Communities of practice

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Communities of practice

  1. 1. Communities of Practice Oliver Dreon, PhD Educational Foundations Millersville Univeristy
  2. 2. How do you definelearning?
  3. 3. Learning “in situ”Learning is situated in authentic social practiceLearning is more than the acquisition ofdecontextualized knowledge or skills, but themastery of knowledge and skill so that newcomerscan move toward full participation in the socio-cultural practices of a community.Learning implies becoming a different person withrespect to the possibilities enabled by the systemswith the community
  4. 4. Legitimate Peripheral ParticipationDescribes how novices are enculturated into thepractice of the communityNewcomers participate in authentic, low riskactivities that help them become acquainted withthe tools, vocabulary, social norms andorganizing principles of the communities.LPP leads to fuller participation within thecommunity
  5. 5. Elements of a community of practiceThe domain A community of practice is more than a club or a group. It has a shared domain of interest and identity.The community A community of practice engage in joint activities and discussions. Participants build relationships, help one another and share information.The practice Members of a community of practice are practitioners. They develop a shared repertoire of resources: experiences, stories, tools, ways of addressing recurring problems—in short a shared practice
  6. 6. Dualities ofa community of practice: Participation and reification The designed and the emergent The local and the global Identification and negotiability (Wenger, 1998)
  7. 7. Cultivating a Community of PracticeDesign for evolution.Open a dialogue between inside and outsideperspectives.Invite different levels of participation.Develop both public and private community spaces.Focus on value.Combine familiarity and excitement.Create a rhythm for the community. (Wenger, McDermott, and Snyder, 2002)
  8. 8. “The goal of communitydesign is to bring out thecommunitys own internal direction, character, and energy.” From Cultivating a Community of Practice (Wenger, McDermott, and Snyder, 2002)
  9. 9. Activity theory Meditating tools Subject ObjectRules Community Division of labor

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