Anit-semitism in GermanyGESTAPO: the Secret State PoliceSS(Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SASA (Sturmabteilung):Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political partiesLebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into eastWehrmacht: German armyHJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler YouthEinstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing unitsVolk:all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs)
Fascism: Fascism in Italy and Germany
THE RISE OF FASCIST ITALY AND NAZI
WHAT IS FASCISM?
• “Totalitarian rule where all loyalty lies with the state”
• “A political system where the nation or the race of
people in the nation are more important than the
• Individual rights and
freedoms are a threat
Benito Mussolini: Italy
Adolph Hitler: Germany
FASCISM OR TOTALITARISM?
• Totalitariansim = Dictatorship
• Most fascist states are ruled by a dictator
• Not all dictators are fascist
and Fascism, are
theories that are bitterly
opposed; however they
exhibit the same
WHERE DOES IT COME FROM?
• Italy = 1st fascist state (Mussolini)
• Comes from latin
• “Fascis” – Ancient Roman symbol of STRENGTH, UNITY, and
• Literally, bundle (Get it?)
• Ethnic and physical superiority of the party in power
• Single, charismatic leader
• Absolute national unity
• The state first, over all else.
• Masters of manipulation
• Mass media
• Private economic goals not important
• Hate other forms of government
• Especially communism (interesting, very interesting…)
• Military expansion & Police State
WHAT ENCOURAGES FASCISM TO
A depressed economy
Dissatisfied workers, unsympathetic factory owners
Diminished national pride
Lack of confidence in traditional political leadership
Young, radical groups w/ an alternative
• Former WWI soldiers, children of soldiers
WHAT PREVENTS FASCISM FROM TAKING HOLD IN THE US?
COULD IT HAPPEN?