Act notes on grammar and usage

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Act notes on grammar and usage

  1. 1. English test of the ACT 75 questions 45 minutes
  2. 2. 2 sections of the English test Usage and Mechanics Rhetoric
  3. 3. Usage and mechanics <ul><li>Punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>Grammar and usage </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence structure </li></ul>
  4. 4. Usage and mechanics: 10 <ul><li>Commas </li></ul><ul><li>Apostrophes </li></ul><ul><li>Colons and semicolons </li></ul><ul><li>Parentheses and dashes </li></ul><ul><li>Periods and question marks </li></ul>
  5. 5. Grammar and usage: 12 <ul><li>Subject-verb agreeement </li></ul><ul><li>Pronoun-antecedent agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement when using adjectives and adverbs </li></ul><ul><li>Verb forms </li></ul><ul><li>Pronoun forms and cases </li></ul><ul><li>Comparative modifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Superlative modifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Idioms </li></ul>
  6. 6. Sentence structure questions (18) <ul><li>Clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Placement of modifiers </li></ul><ul><li>Run-on sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Comma splices </li></ul><ul><li>Fragments </li></ul><ul><li>Shifts in verb tense </li></ul>
  7. 7. Rhetorical skills <ul><li>Writing strategy </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>style </li></ul>
  8. 8. Writing strategies (12) <ul><li>Judging whether a sentence or essay is appropriate for a particular purpose or audience </li></ul><ul><li>Gauging the effect of adding, revising or deleting supporting material </li></ul><ul><li>Making decisions about adding, keeping or deleting material based on its relevance </li></ul>
  9. 9. Organization questions (11) <ul><li>Deciding logical order of sentences or paragraphs </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing appropriate conjunctive adverbs or transitional phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Determining the relevance of statements in context </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing effective opening, transitional, or closing sentences </li></ul>
  10. 10. Style questions (12) <ul><li>Maintaining a consistent style and tone in an essay </li></ul><ul><li>Manage sentence elements for rhetorical effect </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid ambiguous pronoun </li></ul>

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