1. Provide experience with the knowledge construction process . Students are given responsibility for the topics, sub-topics and knowledge areas that they will study. They choose the methods, strategies and formats for solving problems. Link to Source: pdf
2. Provide experience in and appreciation for multiple perspectives. Real world problems can be approached in many different ways, and generate various solutions. Students should test different approaches to find which one suits their purpose best.
3. Embed learning in realistic and relevant contexts The authentic context of a learning task is key to solving real-life problems and completing projects that a broad applications.
4. Encourage ownership and voice in the learning process Teachers and students work together to develop the issues, directions and learning directions for their projects. Emphasis is on student-centred learning.
5. Embed learning in social experience Social interaction is key to intellectual development –collaboration among students, peers, with teachers.
6. Encourage the use of multiple modes of representation Curriculum and activities have to go beyond written and verbal modes—many opportunities for technology-enhanced learning, tactile and visual learning, etc.
7. Encourage self-awareness of the knowledge construction process Student’s ability to explain why or how they solved a problem in a certain way: to analyze their construction of knowledge and processes. Reflexivity = an extension of metacognitive and reflective activities.