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By
BABATUNDE OLOWOOKERE
PRINCIPAL PLANNING OFFICER,
NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
(NEMA)
SOUTH WEST ZONE
0805295287...
STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION
1. Definitions and Background
2. Types of Pollutions
3. Categories of Pollutants
4. Link between...
Objectives and Expectations
To identify the effects on human health of air,
water, and soil pollution.
To explain how huma...
Definition
Pollution
Source: Merriam – Webster Online Dictionary
Pollution is the introduction of
contaminants into natura...
Pollutants
Anything, living or
non-living or any
physical agent (e.g.
heat, sound etc.), that in
its excess makes any
part...
Contamination
Is the presence of unwanted
constituent, contaminant or
impurity in a material,
physical body, natural
envir...
Health
 Health is a state of complete
physical, mental and social
well- being and not merely the
absence of disease or in...
DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Disaster Management is the
coordination and integration of all
activities necessary to build, sustain
...
TYPES OF POLLUTION
Pollution are categorized based on the part of the
environment which they affect or result which the
pa...
WATER POLLUTION
Water pollution is the type of pollution that
involves the contamination of various water
bodies.
Common w...
Water Pollution Cont.
wastewater (Effluent) from factories and refineries
that is released directly into urban water suppl...
Why is effluent a concern in waterways?
• May contain harmful by-products of
manufacturing processes
Example: washing of s...
SEWAGE
polluted water that contains human waste,
garbage, and other household wastewater
AIR POLLUTION
The contamination of air present in atmosphere by natural events or human activities in
high enough concentr...
Common air pollutants
 Ozone (O3) – protects earth from UV rad
• Found in Earth’s upper (tropospheric )and lower
(stratos...
 Common air pollutants
 Carbon Monoxide (CO)
• Colorless, odorless gas
• Formed from the incomplete combustion of
fuels
...
 Common air pollutants
 Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
• Formed from the burning of coal containing
pyrite, that combines with oxy...
 Common air pollutants
 Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
• Formed from the burning of fuels
• Common component of smog (smoke and ...
OBJECTIVES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT
 Minimise loss
 Timely, appropriate response
 Rapid and durable recovery
 Pro-active...
Water Transportation In Lagos
State
Canoe
Ferry Outboard motor boat
Water transportation
capacity of Lagos
accounts for mo...
Canoe/ Boat Mishaps
Motor Boat Capsized at Ojo Area ……..23rd January, 2014
Boat Mishap at Igbede on……. 10th February, 20...
Causes of Mishaps/Accidents
Overloading &Over- speeding of the
Ferries or boats
Use of Alcohol and drugs by operators
B...
Safety Measures
Safe speed (speed Limit)
Drive slowly in rain, fog, mist, smoke or glare
(visibility)
Slow down in shallow...
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attach.ymail.com/us.f1426.mail.yahoo.com/
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Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health
Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health
Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health
Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health
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Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health

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Pollution effects on health

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Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health

  1. 1. By BABATUNDE OLOWOOKERE PRINCIPAL PLANNING OFFICER, NATIONAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (NEMA) SOUTH WEST ZONE 08052952877| olowokere.babatunde@nema.gov.ng Pollution and it's Effects on Human Health
  2. 2. STRUCTURE OF PRESENTATION 1. Definitions and Background 2. Types of Pollutions 3. Categories of Pollutants 4. Link between Health risk and Pollution 5. Conclusion 6. Recommdation 7. Reference 1. Link between the Pollution and Human Health
  3. 3. Objectives and Expectations To identify the effects on human health of air, water, and soil pollution. To explain how human practices affect the quality of the water and soil. To describe how indoor pollutants might affect human health.
  4. 4. Definition Pollution Source: Merriam – Webster Online Dictionary Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light.
  5. 5. Pollutants Anything, living or non-living or any physical agent (e.g. heat, sound etc.), that in its excess makes any part of the environment undesirable. Substances such as Carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide, uncontained radioactivity etc, with potential to cause health risk. Classification of Pollutant Pollutants can be classified as  degradable eg. domestic sewage,discarded vegetable  slowly degradable eg. Pesticides and most plastic  non-degradable eg toxic elements like lead or mercury, and nuclear wastes. Definition - cont 5
  6. 6. Contamination Is the presence of unwanted constituent, contaminant or impurity in a material, physical body, natural environment, workplace etc. Pandemic outbreak of a disease that affects an exceptionally high portion of a population and occurs over a very large geographic area Epidemic Refers to the constant presence of a disease or infectious agent within a given geographic area or population group. Epidemic The unusual occurrence in a community of disease or health related events clearly in excess of expected occurrence
  7. 7. Health  Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well- being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity . Source: WHO, 2006 In addition there are other dimensions of health that are not considered:  psychological  Emotional  Sexual  Spiritual (Ewles and Simnett, 2003)  Health Risk usually depends on many factors: it could be as result of number of Natural or Anthropogenic activities. Definition – cont. 8
  8. 8. DISASTER MANAGEMENT Disaster Management is the coordination and integration of all activities necessary to build, sustain and improve the capability for disaster prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. 9 Definition - cont
  9. 9. TYPES OF POLLUTION Pollution are categorized based on the part of the environment which they affect or result which the particular pollution causes. Types of pollution are:  Water pollution  Air pollution  Soil pollution  Thermal pollution  Radioactive pollution  Noise pollution  Light pollution
  10. 10. WATER POLLUTION Water pollution is the type of pollution that involves the contamination of various water bodies. Common waterway pollutants Sediments Nutrients These substances wash into waterways from farmlands, animal feeding facilities, construction sites, and other areas where the ground is disturbed
  11. 11. Water Pollution Cont. wastewater (Effluent) from factories and refineries that is released directly into urban water supplies
  12. 12. Why is effluent a concern in waterways? • May contain harmful by-products of manufacturing processes Example: washing of solvents in drainage systems • May be in the form of heated wastewater from industry Example: raising the temperature of aquatic systems
  13. 13. SEWAGE polluted water that contains human waste, garbage, and other household wastewater
  14. 14. AIR POLLUTION The contamination of air present in atmosphere by natural events or human activities in high enough concentration s to be harmful. Causes of air pollution • Natural Example: forest fires • Human Activities Example: combustion of fossil fuels as energy Major sources of air pollution remain industrial processes and motor vehicles
  15. 15. Common air pollutants  Ozone (O3) – protects earth from UV rad • Found in Earth’s upper (tropospheric )and lower (stratospheric) atmosphere Lower atmosphere Pollutant that can cause (chronic) respiratory tract infections, eye irritation, coughing, shortness of breath, nausea, wheezing, and headaches Upper atmosphere Protects Earth from harmful solar radiation Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) in aerosol cans, cooling systems and refrigerator equipment removes some of the ozone causing holes to open up in this layer and allowing the radiation to reach the earth.
  16. 16.  Common air pollutants  Carbon Monoxide (CO) • Colorless, odorless gas • Formed from the incomplete combustion of fuels • Commonly found in automobile and industrial emissions • Exposure to carbon monoxide includes symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, and flu- like symptoms at low levels • Exposure to carbon monoxide includes symptoms such as impaired vision and hearing, problems with fine motor skills, and lack of concentration at moderate to high levels
  17. 17.  Common air pollutants  Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) • Formed from the burning of coal containing pyrite, that combines with oxygen in the atmosphere • Exposure to moisture in the atmosphere produces sulfuric acid (acid rain) • Exposure to sulfur dioxide includes symptoms such as respiratory illnesses, decreased lung functions, and aggravation of existing heart disease
  18. 18.  Common air pollutants  Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) • Formed from the burning of fuels • Common component of smog (smoke and fog) • Commonly found in industrial areas and areas with a high concentration of motor vehicles • Exposure to nitrogen dioxide includes symptoms such as eye irritation, stuffy nose, coughing, sore throat, lung inflammation, and various illnesses of the human respiratory system
  19. 19. OBJECTIVES OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT  Minimise loss  Timely, appropriate response  Rapid and durable recovery  Pro-active approach  Risk reduction  Recover to reduced vulnerability 20 Concepts - cont
  20. 20. Water Transportation In Lagos State Canoe Ferry Outboard motor boat Water transportation capacity of Lagos accounts for moving 1.5 to 1.6 million passengers monthly
  21. 21. Canoe/ Boat Mishaps Motor Boat Capsized at Ojo Area ……..23rd January, 2014 Boat Mishap at Igbede on……. 10th February, 2014 Canoe Capsized on a cannal at 4th Avenue, 42 Road, FESTA Town …… 11th March, 2014 boat mishap in Ikorodu ……… 2nd April, 2014 Boat Capsized around Bonny Camp……17th May, 2014 Boat Mishap in Garafini- Kodo in Borgu LGA of Niger State … …..2nd June, 2014 South Korea Ferry Disaster …...... 16th April, 2014
  22. 22. Causes of Mishaps/Accidents Overloading &Over- speeding of the Ferries or boats Use of Alcohol and drugs by operators Boats or Ferries not properly built, maintained, equipped, crewed Lack of communication (alerting/location) Sudden Hazardous Weather
  23. 23. Safety Measures Safe speed (speed Limit) Drive slowly in rain, fog, mist, smoke or glare (visibility) Slow down in shallow areas or unfamiliar waterway (Navigation hazards) All operators and passengers must wear Life Jackets………. Personal Flotation Devices (PFD) Ferries/ motorboats must carry on board approved fire extinguisher Hazardous Weather Notification Emergency Response Communication- Alerting/ Location Rescue/ Assistance resources Knowledgeable Passengers
  24. 24. https://bf1- attach.ymail.com/us.f1426.mail.yahoo.com/ ya/securedownload?m=YaDownload&mid= 2_0_0_1_27915320_AKrmjkQAAAMWU5 %2FaGAAAAKdsmBk&fid=Inbox&pid=2&cl ean=0&appid=YahooMailNeo&cred=jNdiF R2zbf7OZyL76ACxcwLnxhL7D0hKySs1BF WhZaXhrw-- &ts=1402985093&partner=ymail&sig=y5Uh cUaZY.fU3G6Ra.ygAg--

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