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Scientific Writing: Road and Tips (Part 1)


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This presentation shows the ways and steps to start writing to reach publication.
Omar A. Abo Shady ( Menoufia Faculty of Medicine - Egypt) 14 May, 2013.

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Scientific Writing: Road and Tips (Part 1)

  1. 1. Scientific Writing:Road and TipsOmar A. Abo ShadyMenoufia Faculty of Medicine (MFM) – May 2013
  2. 2. Said..“Scientists are rated by whatthey finish, not by what theyattempt”
  3. 3. Said..“There is no way to getexperience except throughexperience.”
  4. 4. Said..“ What is written withouteffort is in general, readwithout pleasure.”Samuel Johnson
  5. 5. PaperReviewer Reader
  6. 6. What is a strong manuscript? Novel Clear Useful Exciting Well presented Readable easily
  7. 7. What editors want?Good quality science! Follow ”Guide for Authors” Original interesting research in active area of research Clear study design and methodology Well presented results and data Clear and concise EnglishEditor Is Busy !
  8. 8. What editors want? Is the manuscript sufficiently novel? Is the manuscript of broad enough interest?
  9. 9. What Readers want?Good quality science! Direct comprehensive results Easily readable Clear study design and methodology Well presented results and data Clear and concise EnglishReader Is Busy !
  10. 10. Experience
  11. 11. Peer Review Process
  12. 12. Peer Review Process
  13. 13. The Next is not solidscience,it is our experience
  14. 14. Planning …Determineyou Goals !Readingyour paperStrategy & frame workWriting
  15. 15. Reading1
  16. 16. Reading…ReadingknowcriticizeWrite
  17. 17. How ?! Read as possible as you can Read Title and Abstract first Read Discussion for interpretation Refer to Introduction and Methods only if necessaryImportance? your article situation! current state of understanding? gaps in the knowledge KEY paper in this field New ideasRead to Know
  18. 18. How ?! Read at least 5 direct paper with same goals Read with deep analyzing thinking (compare)Importance? Research questions Appropriate methods Context Target journalsRead to Criticize
  19. 19. How ?! Choose framework Take the idea you like ( with its reference ) Merge ideasImportance? Give you the framework for ideas give you vocabulary bank Provide the most common methodology and results withits analysisRead to Write
  20. 20. Road MapCollectpapersReadallChoosemasterpiecesReadthemagaindeeplyFormulateframeworkof ideasRead eachitemseparatelyCollectideas inparagraphsDiscussyourcolleaguesWrite onyour wordsDiscussyourcolleaguesRe-edit &revisePrimarydraftThe rest ofgeneralmapKnow CriticizeWrite
  21. 21. Framework2
  22. 22. Frame of the ideasDo you have an organizational system?If you don‟t, create one that suits you!Spend more time organizing and less time writing. It‟s justplain less painful!Develop a road-mapArrange key facts and citations from the literature into acrude road map/outline BEFORE writing the first draft.Think in paragraphs and sections…
  23. 23. Frame of the ideas
  24. 24. Very Very Important : Documentation Highlight Make other word documentation( sentence + reference + date) Revise
  25. 25. Files Arrangement
  26. 26. Paper Numbering
  27. 27. Highlight & Make Notes
  28. 28. Record in Word
  29. 29. Writing 1st draft3
  30. 30. Writing …“True ease in writing comesfrom art, not chance, asthose who move easiesthave learnt to dance.”Alexander Pope
  31. 31. Notes Don‟t be a perfectionist! The goal of the first draft is to get the ideas down incomplete sentences in order. Focus on logical organization more than sentence-leveldetails. Writing the first draft is the hardest step for most people.Minimize the pain by writing the first draft quickly andefficiently
  32. 32. Sentence“only 4% of readers understand a 27-word sentencefirst time”Reader objectives• Only need to read once• Do not have to read slowly• Can understand author logic immediatelyDo: Easy to read articles had an average sentence length ofaround 15-20 words Not more than four 30-word sentences in the wholemanuscript Think about „reader expectation‟ and match theexpectation with the contents
  33. 33. Paragraph 1 paragraph = 1 idea Give away the punch line early logical flow of ideas Sequential in time (avoid the Memento approach!) General then specific (take-home message first!) Logical arguments (if a then b; a; therefore b) Transition words used Emphasis at the end!Your reader remembers the first sentence and the lastsentence best. Make the last sentence memorable.Emphasis at the end!
  34. 34. Collect & Merge3
  35. 35. Merge Collect all paragraph in each item of designed frameworkaccording to journal style Re-arrange in logic and easy manner Revise and revise
  36. 36. The First DraftYour first draft
  37. 37. References McGowan, D. “How to Write for and Get Published in ScientificJournals.” PowerPoint presentation. Edanz Group. March 2012. Newman, A. “How to Write Great Papers From title to referencesFrom submission to acceptance.” PowerPoint presentation.Universiti Putra Malaysia. November 2012. Sainani K., “Writing in sciences.” PowerPoint presentation.Coursera, California. December 12, 2012. Adair T., ““Writing and publishing a research article.” PowerPointpresentation. University of Mississippi. August, 2006 Peat J., Elliott E., Baur L., Keena V., “Scientific Writing: Easy whenyou know how .“ London: BMJ Publishing Group, 2002. Print.
  38. 38. Questions ?