Kenya Soil Degradation

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Kenya Soil Degradation

  1. 1. Soil Degradation in Eastern Africa<br />Copyright Oklahoma State<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Colonization of Kenya<br />Land Degradation<br />Food Production Today<br />
  3. 3. Colonization of Kenya<br />Early 20th Century colonists from Europe<br />1930’s approximately 30,000 white farmers.<br />World War II<br />Independence 1963<br />Government shift of land to Africans. <br />
  4. 4. Land Degradation<br />65% Agricultural land degraded.<br />31% Permanent pasture degraded.<br />19% Forest and woodland degraded. <br />Water erosion responsible for 46%.<br />Wind erosion responsible for 38%.<br />Chemical degradation is 12%<br />Physical degradation is 4%<br />
  5. 5. Causes of Degradation<br />49% Overgrazing<br />28% Mismanagement <br />14% Deforestation<br />13% Overexploitation<br />
  6. 6. Crop Production<br />Over the past two decades crop production has decreased in Sub Saharan Africa.<br />Only area in the world.<br />Monocultures<br />Soil is depleted of nutrients.<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. Conclusion<br />Education!!!<br />Farming Practices<br />Environment<br />Crops<br />Aid<br />
  9. 9. Works Cited<br />&quot;Agriculture - Kenya.&quot; Encyclopedia of the Nations. Advameg, Inc. 9 July 2009 &lt;http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Africa/Kenya-AGRICULTURE.html&gt;.<br />Koning, Niek, and Eric Smaling. &quot;Environmental crisis or ‘lie of the land’? The debate on soil degradation in Africa.&quot; Land Use Policy 22 (2005): 3-11. ScienceDirect. 2 Mar. 2004. Elsevier Ltd. 8 July 2009.<br />Muchena, F. N., D. D. Onduru, G. N. Gachini, and A. De Jager. &quot;Turning the tides of soil degradation in Africa: capturing the reality and exploring opportunities.&quot; Land Use Policy 22 (2005): 23-31. ScienceDirect. 5 Mar. 2009. Elsevier Ltd. 8 July 2009.<br />

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