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# Origin of Universe (Twin)

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Theory about Pre-Big Bang Twin Universe and Why 3-D Universe?

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### Origin of Universe (Twin)

1. 1. ByYogesh Vishwanath Chavan (B.E. Mechanical) omsai_333@rediffmail.com; Mo: 9764064821
2. 2. The Beginning … Once Upon a time, there was nothing; no space- time, no mass-energy. God asked Himself a Question – “Nothingness, for how long time?” “Biggest Blunder of His Life” Hence, Quanta of Imaginary Time, iTq (which Coordinate is Periodic; 2π) in 0-D space was created for Critical Mass (Mc = Constant) with no violation of “Law of Conservation of Mass-energy”. Quanta of i-Space-Time = Fundamental Constant
3. 3. Universe in 0-D Space and 1-D i-Time  ( iq)2 = ( iHq/2π)2 = ( G0) * ( Mc)  (Hq/2π)2 = G0 * McWhere, Hq= 1/Tq and G0 = Gravitational Parameter in0-D Space = 1. Above equation converts “i-Time” into“Real Time” and –Ve Mass into +Ve Mass. 0-D Space- Mc; + G0 + Mc; - G0  Ec =  Mc * c2 and Gravity Effect Imaginary Quanta of in Each Universe = Mc * {1+ (3P/)} Space = iq= c*(iTq) = 2 * Mc; (3P/) = 1
4. 4. Evolution of Universe and  During Birth of Universe, there was only one Fundamental Force i.e. “Gravity”. Evolution of Universe into Higher Dimension was governed by factor “”.  = t /cWhere, t = Total Density of Each Universe, and c = Critical Density of Each Universe For (>1), k = 1 ; Collapsed Universe For (=1), k = 0 ; Flat Universe For (<1), k = -1; Expanded Universe (k = Space Curvature Constant)
5. 5. N  Space-Time and N  Space-Time t = Total Density of c = Critical Density  = (t / c ) Each Universe of Each UniverseN=1; 0-D Space Mc * {1+ (3P/)} = 2* Mc Mc 2N=2; 1-D Space 2* Mc / (π*q) Mc / (2*q) 4/ π = 1.273N=3; 2-D Space 2* Mc / {2*π*(q)2} Mc / {π*(q)2} 1N=4; 3-D Space 2* Mc / {π2*(q)3} Mc / {4*π*(q)3/3} 8/(3*π)= 0.848
6. 6. Why 3-D Space and 1-D Time ? Quanta of i-Space-Time = F. C. Saved Universe from “Singularity” in 0-D to 2-D Space. Projected Universe into next Higher Dimension because of instability between gravity effect of   1 and Resistance given by “Quanta of i-Space-Time”. For e.g. 1-D Real Space 0-D Space =2  = 1.273
7. 7. Variable G TheoryN  Space-Time Equation Gravitational Parameter (G)N=1; 0-D Space (Hq /2π)2 = G0 * Mc G0 = 1N=2; 1-D Space (Hq /2π)2 = G1 * Mc / q G1 = qN=3; 2-D Space (Hq /2π)2 = G2 * Mc / (q)2 G2 = (q)2N=4; 3-D Space H2 = 2 * G3 * Mc / ()3 G3 = 2 * π2 * G2 * (Expansion of Universe) = 4 * π2 * G2 * Mc / ()2 = 2 * π2 * (q)2 * G3 = G  ; c2/ = G*(2*Mc)/ 2Rotation of Universe (Machian
8. 8. iq  Q (Charge)  F. C. From Current Cosmological Observations – k=0; T0 = Current Age of the Universe = 13.9 Gyr  0 = Current Size of the Observable Universe  c*T0  1.32 * 1026 m --- (c = 3 * 108 m/s)And, t  c  9.7 * 10-27 Kg/m3.  Mc  {c * 4 *  * 03 / 3}  8.9 * 1052 Kg Hq = Sqrt(4 * 2 * G0 * Mc)  1.873 * 1027 s-1Or, iq  i * c / Hq  1.602 * 10-19 im  Q (Charge)And, G = Gravitational Parameter = 2* 2 * (q)2 * 0  6.68 * 10-11 m3/Kg.s2  Constant Quanta of i-Space = Charge = F. C.
9. 9. Why God had chosen iq  Q ? It was not chosen, but “Q” itself is combination of other F. Cs like h, c and k. Possible combination :- Q = h/ (c * k) = 1.602 * 10-19 im Where, h = 6.6262 * 10-34 J.s; k = 1.380 * 10-23 J/0K and c = 2.997 * 108 m/s; Unit of k  Kg Other Interesting Combinations :- Me = 2 * π2 * h/ (c2 * Q) = 9.09 * 10-31 Kg ∵ Frequency of Electron , e  1/Q MP = π * h/ (c2 * k) = 1.673 * 10-27 Kg ∵ Frequency of Proton , e  1/k
10. 10. Initial Condition of Universe  From Friedmann Equations : H2 = (å/ a)2 = (8*π*G/3)* - (k * c2/a2) ä/ a = -(4*π*G/3)**{1+(3P/e)}  For  = 0.848, k = -1. G  a and   a-4;  (å)2 = c2 * {(b2/a) + 1} --- {b2 = Constant} And, ä = - {b2*c2/(2*a2)} < 0  Integrating above first equation gives, a * (b2+a) - b2 * ln{a + (b2+a)} = ct for (b2 << a); a – b2 ln{2 * a} = ct  a  ctInitial Size of Universe in 3-D Space = R= {2**Mc/k}1/3 *q = 5.5 * 106 m with time (T) equal to (Tq). Where, Mc=
11. 11. Advantages of F.C. Theory This Unique Theory defines origin of “Big Bang” with explanation of “Why 3-D Space and 1-D Time ?” without violation of Law of “Conservation of Mass- Energy”. Defines Curvature of Space during Birth of Universe i.e. (k=-1). Not possible with any other theory. Finds relation between “F.Cs” and also, their relation with contents of the Universe like, Q (Charge)  Quanta of Space; k/(23)  125 Gev  Mass (Higg’s Boson Mass?); c  Time; h  Energy. {Q = h/ (c*k)} With increase in size of the Universe “a”, (∵ b2 << a). From equations, å  c; ä  0 and a  c * t, i.e. k  0 (No need of Fine Tuning). Solves “Flatness”, “Horizon” and “CMB Fluctuations” problem with no need of “Exponential Inflation”. For Flat (k=0) and Matter dominated Universe (a-3) with Variable G (G  a); å = c; ä = 0. It shows that Phase change (from radiation to matter) occurred when Universe turned from k=-1 to k=0. Further deep study at particle physics is required. Empty Space (Vacuum) is not empty, but rather filled with non interacting and expanding matter such that its Local Density  (TU)-3 ; TU = Local Universal Time depends upon gravity effect of mass-energy in given region. H2 = (TU)-2 = (8/3)*G* = (8/3)*{22* (q)2} *c*TU* 
12. 12. Dark Energy Vs Baryonic matter Baryonic matter (High Density Stuffs) makes Size of Universe less than Actual Size based upon (a = ct). High Density Stuffs Volume = VA Volume = VB < VA Voids creates “Concave Shape; k = -1”  “Dark Energy” and B.M. makes “Convex Shape; k= +1”  “Dark Matter” with respect to Hubble’s Line. Hubble’s Line; V= H0*r Space-Time Curvature k = +1Time k = +1 Galaxy “B” Galaxy “A” Void; k = -1 TGalaxy < THubble < TVoids < TActual
13. 13. CDM Model ? Hubble’s Reference Line solves both problem of “D.M.” and “D.E.” with no need of “Ugly Stuff” like Cosmological Constant (P = - ; Repulsive G. Force). Escapes easily from “Cosmic Coincidence” problem. No Danger of “Big Rip” or to remain alone in Universe. “Acceleration of Universe” is Illusion; ä  0. Changed of “Curvature of Space : k” from “-1” to current value of “0” during evolution of Universe suggests “Fate of Universe  Collapsed State” by increased in value of “k” to “+1” with increase in value of “G  a”. Universe should be Periodic (i- Time). CDM Model can not explain “Pioneer’s Anomaly” (ä  - c*H0). While in this theory, for (k=0; G  a) and Matter dominated Twin Universe (P=0), ä = - {4*2*(q)2*(2*Mc)}/(2*a)= - c2/a  - c*H0, Gives, s = - ä * (Tyear)2 = 345 Km
14. 14. iq  Q (Charge)  Pressure  In Fluid Dynamics, Pressure (P)  d (Depth of Fluid) Surface of Fluid  Pressure = 0  Quanta of i-Space  Depth of Each Universe  P  For Fermions, P   d   Q; and For Fermi-Bosons, P  /3   d/3   Q/3 (Quarks) 3-D Space + 2Q/3 +Q (Surface of Fluid)Time + Q + Q/3 0 -Q - Q/3 Bosons - 2Q/3 -Q Fermions Fermi-Bosons
15. 15. Q (Charge) and Particles Q Time Proton Meson 0 Neutron Electron Photon 3-D Space of Each Universe TimePhoton  Forward Direction of Time = Reversed Direction of Time; Net Time = 0Particles with Charge (-2Q and -2Q/3) are Impossible.This Particles should convert into Anti-Particles. 8 Gluon  Glue Ball = 4-D Quanta Particle
16. 16. Anti-Matter Vs Matter Anti–Matter : Mass remains Constant, but Sign of Charge (Q) is Reversed. To annihilate Anti-Matter with Matter and to Convert into Photons  (Forward Direction of Time) Matter = (Reversed Direction of Time) Anti-Matter Matter in One Universe Acts like Anti-Matter in its Twin Universe Flat Twin Universes; Thickness of Each Universe = iQ Electron in Top Universe Behaves Like Positron (Anti-Matter) in its Bottom Universe When Both Universe Merged at that Point
17. 17. Neutron Star  Meson Star Neutron Star  Chandrasekhars Limit (MN  1.4 * MSUN) Neutron  Quark Confinement  Color Charge  S.N.F. S.N.F.  Strong  Low Energy; Weak  Higher Energy Neutron Neutron Meson R R R R Ř G B G B G B No Gluons Between Quarks; (S.N.F. = Weak  Higher Energy in S.G.F.) Meson R G R G G B R B G B Ğ
18. 18. Meson Star  Black Hole Meson Star  Net Time = 0 Annihilation of Up, Anti-Up Quark Pairs into Photons. converts Meson Star  Photon Star (Black Hole) Black Hole is a “Photon Star” which Merged TwinUniverses into Single Universe up to its “Event Horizon” (Gravity)Mass-Energy of B.H. = (Pressure)Photons G * MB * MB * {1+(3P/)}/ r2 = ( * c2/ 3) * 4 *  * r2  r = Rs = (2 * G * MB/ c2)
19. 19. Black Hole in Twin Universe Massive Black Holes Because Time of Feeding From Both Universe Black Hole Gravitates Both Universe RS Time 3-D Space of Both Universes Separated By Twice Quanta of Space3-D Space of Both Universes Merged at Event Horizon of Black Hole. Pair Creation of Particle & Anti-Particle; both having +Ve Mass in their Universe. Hence, Black Hole can radiate without Loss of Informations.
20. 20. Thank You