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When and how to use documentation

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  1. 1. When to document
  2. 2. 1. Quotes
  3. 3. 2. Tables, charts,diagrams, definitions, statistics
  4. 4. 3. An expert’s opinion or ideas…even ifthey are in your words
  5. 5. 4. A summary of adiscussion put into the researcher’s own words
  6. 6. 6. Any fact or statistic that is not common knowledge.
  7. 7. Which info would need citation? • Ernest Hemingway was born August 12, 1895, in Oak Park, Illinois. • Hemingway’s mother is believed to have dress him in girl’s clothes, and many speculate this lead to Hemingway’s obsession with macho man characters.
  8. 8. How to document
  9. 9. 1. Author’s last name
  10. 10. If there is more than one author...• If two or three authors, list all by last name.• If more than three authors, list only first author (by last name) then write et. al.
  11. 11. Sample author entries: • (Petersen). • (Petersen and Olson). • (Petersen, Olson, and Wailes). • (Petersen et. al.)
  12. 12. 2. Title of the work Note: Be sure to put it in quotations marks
  13. 13. 3. If two titles are the same: document the sourceNote: be sure it is in italics
  14. 14. If it is a print source... • You will need a page number • (Petersen 23). • No comma NOR “pg” between author and page number
  15. 15. Remember:• This is a learning experience. You will find this easier the more often you write research papers.