Fascism: Fascism in Italy and Germany

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Fascism. What it is and how it takes hold. Characteristics and images.

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  • Anit-semitism in GermanyGESTAPO: the Secret State PoliceSS(Schutzstaffel): Defense Corps “black shirts”, an elite guard unit formed out of the SASA (Sturmabteilung):Stormtroopers "brown-shirts" early private Nazi army that protected leaders and opposed rival political partiesLebensraum (living space): concept that emphasized need for territorial expansion of Germany into eastWehrmacht: German armyHJ (Hitler Jugend): Hitler YouthEinstazgruppen: Nazi Death Squad; mobile killing unitsVolk:all inclusive concept of nation, people and race, implying the superiority of German culture and race; led to policy of Volksgemeinschaft (idea of a harmonized racial Nazi community in government policies and programs)
  • Fascism: Fascism in Italy and Germany

    1. 1. FASCISM THE RISE OF FASCIST ITALY AND NAZI GERMANY
    2. 2. WHAT IS FASCISM? • “Totalitarian rule where all loyalty lies with the state” • “A political system where the nation or the race of people in the nation are more important than the individual” • Individual rights and freedoms are a threat Franco: Spain Benito Mussolini: Italy Adolph Hitler: Germany
    3. 3. FASCISM OR TOTALITARISM? • Totalitariansim = Dictatorship • Most fascist states are ruled by a dictator • Not all dictators are fascist Nazism *These theories, specifically Communism and Fascism, are completely different theories that are bitterly opposed; however they exhibit the same behavior Totalitarianism Communism Fascism
    4. 4. WHERE DOES IT COME FROM? • Italy = 1st fascist state (Mussolini) • Comes from latin • “Fascis” – Ancient Roman symbol of STRENGTH, UNITY, and GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY • Literally, bundle (Get it?)
    5. 5. CHARACTERISTICS • Ultra-nationalistic • Ethnic and physical superiority of the party in power • Single, charismatic leader • Absolute national unity • The state first, over all else. • Masters of manipulation • Mass media • Private economic goals not important • Hate other forms of government • Especially communism (interesting, very interesting…) • Military expansion & Police State
    6. 6. WHAT ENCOURAGES FASCISM TO GROW? • • • • • • A depressed economy High unemployment Dissatisfied workers, unsympathetic factory owners Diminished national pride Lack of confidence in traditional political leadership Young, radical groups w/ an alternative • Former WWI soldiers, children of soldiers • PROPAGANDA!
    7. 7. WHAT PREVENTS FASCISM FROM TAKING HOLD IN THE US? COULD IT HAPPEN?
    8. 8. WHAT FASCISM LOOKS LIKE: IMAGES AND PROPAGANDA
    9. 9. WORK AND BREAD BY VOTING FOR THE NAZI PARTY
    10. 10. THE WORKERS EYES HAVE BEEN OPENED WE’RE VOTING OPTION 2: NATIONAL SOCIALIST PARTY (NAZI)
    11. 11. GERMAN SOCCER TEAM SALUTING BEFORE GAME
    12. 12. RALLY PEOPLE LISTENING TO HITLER GIVE A SPEECH
    13. 13. RALLY THE CROWDS TURN OUT IN THE THOUSANDS
    14. 14. BOOK BURNING DENY BASIC FREEDOMS AND LIBERTIES
    15. 15. AND YOU HAVE WON! P.S. THE GUY ON THE RIGHT IS WEARING LEDERHOSEN, THE TRADITIONAL COSTUME OF BAVARIA – WHERE I LIVED.
    16. 16. THE ETERNAL JEW EXTREME RACISM, USE AS SCAPEGOAT
    17. 17. THEY ARE TO BLAME FOR THE WARS SCAPEGOAT
    18. 18. MUSSOLINI ITALY
    19. 19. GATHERING BLACKSHIRTS IN ROME BLACKSHIRT = PARAMILITARY ARMED SQUADS
    20. 20. BOOK AND MUSKET, PERFECT FASCIST. GOD LOVES THE HOME, THE FAMILY.

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