cosmopolitanism <ul><li>[...] we could well see a big jump in citizen to citizen diplomacy across this next year , as universities and even high schools step up their efforts to integrate international awareness into their curriculum. We are seeing all sorts of interesting uses of Skype, iChat, and other online video platforms to connect students around the world in meaningful international experiences. </li></ul><ul><li>[...] </li></ul><ul><li>Will we become the best informed societies thanks to the information available , or the most polarized societies as we gravitate to the networks (media and social) that share our biases? [...] </li></ul><ul><li>Sheldon Himelfarb, Associate Vice-President at the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) http://www.usip.org/publications/media-and-peacebuilding-trends-in-2010-and-looking-ahead-2011 </li></ul>
  35. 37. Internet Use Household Surveys, Caucasus Resource Research Centers http://crrccenters.org Internet Frequency in the Caucasus, Awareness, Adoption & Use http://katypearce.net/cv/?p=198
  36. 38. Internet Use Armenia 2011 Media Public Opinion and Preference Survey, Caucasus Resource Research Centers (CRRC)
  37. 39. Cyber Realism <ul><li>New media tools will certainly help in getting people better acquainted with each other, but at the same time can also be used to reaffirm existing biases. Just search on the Internet for Armenian and Azerbaijani web sites and you can find a lot of trash and very harmful discourse from nationalist websites. I’m mildly optimistic, but at the same time think we should be very cautious about what we find on the Internet as well. </li></ul><ul><li>Bart Woord, International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY) Secretary General http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/08/03/caucasus-an-interview-with-bart-woord/ </li></ul>
  38. 40. Cyber Realism <ul><li>I think you can’t do it just with social media tools, but as we’ve seen over the past 15 years, you definitely can’t do it by meeting in Tbilisi for a weekend every summer. It becomes an “entertainment” and I’ve had experience with those conferences in Georgia where it’s just one big coffee break and a waste of money. However, I think that both approaches combined could propel things along . </li></ul><ul><li>Micael Bogar , Projects Manager at the American University's Center for Social Media http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/08/01/caucasus-an-interview-with-micael-bogar/ </li></ul>
  39. 41. Questions & Discussion <ul><li>[…] the internet is not magic; it is a tool . Anyone who wants to use it to bring nations closer together has to show initiative, and be ready to travel physically as well as virtually. As with the telegraph before it—also hailed as a tool of peace — the internet does nothing on its own . </li></ul><ul><li>The Economist , A cyber-house divided http://www.economist.com/node/16943885?story_id=16943885 </li></ul>
  40. 42. Links <ul><li>Global Voices Online http://www.globalvoicesonline.org </li></ul><ul><li>Caucasus Conflict Voices http://peace.oneworld.am/ </li></ul><ul><li>Global Voices Caucasus Twitter account </li></ul><ul><li>http://twitter.com/gvcaucasus </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Twitter account </li></ul><ul><li>https://twitter.com/onewmphoto </li></ul><ul><li>Caucasus Project Twitter account </li></ul><ul><li>http://twitter.com/caucasusproject </li></ul>

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