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Parking in market places


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Parking in market places

  1. 1. Parking in market places - Its problems and solutions  School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal  Omkar Parishwad  Angita Das   AbstractAmongst the various localities to which a vehicle frequents, the most extensive is in themarket place. With the near exponential increase in the number of vehicles and the limitedspace available for its mobility and parking, the problem of finding space for car park isincreasing and hence the subject gaining importance in today’s scenario. In order to findprobable solutions to car parking to facilitate a hassle free vehicular and pedestrianmovement an in depth study needs to be done. Along with the comfort of pedestrians, the easeto park for the car drivers also needs to be stressed. The above-mentioned aspects of parkingin markets are considered with examples to aid it’s in depth study.IntroductionThe growth in the number of private car owners and the demand for car parking has increasedmanifold. The speed of this change is scary. It took 30 years for India to reach the firstmillion mark for personal vehicles in 1971. In 1981-1991, India added another 14 million.Out of this, the amount of time that a vehicle frequents market places is the maximum. Due tounavailability of space in parking, people park their vehicles in undesignated parking areasthus causing problem to other car drivers, pedestrians and this leading to traffic jam.Providing more roads and more space for individual parking cannot be the solution. We stillhave the time to act and prevent the future explosion. If we plan alternative mobility systems,we can avoid car centric growth. Indian cities already have a huge strength in the usage ofpublic transport and in its tradition of walking and cycling. Indian cities need mobility, notcars.Out of the different locations to which a vehicle frequents its use is most extensive in marketplaces. These market places are where the buzz of all the activities takes place. It containsshops, commercial establishments, retail outlets, street vendors etc. One goes to marketplacesmore than often for his daily needs, for leisure, special purposes, for some events organisedduring festive season. Therefore, the basic types of parking in a market place are surfaceparking, underground parking and multilevel parking. Again, with the growing complexitiesof parking problems another set of parking types have come into existence e.g. valet parkingstacked parking etc. 1  
  2. 2. The Cr risis1.1 Per rsonal vehic domina parking areas cles ate gThe pub transpo buses occupy just ab blic ort bout 3 per cent of the road space b meet more than c r but m60 per c cent of the t travel dema in the ci occupy barely 4 to 5 per cent of the total ECS of and ity, o lthe park king spaces. However, cars and tw wheelers that occup more than 90 per cen of the wo s py n ntroad space meet on 20 per cent of the travel dema nly c and. In mos commerc sites, pa st cial arking isencroacching upon open and pedestrian spaces especially along the roads enda n d n e a angeringpedestri ians.The nea exponen ar ntial increase in person vehicle ownership and the lim nal mited space for the emobility of cars an parking is causing a serious problem acro the big and small cities of y nd ossIndia. G Graph 1 shows the increease in pers sonal vehicl all over India. les I Swena Gulati. Parking policSource: S cy in Delhi, CRR RI, New Delhi, , 2009, 15‐18. . 1.2 Dem mand for la andCars us up dispr se roportionate huge sp ely pace not only when on road in market pl o n laces. Apreliminnary estima shows th the total amount of land that is currently r ate hat required to keep the kentire fl of perso vehicle parked on the surfac is already enormous.. fleet onal es n ce y1.3 Mis suse of park king spaces in market s t/commercial areasMisuse of parking premises in buildings i common in marketplaces. Parki spaces in public n is ing ibuilding and near retail outl are bein used for uses other than parki gs r lets ng r r ing. This is largely sundocummented prooblem and no numbers are availab and the resultant sp over of vehicles n ble, pilloutside the premise is not bei assessed in comme es ing d ercial and of ffice areas. 2  
  3. 3. Table 1 shows us t use of ve the ehicles and their parkin standards in differen land uses ng s nt s. tands for eq(ECS st quitable car space) Todd Littman. Victoria TranSource: T nsport Policy In nstitute. Parking Managem ment, New Dellhi, 2002, 25‐3 30.   rking in ma1.4 Par arket places sDifferen systems h nt have been developed to counter th problem of parking in market places in d o he pvarious countries in the world Different types of pa d. arking patter like perp rns rpendicular parking,parallel parking, m l multilevel parking syste ems, valet parking etc has been tried and te c. ested. Awide vaariety of pa arking pricin tools an parking managemen tools hav been ado ng nd m nt ve opted bydifferen governme to redu parking demand an congestio There ar reserved parking nt ents uce nd on. respaces f car pool in city and state ga for lers a arages, and in on-street metered sp i paces.Parking demand is gregariou aggressiv and insatiable. No amount of parking provision g s us, ve, fcan help to satisfy the growin demand. Parking provision sh p y ng . hould work on the prin nciple ofparking restraint to put brake on car g g es growth. Pro ovide parkin not to in ng ncite more parkingdemand but to ma d anage and restrain its provision to meet the immediat need but also to r e te tdiscourage people from using personal veehicle. usionsConclu • Current paarking plannning pract tices in maarketplaces are ineffi icient, resu ulting in excessive p parking supp and incr ply reased autom mobile traff fic. • There are sstrategies th are techn hat nically feasi ible, cost ef ffective, and can provid many d de benefits to users. A wide variety of parking pricing to w y g ools and pa arking manaagement tools have been adop pted by diff ferent gove ernments to reduce pa o arking demand and congestion. . • Parking, la and use an transport nd tation plann ning decisi ions are in ntertwined. Parking managemen therefore must be planned as part of an integrate effort to reduce nt e s a ed o parking suupply and encourage u of alte e use ernative tra ansport mod des. These require coordinated parking, la use and transport policy reform which w lead to changes d and d p ms, will in physical design as well. w • Parking deemand is gregarious, aggressive, and insati g , amount of parking iable. No a provision c help to satisfy the g can s growing dem mand. 3  
  4. 4. • We still ha the time to act and prevent th future exp ave e d he plosion. If w plan alt we ternative mobility syystems, we can avoid c centric growth. Ind cities a car g dian already have a huge e strength in the usage of public tr ransport and in its trad d dition of wa alking and cycling. Indian citie need mob es bility, not c cars. Parkin provision should wo on the principle ng n ork p of parking rrestraint to put brakes o car grow on wth. • Provide paarking not to incite mo parking demand but to mana and res t ore g b age strain its provision t meet the immediat need but also to discourage p to e te t d people from using m personal ve ehicle.Figure 1 showing t Study methodology for parking problems in India. the m y g ncesReferenBooks Todd Littm man. Victori Transport Policy Ins ia rt stitute. Park king Manag gement, New Delhi, w 2002, 25-30 0. Swena Gulati. Parking policy in D g Delhi, CRRI New Delh 2009, 15 I, hi, 5-18.Journa als Centre for Science an Environ nd nment. Park king Measu ures to redu mobility crisis. uce New Delhi, (2001): 45 , 5-48. 4  
  5. 5. Table 2 shows us the parking manageme standard and strategies in diffe 2. g ent ds e ferent land uses. uSource: P Parking policy in Delhi, CR New Delh 2009. y RRI, hi, 5