The ship had a massively built wooden hullthat was designed to withstand being frozeninto the ice. The propeller and rudder couldbe hoisted out of the way to prevent icedamage. Iron shod bows were severelyraked so that when ramming the ice theywould ride up over the margin and crush theice with dead weight.
Shackletons first expedition to Antarctica, calledthe National Antarctic Expedition, was organizedby the Royal Geographic Society and was led byRobert Scott. On November 2, 1902, Shackleton,Scott, and Dr. Edward Wilson set out for theSouth Pole. The going was slow and the foodbegan running low. Their sled dogs began to die,and they had to pull the heavy sled themselves.
Whales are the largest animals in world, speciallyblue whale with his length up to 30m and a weightup to 180 tonnes. But there are many species ofbaleen whales found in Antarctic waters like thefin, humpback, sei, minke, and the right whale.There are also six species of toothed whales:Sperm, Killer, bottle nose, four tooth whale andDolphins.Whales eat fish and many more things.
Not every animal can stand the freezing coldwater of the Antarctic, but the seals ofAntarctica can because of its 2-4 inches ofthick blubber. They stay by shore and liveclose to packs of ice. The pups are even bornon ice during April or May. Even though theylive in water they still cant stay under waterfor their whole lifetime, so they come up out ofwater every 2 minutes.
Did you know that not all fish are the same but they sometimes get along with each othereven though they are not the same colour andthe same skin?many people think that the fish never get along do you think they get along? What do you think fish eat in Antartica? Intrestingly ,Whales eat the fish but do youthink whales like to eat fish or they dont like to eat the fish?
They are a small semi-transparent crustaceanlike a shrimp, about 4-5 cm (2") in length whenfully grown, they can live for up to 7 years whichis quite remarkable considering the wide varietyof animals that feed on them in huge quantities.Krill belong to the animals that make up the zooplankton. Some krills are the same but some arenot.did you know that some krills sometimesfight with each other?
The air in Antarctica is frequently very dry. Thelow temperatures mean that little or no watervapour is held in the air, instead it freezes and fallsout, or builds up on surfaces as frost. Sometimeshowever depending on the particular atmosphericconditions, the frozen water vapour remains in theair as suspended ice crystals.The sun is reflected very strongly so that thereflection is almost as bright as the sun itself.
The scale of Antarctica in these conditionsbecomes quite overpowering, almostfrightening. You can be standing on a cliffedge and be able to see a clear 100 miles inall directions knowing that the only otherhuman beings in that 100 mile radius circleare your fellow winters in the collection ofhuts just below you.
Was Shackelton a brave,risky explora or was hejust scaired and he didnt want to do things? Could you slip on the top of the mountain? Could some of the krills sometimes get along? What do the whales eat and why do they eat it? Could some boats on Antartica freez into iceeven though it was cold and chilly? Was Shackelton the person to go to Antartica?What colour can seals be?