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hAmbush marketing
Introduction
• A promotion tactic designed to associate a
company ,product, or service with a particular
event ,or to attr...
!!What is ambush marketing?
• It is an aerial of advertising
• Well planned effort
• Used commonly at world wide spoting
o...
History of ambush marketing
•

The first noticed moment- 1992 Olympic history
– MJ (a Nike icon) Covered the Reebok logo w...
• Japanese KIRIN beer Brand at the 2002 FIFA
WC took on Budweiser
• 2006 FIFA WC in Germany,
– Lufthansa –put a soccer bal...
Famous "ambush marketing"
 1984 Summer Olympics; Kodak sponsors TV
broadcasts of the games as well as the US track
team e...
 1996 Atlanta Olympics; sprinter Linford
Christie wore contact lenses embossed with
the Puma AG logo at the press confere...
 1996 Cricket World Cup; Pepsi ran a series of
advertisements titled "Nothing official about
it" targeting the official s...
 2003 Cricket World Cup; Indian players
threatened to strike over concerns that the antiambush marketing rules were too s...
How it starts
 Sponsorship
 Event
 Publicity

 Advertising
 Competitors
How to go about Ambush Marketing ?
•
•
•
•
•
•

Establishing Marketing objective
Establishing Promotional strategy
Selecti...
Why Ambush Marketing?
• More Business
• Less capital invested with high business
Countering Ambush Marketing
• Control media advertising
• Control placement of hoardings and booths
• Stop the players fro...
Essential things for successful Ambush
Marketing campaign
 Share an event’s publicity using creative marketing
Strategy
...
Advantages of ambush marketing
• Advantage of a major event to increase brand
awareness while not spending the money to
be...
Disadvantages of Ambush Marketing
• It decreases commercial value of the event
• It creates unhealthy competitive environm...
Types of ambush marketing
"Direct" ambush marketing
• “ A brand works aggressively to associate itself
with an event or property, when that brand ha...
Types of direct ambush marketing
• Predatory" ambushing: Intentional false
claims to official sponsorship
Example:
• Heine...
• Coattail" ambushing:
The attempt by a brand to directly associate
itself with a property
• Example:
• Nike- Beijing Summ...
• Ambushing via trademark/likeness
infringement:
The intentional unauthorized use of protected
intellectual property
• Exa...
Indirect" ambush marketing
Ambushing by association: Use of imagery or
terminology to create illusions of a link
between t...
• Values-based ambushing:
Tailor marketing practices - appeal to the same
values or involve same themes
Example :
Pepesi i...
• Ambushing "by distraction:
• Promotional presence at or near the event
without specific reference to the event itself
• ...
• Insurgent ambushing:
The use of surprise street-style promotions (blitz
marketing) at an event or near
• Eg : French ope...
• Parallel property" ambushing:
• The creation or sponsorship of an event or
property that bears qualitative similarity
• ...
• Unintentional ambushing:
Passing mention of manufacturer of an athlete's
equipment/clothing.
• Saturation" ambushing
• Increase their broadcast-media advertising
and marketing at the time of an event but
make no ref...
Impact of ambush marketing
Positve impact
• Create brand awareness
• Easy way of recognizing the brands.
• Low cost market...
Negative impact
• Unhealthy competitive environment.
• Decrease in commercial value of the event
• Degrades the abiliy og ...
Protective measures
• ASA,(78) protects Olympic,words,mark,motto
• Vertical and horizontal creep
• In India section 9(2) o...
•
•
•
•

Pre-event education.
Patrols.
Non-sponsor logos- covering/ removing
Carefully policing the event
conclusion
• Impossible to completely stop ambush
marketing.
• Event is hit most with the ambush marketing
• The ambushed ...
ambush marketing~!
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ambush marketing~!

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ambush marketing~!

  1. 1. hAmbush marketing
  2. 2. Introduction • A promotion tactic designed to associate a company ,product, or service with a particular event ,or to attract the attention of people attending the event ,with out payment being made for an official sponsorship
  3. 3. !!What is ambush marketing? • It is an aerial of advertising • Well planned effort • Used commonly at world wide spoting organization • Trading of the good will be without being an official sponsor. • Also called parasitic marketing
  4. 4. History of ambush marketing • The first noticed moment- 1992 Olympic history – MJ (a Nike icon) Covered the Reebok logo with The American flag • Amex vs. VISA, Winter Olympics “The Olympics only takes VISA”(VISA – the official sponsor) vs. – “You don’t need a visa to travel to Norway” from AMEX
  5. 5. • Japanese KIRIN beer Brand at the 2002 FIFA WC took on Budweiser • 2006 FIFA WC in Germany, – Lufthansa –put a soccer ball on nose of its aircrafts to ambush Emirates
  6. 6. Famous "ambush marketing"  1984 Summer Olympics; Kodak sponsors TV broadcasts of the games as well as the US track team even though Fujifilm is the official sponsor  1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona; Nike sponsors press conferences with the US basketball team despite Reebok being the official sponsor. During ceremonies, the players covered their Reebok logos.  1994 Winter Olympics; American Express sponsors the games despite Visa being the official sponsor.
  7. 7.  1996 Atlanta Olympics; sprinter Linford Christie wore contact lenses embossed with the Puma AG logo at the press conference preceding the 100 metres final, despite Reebok being the official sponsor
  8. 8.  1996 Cricket World Cup; Pepsi ran a series of advertisements titled "Nothing official about it" targeting the official sponsor Coca Cola.  1998 World Cup; Nike sponsored a number of teams competing in the Cup despite Adidas being the official sponsor.
  9. 9.  2003 Cricket World Cup; Indian players threatened to strike over concerns that the antiambush marketing rules were too strict. Of particular concern was the length of time before and after the cup that players were not allowed to endorse a rival to one of the official sponsors. Players argued that if they had pre-existing contracts that they would be in breach of them if they were to accept the ICC's rules.
  10. 10. How it starts  Sponsorship  Event  Publicity  Advertising  Competitors
  11. 11. How to go about Ambush Marketing ? • • • • • • Establishing Marketing objective Establishing Promotional strategy Selection of an event Why an event Willingness to spend Implementing Implementing
  12. 12. Why Ambush Marketing? • More Business • Less capital invested with high business
  13. 13. Countering Ambush Marketing • Control media advertising • Control placement of hoardings and booths • Stop the players from promoting the ambushers brand • Action • Anti-Ambush campaigns
  14. 14. Essential things for successful Ambush Marketing campaign  Share an event’s publicity using creative marketing Strategy  Catch your competitors unaware  Direct and intentional efforts of one company to outshine a competitor’s official association with a an event  Not necessarily an illegal act(Don’t play against the lawplay with it)  Rope in the players  Capture media time
  15. 15. Advantages of ambush marketing • Advantage of a major event to increase brand awareness while not spending the money to be a sponsor • When there is an increase in competition the prices go down
  16. 16. Disadvantages of Ambush Marketing • It decreases commercial value of the event • It creates unhealthy competitive environment • It may adversely effect the funding of the event as it will be beneficial for the company to be an ambusher.
  17. 17. Types of ambush marketing
  18. 18. "Direct" ambush marketing • “ A brand works aggressively to associate itself with an event or property, when that brand has not purchased rights as the official sponsor”
  19. 19. Types of direct ambush marketing • Predatory" ambushing: Intentional false claims to official sponsorship Example: • Heineken-UEFA European Championships, 2008. • Carlsberg’s was the official sponsor
  20. 20. • Coattail" ambushing: The attempt by a brand to directly associate itself with a property • Example: • Nike- Beijing Summer Olympics, 2008. • Liu Xiang’s injur
  21. 21. • Ambushing via trademark/likeness infringement: The intentional unauthorized use of protected intellectual property • Example: • Polish magazine -explicitly featuring the words ‘Euro 2008’
  22. 22. Indirect" ambush marketing Ambushing by association: Use of imagery or terminology to create illusions of a link between the organization and event Example: • 2003 – ICC World Cup in South Africa Philips (non sponsor)
  23. 23. • Values-based ambushing: Tailor marketing practices - appeal to the same values or involve same themes Example : Pepesi involvement in 1998 cricket world cup
  24. 24. • Ambushing "by distraction: • Promotional presence at or near the event without specific reference to the event itself • Example: • The open championship 2008: Lexus & Bentley
  25. 25. • Insurgent ambushing: The use of surprise street-style promotions (blitz marketing) at an event or near • Eg : French open – Roland Garros 2008
  26. 26. • Parallel property" ambushing: • The creation or sponsorship of an event or property that bears qualitative similarity • Example:Eg : The human race- Nike – 24 cities across the world
  27. 27. • Unintentional ambushing: Passing mention of manufacturer of an athlete's equipment/clothing.
  28. 28. • Saturation" ambushing • Increase their broadcast-media advertising and marketing at the time of an event but make no reference to the event
  29. 29. Impact of ambush marketing Positve impact • Create brand awareness • Easy way of recognizing the brands. • Low cost marketing for ambusher.
  30. 30. Negative impact • Unhealthy competitive environment. • Decrease in commercial value of the event • Degrades the abiliy og organiser to attract future sponser.
  31. 31. Protective measures • ASA,(78) protects Olympic,words,mark,motto • Vertical and horizontal creep • In India section 9(2) of trade marks act,1999 ,give protection to Olympic name and emblem • Now before submitting candidate for hosting such an event,prosperctive country has to submit intended protection measures
  32. 32. • • • • Pre-event education. Patrols. Non-sponsor logos- covering/ removing Carefully policing the event
  33. 33. conclusion • Impossible to completely stop ambush marketing. • Event is hit most with the ambush marketing • The ambushed cannot be compensated. • Proper legislation should come for the protection of the official sponsor .

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