Introduction to research


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Introduction to research lecture was given to basic years medical student on Feb 7th 2013.
The lecture was part of UQUMRC activities.

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Introduction to research

  1. 1. Introduction to ResearchOmar S. Taibah
  2. 2. Contents:• What is research and what is not?• Research characteristics.• Types of research.• Elements of research proposal.• Characteristics and qualities of a good researcher.
  3. 3. What is research?
  4. 4. What is research?Sensory
  5. 5. What is research?SensoryAgreement withothers
  6. 6. What is research?SensoryAgreement withothersExpert Opinion
  7. 7. What is research?SensoryAgreement withothersExpert OpinionLogicNo guarantee of the truth
  8. 8. What is research?“Something that people undertake in order to find out things in a systematicway, thereby increasing their knowledge.” (Saunders,2009)
  9. 9. What is research?“.. The systematic process of collecting and analyzing information (data) inorder to increase our understanding of the phenomenon about which weare concerned or interested” (Leedy P.D & Ormrod J.E, 2001)
  10. 10. What is research?“seeking through methodical processes to add to one’s own body ofknowledge by the discovery on non-trivial facts and insights” (Howard &Sharp, 1983)
  11. 11. What research is not?• Research is not gathering of information.• Research is not transportation of facts.
  12. 12. Research characteristics• Is directed to solve a problem.• Generates theories, principals or generalization.• Is based upon experience or evidence.• Demands accurate observation and description.• Involves gathering data for a new purpose.• Is systemic and requires rigorous analysis.• Requires expertise and patience.• Strives to be objective and logical.• It has to be cyclical in nature.
  13. 13. Research cycle
  14. 14. Research cycle
  15. 15. Types of researchQuantitative research• Based on meanings derived bynumbers.• Highly specific and precise dataaims at objectivity.• Largesamples, questionnaire, usingvariables.Qualitative research• Based on meanings expressed bywords.• Data are rich and subjective.• Smallsamples, interviews, observations.
  16. 16. Types of research
  17. 17. Element of research proposalDocuments describe the intended research including:• Problem.• Hypotheses.• Delimitations.• Definitions.• Assumptions.• Importance.• Literature review.
  18. 18. Problem• State the research problem clearly and completely.• Determine the feasibility of research.
  19. 19. Hypotheses• Hypotheses is a tentative, intelligent guesses as to the solution to theproblem.
  20. 20. Delimitations• All research has limitations so certain work will not be done.• The work that will not be performed is described as delimitation ofthe study.
  21. 21. Definitions• Define each term as it is used in your research.• It ensures that anybody who reads your research, while they may notagree with your definitions, know what you are talking about.
  22. 22. Assumptions• The things that the researcher is taking for granted.• Ex: SPSS.
  23. 23. Importance• Projects need to be justified.• Why is your research project is valuable?
  24. 24. Element of research proposalDocuments describe the intended research including:• Problem.• Hypotheses.• Delimitations.• Definitions.• Assumptions.• Importance.• Literature review.
  25. 25. Characteristics andqualitiesOf a good researcher
  26. 26. Intelligence• Research require critical analysis, logical reasoning and commonsense.• You don’t have to worry because if you are attending this lecture, it islikely that you are intelligent enough.
  27. 27. Curiosity and initiative• You may have the required intelligence but if you are not curious andinitiative enough, you will not find a reasonable problem for researchstudy.
  28. 28. Research knowledge• It will save you from making unnecessary mistakes.• It will save time, effort and even money.
  29. 29. Communication skills• It is selfish and futile if you don’t share the knowledge.• You must be understood.
  30. 30. Honesty• Honesty. Honesty. Honesty.
  31. 31. Questions?
  32. 32. Thank