•Imagine 4-billion additional participants in the global
marketplace of ideas.
•Imagine the avalanche of creativity, innovation, and
•Imagine universal access to information, regardless of
income, infrastructure, or geography.
•Outernet can make all that happen tomorrow.
You can make Outernet happen today.
INFORMATION FOR THE WORLD FROM OUTER SPACE
Unrestricted, globally accessible, broadcast data.
Quality content from all over the Internet.
Available to all of humanity.
•The Outernet is a global networking project currently
under development by the Media Development Investment
Fund (MDIF), a United States-based non-profit
organization established in 1995.
•The Outernet's goal is to provide free access to internet
data through Wi-Fi, made available effectively to all parts
of the world.
•The project would involve using data casting and User
Datagram Protocol through hundreds of CubeSats
measuring 10 cm (3.9 in) each.
•Wi-Fi enabled devices would communicate with the
satellites in their region, which in-turn communicate with
other satellites and ground-based networks, thus forming
the global network.
•There are more computing devices in the world than people,
yet less than 40% of the global population has access to the
wealth of knowledge found on the Internet.
•The price of smart phones and tablets is dropping year after
year, but the price of data in many parts of the world
continues to be unaffordable for the majority of global
•In some places, such as rural areas and remote regions, cell
towers and Internet cables simply don't exist. The primary
objective of the Outernet is to bridge the global information
WHAT PROBLEM IS OUTERNET SOLVING?
•Broadcasting data allows citizens to reduce their reliance on
costly Internet data plans in places where monthly fees are
too expensive for average citizens.
•And offering continuously updated web content from space
bypasses censorship of the Internet.
•An additional benefit of a unidirectional information
network is the creation of a global notification system
during emergencies and natural disasters.
•Outernet's Wi-Fi solution works by using hundreds of tiny 10cm
cube-shaped satellites called "cubesats“.
•Outernet consists of a constellation of low-cost, miniature
satellites in Low Earth Orbit.
•Each satellite receives data streams from a network of ground
stations and transmits that data in a continuous loop until new
content is received.
•In order to serve the widest possible audience, the entire
constellation utilizes globally-accepted, standards-based
protocols, such as DVB, Digital Radio Mondiale, and UDP-
based Wi-Fi multicasting.
•Wi-Fi multicasting is a technology currently used in
stadiums and large event venues to improve Wi-Fi coverage
in crowded areas, by providing at least 156access points in
each stadium and stronger antennas that can stream videos
without congesting the Wi-Fi network.
Comparing Outernet with similar technology
Outernet Vs Google loon
They are two different, non-competing projects.
Project Loon will provide regular internet service--and
do so for a fee (which is perfectly reasonable,
considering that 60,000 balloons is going to cost a lot
Outernet is tackling a different problem, one related to
information access. By creating a broadcast, one-to-
many system, it can provide global coverage at a
relatively reasonable cost.
Outernet Vs Netsukuku
•Netsukuku is the name of an experimental peer-to-
peer routing system .
•Created to build up a distributed network, anonymous and
censorship-free, fully independent but not necessarily separated
from the Internet, without the support of any server, ISP and no
•Netsukuku aims to build a fully distributed network that does
not rely on single points of failure as the actual Internet. The
main idea is to build a system that can be built and be
maintained autonomously. It is designed to handle a very large
number of nodes with minimal CPU and memory resources.
WHAT WILL OUTERNET DELIVER?
NEWS AND INFORMATION
•International and local news
•Crop prices for farmers
APPLICATIONS AND CONTENT
•Ubuntu & Open Street Map
•Wikipedia in its entirety
•Movies, music, games
•Khan Academy and Coursera
•Teachers Without Borders
•Open Source Ecology
•Used when cellular networks fail
•Disaster relief coordination
•Global notification system
Advantages of Outernet:
•If such a Wi-Fi network were to work, it would allow users
to bypass any internet censorship policies that their
governments have in place, which would be useful in
countries like China and North Korea.
•However in densely populated areas like cities, which
already have 3G and 4G networks, as well as public and
private Wi-Fi hotspots, the solution probably wouldn't
work as the radio frequencies will be full, so Outernet's Wi-
Fi would ideally benefit areas with no access to Wi-Fi at all.
•The network could also be used as a global
notification system during emergencies and natural
disasters, when mobile base stations and power grids
•Less land and material consumed by not building
multiple ground stations.
•Outernet's near-term goal is to provide the
entire world with broadcast data.
•The long-term vision includes the addition of
two-way Internet access for everyone for free.
The Outernet, as envisioned, would
be one-way-data would flow from
feeders to the satellites which would
broadcast to all below for free.