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Trabajo Sida (Power Point)

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Presentación con información básica sobre el VIH dirigida a alumn@s de Secundaria

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Trabajo Sida (Power Point)

  1. 1. Realizado por: - Antonia Roldán Expósito - Josefa Navea Pulido - Emila León Cruz EL SIDA
  2. 2. ¿Qué es el SIDA? El SIDA es una enfermedad causada por un virus llamado VIH que ocasiona la destrucción del sistema inmunitario de la persona que la padece.
  3. 3. ¿Cuál es la diferencia entre VIH y SIDA?
  4. 4.     Virus del Sida
  5. 5. ¿ Qué significan las siglas VIH y SIDA ? <ul><li>VIH:    Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana SIDA: Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida Síndrome: conjunto de signos y síntomas. </li></ul><ul><li>Inmuno: relativo al sistema de defensas. </li></ul><ul><li>Deficiencia: disminución. </li></ul><ul><li>Adquirida: alude al carácter no congénito. </li></ul><ul><li>V Virus I Inmunodeficiencia H Humana </li></ul>
  6. 6. ¿ De dónde viene el VIH ?
  7. 7. ¿Cómo se transmite el VIH? <ul><li>Transmisión sexual. </li></ul><ul><li>transmisión parenteral. </li></ul><ul><li>transmisión vertical o de la madre al feto. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Transmisión sexual <ul><li>Todas las prácticas sexuales que favorecen las lesiones y las irritaciones aumentan el riesgo de transmisión. </li></ul><ul><li>Las relaciones anales son las más infecciosas porque son las más traumáticas y la mucosa anal es más frágil que la mucosa vaginal. </li></ul><ul><li>El riesgo de infección aumenta con el número de relaciones sexuales, pero una sola puede ser suficiente. El riesgo de transmisión es mayor en el sentido hombre-mujer que en el contrario, mujer-hombre. </li></ul><ul><li>El riesgo aumenta si la mujer tiene la regla (a causa del flujo de sangre) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Los besos profundos y la masturbación entre la pareja no transmiten el SIDA
  10. 10. ¿Qué sucede si ambas personas están ya infectadas?
  11. 11. Prevención de la transmisión sexual <ul><li>No existe ningún signo exterior que permita conocer si una persona es seropositiva o no. </li></ul><ul><li>Por lo tanto ante personas no conocidas, con las que se vaya a establecer una relación sexual, puede ser positivo valorar las consecuencias que puede tener la relación. </li></ul>
  12. 12. ¿Qué se puede tener en cuenta? <ul><li>Una relación ocasional, un sólo contacto, puede transmitir el VIH. </li></ul><ul><li>Debería tomarse tiempo para conocer a la pareja e intimar, preguntarse sobre comportamientos pasados y actuales. </li></ul><ul><li>Las relaciones sexuales, homo o heterosexuales, comportan un alto riesgo de transmisión del virus del SIDA. </li></ul><ul><li>La presencia de otras enfermedades de transmisión sexual, lesiones genitales, favorece la transmisión del virus. </li></ul><ul><li>La mayoría de las personas infectadas lo han sido en una relación sexual. </li></ul><ul><li>El contacto de la boca con el esperma o las secreciones vaginales suponen un riesgo de transmisión cuando existen lesiones en la boca. </li></ul><ul><li>La penetración anal es la que supone mayor riesgo. </li></ul>
  13. 13. ¿Qué hago a pesar de todo? <ul><li>1.- Usar preservativo o hacer que lo usen . </li></ul><ul><li>El preservativo es eficaz en la prevención de todas las enfermedades de transmisión sexual (ETS). </li></ul><ul><li>2.- Evitar la penetración vaginal o anal . </li></ul><ul><li>Escoger actividades sexuales sin riesgo como pueden ser las caricias o la masturbación mutua. </li></ul>
  14. 14. ¿Cómo se usa correctamente un condón?
  15. 15. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ten los preservativos a mano y cuantos más mejor. Compra sólo preservativos homologados por las autoridades sanitarias. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Controla la fecha de caducidad. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Almacena el condón en lugar fresco, seco y al abrigo del sol/luz. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maneja el condón cuidadosamente para no dañarlo (rasgarlo con las uñas, dientes, anillos, etc.). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coloca el preservativo antes de cualquier contacto genital para evitar la exposición a fluidos que puedan contener agentes infecciosos. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Comprime el extremo cerrado del condón para expulsar el aire y colócalo sobre el pene erecto, dejando un espacio libre en la punta para que se deposite el semen. Desenrolla el condón cuidadosamente cubriendo totalmente el pene. </li></ul><ul><li>Usa el condón durante toda la penetración. Tras la eyaculación, retira el pene lentamente antes de que haya desaparecido la erección, sujetando el condón por su base para asegurar que no haya salida de semen durante la retirada. </li></ul><ul><li>Quita y desecha el condón tirándolo a la basura, nunca al WC. </li></ul><ul><li>Nunca reutilices un condón. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Contestación a preguntas frecuentes <ul><li>El VIH ¿puede atravesar la </li></ul><ul><li>membrana de látex de los preservativos? </li></ul><ul><li>¿Son eficaces los condones en </li></ul><ul><li>la prevención de la infección por el VIH? </li></ul><ul><li>¿Con qué se debe lubricar un </li></ul><ul><li>condón? </li></ul><ul><li>¿Se rompen los preservativos? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Pensando en el otro <ul><li>Parejas sexuales regulares </li></ul><ul><li>Parejas esporádicas </li></ul>
  19. 19. Caricias, besos íntimos, masajes, etc. Masturbación recíproca Relaciones buco-genitales (fellatio cunnilingus) Penetración vaginal Penetración anal Sin riesgo Riesgo posible Riesgo muy alto No todas las prácticas sexuales tienen el mismo riesgo de infección <>
  20. 20. TRANSMISIÓN A TRAVÉS DE LA SANGRE
  21. 21. Esto puede ocurrir de múltiples formas: <ul><li>Mediante material de inyección:  Compartir agujas, jeringas y demás utensilios en la preparación de la inyección de drogas entre dos o mas personas. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediante transfusión sanguínea: Ahora este riesgo es mínimo debido a los controles de calidad de la sangre. El riesgo es de 1 entre 500.000. </li></ul><ul><li>Trasplante de órganos: Si no se realizan las pruebas al órgano donado puede darse transmisión, aunque hoy en día esta prueba siempre se realiza previo trasplante. </li></ul><ul><li>Accidentes sanitarios: El personal sanitario puede verse infectado debido a accidentes sanitarios, como pinchazos con una aguja previamente utilizada y contaminada. </li></ul><ul><li>Otros: Los utensilios que se usan para hacer tatuaje, piercing, acupuntura, depilación eléctrica deben ser estériles. De lo contrario se puede producir infección si estos están contaminados con el virus. </li></ul>
  22. 22. ¿Cómo prevenir?
  23. 23. &quot;Puertas Abiertas&quot;
  24. 24. Prevención de la transmisión madre - hijo <ul><li>Al menos una quinta parte de los hijos de madres seropositivas pueden presentar riesgo de transmisión del SIDA. </li></ul>
  25. 25. TRANSMISIÓN DE LA MADRE EMBARAZADA A SU NIÑO   <ul><li>A través de la placenta, lo que se llama transmisión vertical. </li></ul><ul><li>Durante el parto, al entrar en contacto con sangre y fluidos vaginales de la madre. </li></ul><ul><li>Mediante la lactancia materna. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Tratamiento
  27. 27. Rock Hudson ( actor )
  28. 28. Anthony Perkins ( actor )
  29. 29. Rudolf Nureiev ( bailarín )
  30. 30. Freddie Mercury ( cantante de Queen )
  31. 31. Magic Johnson ( deportista )
  32. 32. Pepe Espaliú ( escultor Cordobés )
  33. 33. Se estima que en el mundo 33 millones de personas viven con VIH no existe aún cura para el SIDA el único modo de permanecer seguro es no infectándose.

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