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Open Educational Resources workshop on reuse


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Slides used to support workshop at Association of Learning Technology Conference. ALT-C 2009.
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Open Educational Resources workshop on reuse

  1. 1. Tina Wilson, Patrick McAndrew, Richard Miles & Grainne Conole. ALT-C 2009 Manchester 10 th Sept 2009 Choice and change when using Open Educational Resources: a workshop
  2. 2. <ul><li>Awareness of resources to support the design of Open Educational Resources (OER) </li></ul><ul><li>Brief overview of the OLnet initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Hands on experience of some of the OLnet approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding of how the OLnet approach can be applied in your own teaching context. </li></ul>Outcomes
  3. 3. <ul><li>Introduction (issues with OER and OLnet role) </li></ul><ul><li>Accommodating OER in teaching – case study </li></ul><ul><li>Activity 1 – reuse of resources & reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion and feedback from activity 1 </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of Collaborative Flow Patterns (CFP) </li></ul><ul><li>Activity 2 – Group work (OER and CFP) </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion and feedback from activity 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Final discussion and wrap up </li></ul>Outline
  4. 6. 6m visitors since launch
  5. 9. Finding OER
  6. 10.
  7. 12.
  8. 13. (inspired by Chris Pegler – built by Christopher McAndrew) First used in slides in 2004.
  9. 14. <ul><li>Technically </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistically </li></ul><ul><li>Pedagogically </li></ul>Wiley, D. (2007). Open Educational Resources: On the Sustainability of OER initiatives in Highe Education. OECD : )
  10. 17. <ul><li>Making notes on post-its – identify a resource that you have reused in the past (whether copyright free or not) </li></ul><ul><li>What made the resource reusable? </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to activity sheet 1 for further details </li></ul>Activity 1
  11. 19. <ul><li>About the resource: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the resource open? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was it something “whole”? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What made it reusable? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do you think was the key? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had you got a plan in mind before you found the resource? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did you understand how it was “meant” to be used? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How much extra information did you give when you described it to each other? </li></ul>
  12. 21. Patterns
  13. 22. Examples
  14. 24. June 2009 Yannis Dimitriadis C omputer S upported C ollaborative L earning Use ICT to support … The process of learning together CSCL
  15. 25. <ul><li>Knowledge is constructed socially and individually </li></ul><ul><li>Social competencies are enhanced </li></ul><ul><li>C entre of learning moves to the learners </li></ul><ul><li>C omplements other pedagogies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inquiry, Project and Problem Solving in authentic contexts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Benefits from group should be clearly perceived </li></ul><ul><li>Individual accountability remains </li></ul>June 2009 Based on Yannis Dimitriadis
  16. 26. <ul><li>Innovative forms of teaching/learning that involve new technology elements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer new opportunities based on their affordances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But at the same time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pose new demands to teachers (and technology designers, researchers, institutions) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And therefore ask for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Additional support based on experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I.e. good practices for recurrent problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>that have to be elicited, represented and offered </li></ul></ul>June 2009 Yannis Dimitriadis
  17. 27. D. Hernández, J.I. Asensio, Y. Dimitriadis, E. D. Villasclaras, (2009) “Pattern languages for generating CSCL scripts: from a conceptual model to the design of a real situation”, in “E-learning, design patterns and pattern languages”, (editor: P. Goodyear & S. Retalis), Sense Publishers ,
  18. 28. June 2009 Yannis Dimitriadis <ul><ul><li>… SCRIPTED Collaborative Learning… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This pattern gives the collaborative learning flow for a context in which several small groups are facing the study of a lot of information for the resolution of the same problem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*** </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The collaborative learning flow must enable the resolution of a complex problem/task that can be easily divided into sections or independent sub-problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jigsaw CLFP (1) </li></ul></ul>(related “larger” patterns) CONTEXT PROBLEM
  19. 29. June 2009 Yannis Dimitriadis <ul><ul><li>Jigsaw CLP (2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(E.g.) To promote the feeling that team members need each other to succeed (positive interdependence) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-risk: more appropriate for collaborative learning experienced individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each participant in a group (“Jigsaw Group”) studies a particular sub-problem . The participants of different groups that study the same problem meet in an “Expert Group” for exchanging ideas. These temporary groups become experts in the section of the problem given to them. At last, participants of each “Jigsaw group” meet to contribute with their “expertise ” in order to solve the whole problem. </li></ul></ul>(educational objectives) (complexity) SOLUTION
  20. 30. June 2009 Yannis Dimitriadis <ul><ul><li>Jigsaw CLP (3) </li></ul></ul>(diagram representing the solution) Introductory individual (or initial group) activity Collaborative activity around the sub-problem Collaborative activity around the problem and solution proposal Individual or initial group Teacher
  21. 31. <ul><li>Form a group of 4 or 5 participants </li></ul><ul><li>Review an extract from the OpenLearn OER ‘Accessibility in interaction design’ </li></ul><ul><li>Explore the Collaborative Flow Patterns (CFP) </li></ul><ul><li>Use CFP to make an aspect or the whole extract of the OpenLearn OER more collaborative </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to activity sheet 2 for further details </li></ul>Activity 2
  22. 34. <ul><li>What patterns did you use? </li></ul><ul><li>How did they help? </li></ul><ul><li>What part of the material did you use? </li></ul><ul><li>How did it feel? </li></ul>
  23. 35. Does knowing design change how we can use OER?
  24. 36. <ul><li>difficult task </li></ul><ul><li>not a single way to represent </li></ul><ul><li>different elements can be included. </li></ul><ul><li>different ways to understand </li></ul><ul><li>Some things get written down </li></ul><ul><li>Some things are explained to the other person </li></ul><ul><li>Extra information is needed to help understand. </li></ul>
  25. 37. Does thinking about pattern lead to new uses?
  26. 38. <ul><li>Potential benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Did not need many patterns to get started </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Matched to different situations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed thinking at different levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged a fresh view of resources </li></ul></ul>
  27. 39. <ul><li>Think about the patterns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More at and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find open resources – OER Commons or OpenLearn or … </li></ul><ul><li>Let us know how you get on </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter #olnet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul></ul>
  28. 40. <ul><li>We would like to thank: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Miles for his contribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Our funders - The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, The Capital Project funded by Becta </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yannis Dimitriadis University of Vallodalid and OLnet Fellow April-August 2009. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You the participants for taking part and contributing to OLnet through this workshop </li></ul></ul>