FOURTH EDITION

THE ARCHITECTURE OF
COMPUTER HARDWARE,
SYSTEM SOFTWARE,
AND NETWORKING
AN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPROACH
...
Vice President & Executive Publisher Don Fowley
Executive Editor Beth Lang Golub
Marketing Manager Christopher Ruel
Market...
To four outstanding teachers and great human beings:
With your guidance, inspiration, and patience, you showed me
that eve...
BRIEF CONTENTS

PART ONE
AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

2

■ CHAPTER 1

Computers and Systems 4

■ CHAPTER 2

An Introdu...
BRIEF CONTENTS

■ CHAPTER10 Computer Peripherals 306
■ CHAPTER11 Modern Computer Systems 342

PART FOUR
NETWORKS AND DATA ...
CONTENTS

Preface

xix

About the Author

xxv

PART ONE
AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS 2
■ CHAPTER 1

Computers and Syste...
CONTENTS

The Role of the System Architect 57
Google: A System Architecture Example

58

Summary and Review 62
For Further...
viii

CONTENTS

4.6
4.7

Page Description Languages 124
Internal Computer Data Format 125
Numerical Character to Integer C...
CONTENTS

6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6

Operation of the LMC 183
A Simple Program 185
An Extended Instruction Set 186
The Instructi...
x

CONTENTS

■ CHAPTER 8

CPU and Memory: Design, Enhancement,
and Implementation 240
8.0
8.1

8.2

8.3

8.4
8.5
8.6

Intr...
CONTENTS

■ CHAPTER10 Computer Peripherals 306
10.0
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
10.6

10.7

10.8

10.9

Introduction 307
The ...
xii

CONTENTS

11.5 High-Performance Computing
Grid Computing 364

363

Summary and Review 364
For Further Reading 365
Key...
CONTENTS

■ CHAPTER13 Ethernet and TCP/IP Networking 422
13.0 Introduction 423
13.1 Introducing The Process—The Applicatio...
xiv

CONTENTS

Summary and Review 471
For Further Reading 471
Key Concepts and Terms 471
Reading Review Questions
Exercise...
CONTENTS

16.3 Types of User Interface 524
The Command Line Interface 525
Batch System Commands 527
Graphical User Interfa...
xvi

CONTENTS

Summary and Review 586
For Further Reading 586
Key Concepts and Terms 587
Reading Review Questions
Exercise...
CONTENTS

18.9 Network Operating System Services 635
OS Protocol Support and Other Services 635
18.10 Other Operating Syst...
xviii

CONTENTS

Summary and Review
For Further Reading
Key Concepts and Terms
Reading Review Questions
Exercises

■ SUPPL...
PREFACE
The modern world offers lots of readily available online resources for learning. Wikipedia,
Google, news sources, ...
xx

PREFACE

is nearly identical to that of computers built in the 1950s and 1960s. Modern operating
system techniques wer...
PREFACE

xxi

ORGANIZATION OF THE FOURTH EDITION
OF THE BOOK
The biggest challenge for me as the author of this book has b...
xxii

PREFACE

It also presents a simple model of computing and discusses the importance of standards
and protocols in the...
PREFACE

xxiii

and the backbones that form the foundation of the Internet. Chapter 13 expands on the
material in Chapter ...
xxiv

PREFACE

of this book going. You helped me to believe that this project was actually possible and
worthwhile. That s...
ABOUT THE AUTHOR

D

r. Irv Englander has been involved in many different aspects of the computing field
for more than fort...
PART ONE

A

computer-based information system is made up of a number of different elements:
■

■

■

■

The data element....
AN OVERVIEW OF
COMPUTER SYSTEMS

this is surprising considering the growth of computing, the rapid change of technology,
a...
CHAPTER 1

COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

CATHY  1986 Cathy Guisewite. Reprinted with permission of UNIVERSAL PRESS SYNDICATE. Al...
1.0 INTRODUCTION
It is nearly impossible today to escape the immediate reach of computers and
computer-based systems. Ther...
6

PART ONE AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

FIGURE 1.1
A Typical Computer Ad

TECHNOLOGY CHOICES
TO BUILD YOUR BUSINESS
N...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

7

As a user, you will be aware of the capabilities, strengths, and limitations of the
co...
8

PART ONE AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

size limitations of a particular system are. You’ll be able to compare the fe...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

9

1.1 THE STARTING POINT
Before we begin our detailed study of the architecture of compu...
10

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

FIGURE 1.2
Typical Web Browser Application Use

Web Browser
Web Server

Use...
11

Printer

Printer

Web design

Service

Sales

Financial
planning

Support

Credit

Accounts
receivable

Order entry

A...
12

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

■

operations. The IPO model provides an important basic tool for system an...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

13

FIGURE 1.6
Basic High-Level Language Constructs
■
■
■
■

Input/output (including file...
14

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

FIGURE 1.7
A Typical Personal Computer System

USB
interface

CD-R/RW or DV...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

15

The interface unit interconnects the CPU with memory
and also with the various I/O (i...
16

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

The instructions that form a particular program are stored within the prima...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

17

you to execute programs, enter commands, and manipulate files. The
user interface acce...
18

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

The Communication Component
Very few modern computers or computer-based dev...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

FIGURE 1.10
IBM System z10 EC Mainframe Computer

Courtesy of International Business Mach...
20

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

The Sun Ultra 40 computer is an example of a workstation that is frequently...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

21

a computer with components from different suppliers, for example, knowing that a
grap...
22

PART ONE

AN OVERVIEW OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS

servers and Web browsers on the Internet. The movement of data through the ...
CHAPTER 1 COMPUTERS AND SYSTEMS

23

screen. You will learn what makes some computers faster and more powerful than others...
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
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The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
The architecture of computer hardware, systems software & networking an information technology
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