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Why should I prove it's green? It's bio!

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Presentation @BioBase4SME Interreg project Workshop
Environmental assessment of biobased products: Mainstreaming LCA for SMEs

Published in: Environment
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Why should I prove it's green? It's bio!

  1. 1. ©MateriaNova BioBase4SME Workshop – Brussels, 28/06/2017 Environmental Assessment of BioBased Products: Mainstreaming LCA for SMEs
  2. 2. ©MateriaNova FUTURE MATERIALS… … MADE BY TODAY’S PEOPLE ADVANCED MATERIALS FOR ENERGY APPLICATIONS INNOVATIVE AND SUSTAINABLE POLYMERIC MATERIALS CELLS FOR MATERIALS AND MATERIALS FOR CELLS MULTIFUNCTIONAL SURFACES LIFE CYCLE THINKING CHARACTERIZATION PLATFORM ©MateriaNova
  3. 3. ©MateriaNova Why should I prove it’s green? It’s BIO! Olivier Talon / Materia Nova
  4. 4. ©MateriaNova Is bio always a good thing? Is even green always a good thing? What is bio? What is green? What is good? What is LCA?
  5. 5. ©MateriaNova According to Google Image, biobased IS green, obviously…
  6. 6. ©MateriaNova Why?
  7. 7. ©MateriaNova Why? Mostly for 1 reason CARBON
  8. 8. ©MateriaNova Carbon in biobased products vs. carbon in other products atmospheric CO2 biomass plants 1 year adapted from Narayan, 1st PLA world congress, München, 2008
  9. 9. ©MateriaNova Carbon in biobased products vs. carbon in other products atmospheric CO2 biomass plants 1 year fossil feedstocks oil, gas, coal 106 years adapted from Narayan, 1st PLA world congress, München, 2008
  10. 10. ©MateriaNova Carbon in biobased products vs. carbon in other products atmospheric CO2 biomass plants 1 year fossil feedstocks oil, gas, coal 106 years plastics chemicals fuels chemical industry adapted from Narayan, 1st PLA world congress, München, 2008
  11. 11. ©MateriaNova Carbon in biobased products vs. carbon in other products atmospheric CO2 biomass plants 1 year fossil feedstocks oil, gas, coal 106 years plastics chemicals fuels chemical industry adapted from Narayan, 1st PLA world congress, München, 2008 1- 10 years atmospheric CO2
  12. 12. ©MateriaNova Carbon in biobased products vs. carbon in other products atmospheric CO2 biomass plants fossil feedstocks oil, gas, coal plastics chemicals fuels 1 year 106 years chemical industry 1- 10 years adapted from Narayan, 1st PLA world congress, München, 2008
  13. 13. ©MateriaNova Some think we should not. Well. Should we care about that?
  14. 14. ©MateriaNova The Rodney and Olamatea Times August 14, 1912, page 7 By the way… 1912. 94 years before the creation of Twitter. 106 years before the election of Trump. OK. Let’s consider we should care.
  15. 15. ©MateriaNova So, this is it? Global warming is not a hoax, but biobased fuels and products are the answer because they do not add ancient CO2 to the atmosphere?
  16. 16. ©MateriaNova Of course, it’s not that simple…
  17. 17. ©MateriaNova There are other environmental issues than CO2 and climate change… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to transform biomass into biobased products… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to grow biomass… You may need to use a larger amount of the biobased product to reach the same function, because it has different properties… …
  18. 18. ©MateriaNova So how can I figure out whether my biobased product is greener than the not-biobased benchmark?
  19. 19. ©MateriaNova There are other environmental issues than climate change… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to transform biomass into biobased products… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to grow biomass… You may need to use a larger amount of the biobased product to reach the same function, because it has different properties… …
  20. 20. ©MateriaNova There are other environmental issues than climate change… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to transform biomass into biobased products… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to grow biomass… You may need to use a larger amount of the biobased product to reach the same function, because it has different properties… … You need to take into account not only your production process, but also to consider how your raw materials were produced…
  21. 21. ©MateriaNova There are other environmental issues than climate change… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to transform biomass into biobased products… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to grow biomass… You may need to use a larger amount of the biobased product to reach the same function, because it has different properties… … You need to take into account not only your production process, but also to consider how your raw materials were produced… You need to consider how your product is used, and to make comparisons based on similar functionality…
  22. 22. ©MateriaNova There are other environmental issues than climate change… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to transform biomass into biobased products… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to grow biomass… You may need to use a larger amount of the biobased product to reach the same function, because it has different properties… … You need to take into account not only your production process, but also to consider how your raw materials were produced… You need to consider how your product is used, and to make comparisons based on similar functionality… You need a multicriteria tool that will also give answers about other impacts…
  23. 23. ©MateriaNova There are other environmental issues than climate change… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to transform biomass into biobased products… You may need to use fossil fuels anyway to grow biomass… You may need to use a larger amount of the biobased product to reach the same function, because it has different properties… … You need to take into account not only your production process, but also to consider how your raw materials were produced… You need to consider how your product is used, and to make comparisons based on similar functionality… You need a multicriteria tool that will also give answers about other impacts… You need LCA!
  24. 24. ©MateriaNova What is LCA? (Life Cycle Assessment)
  25. 25. ©MateriaNova LCA is meant for identifying / solving environmental issues without inducing impact switches (towards other LC steps or impact types) after modification impact initial situation impact
  26. 26. ©MateriaNova end of life raw materials manufacturing use transports LCA quantifies exchanges between a system and the environment raw materials energy land air emissions water emissions soil emissions
  27. 27. ©MateriaNova LCA makes links between these exchanges and multiple environmental impact categories ozone depletion acidification water depletion ecotoxicity land use eutrophication toxicity climate change ;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;; ;;;; CO2 CH4 HCl
  28. 28. ©MateriaNova LCA translates these flows into environmental impacts The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7; NMP.2012.3.0-1) under grant agreement number 309802.
  29. 29. ©MateriaNova What can be the benefits from a LCA study? • Compare product vs benchmark • Verify presupposed environmental benefits • Identify hotspots • Reveal priorities for improvement of environmental footprint by ecodesigning products and processes Flax-based insulation panels vs. PU benchmark
  30. 30. ©MateriaNova Some examples of results (from selected scientific papers published in the last 4 years)
  31. 31. ©MateriaNova Bio vs. traditional sandwich composites
  32. 32. ©MateriaNova Bio vs. traditional sandwich composites The results you hope
  33. 33. ©MateriaNova Foamed packaging / starch vs EPS
  34. 34. ©MateriaNova Foamed packaging / starch vs EPS The results you could expect
  35. 35. ©MateriaNova Bio alternatives to oil-based PET
  36. 36. ©MateriaNova Bio alternatives to oil-based PET ! The results you may fear
  37. 37. ©MateriaNova PET bottles, bio or not bio? full fossil full corn
  38. 38. ©MateriaNova Conclusions
  39. 39. ©MateriaNova • The origin of C in a biobased product is a good point. But not enough to make it green • A product may be biobased and yet have a problematic environmental footprint • Quantification of potential impacts all along the life cycle is a necessity to claim greenness • LCA is not only a tool for quantifying environmental impacts, its main added value is in accompanying eco- design and improvement of products and processes ©MateriaNova
  40. 40. ©MateriaNova LCA vouchers are still available in BioBase4SME so you can co-finance this type of studies. Come and talk to us. Don’t paint it green. MAKE it green!
  41. 41. ©MateriaNova ©MateriaNova www.materianova.be Thanks for your attention olivier.talon@materianova.be

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