GENRE Fantasy AUTHOR AS-LEVEL MEDIA OLIVER.J. NICHOLLS
Introduction ToFantasyThis genre is very distinct from horror and sciencefiction. However it can overlap.Often contains things such as magic and forces ofsupernatural ability.
The infernal boilingpot (Le chaudroninfernal)The first fantasy film was called “The Infernal Boiling Pot(Le Chaudron Infernal)”and it was the first of its kind.This was a silent film that was made by Georges Mélièsand it was produced and filmed in France.The story is not very complex as it is only a minute long.Two demons have captured a woman, and they wrap herin a cloth and throw her into a boiling cauldron. One of thedemons then brings in two more captives, who also aretossed into the cauldron. One demon then stirs the pot,while the other demon tries to summon forth the spirits ofthe recently departed.
1910’sFrom 1910 there was an increase in films by 6.This could be put down to the fact that fantasy is afilm genre that is not based on real life, thisproviding a demand for people to get away fromreal life situations by escaping to this fancy worldof film.
1920sThere is an increase in German films which couldbe related to the fact that Germany was goingthrough a harsh financial time due to the fact thatthey what paying harsh reparations for the war.
The Adventures OfPrince Achmed-1926This was directed by German director Lotte Reiniger.Contains sorcery and magic as well as any Middle Easternaspect as it features A witch, A love story, Demons and anappearance of Aladdin.This is the general storyline:Based on stories from "TheArabian Nights." A wicked sorcerer tricks Prince Achmedinto riding a magical flying horse. The heroic prince is ableto subdue the magical horse, which he uses to fly off tomany adventures. While travelling, he falls in love with thebeautiful Princess Peri Banu, and must defeat an army ofdemons to win her heart.
The Adventures OfPrince Achmed-1926(Continued)The entire film is animated using the silhouettetechnique, which employs movable cardboard andmetal cutouts posed in front of illuminated sheetsof glass.
1930sThe 1930s brought an increase in films byAmerica. Films such as the Wizard of Oz, thehunchback of Notre Dame, a Midsummer night’sdream and Alice in Wonderland all broughtattention to the film industry. these films weremade to bring money to America, trying solvingthe problem of the great depression that Americahas just entered in 1929.
1940sThe 1940s then saw several full color fantasy films,including The Thief of Bagdad (1940), The Wizardof Oz and Jungle Book (1942). In 1946,Jean Cocteaus classic adaptation ofBeauty and the Beast won praise for its surrealelements and for transcending the boundaries ofthe fairy tale genre.
The thief of BaghdadThis film was made by German director LudwigBurger(son of the former Treasury Secretary of theWeimar Republic).Still had a budget of $2 million. however didn’t godown as well as its earlier version from 1924.
The thief of Bagdad(continued)This is the plot:Prince Ahmad is the rightful King ofBagdad but he has been blinded and cast out as abeggar. Now a captive of the wicked Grand VizierJaffar he is cast into a dungeon where he meetsAbu, the best thief in all Bagdad. Together theyescape and set about a series of adventures thatinvolve a Djinni in a bottle, a mechanical flyinghorse, an all-seeing magic jewel, a flying carpetand a beautiful princess.
1950sThe 1950s bought a new era fancy films as itshowed the entry of nations such as China, Japan,Sweden, Finland, and Brazil making films as wellas Britain France and America.The budget is generally started increasing due tothe fact that more of the countries were becomingmore wealthy. Hollywood was entering into thescene with film such as Alice in Wonderland. this isthe Disney production with Disney was becoming.very popular at this period
1960sThe 1960s were very important decade for fancyfilms.With the start of fantasy films in the 1950s usingGreek and irradiant mythology, the film Jason andthe Argonauts pioneered stop-motion filming.A lot of films such as Chitty Chitty Bang Bangwhich has gone down in history as being “an all-time great”-the Times.Also gave birth to actors such as Dick van Dykewho appeared in Mary Poppins and Chitty ChittyBang Bang.
Jason and theArgonauts(1963)(1963)This film pioneeredstop start technology.As a result becamefamous for its“awakening of Talos”scene and “fightingwith the skeletons”scene.
Bed knobs andbroomsticks (1971)During WWII in England, Charlie, Carrie, and Paul Rawlinsare sent to live with Eglantine Price, an apprentice witch.Charlie blackmails Miss Price that if he is to keep herpractices a secret, she must give him something, so shetakes a bedknob from her late fathers bed and places the"famous magic traveling spell" on it, and only Paul canactivate it. Their first journey is to a street in London wherethey meet Emelius Browne, headmaster of Miss Priceswitchcraft training correspondence school. Miss Price tellshim of a plan to find the magic words for a spell known asSubstitutiary Locomotion, which brings inanimate objectsto life. This spell will be her work for the war effort.
1980 SThe 1980s brought film such as Beetlejuice,Michael Berz’ Snowwhite and the introduction ofGhostbusters films by Ivan Reitman
1990sthe 1900s brought advances in cgi and this filmwere made better and to a higher quality.film suchas Edward scissor-hands and Casper. Casperbrought a element of comedy to the fantasy filmindustry.
2000sThere was a big increase in the fantasy filmindustry in the 2000s as films such as harry potterlord of the rings and twilight came on to thescene.they brought big budgets in with harrypotter,holding a budget of $125 million and makea return of $974,755,371 at the box office. this alsointroduced elements of Gothic and dark settinginto the film genre.