Middle ages

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Middle ages

  1. 1. The Middle ages<br />Time marches on….<br />
  2. 2. 1066: A very important year<br />
  3. 3. Battle of hastings<br />Considered one of the most important events of England’s history<br />King Harold is killed—he is the last Anglo-Saxon king.<br />France begins it rule over England<br />
  4. 4. William the conqueror<br />Illegitimate son of the previous duke of Normandy<br />Cousin of the English king<br />Claimed the English throne belonged to him<br />Sailed from Normandy to challenge the Anglo-Saxon king<br />Photo courtesy of commons.wikimedia.org<br />
  5. 5. England under william<br />Brought administrative skills—more law and order and cultural unity<br />Built an inventory of most property and began charging taxes<br />Divided land up for his followers<br />These men moved to England and brought feudalism with them.<br />This displaced the ways described in Beowulf<br />
  6. 6. Feudalism<br />
  7. 7. Feudalism<br />Is a caste system<br />Each person has his/her place in the social system. No hope of moving out<br />King is at the top—<br />Nobles owned land—Knights served the nobles<br />Serfs—not free; just worked the land<br />Offered stability to the age<br />
  8. 8. knights<br />Ruled by the code called chivalry<br />Main job: warfare<br />Bound by honor<br />“A terrible worm in an iron coccoon”<br />Photo courtesy of flickr.com<br />
  9. 9. “courtly love”<br />True, chivalry did urge man to revere a lady<br />Ideally, was to be non-sexual<br />Did little to actually help women’s staff<br />
  10. 10. The role of women<br />Had no political rights<br />Subservient to men<br />Her father’s or husband’s social class determined her rank<br />Peasant women—childbirth, housework, fieldwork <br />
  11. 11. The crusades<br />
  12. 12. The martydom of thomas a becket<br />Appointed by King Henry, but Thomas would not bend church rules for him<br />Henry ordered him to be killed—there in the cathedral<br />This created a backlash against Henry<br />Priests became corrupt with new power<br />
  13. 13. The Plague: “the black death”<br />
  14. 14. “Before it’s over, half the nation will die”<br />
  15. 15. The rise of a middle class<br />Labor shortage immense after the Black Death<br />No order to keep serfs imprisoned<br />Cities and the middle class slowly emerged<br />
  16. 16. Geoffrey Chaucer—born 1340<br />Wrote The Canterbury Tales<br />Is considered the first great English poet<br />His …Talesis considered on of the very greatest works in the English language<br />
  17. 17. Significance of tales….<br />Is a rich record of these life and times<br />Example: character of the knight has returned from the crusades<br />Written in iambic pentameter<br />Marks the end of Anglo-Saxon lit style<br />
  18. 18. Frame of The Canterbury Tales<br />Chaucer’s “pilgrims” are going to Canterbury to see the shrine built for Saint Thomas a Becket<br />Each pilgrim is to tell 2 stories on the way there and on the way back<br />Never finished it<br />

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